Uttarakhand flood response: issues, reconstruction

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A joint presentation by UK Aid partners on relief and plan for rehabilitation

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Uttarakhand flood response: issues, reconstruction

  1. 1. Uttarakhand Flood Response Context, Achievements, Plans & Challenges
  2. 2. The Context • The June 2013 disaster • Combination of various factors like eco-fragile zone, un-precedented pre monsoon shower (between 64 to 250 mm), glacial lake outburst, debris from the hydro-electric projects, climate change etc. • The consequences were devastating 9/10/2013 2Uttarakhand Disaster Response: UK Aid with AAI, CARE and CA
  3. 3. Loss and Damage • Around a million people affected • 6000 reported dead or missing • 4200 villages affected • 10,000 cattle livestock lost • 3500 houses totally or partially damaged • 80% of the people in the productive age (shop owners, laborers working in petty shops, mule owners, laborers, palanquin bearers) • Unofficial 50,000 people dead or missing 9/10/2013 3Uttarakhand Disaster Response: UK Aid with AAI, CARE and CA
  4. 4. The Partners 9/10/2013 4Uttarakhand Disaster Response: UK Aid with AAI, CARE and CA
  5. 5. Our Response • ActionAid International, CARE and ChristianAid received 1,00,000 UKL each under the RRF from UK Aid. • Proposal through joint planning • Approved by the government • Focusing on the first and the second phase of response • Standardization of the package • Coordination at the field level within themselves and with other agencies to avoid duplication and ensure that relief reaches the most in need. 9/10/2013 5Uttarakhand Disaster Response: UK Aid with AAI, CARE and CA
  6. 6. Relief Distribution Statistics AAI CARE ChristianAid No of households reached through RRF 1200 500 1200 No of households reached through other sources 525 1484 Total households reached 1200 1025 2684 9/10/2013 Uttarakhand Disaster Response: UK Aid with AAI, CARE and CA 6
  7. 7. Ongoing Interventions (ActionAid) • Working across 4 districts (Rudraprayag, Chamoli, Tehri Garhwal and Pithoragarh) • Reconstruction of water line in two villages in Tehri • Livelihood study (farm and non-farm) • Working across 4 districts to restore the livelihoods of 1400 households • Ongoing advocacy with the government to restore livelihoods and agriculture land and compensation packages • Support to school children with educational materials • Providing psycho social support and protection to women and children • Planning to set up educational support centers in Joshimath. • Uttarakhand Jan Karavan Manch: Advocacy platform (25 CBOs and 10 NGOs active; total 65) 9/10/2013 Uttarakhand Disaster Response: UK Aid with AAI, CARE and CA 7
  8. 8. Ongoing Interventions (CARE) • 100 transition shelter in Augustmuni • Use of indigenous technology • Focus on the use of debris for construction • Capacity building of local masons on safe shelter • Community awareness on safe shelter • Target family: fully damaged houses; majority women headed households and Scheduled Caste families • Livelihoods support by Cash for Work • The work to get over by the end of October 9/10/2013 Uttarakhand Disaster Response: UK Aid with AAI, CARE and CA 8
  9. 9. Ongoing Interventions (ChristianAid) • Working on livelihood diversification with 1140 families in Guptkashi and Augustmuni. • Target community: directly impacted by the disaster (loss of earning member, household destroyed, loss of livelihoods) • All the families belong to the BPL • Two value chain (silk and beekeeping) taken as alternative livelihood option • In partnership with a local organization (Appropriate Technology India) working on value chains in the area since the last 15 years. 9/10/2013 Uttarakhand Disaster Response: UK Aid with AAI, CARE and CA 9
  10. 10. Contd… • Creation of 15 Community Friendly Space focusing at children between 0-10 years, pregnant & lactating women and Adolescent Girls. • Focus on three schemes of the government viz. ICDS, the primary school and Sable Scheme • CA is working with a local partner to implement this program • CA to handhold and strengthen these schemes for six months, later to be handed over to the government. • Disaster Management: Preparation of the state health contingency plan for the Government. 9/10/2013 Uttarakhand Disaster Response: UK Aid with AAI, CARE and CA 10
  11. 11. Coordination Among RRF Partners • Joint planning for response. • Standardization of relief package • Joint mid term correction exercise based on the priorities shared by the government. • CARE and CA is working together on implementing the program in the field (CARE is doing the intermediate shelter in the same areas where CA is doing the CFS). • Both the programs are being done through the same local partner NGO. 9/10/2013 Uttarakhand Disaster Response: UK Aid with AAI, CARE and CA 11
  12. 12. Larger Coordination • Coordinated preliminary assessment through IAG. • Around 15-20 IAG meetings (Delhi and Dehradun) till date. • Joint sectoral study through Inter-Agency Coordination group • CARE led the study on intermediate and permanent shelter • CA led the study on Livelihoods and Market • Other studies that has been carried out are on education, food security etc. • Studies done through formation of a team comprising of IAG members, INGOs, local partners, community and government officials • The study is shared with the larger community • The study focuses on intermediate and long term rehabilitation. 9/10/2013 Uttarakhand Disaster Response: UK Aid with AAI, CARE and CA 12
  13. 13. Contd.. • UNDMT coordinates between the Government and the NGOs • One meeting with the chief minister (nomination of focal person) for GO- NGO coordination. • Both UNDMT and IAG has a district level focal person (full time) for local coordination. • All the projects implemented has to have prior approval from the government. In some of the cases government order (GO) is also issued. • Government has created separate email id for report sharing • District level coordination for reconstruction process has also started with once a month meeting called by the DM • Efforts are on to have a focal point for block level coordination for high impact blocks 9/10/2013 Uttarakhand Disaster Response: UK Aid with AAI, CARE and CA 13
  14. 14. Suggested Interventions for Rehabilitation • Rehabilitation with DRR and development as a strong component: Resilient Community: Medium term upto 6 months and long term an year or more. • Food Security: In the form of cash and food programming based on the availability of food in the local market. Some of the work that could be taken up are land reclamation, land stabilization, approach roads, construction & repair of water harvesting structures (agriculture and drinking). • For community unable to do manual work: Unconditional and conditional cash transfer through capacity building on disaster management, skill up gradation for livelihoods, psycho-social care etc. • Rejuvenation and reconstruction of affected livelihoods and diversification of livelihood options. Focus could be animal husbandry will skill development (cattle, goat and poultry), beekeeping, vegetable cultivation with green house, horticultural plantation (season?) 9/10/2013 Uttarakhand Disaster Response: UK Aid with AAI, CARE and CA 14
  15. 15. Contd.. • Revival (build back better) of ICDS and primary education through provision of infrastructure, kits and capacity building. Address drop- out rate • Capacity building of the local health functionaries (ASHA, ANM). • Advocacy with government for pro-poor policy on rehabilitation. • Intermediate and Permanent shelter • Strengthening of the community radio as a tool for empowerment • Village contingency planning for better preparedness • Targeting the most vulnerable and the marginalized, expected to be left out from the government program 9/10/2013 Uttarakhand Disaster Response: UK Aid with AAI, CARE and CA 15
  16. 16. Challenges • Inhospitable terrain and approachability of cut off areas. • Government Policy on Rehabilitation: infrastructure, tourism. • Land issues • Multi stakeholders approach. • National parliamentary election and model code of conduct • Liaison mechanism with CSR, religious institutions and other donors (The World Bank, ADB, JAICA): How to convert it into an opportunity 9/10/2013 Uttarakhand Disaster Response: UK Aid with AAI, CARE and CA 16
  17. 17. Loss and Damage 9/10/2013 Uttarakhand Disaster Response: UK Aid with AAI, CARE and CA 17
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  20. 20. Relief Distribution 9/10/2013 Uttarakhand Disaster Response: UK Aid with AAI, CARE and CA 20
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  31. 31. Reconstruction 9/10/2013 Uttarakhand Disaster Response: UK Aid with AAI, CARE and CA 31
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  35. 35. Thank You Your Queries and Comments Please nabi.shakeb@gmail.com 9/10/2013 Uttarakhand Disaster Response: UK Aid with AAI, CARE and CA 35

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