Village level micro planning program- exhaustive presentation- garry


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Village level micro planning program- exhaustive presentation- garry

  1. 1. Village LevelMicro-Planning Program Supported by: District Administration, Shivpuri and UNICEF, BhopalImplemented by: Sambhav Social Service Organization, Shivpuri
  2. 2. Contents District Shivpuri Shivpuri Block VLMP Approach Expected Outcomes Benefits Methodology Phases Preparations Activities Involvement of Children Findings Achievements
  3. 3. District ShivpuriPopulation 1440666Sex Ratio 858Sex Ratio- Urban 878Sex Ratio- Rural 8550-5 Sex Ratio 905Literacy 59.5Male Literacy 74.8Female Literacy 41.5
  4. 4. Shivpuri BlockPopulation 134222Families 222260-3 Children 10179Male 5142Female 5037Target Couple 25700Panchayat 74Villages 187Hamlets 130Difficult Villages 54PHC SatanwadaSub-Center 28ICDS 112Temporary ICDS 49ASHA Worker 49ANM 28MPW 20Trained Dai 187JSR 187Private Doctor 100Sweeper Families 200
  5. 5. Village Level Micro-Planning VLMP is a process of involving the communities directly in framing the development plan of the villages, and also ensuring optimum utilization of resource.
  6. 6. Approach a five-day long exercise in a particular village in the Integrated District by a team of Village Planning Facilitators belonging to identified NGOs/CBOs, usually in groups of three or more depending upon the population size and spread of the village. Facilitators reside in their allotted village for the entire period living on what the villagers can offer in terms of food and place to stay.
  7. 7. Expected Outcomes Registration and certificate to all children within 28 days of birth. All deliveries by trained people. Breast feeding to infants up to 6 months. Complete Immunization of 90% children. ORS consumption for children suffering from Diarrhea, and preventive care on respiratory problems. All children get complete doses of vitamin A. No child should fall under grade 3-4 of malnutrition, 30% reduction in children falling under grade 1-2. All children complete primary education and are linked to the process of developing basic learning skills. Awareness and knowledge among 15-24 years on HIV/AIDS. Practicing safe sexual behavior. 50% Reduction in children marrying before age of 18. Ensuring protection of children from unsafe work and hazardous working conditions.
  8. 8. Expected Outcomes Use of Iodine salt in every household. Outreach of every family to safe drinking water sources, and no water source should remain malfunction for more than 4 days. Safe hygiene practices to be followed by every person of the family (washing hands before and after meals and defecation). Outreach of all to safe hygiene and sanitation facilities. Pre and Post natal care to all pregnant women, and PPTC services. Facilities for children at ICDS center and health centers on the basis of individual evaluation. Village level micro-planning in every village. Promoting safe behaviors through behavior change communication Planned implementation of various child and mother development programs, and evaluating them on the basis of performance.
  9. 9. VLMP- Benefits Problem solving and decision making on the basis of alternatives. Helps find root causes of problems. Better understanding of communities on problem identification, analysis and problem solving. Identifying resources available at village level. Improved community participation in planning Social issues will be a part of the plans. Deprived classes will immediately be identified as primary beneficiaries. Communities will be able to differentiate between needed and available services. People will be the key players in planning processes. Increased participation of community and involvement of panchayats.
  10. 10. Methodology Community Interaction PRA- Social Mapping, Seasonality Chart. Disseminating key behavior messages Video Shows “Meena” Involving sarpanch/ secretary
  11. 11. VLMP- Phases Analysis of every village of the district and problem evaluation Prioritization of problems by the community. Common opinion building and acceptance of problems. Common opinion on alternatives to problem solving. Micro-planning of every village on the basis of common opinion and approval by gram sabha.
  12. 12. Initial Preparations Framing survey formats- village, family Testing survey format Presentation by cultural group (Kala Jattha)
  13. 13. Organization Preparations Final preparation and rehearsal of performances to be made by kala jattha. Zero phase and Planning level plan preparation. Formation of teams Distribution of material Environment building
  14. 14. Zero Phase Activities Village level meetings on information dissemination regarding VLMP Family survey Social Mapping Matrix Ranking, Preparing list of problems, prioritization of problems. Selection of two people in each meeting who would support in VLMP
  15. 15. Activities Decorative Rope with Flags- 74 panchayats Flash Hoardings- 10 boards Wall writing- 740 locations Banners- 74 Large Hoardings – 2 Awareness Chariot- 170 Children Rally- 74 Visiting places where village planning wont take place- 27
  16. 16. VLMP- Activities Master Trainer Training – 17 April to 31 April’2005 Training of trainers- 13 June to 17 June’ 2005 Cluster animator training- 20 June to 24 June’2005 Panchayat animator training- 3 Batches Training of cluster animators on street theatre. Inauguration of VLMP program Commencement of VLMP on pilot basis in Suhara, Sirsod and Tanpur (Training phase) Weighing all children under Bal Sanjeevani Involvement in Pulse Polio Program Implementation of VLMP plan Orientation of Panchayat representatives
  17. 17. VLMP- Process Activities Community Meetings Social Mapping Family Survey Matrix Ranking Volunteer Selection Group Discussion Venn- Diagram Seasonality mapping Time Line Gram Sabha
  18. 18. VLMP- Activity Table Panchayat: 74 Villages: 206 Village Visit: 206 Intensive Visit: 206 Social Mapping: 206 Family Survey: 19209 (approximate) Matrix Ranking: 206 Time Line: 191 Season based change mapping: 191 Venn Diagram: 206 Community Meetings: 768 Gram Sabha: 206 Volunteers: 551
  19. 19. Involvement of Children Rally Painting Competition Educational Games Promotion of moral science Support in social mapping Support in providing survey information Bal Sabha Making efforts to form children clubs and groups of adolescent girls.
  20. 20. Major Family Survey Findings Low birth registration Low birth certificates issues Incomplete pre-post natal care Use of iodine salt in very few houses Lack of knowledge on HIV/AIDS Low institutionalized deliveries Traditional home based treatment of Pneumonia Family having average 4-5 children Very low number of girls attending schools Iron folic acid consumption low.
  21. 21. Problem, Cause and Solution  Problem Cause Solution 1 Drinking Water Hand pumps not working Hand pump maintenance should be in  the hands of community     Repairs works not done in time With the falling water level, all the  hand pumps should be rechecked and  re-engineered as per need     People ignorant on taking ownership Rain water harvesting should be done     Technical Problems           2 Open Defecation  Mindset of going out for defecation  Awareness on relation of diseases  with open defecation, and relation of  diseases with poverty.     Uncomfortable in using toilets  Construction of household toilets     Low preference to low cost toilets Government should take timely  disbursement of funds at priority
  22. 22. Problem, Cause and Solution  Problem Cause Solution 3 Garbage/  No place available for disposal  Construction of compost pits Contamination      Garbage dumped outside house  Panchayat should provide  community place for garbage  disposal, for people who cannot  construct compost pit.     Waste water and child feces drained  Awareness and BCC on Hygiene,  at door step  Sanitation and Safe Health  Behaviors         4 Girl Child Education  Responsible to be at home and look  Sensitizing parents on the  after young ones  importance of girl child  education.     Sexual exploitation by the teachers  PTA should be made active     Mindset of sending girls for  Outreach of girl child education  education is of no use   schemes should be facilitated
  23. 23. Problem, Cause and Solution  Problem Cause Solution5 Distribution of  Irregular distribution, once in 3 months  Distribution of nutrition should be  Nutrition at ICDS  done strictly on monthly basis.    ICDS not opening as in the prescribed  ICDS should open on time, and  format  Panchayat should be given  responsibility of working as a watch  group.       6 Irregular  ANM live in city and report to village  ANM should stay at sub-center, this  Immunization by  rarely  will increase immunization coverage  ANM  and institutional deliveries.    Have no proper MIS to track record  Capable supervisory work to be  done.  Records and authenticity should be  checked regularly on monthly basis.
  24. 24. Problem, Cause and Solution  Problem Cause Solution7 Employment  Work not available in nearby areas  Employment generation to be done  resulting in migration  by Government    National park area being increased, and  Fixed decisions should be taken  mines being shut down regarding boundaries of National  Park.     8 Electricity  Due bills  Bills should be paid on time, and  people paying bills on time should be  provided regular electricity    Theft (More than one person using a  In cases where free electricity is  connection)  being provided, there should be a  monitoring system to check the  supply and consumption.    Long time cut-offs    
  25. 25. Problem, Cause and Solution  Problem Cause Solution9 Ration Distribution PDS shops not opening regularly  PDS should open regularly.  (PDS)     PDS influenced by power centers of  Panchayat should have a watch dog village  committee who looks at the functioning of PDS    Ration weighed less, supplied less Surveillance should be done on the  distribution of ration    All Should be bought at once in one day Arrangements for taking ration in  installments as per convenience       10 Birth Registration Ignorant attitude of community  Efforts should be made to sensitize  Certificate  community on importance of birth  registration.    No initiative by Secretary to promote  Monitoring of the program should be  Birth Certificate   done by Janpad
  26. 26. Seasonality Month Disease 1 Disease 2January Pneumonia Cold, and CoughFebruary Pneumonia, Respiratory Problem Cold, and CoughMarch Diarrhea BoilsApril Diarrhea, Fever BoilsMay Diarrhea Heat StrokeJune Diarrhea Heat StrokeJuly Diarrhea ConjunctivitisAugust Malaria, Jaundice Skin DiseaseSeptember Malaria, Jaundice Skin DiseaseOctober Cough, Pneumonia Common ColdNovember Cough, Pneumonia Common ColdDecember Cough, Pneumonia Common Cold
  27. 27. Community Level Issues Garbage Open Defecation Washing hands before meals Washing hands after defecation Not using ladle for drawing water Breast feeding Personal hygiene Village sanitation Leaving waste water standing on roads Other feeding to infants before 6 months Iodine Salt Consulting quacks Girl child education Low number of girls from backwards classes Caste discrimination Participation of women and children in decision making
  28. 28. Community-Government Level Issues Drinking water Birth registration Education not efficient Electricity Using ORS Toilet Construction in BPL families
  29. 29. Government Level Issues Distribution of supplement at ICDS Immunization by ANM ANM not staying at Sub-center Unemployment Distribution of Ration (PDS) Distribution of Birth Registration Certificate No ICDS building No sub-center building School building not adequate Roads
  30. 30. Achievements Accredited Health Activist ASHA selection given in the hands of Sambhav. Success in establishing 42 temporary ICDS centers. Promotion of Nutrition Supplement to children falling in 3-4 grade of malnutrition. 268 children have been admitted in district hospital till now. Establishment of 2 NRC centers for malnourished children, a result of Sambhav’s advocacy efforts. 311 early marriages stopped 319 child labor linked with formal schools Gradual improvement in institutionalized deliveries, especially in villages: Girmora, Mehdawali, Manakpur, Bichi, Arjungawan, Gatwaya Promoting household toilets has helped initiate construction of household toilets in Lalgarh, Khyawada Kalaan, Khorgaar, Theh, Satanwada, Patara, Sakalpur, Chaand, and Bara.
  31. 31. Monitoring Structure UNICEF, Bhopal Govt. of Madhya Pradesh District Level Task  Direct PCA Force, SHIVPURI BLTF – Shivpuri BLTF – Badarwas BLTF – Pichore BLTF – Kolaras NGO - Sambhav NGO - Rachna NGO - Parhit NGO - CID  1 Coordinator/Block 2 Supervisors/ Block 7 - 8 Facilitators/  Supervisor = 15 facilitators/Block P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 5 Panchayat/Facilitaor  AND 8 Volunteer/Panchayat  = 40 volunteers/  facilitator Reporting Relationship Monitoring Relationship
  32. 32. Reporting Format- Part INarrative Summary Objectively Verifiable Indicators Progress Process involvedOutput 1 Volunteers identified from all villages of the Project Functionaries identified andEnable the community to project area and trained in community database prepared continuously assess, monitoring and IPC skills (attachment 1) analyze and take action Community Monitoring System established in Volunteers identified and database whenever required on all Panchayats of the project area with prepared (attachment 2) issues affecting their regular monthly review meetings on Training Plan prepared children and women indicators decided by the community (attachment 3) Regular Gram Sabhas being held (atleast one Consolidation of PRA findings in each quarter) with quoram done – Village Information requirements met and with discussions Table prepared (No. of on issues affecting women and Panchayats) children 20% of the project area identified for setting up child friendly Panchayats List of selected Panchayats attached. (attachment 4) Intensive dialoging with the community initiated in Child Friendly Panchayats (social maps, matrix ranking, action plan revisited) Village Information Centre Set up in ….. Panchayats Monitoring Plan for the month of November ’06 (attachment 5) Monitoring Plan for the month of December 2006 (attachment 6) One large village meeting held to initiate this phase of community programming (no. of meetings…)
  33. 33. Reporting Format- Part IIOutput 2 A volunteer federation structure No. of meetings at theSupport the created with adequate Cluster and village community in its representation at the level with volunteers endeavor to Panchayat, Cluster and explaining to them realize its Block Level the future strategy of aspirations Regular representation of the the programme through issues affecting the Consolidation and development and community by Volunteer & analysis of the strengthening of NGO representatives in the Household and PRA a reference – Block Level and District Level findings at the Block redressal system Task Force Meetings. Level – ready for presentation in the BLTF/DLTF meetings
  34. 34. Reporting Format – Part IIIOutput 3 Wall Paintings, Bal Melas, Report in accordancePromote Key Exhibitions as detailed in the with the BCC Behaviors NGO action plans completed reporting format essential for Increase in the level of (attachment 7) survival, growth Knowledge, awareness and and development practice by 30% over the of children and village planning baseline on help in demand 4 key behaviors generation (raising aspirations) for basic and essential services
  35. 35. Task Load Analysis of VPF PanchayatsDays P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 Points to be noted – 1 ABC 1. The Facilitators will be 2 DEF working for at least 3 ABC 4 DEF two days in each of 5 ABC their 5 Panchayats 6 DEF 2. 2. They will be 7 ABC 8 DEF responsible for 9 ABC achieving 100% across 10 DEF the 6 indicators in 11 Meeting with Volunteers at Cluster Level integrated districts and 12 Meeting of Functionaries at Block Level 80% level in the remaining 4 A Institutional Delivery D Girls Education Panchayats. B Birth Registration E Individual Toilets C Malnourished Children F Immunization - MCD
  36. 36. LFA- SynopsisNarrative Summary Objectively Verifiable Indicators Means of Verification AssumptionsGoal 30% improvement over and above Repeat village planning Sufficient political andTo promote survival, the agreed baseline across household survey administrative will growth and all the 17 indicators listed in Analysis of available and exists for social development of the 19th Nov. Memo future data from development and Children in NFHS, NSSO, RCH, child rights Shivpuri district of SRS, CRS Madhya PradeshStrategic Result Analysis, Redressal (at the level Monitoring Reports on Sufficient resources andTo enable and support of the community) and Gram Sabhas from administrative will the community so reference of issues affecting Govt. Counterparts, exists at the District as to ensure the children and women in the NGOs and UNICEF and Block Level to realization of their Panchayat and in the Gram Extenders accept, aspirations for Sabha Monthly Progress Report continuously monitor and survival, growth Regular representation of issues on implementation of address issues which and development affecting children and women action plan from might be different of their children in the BLTFs and DLTF and NGOs from line department their timely and effective Minutes of the Meeting of programme priorities. redressal DLTF, BLTF and Review Meetings
  37. 37. Panchayat Fact Sheet: Part I Panchayat Fact Sheet: TanpurS.No. Particulars Tanpur Jhund 1 Panchayat Tanpur 2 Sarpanch Rampal Jatav 3 Secretary Girraj Sharma 4 Volunteer Bharat Yadav, Harnaam Jatav Vijay Rawat, Karan Rawat 5 Anganwadi Worker Hemlata Gautam Shreebai 6 ANM Meena Vyas 7 MPW Bal Mukund Kushwaha Manoj Shrivastava, Tulsi Das Dubey, Lokesh Bobal, Surendra Bhatnagar, Shashikant Kishori Sharan Chourasiya, Santosh 8 Teachers Arya, Parsadi Lal Arya, Anil Khare, Uttam Sharma, Neeraj Sharma Chand Soni, Ramniwas Bhargava, Neelkant Dubey 9 PHE Mechanic Kali Charan 10 Total Population 1091 279 11 Female 603 164 12 Male 488 115 13 SC 383 67
  38. 38. Panchayat Fact Sheet: Part II14 ST 0 015 Others 708 21216 0-3 Years 98 1417 3-6 Years 114 3518 6-14 Years 203 5219 Kaccha House 141 3720 Pakka House 16 521 Total Houses 157 4222 Toilets 4 023 Pregnant Women 7 124 Newly Wed Couple 5 125 Handpump 11 326 Well 7 127 Tap 0 0
  39. 39. Panchayat Fact Sheet: Part III28 Primary School 1 129 Middle School 1 030 High School 0 031 PHC Satanwada32 Sub Center Tanpur33 Iodine Salt Consumption 130/157 20/4234 Primary Diseases Malaria, Diarrhea, Fever35 Primary Agricultural Crops Wheat, Gram, Soyabean36 Source of Income Agriculture, Agricultural Labour, Labor
  40. 40. VolunteerFederation 2 volunteers represent the community Block at the Block Level Task Force Level 30 Volunteers Cluster Level Two Volunteers from each cluster 150 Volunteers (2*75 Panchayats)Panchayat Level 2 Volunteers represent each Panchayat 8 volunteers from each Panchayat
  41. 41. BLTF/DLTF•CEO, ZP•CMO•DEO District Level Task Force•DPO (Headed by Collector)•PHED•AJKV (Tribal)•M & CD Block Level Task Force•NGO (Headed by SDM)•VFR •CEO, Janpad •BMO •BEO •PHED Volunteer Federation •M & C D •NGO •VFR
  42. 42. Future Directions and Components Village Information Centers  Data collected during VLMP  Information on various government schemes  Mother and Child Health  IEC Material (Mother, Child and Key Messages) Setting up a community monitoring system at village and Panchayat level which empowers community to come up as a pressure group and promote demand generation for safeguarding the lives of mother and children. To empower volunteers to play a dual role as community facilitators as well as pressure persons for service delivery on service providers. To build and create 15 model child friendly Panchayat which intensive interventions later forecasted to be replicated in all the Panchayats of a block. Building a volunteer federation in a hierarchical manner which has representation from villages and clusters at the block and district level, and which acts as representative of the community to share various related issues.
  43. 43. Next Phase Activities Training of volunteers Establishing community monitoring Monthly review meetings at village level Strengthening Gram Sabha Creating volunteer federation Promotion of 4 key behaviors  Exclusive Breastfeeding  Girl Child Education  Hygiene and Sanitation Practice  HIV/AIDS Training of HIV/AIDS Children New Agency