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  1. 1. Introduction  The Digital Living Network Alliance (DLNA) is a Non Profit Collaboration trade organization.  Established by Sony in June 2003.  Defines the Guidelines for Sharing of Digital Media between Multimedia Devices.  Guidelines are built upon existing public standards.  Guidelines specify a restricted ways of using standards to achieve interoperability.  They are private & available for some amount of fee.
  2. 2. Overview  A wired and wireless interoperable network where digital content such as 1. Photos 2. Music 3. Videos can be seamlessly shared through 1. Personal computers (PCs), 2. Consumer Electronics(CE) , 3. Mobile devices. In and beyond the Home.  DLNA requires a Network.
  3. 3. Backbone UPnP  DLNA uses Universal Plug and Play(UPnP) for : 1. Media management. 2. Discovery and control.  UPnP defines the type of Devices that DLNA supports.  It also Defines the mechanism for accessing MEDIA over network.  Thus called BackBone.  UPnP is set of networking protocols.  UPnP is used to seamlessly discover networked devices on network.
  4. 4. Supported Devices  A wide Range of Consumer Electronics.  Latest TV’s come along the DLNA certified LOGO.  Various Mobile OS support DLNA.  Latest Audio Devices and Home Theater Systems.  Network Attached Servers.  Wireless Routers.
  5. 5. Jpeg, Mp3, MPEG2, AVI,FLV,WMA UPnP AV 1.0 HTTP 1.0/1.1 IPv4 Protocol Suite UPnP Device Architecture 1.0 Wired :802.3i, 802.3u Wireless :802.11 b/g/n Media Format Device Discovery /Control, Media Management Media Transport Network Stack Network Connectivity DLNA Layered Architecture.
  6. 6. Network Connectivity Layer: DLNA mechanism needs a network for sharing of multimedia data. The Network could be any wired or wireless Network. Network Stack : As the network is need , there has to be a protocol in through which data transferring/streaming should follow. It could be any protocol which is supported BY THE NETWORK through which Data is Streamed on the network. Media Transport: Basic mode of Media Transfer is HTTP.
  7. 7. Device Discovery and Control Management  UPnP plays the Lead Role in this Work.  UPnP is Finds the Device .  UPnP also Controls and Manages the Media . Media Formats:  A Large number of Media Formats are supported by this architecture.  It supports all most all type of MULTIMEDIA formats
  8. 8. UPnP  The Device model Used by DLNA is Derived From the UPnP Forum Fundamental Model.  UPnP Model Consist OF:  DEVICE: It is entity that provide a simple service. Eg a Mobile Phone.  SERVICES: They are the basic unit of control. They Provide Action and Maintain Status, example: A Mobile that supports a Data Transfer Service, Media Playback service.  Control Points: They are the entities that are capable of Discovering and also controlling the other devices.
  9. 9. DLNA DEVICE MODELS  With development of the DLNA the Basic device model was extended so that the devices could them selves interact with each other to pass on digital data.  Previously, Control Point may be managing multiple devices, all interaction occur between and individual devices.  Now the control point configures the devices , as needed and initiates the flow of content, and gets out of the way.
  10. 10. DLNA DEVICE MODELS DLNA INTEROPARABILITY GUIDELINES DEFINE 3 DEVICE CATEGORIES.  Home Network Device.  Mobile Handheld Devices.  Home Interoperability Devices.
  11. 11. DLNA DEVICE MODELS The Home Network Device Category This Category has 5 Device Classes, that are in use at Home Network  Digital Media Server(DMS): It makes available digital media content.  Digital Media Player(DMP):It finds the content made available by DMS also provides a playback for the supported media.  Digital Media Renderer(DMR):Render or play the content made available by DMS.  Digital Media Controller(DMC):It sets up the Connection Between a DMS and DMR.  Digital Media Printer(DMPr):Provides Printing Services to DLNA Home Network.
  12. 12. DLNA DEVICE MODELS The Mobile Handheld Device Category This Category share same usage models of HND Device Category but have different requirement for media format .  Mobile Digital Media Server(M-DMS):Offers and Distribute contents through mobile devices):Finds the content offered by a M-DMS and plays the content locally on the M-DMP.  Mobile Digital Media Downloader(M-DMD):Finds and Downloads the Contents exposed by an M-DMS and plays the content locally on the DMD.  Mobile Digital Media Controller(M-DMC):Finds the content offered by an M-DMS and match it to the rendering capabilities of a DMR, setting up a connection between server and renderer  Mobile Digital Media Up loader(M-DMU):Sends content to an M-DMS with upload Functionality.
  13. 13. DLNA DEVICE MODELS The Home Infrastructure Device(HID) This category is made up of the two Device Classes.They allow HND’s and MHD’s to interoperate.  Mobile Network Connectivity Function(M-NCF): These Devices provide a bridging function between the MHD network connectivity and the HND network connectivity.  Media Interoperability Unit(MIU):Devices provide content transformation between required media formats for the HND Device Category and the MHD Device Category.
  14. 14. END