Uttarakhand Flood Response and Reconstruction


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Uttarakhand Flood Response and Reconstruction

  1. 1. Context, Achievements, Challenges and the Way Forward
  2. 2.  The June 2013 disaster  Combination of various factors like o Eco-fragile zone, o Un-precedented pre monsoon shower (between 64 to 250 mm), o Land slides o Glacial lake outburst, o Debris from the hydro-electric projects, o Climate change etc.  The consequences were devastating
  3. 3.  Around a million people affected  6,000 reported dead or missing  4,200 villages affected  10,000 cattle/ livestock lost  3,500 houses totally or partially damaged  80% of the people in the productive age (shop owners, laborers working in petty shops, mule owners, laborers, palanquin bearers)  Unofficial 50,000 people dead or missing
  4. 4.  RRF Partners: ActionAid International, CARE and ChristianAid  Proposal through joint planning and approved by the government  No of household reached: 2900 (RRF), 4909 (total)  Focusing on the first and the second phase of response  Standardization of the package  Coordination at the field level within themselves and with other agencies to avoid duplication and ensure that relief reaches the most in need.
  5. 5.  Joint mid term review exercise based on the priorities shared by the government.  CARE and CA is working together on implementing the program in the field (CARE is doing the intermediate shelter in the same areas where CA is doing the CFS).  Both the programs are being done through the same local partner NGO.
  6. 6.  Coordination being done by two agencies Viz. IAG (Inter Agency Group) and UNDMT (United Nations Disaster Management Team). Different mandate. Full time team  Around 15-20 Inter Agency Group meetings (Delhi and Dehradun) till date.  Coordinated preliminary assessment and studies through Inter Agency Group.  Studies done through formation of a team comprising of IAG members, INGOs, local partners, community and government officials  Shelter (CARE), Livelihoods and Market (ChristianAid), Education (Plan, Save, Aid et Action), Food Security (DCA).
  7. 7.  Focuses on intermediate and long term rehabilitation. Shared with larger audience.  One meeting with the chief minister (nomination of focal person) for GO-NGO coordination.  All the projects implemented has to have prior approval from the government. In some of the cases government order (GO) is also issued.  District level coordination for reconstruction process has also started with once a month meeting called by the DM  Efforts are on to have a focal point for block level coordination for high impact blocks
  8. 8.  Rehabilitation with DRR and development as a strong component: Resilient Community: Medium term upto 6 months and long term an year or more.  Food Security: Cash and Food programming based on the availability of food in the local market. Some of the work that could be taken up are land reclamation, land stabilization, river training, approach roads, construction & repair of water harvesting structures & Watershed Mgt. (agriculture and drinking).
  9. 9.  For community unable to do manual work: Unconditional and conditional cash transfer through capacity building on disaster management, skill up gradation for livelihoods, psycho-social care etc.  Rejuvenation and reconstruction of affected livelihoods and diversification of livelihood options. Focus could be animal husbandry will skill development (cattle, goat, poultry and equine), beekeeping, vegetable cultivation with green house, horticultural plantation (season?).
  10. 10.  Pre School and primary school programs: Through provision of infrastructure, kits and capacity building: From protection perspective also.  Capacity building of the local health functionaries (ASHA, ANM).  Advocacy with government for pro-poor policy on rehabilitation.  Intermediate and Permanent shelter  Strengthening of the community radio as a tool for empowerment  Village contingency planning for better preparedness  Targeting the most vulnerable and the marginalized, expected to be left out from the government program
  11. 11.  Inhospitable terrain and approachability of cut off areas.  Government Policy on Rehabilitation: infrastructure, tourism.  Strengthening and permanency of inter agency coordination  Land issues  Exploring diversified livelihood options (equine, laborers, petty traders)  Multi stakeholders approach.  Liaison mechanism with CSR, religious institutions and other donors (The World Bank, ADB, JAICA): How to convert it into an opportunity
  12. 12. Your Queries and Comments Please nabi.shakeb@gmail.com