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Slides socioling


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Slides socioling

  1. 1. Terms in Sociolinguistics<br /><ul><li> Pidgins
  2. 2. Creole
  3. 3. Verbal Hygiene</li></li></ul><li>PIDGINS<br />It is a language that has no native speaker.<br />Used as a mean of communication for peoples whom do not have common language.<br />Arises when two different languages are communicating in a situation where there are also a third dominant language. <br />It sounds like a baby talk BUT even if we take a serious article from the newspaper, many speakers of English still find pidgin languages humorous.<br />
  4. 4. Example of Pidgins<br />BipotruigatwanpelaliklikmerinaunembilongemLiklikRetpela Hat. Emi save slip wantaim Mama na Papa bilongem long wanpelaliklikHaus. Papa i save wok long vus, i save katimpaiawutnaol man save baim long em. Oritei get lapunmeri I stap long narapelahaus. DispelalapunemiTumbuna  Mama.<br />Translation<br /> A long time ago, there was a little girl named Little Red Riding Hood. She lived with her mother and father in a little house. Father work in the bush, cutting tree for firewood, which he sold to people. Now, there was a very old lady who lived in another house. This old lady was little Red Riding Hood’s grandmother.<br />
  5. 5. CREOLE<br />A pidgin which has acquired native speakers.<br />Many of the languages which are called pidgins are in fact now creolelanguages.<br />They are learned by children as their first language and used in a wide range of domain.<br />
  6. 6. Example :<br />TokPisin<br />It is a creolebecause it has been learned as a first language by<br />a large number of speakers, and has develop accordingly to <br />meet their linguistic needs.<br />Example of TokPisin at different stages<br />a)      Baimbaiyu go             you will go<br />b)      Bambaiyu go              you will go<br />c)      Baiyu go                     you will go<br />d)     Yu bai go                     you will go<br />e)      Yu bego                       you will go<br />
  7. 7. VERBAL HYGIENE<br />It is the thought- provoking term used by Deborah Cameron to <br />describe how people respond to ‘the urge to meddle in matters<br /> of language” .<br />It is a wide range of activities. <br />It can start from writing letters to the Editors complaining about <br />the “ deterioration” and “abuse” of language, through <br />prescriptions and proscriptions about what constitutes “ proper “<br /> “correct” and “ acceptable” usage in a range of context, to using<br />language as a political weapon.<br />Sexist language also engaged in verbal hygiene<br />
  8. 8. Example of Verbal Hygiene<br />Angela: I was sitting quietly drinking my tea, minding my own business when suddenly the fore person burst in and shaltered “ what are you doing here? get back to work -  you know that shipment’s overdue.” Bloody cheek. Im entitled to my tea-break!<br />Jim:  You are.She’s a vampire -  but what ‘s all this “ fore person” stuff ? I bet you wouldn’t use that term for a man. Political correctness gone mad eh. <br />