Students:Cabezas López, Nadia MercyCornejo Marcelo, Victor GermánDomen Chachapoyas, Sandra MayumiCycle: 8thCourse: Translation of Journalist TextsProfessor: Rosa María Palomino
Basic Concepts is a combination of two words: audio visuale.g. Television Cinema
Basic Concepts (2) Audiovisual Journalism (Periodismo audiovisual) • It refers to which words and images are used. Cinema (Cine) • The production of films as an art or an industry Television • 1 a system for converting visual images (with sound) into electrical signals, transmitting them by radio or other means, and displaying them electronically on a screen. • 2 the activity, profession, or medium of broadcasting on television. • 3 (also television set) a device with a screen for receiving television signals.
Basic Concepts (3) Open-signal (Señal abierta) • The electromagnetic waves that can be transmitted in free space and go to the television. Their limit is defined by the distance of the transmitter. Closed-signal (Señal cerrada) • We have to pay for it. Sound film (Cine sonoro) • A motion picture with synchronized sound, or sound technologically coupled to image, as opposed to a silent film.
Summarizing…Audiovisual Journalism• It is the practice of strategically combining words and images to convey information.
History Sound Film (Cine sonoro) Lee De Forest invented the sound cinema in 1922. The first commercial success was The jazz singer (1927). Cinema with voices, sounds and images, etc . These were separately produced. Sound cinema started in 1926. The Warner Brothers used this kind of film. Directors used symphonic bands for their films.
History (2)Journalism in the cinema It appeared for about 1930. A predecessor to video journalism first appeared in the 1960s in the USA, when reporters had to write and shoot their own stories.
History (3) The scholarly father of this visual form of communication is Robert E. Horn, Ph.D., a fellow at Stanford University and author of the book Visual Language.
History (4) Michael Rosenblum compared the introduction of video cameras to the invention of the portable camera in the 1930s. Video journalism makes it possible for videographers to document any event while it is still occurring.
History (5) In the early 1990s, the news channel New York. 1t was the first to hire only video journalists. In the mid-1990s, the first German private stations followed the example of NY1, and in 1994, the regional channel Bayerischer Rundfunk (first public broadcasting station to follow suit and hire a number of video journalists).
Equipment Camera Film camera (cámara de video) Recording card (tarjeta de grabación) Sound blender (mezcladora) Tripod (tripode) Etc…
TelevisionCharles Francis Color TelevisionJenkins – (in 1925Mechanical(on Zworykin )June 14, 1923) Rabbit Ears – Antennae (Marvin Cable TV (1940s ) Middlemark )
Plasma TV (1964 by Web TV (rolled Donald Bitzer, Gene out in 1996 ) Slottow, and Robert Willson. )Remote Controls OAD TV 7 Closed("Lazy Bones," Gracilazo Captioning TVin 1950 ) de la Vega (1958) - Radio América y TV Canal 4
Ecuador: New communicationlaw The assemblywoman of the alliance PSC-MG believes that the Communications Law, proposed by Alianza PAIS, allow the Executive to control the media. Speaking with Citynoticias (89.3 FM in Guayaquil), emphasized that the Communication Council shall be an organism in which all media are radio, television or print media will have to sing up immediately after the enactment of the Law
Approved in Venezuelas new media law The controversial law prohibits the broadcast of messages that may be media manipulation, inducing the assassination, containing offenses to public authorities and "apology for
For this reason it is also prohibited to transfer "at all times" sexual content programming type C, D and E, as well as "likely to incite and promote hatred and intolerance for political, religious, gender difference, by racism or xenophobia. "
“Gag law” (Peru) Who wrongly interferes, listen or disseminates a private communication, regardless of the medium through which it has taken place, shall be punished by deprivation of liberty for not less than two nor more than four years.
Specifically, the media must work under the threat of a lawsuit, because any corrupt official could hide behind that is a "private communication" to prevent the spread of audio that engage in illegal activities.
Bibliography We could not write our sources. This was a compilation of some English sources and translations (from Spanish texts) in other cases.
“Motion pictures will do for the eye what the phonograph has done for the ear.” – Thomas Edison Thank you