Village Level Micro-Planning VLMP is a process of involving the communities directly in framing the development plan of the villages, and also ensuring optimum utilization of resource.
Approach a five-day long exercise in a particular village in the Integrated District by a team of Village Planning Facilitators belonging to identified NGOs/CBOs, usually in groups of three or more depending upon the population size and spread of the village. Facilitators reside in their allotted village for the entire period living on what the villagers can offer in terms of food and place to stay.
Expected Outcomes Registration and certificate to all children within 28 days of birth. All deliveries by trained people. Breast feeding to infants up to 6 months. Complete Immunization of 90% children. ORS consumption for children suffering from Diarrhea, and preventive care on respiratory problems. All children get complete doses of vitamin A. No child should fall under grade 3-4 of malnutrition, 30% reduction in children falling under grade 1-2. All children complete primary education and are linked to the process of developing basic learning skills. Awareness and knowledge among 15-24 years on HIV/AIDS. Practicing safe sexual behavior. 50% Reduction in children marrying before age of 18. Ensuring protection of children from unsafe work and hazardous working conditions.
Expected Outcomes Use of Iodine salt in every household. Outreach of every family to safe drinking water sources, and no water source should remain malfunction for more than 4 days. Safe hygiene practices to be followed by every person of the family (washing hands before and after meals and defecation). Outreach of all to safe hygiene and sanitation facilities. Pre and Post natal care to all pregnant women, and PPTC services. Facilities for children at ICDS center and health centers on the basis of individual evaluation. Village level micro-planning in every village. Promoting safe behaviors through behavior change communication Planned implementation of various child and mother development programs, and evaluating them on the basis of performance.
VLMP- Benefits Problem solving and decision making on the basis of alternatives. Helps find root causes of problems. Better understanding of communities on problem identification, analysis and problem solving. Identifying resources available at village level. Improved community participation in planning Social issues will be a part of the plans. Deprived classes will immediately be identified as primary beneficiaries. Communities will be able to differentiate between needed and available services. People will be the key players in planning processes. Increased participation of community and involvement of panchayats.
Methodology Community Interaction PRA- Social Mapping, Seasonality Chart. Disseminating key behavior messages Video Shows “Meena” Involving sarpanch/ secretary
VLMP- Phases Analysis of every village of the district and problem evaluation Prioritization of problems by the community. Common opinion building and acceptance of problems. Common opinion on alternatives to problem solving. Micro-planning of every village on the basis of common opinion and approval by gram sabha.
Initial Preparations Framing survey formats- village, family Testing survey format Presentation by cultural group (Kala Jattha)
Organization Preparations Final preparation and rehearsal of performances to be made by kala jattha. Zero phase and Planning level plan preparation. Formation of teams Distribution of material Environment building
Zero Phase Activities Village level meetings on information dissemination regarding VLMP Family survey Social Mapping Matrix Ranking, Preparing list of problems, prioritization of problems. Selection of two people in each meeting who would support in VLMP
Activities Decorative Rope with Flags- 74 panchayats Flash Hoardings- 10 boards Wall writing- 740 locations Banners- 74 Large Hoardings – 2 Awareness Chariot- 170 Children Rally- 74 Visiting places where village planning wont take place- 27
VLMP- Activities Master Trainer Training – 17 April to 31 April’2005 Training of trainers- 13 June to 17 June’ 2005 Cluster animator training- 20 June to 24 June’2005 Panchayat animator training- 3 Batches Training of cluster animators on street theatre. Inauguration of VLMP program Commencement of VLMP on pilot basis in Suhara, Sirsod and Tanpur (Training phase) Weighing all children under Bal Sanjeevani Involvement in Pulse Polio Program Implementation of VLMP plan Orientation of Panchayat representatives
VLMP- Process Activities Community Meetings Social Mapping Family Survey Matrix Ranking Volunteer Selection Group Discussion Venn- Diagram Seasonality mapping Time Line Gram Sabha
VLMP- Activity Table Panchayat: 74 Villages: 206 Village Visit: 206 Intensive Visit: 206 Social Mapping: 206 Family Survey: 19209 (approximate) Matrix Ranking: 206 Time Line: 191 Season based change mapping: 191 Venn Diagram: 206 Community Meetings: 768 Gram Sabha: 206 Volunteers: 551
Involvement of Children Rally Painting Competition Educational Games Promotion of moral science Support in social mapping Support in providing survey information Bal Sabha Making efforts to form children clubs and groups of adolescent girls.
Major Family Survey Findings Low birth registration Low birth certificates issues Incomplete pre-post natal care Use of iodine salt in very few houses Lack of knowledge on HIV/AIDS Low institutionalized deliveries Traditional home based treatment of Pneumonia Family having average 4-5 children Very low number of girls attending schools Iron folic acid consumption low.
Problem, Cause and Solution Problem Cause Solution 1 Drinking Water Hand pumps not working Hand pump maintenance should be in the hands of community Repairs works not done in time With the falling water level, all the hand pumps should be rechecked and re-engineered as per need People ignorant on taking ownership Rain water harvesting should be done Technical Problems 2 Open Defecation Mindset of going out for defecation Awareness on relation of diseases with open defecation, and relation of diseases with poverty. Uncomfortable in using toilets Construction of household toilets Low preference to low cost toilets Government should take timely disbursement of funds at priority
Problem, Cause and Solution Problem Cause Solution 3 Garbage/ No place available for disposal Construction of compost pits Contamination Garbage dumped outside house Panchayat should provide community place for garbage disposal, for people who cannot construct compost pit. Waste water and child feces drained Awareness and BCC on Hygiene, at door step Sanitation and Safe Health Behaviors 4 Girl Child Education Responsible to be at home and look Sensitizing parents on the after young ones importance of girl child education. Sexual exploitation by the teachers PTA should be made active Mindset of sending girls for Outreach of girl child education education is of no use schemes should be facilitated
Problem, Cause and Solution Problem Cause Solution5 Distribution of Irregular distribution, once in 3 months Distribution of nutrition should be Nutrition at ICDS done strictly on monthly basis. ICDS not opening as in the prescribed ICDS should open on time, and format Panchayat should be given responsibility of working as a watch group. 6 Irregular ANM live in city and report to village ANM should stay at sub-center, this Immunization by rarely will increase immunization coverage ANM and institutional deliveries. Have no proper MIS to track record Capable supervisory work to be done. Records and authenticity should be checked regularly on monthly basis.
Problem, Cause and Solution Problem Cause Solution7 Employment Work not available in nearby areas Employment generation to be done resulting in migration by Government National park area being increased, and Fixed decisions should be taken mines being shut down regarding boundaries of National Park. 8 Electricity Due bills Bills should be paid on time, and people paying bills on time should be provided regular electricity Theft (More than one person using a In cases where free electricity is connection) being provided, there should be a monitoring system to check the supply and consumption. Long time cut-offs
Problem, Cause and Solution Problem Cause Solution9 Ration Distribution PDS shops not opening regularly PDS should open regularly. (PDS) PDS influenced by power centers of Panchayat should have a watch dog village committee who looks at the functioning of PDS Ration weighed less, supplied less Surveillance should be done on the distribution of ration All Should be bought at once in one day Arrangements for taking ration in installments as per convenience 10 Birth Registration Ignorant attitude of community Efforts should be made to sensitize Certificate community on importance of birth registration. No initiative by Secretary to promote Monitoring of the program should be Birth Certificate done by Janpad
Seasonality Month Disease 1 Disease 2January Pneumonia Cold, and CoughFebruary Pneumonia, Respiratory Problem Cold, and CoughMarch Diarrhea BoilsApril Diarrhea, Fever BoilsMay Diarrhea Heat StrokeJune Diarrhea Heat StrokeJuly Diarrhea ConjunctivitisAugust Malaria, Jaundice Skin DiseaseSeptember Malaria, Jaundice Skin DiseaseOctober Cough, Pneumonia Common ColdNovember Cough, Pneumonia Common ColdDecember Cough, Pneumonia Common Cold
Community Level Issues Garbage Open Defecation Washing hands before meals Washing hands after defecation Not using ladle for drawing water Breast feeding Personal hygiene Village sanitation Leaving waste water standing on roads Other feeding to infants before 6 months Iodine Salt Consulting quacks Girl child education Low number of girls from backwards classes Caste discrimination Participation of women and children in decision making
Community-Government Level Issues Drinking water Birth registration Education not efficient Electricity Using ORS Toilet Construction in BPL families
Government Level Issues Distribution of supplement at ICDS Immunization by ANM ANM not staying at Sub-center Unemployment Distribution of Ration (PDS) Distribution of Birth Registration Certificate No ICDS building No sub-center building School building not adequate Roads
Achievements Accredited Health Activist ASHA selection given in the hands of Sambhav. Success in establishing 42 temporary ICDS centers. Promotion of Nutrition Supplement to children falling in 3-4 grade of malnutrition. 268 children have been admitted in district hospital till now. Establishment of 2 NRC centers for malnourished children, a result of Sambhav’s advocacy efforts. 311 early marriages stopped 319 child labor linked with formal schools Gradual improvement in institutionalized deliveries, especially in villages: Girmora, Mehdawali, Manakpur, Bichi, Arjungawan, Gatwaya Promoting household toilets has helped initiate construction of household toilets in Lalgarh, Khyawada Kalaan, Khorgaar, Theh, Satanwada, Patara, Sakalpur, Chaand, and Bara.
Reporting Format- Part INarrative Summary Objectively Verifiable Indicators Progress Process involvedOutput 1 Volunteers identified from all villages of the Project Functionaries identified andEnable the community to project area and trained in community database prepared continuously assess, monitoring and IPC skills (attachment 1) analyze and take action Community Monitoring System established in Volunteers identified and database whenever required on all Panchayats of the project area with prepared (attachment 2) issues affecting their regular monthly review meetings on Training Plan prepared children and women indicators decided by the community (attachment 3) Regular Gram Sabhas being held (atleast one Consolidation of PRA findings in each quarter) with quoram done – Village Information requirements met and with discussions Table prepared (No. of on issues affecting women and Panchayats) children 20% of the project area identified for setting up child friendly Panchayats List of selected Panchayats attached. (attachment 4) Intensive dialoging with the community initiated in Child Friendly Panchayats (social maps, matrix ranking, action plan revisited) Village Information Centre Set up in ….. Panchayats Monitoring Plan for the month of November ’06 (attachment 5) Monitoring Plan for the month of December 2006 (attachment 6) One large village meeting held to initiate this phase of community programming (no. of meetings…)
Reporting Format- Part IIOutput 2 A volunteer federation structure No. of meetings at theSupport the created with adequate Cluster and village community in its representation at the level with volunteers endeavor to Panchayat, Cluster and explaining to them realize its Block Level the future strategy of aspirations Regular representation of the the programme through issues affecting the Consolidation and development and community by Volunteer & analysis of the strengthening of NGO representatives in the Household and PRA a reference – Block Level and District Level findings at the Block redressal system Task Force Meetings. Level – ready for presentation in the BLTF/DLTF meetings
Reporting Format – Part IIIOutput 3 Wall Paintings, Bal Melas, Report in accordancePromote Key Exhibitions as detailed in the with the BCC Behaviors NGO action plans completed reporting format essential for Increase in the level of (attachment 7) survival, growth Knowledge, awareness and and development practice by 30% over the of children and village planning baseline on help in demand 4 key behaviors generation (raising aspirations) for basic and essential services
Task Load Analysis of VPF PanchayatsDays P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 Points to be noted – 1 ABC 1. The Facilitators will be 2 DEF working for at least 3 ABC 4 DEF two days in each of 5 ABC their 5 Panchayats 6 DEF 2. 2. They will be 7 ABC 8 DEF responsible for 9 ABC achieving 100% across 10 DEF the 6 indicators in 11 Meeting with Volunteers at Cluster Level integrated districts and 12 Meeting of Functionaries at Block Level 80% level in the remaining 4 A Institutional Delivery D Girls Education Panchayats. B Birth Registration E Individual Toilets C Malnourished Children F Immunization - MCD
LFA- SynopsisNarrative Summary Objectively Verifiable Indicators Means of Verification AssumptionsGoal 30% improvement over and above Repeat village planning Sufficient political andTo promote survival, the agreed baseline across household survey administrative will growth and all the 17 indicators listed in Analysis of available and exists for social development of the 19th Nov. Memo future data from development and Children in NFHS, NSSO, RCH, child rights Shivpuri district of SRS, CRS Madhya PradeshStrategic Result Analysis, Redressal (at the level Monitoring Reports on Sufficient resources andTo enable and support of the community) and Gram Sabhas from administrative will the community so reference of issues affecting Govt. Counterparts, exists at the District as to ensure the children and women in the NGOs and UNICEF and Block Level to realization of their Panchayat and in the Gram Extenders accept, aspirations for Sabha Monthly Progress Report continuously monitor and survival, growth Regular representation of issues on implementation of address issues which and development affecting children and women action plan from might be different of their children in the BLTFs and DLTF and NGOs from line department their timely and effective Minutes of the Meeting of programme priorities. redressal DLTF, BLTF and Review Meetings
Panchayat Fact Sheet: Part II14 ST 0 015 Others 708 21216 0-3 Years 98 1417 3-6 Years 114 3518 6-14 Years 203 5219 Kaccha House 141 3720 Pakka House 16 521 Total Houses 157 4222 Toilets 4 023 Pregnant Women 7 124 Newly Wed Couple 5 125 Handpump 11 326 Well 7 127 Tap 0 0
Panchayat Fact Sheet: Part III28 Primary School 1 129 Middle School 1 030 High School 0 031 PHC Satanwada32 Sub Center Tanpur33 Iodine Salt Consumption 130/157 20/4234 Primary Diseases Malaria, Diarrhea, Fever35 Primary Agricultural Crops Wheat, Gram, Soyabean36 Source of Income Agriculture, Agricultural Labour, Labor
VolunteerFederation 2 volunteers represent the community Block at the Block Level Task Force Level 30 Volunteers Cluster Level Two Volunteers from each cluster 150 Volunteers (2*75 Panchayats)Panchayat Level 2 Volunteers represent each Panchayat 8 volunteers from each Panchayat
BLTF/DLTF•CEO, ZP•CMO•DEO District Level Task Force•DPO (Headed by Collector)•PHED•AJKV (Tribal)•M & CD Block Level Task Force•NGO (Headed by SDM)•VFR •CEO, Janpad •BMO •BEO •PHED Volunteer Federation •M & C D •NGO •VFR
Future Directions and Components Village Information Centers Data collected during VLMP Information on various government schemes Mother and Child Health IEC Material (Mother, Child and Key Messages) Setting up a community monitoring system at village and Panchayat level which empowers community to come up as a pressure group and promote demand generation for safeguarding the lives of mother and children. To empower volunteers to play a dual role as community facilitators as well as pressure persons for service delivery on service providers. To build and create 15 model child friendly Panchayat which intensive interventions later forecasted to be replicated in all the Panchayats of a block. Building a volunteer federation in a hierarchical manner which has representation from villages and clusters at the block and district level, and which acts as representative of the community to share various related issues.
Next Phase Activities Training of volunteers Establishing community monitoring Monthly review meetings at village level Strengthening Gram Sabha Creating volunteer federation Promotion of 4 key behaviors Exclusive Breastfeeding Girl Child Education Hygiene and Sanitation Practice HIV/AIDS Training of HIV/AIDS Children New Agency