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Determining current uses of cartographic animation in geography through a journal content analysis

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NACIS 2016 Presentation
Joanna Merson, Arizona State University
Animation offers a captivating and informative avenue for representing dynamic data in cartography. Likewise, leading cartographic research aims to improve animation use through data and user evaluation to establish best-practice guidelines. But how many of these guidelines actually reach the research community? This question is investigated using a content analysis determine how cartographic animation is used in major geography journals in the past 5 years. I specifically examine what types of animation are used, the purpose behind their use, and the congruence between the animations and the data represented. This analysis is used to examine both how cartographic animation is used outside of the cartographic research community, and if in the era of digital maps, there is a need for better facilitating methods for including animations in academic publications.

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Determining current uses of cartographic animation in geography through a journal content analysis

  1. 1. Determining current uses of cartographic animation in academic geography through a journal content analysis @JoannaMerson
  2. 2. Academic publications Non - academic Publications Work by cool people who study how to or professionally make cool maps and visualizations Where do we find animated cartography?
  3. 3. Finding animation in academic cartography… SELECT * FROM journals WHERE CONTAINS (animated map or dynamic map) …I wish
  4. 4. 2010-2014 animated, animation, dynamic, interactive, time lapse, video
  5. 5. • Application domain • Purpose • Style • Data structures • Data/animation congruence • Presentation type • Other themes?
  6. 6. 1. The cull ~3,000
  7. 7. Keyword in context
  8. 8. 2010-2014 animated, animation, dynamic, interactive, time lapse, video
  9. 9. Figure 5. Panels from example dynamic spatial history visualization that is both an analytic tool and research outcome. “ ” Simon Gregory L, 2014, “Vulnerability-in-Production : A Spatial History of Nature, Affluence, and Fire in Oakland, California.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 104 (February 2015): 37–41. Keyword in context
  10. 10. Whitson Risa, 2010, “‘The Reality of Today Has Required Us to Change’: Negotiating Gender Through Informal Work in Contemporary Argentina.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 100 (1): 159–181. Keyword in context Men tend to enter the informal economy with the potential of earning more than were they to work formally; they participate in dynamic, growth-oriented jobs; and they maintain control over their own labor and resources. “ ”
  11. 11. Interactive Time lapse Video Animation/Animated Dynamic I TL V A D Keywords in coded articles 10 30 50 Articles
  12. 12. 2. Content Analysis • Application domain • Purpose • Style • Data structures • Data/animation congruence • Presentation type • Other themes
  13. 13. Keyword in context An animation by season of the violence (thirty-two map frames for eight years) is available for download from our web site at http://www.colorado.edu/ibs/waroutcomes/maps/allEventsAnimation.avi. “ ”O’Loughlin, John, and Frank D.W. Witmer. 2011. “The Localized Geographies of Violence in the North Caucasus of Russia, 1999–2007.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 101 (1): 178–201.
  14. 14. 2. Exploratory Analysis• Application domain • Purpose • Style • Data structures • Data/animation congruence • Presentation type • Other themes
  15. 15. Machine Learning Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA)
  16. 16. Arts Budgets Children Education NEW MILLION CHILDREN SCHOOL FILM TAX WOMEN STUDENTS SHOW PROGRAM PEOPLE SCHOOLS MUSIC BUDGET CHILD EDUCATION MOVIE BILLION YEARS TEACHERS PLAY FEDERAL FAMILIES HIGH MUSICAL YEAR WORK PUBLIC BEST SPENDING PARENTS TEACHER ACTOR NEW SAYS BENNETT FIRST STATE FAMILY MANIGAT
  17. 17. Training data themes GIScience Earth Systems Space/Time Models Spatial Change Agents Data Climate Model Analysis Environmental Models GIS Land Information Information Global Movement Research Systems Map Time Model Time Vulnerability Growth Spatial Geographic Study Maps Computational Area Agent Science Economic Space
  18. 18.  Next steps
  19. 19. Committee: Elizabeth Wentz Chair, ASU GeoPlan Alan MacEachren Penn State Ross Maciejewski ASU Computer science Serge Rey ASU GeoPlan Student collaborators: Catherine Musili ASU GeoPlan Morgan Klass ASU GeoPlan Fred Morstatter ASU Computer Science Acknowledgements
  20. 20. Questions? 10 min is short so I’m sure there won’t be much time for questions. Connect with me in person or online! @JoannaMerson jmerson@asu.edu

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