Computer Ethics Presentation by Nadine Fray INF 103 PROF Mortoza Abdullah May 3 2012
Table of contents 1. A brief history of computer and internet 2. The meaning of Ethics 3. The distinction between law and Ethics 4.The subject of Ethics 5.computer Ethics as a unique kind of Ethics 6.chapter summary
Ethics? Ethic refers to the standards and rules that "should" be followed and it helps us to regulate our conduct in a group or with a set of individuals. Since the term Ethics is a relative term, it is branched under philosophy, which states how users of World Wide Web should make decisions regarding their conduct.
Computer ethics is a new branch of ethics that is growing and changing rapidly as computer technology also grows and develops.
The Ten Commandments On Computer Ethics 1. Thou shalt not use a computer to harm other people. 2. Thou shalt not interfere with other peoples computer work. 3. Thou shalt not snoop around in other peoples computer files. 4. Thou shalt not use a computer to steal. 5. Thou shalt not use a computer to bear false witness.6. Thou shalt not copy or use proprietary software for which you have not paid. 7. Thou shalt not use other peoples computer resources without authorization or proper compensation. 8. Thou shalt not appropriate other peoples intellectual output.9. Thou shalt think about the social consequences of the program you are writing or the system you are designing. 10. Thou shalt always use a computer in ways that ensure consideration and respect for your fellow humans
Computers are often far moreefficient than humans in performingmany tasks. In the industrializedworld many workers already havebeen replaced by computerizeddevices -- bank tellers, auto workers,telephone operators, typists, graphicartists, security guards, assembly-line workers, and on and on. Evenprofessionals like medical doctors,lawyers, teachers, accountants andpsychologists are finding thatcomputers can perform many oftheir traditional professional dutiesquite effectively.
Why do we need computer ethics? The growth of the WWW has created several novel legal issuesThe existence of new questions that older laws cannot answer Traditional laws are outdated/anachronistic in this world a more coherent body of law is needed to govern Internet and computers
Cyber Ethics• the most common problem isnt hacking (illegally accessing Web sites) or cracking (vandalizing Web sites); Its the unauthorized downloading of games and software.• the average hacker is likely to be a teenager and given that most homes now have at least one computer
Code of Ethics Information stored on the computer should be treated as seriously as written or spoken word. Privacy should not be violated. In case of academic use, it is known plagiarism. Information from public viewing should not be modified or deleted or inaccessible since these are considered as destructive acts. Intrusive software such as "worms" and "viruses" which are destructive to the computer system is also illegal. Congesting somebody’s system with a lot of unwanted information is also unethical. Sending obscene and crude messages through mail or chat is also forbidden. Sending sexually explicit content, message or pictures is also forbidden.
Ethics is a set of moralprinciples that governindividual or a group on whatis acceptable behavior whileusing a computer.Computer ethics is set ofmoral principles that governthe usage of computers.One of the common issue ofcomputer ethics is violation ofcopyright issues.Duplicating the copyrightedcontent without the authorsapproval ,accessing personalinformation of others aresome of the examples thatviolate ethical principles.
Ethical rules for computer users Do not use computer to harm other users. Do not use computers to steal others information. Do not access files without the permission of owner. Do not copy copyrighted softwares without the authors permission. Always respect copyright laws and policies. Respect the privacy of others, just as you expect the same from others. Do not use other users computer resources with out their permission. Use Internet ethically. Complain about illegal communication and activities, if found, to Internet service Providers and local law enforcement authorities. Users are responsible for safeguarding their User Id and passwords. They should not write them on paper or anywhere else for remembrance. Users should not intentionally use the computers to retrieve or modify the information of others which may include password information, files etc.
References• Stanford Encyclopedia Of Philosophy• Computers Professionals For Social Responsibility• Computer Ethics - code of ethics in computing• Computer Ethics — Information Security Education and Awareness