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Assisting Municipalities in Implementing NPDES Phase II Stormwater Programs Wendi Hartup  &  Mitch Woodward Area Environme...
Phase II: Burden for Small Communities <ul><li>NPDES Phase II’s - 80% < 20,000  (40 < 5,000) </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult f...
 
Needs of ‘Phase II’s’ <ul><li>Seeking input at the beginning </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Turn – Key’ Training Needed for Staff </l...
Improving Field Staff Understanding -  Why did our city start this program? <ul><li>Because we have to!  </li></ul><ul><li...
Development Impacts on the Water Cycle Photos: NEMO 50% 10% 15% 55%
Photo: Forest History Society
Phase II Six Minimum Measures <ul><li>Goal:  reduce pollutants in urban stormwater compared to existing levels in a cost-e...
Pollution Prevention & Good Housekeeping:   What is it? Keeping our own local government facilities clean to reduce pollut...
Federal and  state rules require  that stormwater staff inspect each city facility annually and correct any pollution prev...
<ul><li>Fueling, washing and maintaining vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Storing materials </li></ul><ul><li>Handling garbage <...
Where do these activities occur? <ul><li>Fleet Maintenance  </li></ul><ul><li>Transfer Station  </li></ul><ul><li>Animal S...
Fueling, washing and maintaining vehicles
 
<ul><ul><ul><li>Store used fluids properly. </li></ul></ul></ul>
Be aware of leaks nears drains! Look for and correct leaks on or around equipment.
What are the differences between these two fueling stations? What can you do to reduce pollution here? www.ncsu.bae.edu/st...
Have spill kits readily available and use them!
Avoid Situations Like This!
Storing materials
Used and Bulk Oil Storage: Well Maintained and Neat!
Neatly organized materials.
Moisture + Iron + Temps above 32F = RUST !!!
Maintain curb and gutters free of soil and trash.
Handling garbage
Keep trash dumpster lids closed. Keep liquid and hazardous wastes out of dumpsters.
Good  Bad  Ugly x
Maintaining streets, rights of way and parking lots
Maintain curb and gutters free of soil and trash.  Minimize the use of fertilizers and pesticides in and adjacent to curbs...
If you’ve got it, use it!
Landscaping and open space Image:  Cumberland Co. Cooperative Extension Center
Round-Up Gone Wild! Maintain a buffer zone of grasses or natural vegetation between maintained turf and waterways.
Pollution Source?: Yes No Don’t Know
A broom doesn’t always mean good housekeeping! Don’t sweep or blow fertilizer or yard waste into the storm drain.
Spill Response
Keep emergency contacts and dry clean up materials in vehicles. Photo: HMHTTC
Main goal:  Keep spills out of the storm drain. Photo:  Spill Containment Inc.
Keep spill response kits near potential spill areas.
For more information on Pollution Prevention/Good Housekeeping, see: http://www.bae.ncsu.edu/topic/phase2/measure6.htm   T...
Discharges into storm drainage systems (pipes, streams, ditches, water bodies) which are not composed entirely of stormwat...
Best Conditions for Finding IDs: <ul><li>Prolonged dry periods </li></ul><ul><li>Non-growing season: fall – winter – early...
Key: No runoff event for the last 48 -  72 hours
Eyes / Nose / Ears: <ul><li>Use your eyes </li></ul><ul><li>- Materials dumped illegally into storm drains? </li></ul><ul>...
Note ‘Stream-side’ Activities - <ul><li>Construction Activity? </li></ul><ul><li>Wastewater from sewers and septic systems...
What if you find something? <ul><li>Fill Out Data Collection Sheet </li></ul><ul><li>Inform Municipal Stormwater staff </l...
Where to Report Possible IDs: <ul><li>Local Municipal Stormwater Contact </li></ul><ul><li>- list </li></ul><ul><li>DENR S...
&quot;Quiz Time&quot;
Violation?  Yes, this is an illicit discharge What is it?  Paint Spill Charge?  Company owner was notified Action taken?  ...
Violation?  Yes, this is an illicit discharge What is it?  Antifreeze dripping and flowing across the parking lot Charge? ...
Violation?  No What is it?  Air Conditioning Condensation
 
 
Violation?  Yes, this is an illicit connection What is it?  Discharge from residential washing machine Charge?  First Offe...
Violation?  No What is it?  Bacterial Growth in almost Stagnant Water
Violation  Yes, this is an illicit connection What is it?  Disconnection of sewer service Charge?  First Offense, Letter o...
Violations?  Yes, this is an illicit discharge, but better to educate rather than fine. What is it?  Fertilizer and Lawn w...
 
 
 
 
 
 
Good Rules of Thumb <ul><li>If anything looks suspicious or out of place, it’s worth investigating…  Call Public Works! </...
Deliverables <ul><li>The How to Do Phase II web site:  ( http://www.bae.ncsu.edu/topic/phase2 )   </li></ul><ul><li>25 “Ho...
Outcomes <ul><li>18 workshops  </li></ul><ul><li>522 participants  </li></ul><ul><li>Participants included: public utiliti...
Partners  – ‘How to Do Phase II’ <ul><li>Bill Hunt - Assistant Professor and Extension Specialist </li></ul><ul><li>Annett...
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Urban Water Quality Issues - Assisting Municipalities in Implementing NPDES Phase II Stormwater Programs

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Wendi Hartup, Mitch Woodward

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Urban Water Quality Issues - Assisting Municipalities in Implementing NPDES Phase II Stormwater Programs

  1. 1. Assisting Municipalities in Implementing NPDES Phase II Stormwater Programs Wendi Hartup & Mitch Woodward Area Environmental Agents
  2. 2. Phase II: Burden for Small Communities <ul><li>NPDES Phase II’s - 80% < 20,000 (40 < 5,000) </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult for small municipalities to provide the expertise and resources </li></ul><ul><li>116 Phase II jurisdictions have nearly identical permit requirements </li></ul>
  3. 4. Needs of ‘Phase II’s’ <ul><li>Seeking input at the beginning </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Turn – Key’ Training Needed for Staff </li></ul><ul><li>Workshops / Tours in convenient locations </li></ul><ul><li>Providing “how-to” guidance and specific examples </li></ul><ul><li>Showcasing examples of effective stormwater ordinances </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraging partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Including Phase I’s in training </li></ul>
  4. 5. Improving Field Staff Understanding - Why did our city start this program? <ul><li>Because we have to! </li></ul><ul><li>(Comply with federal & state rules.) </li></ul><ul><li>To protect local water quality. </li></ul><ul><li>To present a positive image to the community. </li></ul>www.ncsu.bae.edu/stormwater
  5. 6. Development Impacts on the Water Cycle Photos: NEMO 50% 10% 15% 55%
  6. 7. Photo: Forest History Society
  7. 8. Phase II Six Minimum Measures <ul><li>Goal: reduce pollutants in urban stormwater compared to existing levels in a cost-effective manner. </li></ul><ul><li>Public Education and Outreach </li></ul><ul><li>Public participation/Involvement </li></ul><ul><li>Illicit Discharge Detection and Elimination </li></ul><ul><li>Construction Site Runoff Control </li></ul><ul><li>Post-Construction Runoff Control </li></ul><ul><li>Pollution Prevention/Good Housekeeping </li></ul>
  8. 9. Pollution Prevention & Good Housekeeping: What is it? Keeping our own local government facilities clean to reduce pollution to our streams and rivers. www.ncsu.bae.edu/stormwater
  9. 10. Federal and state rules require that stormwater staff inspect each city facility annually and correct any pollution prevention and good housekeeping problems right away. Photo: EPA www.ncsu.bae.edu/stormwater
  10. 11. <ul><li>Fueling, washing and maintaining vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Storing materials </li></ul><ul><li>Handling garbage </li></ul><ul><li>Maintaining streets, rights-of-way and parking lots </li></ul><ul><li>Maintaining landscaping and open space </li></ul><ul><li>Preventing and responding to spills </li></ul><ul><li>Illicit Discharge Detection and Elimination </li></ul>This program covers. . . www.ncsu.bae.edu/stormwater
  11. 12. Where do these activities occur? <ul><li>Fleet Maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Transfer Station </li></ul><ul><li>Animal Shelters </li></ul><ul><li>Wastewater Treatment Plant </li></ul><ul><li>Water Treatment Plant </li></ul><ul><li>Construction Debris Site </li></ul><ul><li>Transit Authority </li></ul><ul><li>Vehicle Wash Operations </li></ul><ul><li>Airport </li></ul><ul><li>Public Works Operations </li></ul><ul><li>Prisons </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency Service Facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Stations </li></ul><ul><li>Landfills </li></ul><ul><li>Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Parks </li></ul><ul><li>Waste Recycling Centers </li></ul><ul><li>Pump Stations </li></ul>www.ncsu.bae.edu/stormwater
  12. 13. Fueling, washing and maintaining vehicles
  13. 15. <ul><ul><ul><li>Store used fluids properly. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 16. Be aware of leaks nears drains! Look for and correct leaks on or around equipment.
  15. 17. What are the differences between these two fueling stations? What can you do to reduce pollution here? www.ncsu.bae.edu/stormwater
  16. 18. Have spill kits readily available and use them!
  17. 19. Avoid Situations Like This!
  18. 20. Storing materials
  19. 21. Used and Bulk Oil Storage: Well Maintained and Neat!
  20. 22. Neatly organized materials.
  21. 23. Moisture + Iron + Temps above 32F = RUST !!!
  22. 24. Maintain curb and gutters free of soil and trash.
  23. 25. Handling garbage
  24. 26. Keep trash dumpster lids closed. Keep liquid and hazardous wastes out of dumpsters.
  25. 27. Good Bad Ugly x
  26. 28. Maintaining streets, rights of way and parking lots
  27. 29. Maintain curb and gutters free of soil and trash. Minimize the use of fertilizers and pesticides in and adjacent to curbs. Photo: NCSU TurfFiles Center
  28. 30. If you’ve got it, use it!
  29. 31. Landscaping and open space Image: Cumberland Co. Cooperative Extension Center
  30. 32. Round-Up Gone Wild! Maintain a buffer zone of grasses or natural vegetation between maintained turf and waterways.
  31. 33. Pollution Source?: Yes No Don’t Know
  32. 34. A broom doesn’t always mean good housekeeping! Don’t sweep or blow fertilizer or yard waste into the storm drain.
  33. 35. Spill Response
  34. 36. Keep emergency contacts and dry clean up materials in vehicles. Photo: HMHTTC
  35. 37. Main goal: Keep spills out of the storm drain. Photo: Spill Containment Inc.
  36. 38. Keep spill response kits near potential spill areas.
  37. 39. For more information on Pollution Prevention/Good Housekeeping, see: http://www.bae.ncsu.edu/topic/phase2/measure6.htm The web site contains sample inspection forms for different types of facilities (all approved by DWQ). www.ncsu.bae.edu/stormwater
  38. 40. Discharges into storm drainage systems (pipes, streams, ditches, water bodies) which are not composed entirely of stormwater and have not been permitted. Illicit Discharges (IDs)
  39. 41. Best Conditions for Finding IDs: <ul><li>Prolonged dry periods </li></ul><ul><li>Non-growing season: fall – winter – early spring </li></ul><ul><li>Low ground water levels </li></ul><ul><li>Stop during rainfall </li></ul>
  40. 42. Key: No runoff event for the last 48 - 72 hours
  41. 43. Eyes / Nose / Ears: <ul><li>Use your eyes </li></ul><ul><li>- Materials dumped illegally into storm drains? </li></ul><ul><li>- Small pipes draining and it hasn’t rained? </li></ul><ul><li>- Spilled oil or paint, colored water, foam, floatables? </li></ul><ul><li>Use your nose </li></ul><ul><li>- Unusual odors </li></ul><ul><li>- Sewer smell </li></ul><ul><li>- Detergent ‘clean’ smell </li></ul><ul><li>- Fuel / oil </li></ul><ul><li>Use your ears </li></ul><ul><li> - Small pipes draining and it hasn’t rained? </li></ul>
  42. 44. Note ‘Stream-side’ Activities - <ul><li>Construction Activity? </li></ul><ul><li>Wastewater from sewers and septic systems? </li></ul><ul><li>Vehicle maintenance activities? </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial areas – commercial sites? </li></ul><ul><li>Direct dumping </li></ul><ul><li>into storm drains </li></ul><ul><li>or streams? </li></ul>
  43. 45. What if you find something? <ul><li>Fill Out Data Collection Sheet </li></ul><ul><li>Inform Municipal Stormwater staff </li></ul>
  44. 46. Where to Report Possible IDs: <ul><li>Local Municipal Stormwater Contact </li></ul><ul><li>- list </li></ul><ul><li>DENR Stormwater Page - http://www.ncstormwater.org/ </li></ul>
  45. 47. &quot;Quiz Time&quot;
  46. 48. Violation? Yes, this is an illicit discharge What is it? Paint Spill Charge? Company owner was notified Action taken? Paint was cleaned that day!
  47. 49. Violation? Yes, this is an illicit discharge What is it? Antifreeze dripping and flowing across the parking lot Charge? Multiple offences, met with district managers Action taken? Managers will send letter biannually to all shops about Illicit Discharge Ordinance.
  48. 50. Violation? No What is it? Air Conditioning Condensation
  49. 53. Violation? Yes, this is an illicit connection What is it? Discharge from residential washing machine Charge? First Offense, Letter of violation requiring cease discharge Action taken? Property owner capped the pipes and discontinued use of washing machine
  50. 54. Violation? No What is it? Bacterial Growth in almost Stagnant Water
  51. 55. Violation Yes, this is an illicit connection What is it? Disconnection of sewer service Charge? First Offense, Letter of violation requiring property owner to fix the connection Action taken? Public Utilities worked with property owner to repair the connection
  52. 56. Violations? Yes, this is an illicit discharge, but better to educate rather than fine. What is it? Fertilizer and Lawn waste
  53. 63. Good Rules of Thumb <ul><li>If anything looks suspicious or out of place, it’s worth investigating… Call Public Works! </li></ul><ul><li>If you see a pipe draining water but it hasn’t rained for a few days, this may be an illicit connection… Call Public Works! </li></ul><ul><li>Help be an extra set of eyes in the field! </li></ul>
  54. 64. Deliverables <ul><li>The How to Do Phase II web site: ( http://www.bae.ncsu.edu/topic/phase2 ) </li></ul><ul><li>25 “How to Do Phase II” workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Four “train the trainer” workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Time Cost: 40 hours a piece to advertise, travel, plan, make site visits, make slides and teach each workshop / tour. </li></ul>
  55. 65. Outcomes <ul><li>18 workshops </li></ul><ul><li>522 participants </li></ul><ul><li>Participants included: public utilities, town operations, stormwater, landscaping, facilities management, police, and fire. </li></ul><ul><li>5 illegal vehicle wash areas eliminated </li></ul><ul><li>Additional spill stations </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel dispensing standard operating procedures (SOP’s) developed </li></ul><ul><li>Improved site cleanup frequency </li></ul><ul><li>Improved stormwater BMP maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>New drain guards </li></ul><ul><li>Re-designed their solid waste transfer station </li></ul><ul><li>New vehicle wash bays </li></ul>Training value - $25-30 per participant
  56. 66. Partners – ‘How to Do Phase II’ <ul><li>Bill Hunt - Assistant Professor and Extension Specialist </li></ul><ul><li>Annette Lucas - Extension Associate </li></ul><ul><li>Mitch Woodward - Area Environmental Agent </li></ul><ul><li>Wendi Hartup - Area Environmental Agent </li></ul><ul><li>Christy Perrin and Patrick Beggs - Watershed Education for Communities and Officials </li></ul><ul><li>Mike Randall - NC DENR Division of Water Quality Stormwater Unit </li></ul><ul><li>Chrystal Bartlett - NC DENR Stormwater Education and Outreach Coordinator </li></ul>

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