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The presentation about Ethnic Music Gamelan Degung

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  1. 1. Gamelan degung
  2. 2. Gamelan degung <ul><li>Known since 5th-6 th century, </li></ul><ul><li>Developed by Sundanese tribe , who lives in western part of Java around 18 th century. </li></ul><ul><li>Degung = “Agung “ -> English : grand, glorious </li></ul><ul><li>Gamelan = An ensemble of tuned music instruments made by iron/bronze , played in a group </li></ul><ul><li>Played for rituals ceremony such as ; wedding, celebration of harvest, social/community events and performance. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Gamelan degung <ul><li>Then </li></ul><ul><li>Commonly played by men </li></ul><ul><li>Only a few music instruments </li></ul><ul><li>No singer </li></ul><ul><li>Only ceremonial events. </li></ul><ul><li>Now </li></ul><ul><li>Fashionable for women to played </li></ul><ul><li>More music instruments </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes with female singer (“pesinden) </li></ul><ul><li>Open for public performance/ theatrical performance (singing, dancing, and puppet play)‏ </li></ul>
  4. 4. Bonang <ul><li>Functioned to accompanied melody </li></ul><ul><li>Double rows of gong chimes mounted on a frame </li></ul><ul><li>Played with two padded beaters </li></ul>
  5. 5. Khendang <ul><li>Played with bare hands </li></ul><ul><li>Function as rhytem </li></ul><ul><li>Played by hitting the both sides with hands </li></ul><ul><li>The skin made from goat/buffalo </li></ul>
  6. 6. Saron <ul><li>Similar like xylophone </li></ul><ul><li>Functioned as melody </li></ul><ul><li>Consists of seven metal bars placed on top of frame. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Suling <ul><li>Functioned as melody </li></ul><ul><li>Bamboo ring flute </li></ul><ul><li>There are four or six holes </li></ul>
  8. 8. Kempul <ul><li>Small type of gong </li></ul><ul><li>Functioned as rhytem </li></ul><ul><li>Played with padded stick </li></ul>
  9. 9. Rebab <ul><li>Leading instruments in the ensemble </li></ul><ul><li>Made from cow bladder membrane </li></ul>
  10. 10. Gamelan Degung influence on Western Music <ul><li>Gamelan Puloganti , lectured and performed in University of London,Dept of Music </li></ul><ul><li>Burhan Sukarma IS now teaching classes in the performance of West Javanese Gamelan Degung in San Jose,California </li></ul><ul><li>Prof. David Goldswothy from University of England establised Gamelan Degung in Byron Shire community, Australia </li></ul><ul><li>Mike Oldfield adapted and used gamelan degung in his song “Nightshade” </li></ul><ul><li>Used in the some Europe prisons for part of inmates rehabilitation activities </li></ul>
  11. 11. Useful Links <ul><li>Boston village Gamela </li></ul><ul><li>Learn to Play gamelan from your computer! </li></ul>
  12. 12. Thank you!