Presentation on Urban Risk Reduction


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Presentation on Urban Risk Reduction

  1. 1. DIPECO Bangladesh Urban Risk Reduction in Challenging EnvironmentShakeb Nabi (ActionAid), Arvind Kumar (ADPC) and Manish Kumar Agrawal (Oxfam)
  2. 2. Approaches for Urban Risk Assessment Approaches for Urban Risk AssessmentCBDRRSectoral ApproachTarget Orient ApproachInstitutional Approach
  3. 3. Steps of Urban Risk Assessment
  4. 4. URR Initiatives• School Safety Program• Mass Casualty Management• Garment factory Workers safety• Capacity Building of Urban Slum Volunteers• Designing of the Urban Risk Assessment kit
  5. 5. School Safety
  6. 6. Understanding School Safety- from schoolperspectives Dhaka Chittagong Sylhet Khulna Shyamnagar Sathkhera Netrakona Jamalpur
  7. 7. Steps of School Safety and Preparedness
  8. 8. Lessons learned Making building Towards School Safety structure safe Non- structural Mitigation School Safety Planning Awareness Creation on Mandatory or Basics of DRR a Choice?No Initiatives
  9. 9. Way Forward1. Integrating DRR in School Curricula (?)2. Safer school construction
  10. 10. DIPECHO BangladeshMass Casualty Management
  11. 11. Possible Scenario DIPECHO BangladeshPromising Practices from DIPECHO V Program Source: UNDP
  12. 12. Why Mass casualty Management• Capacities of the hospitals overwhelmed in the event of a disaster• Limited capacity of the hospitals in terms of trained HR and equipments
  13. 13. Process and Achievements Developed understanding Demonstrated Enhance skill during fire coordination incident MCM manual develop and Institutionalizationcontingency plan of MCM as output Capacity built
  14. 14. Way ForwardStrengthening Introducing MCM at National Plan of New Technology National and MCM and Instruments District level for MCM
  15. 15. Enhance Voluntarism in Urban Areas: Achievements
  16. 16. Process and Achievements MoU with Home Ministry and FSCD Equipping Capacityvolunteer on building of emergency Volunteers response Continuous Replication support by with other FSCD agencies
  17. 17. DIPECHO BangladeshMFR and SAR
  18. 18. Way forward Encourage Institutionalizing Policy women Strengthening Volunteers roles review and person capacity anddialogue with program responsibilities in disabilities SOD
  19. 19. Earthquake and Fire Preparedness in Garment Factories• 80% of the export revenue• Around 2.4 million people working in 4500 garment factories• Most of the buildings where the factories are established have not been constructed for industry• Multi storied building with high population, no evacuation plan• Most of the worker are young girls and illiterate or half literate• Fire incidents in garment factories is a common phenomenon• Understanding their language: labor laws, factories act, safety audit
  20. 20. Process and Achievements Change in behavior of BGMEA Inclusion of Capacity building of Earthquake 1000 compliance Training Manual officer into Fire module Coordinated effort bygarment authorities, govt Development of IEC department and material community volunteers Garment Simulation Guideline
  21. 21. Way Forward• Replication of this model in other factories and EPZs which is labor intensive• Enhance investment by the garment factory workers on safety measures of the works• Sharing this model with the larger community