Poverty Pocket Situational Analysis A Joint Initiative of : UN Habitat and Water Aid India Implemented By: Sambhav and Municipal Corporation, Gwalior
SESI Bhopal, Gwalior, Indore, Jabalpur, are among the first Indian cities to work in cooperation with UN- HABITAT, the State Government of Madhya Pradesh to ensure that investments in the water and sanitation sector reach the urban poor in these cities..
Why SESI? SESI is being undertaken to demonstrate and develop approaches for slum improvement focusing on safe sanitation and hygiene. Promote pro-poor water and sanitation governance. To be able to influence adoption of community approaches, including community financing and low cost technology options to influence larger urban sanitation coverage
Problem in initiating the process Basic Information Not Available on: Slums BPL Data
What had to be done 5000 households to be chosen for the program implementation, these could be one slum having 5000 households or many slums having 5000 households. Focus on deprived and unserved pockets Survey of 149 notified of which 5000 population or cluster had to be chosen.
How do we do it? Survey of all 149 notified slums Area of slums Sanitation facilities Roads Drinking and domestic use water Drainage Defecation Tools to be used PRA- Participatory rural appraisal FGD- Focus group discussion Primary Data – Teachers, Community, Leaders, Ward Officers Eye Sight Viewing Survey format- Slum Profiling
Filling the slum profile form Respondents Municipal Corporation Employees Ward Officers Community Focus Group Discussion Record data coming from community
Pre-Survey Activities Training and orientation of: Survey Volunteers Municipal Corporation Employees Ward Level Officers Focusing on: How to do a PRA Explaining and trying the survey format Key focus areas to be recorded Selecting respondents Forming Teams: 20 Teams of 80 People 2 NGO Volunteers 1 Municipal Corporation Representative 1 Ward Officer
Why Gwalior? 32.9% of the households live below poverty line. 28% do not have any access to toilet facility. 31% of population defecating in the open. 40% of drains are not lined 38% of the households dump waste in the open Only 18% of the total households have access to a sewer or septic tank 82% of the Poverty Pockets have no access to piped water supply 82% of the households let waste water flow into open drains and streets
Gwalior- At a GlanceTotal No of PPs Identified 229Total Households in PPs 60,787Number of Households in PPs living Below Poverty Line 10,452% of in PPs household living in PPs Below Poverty Line 17.19 (average)% hh in PPs not covered with piped water supply (average) 34.86% hh in PPs not covered with toilets (average) 31.51% hh in PPs with access to improved water source (average) 96.11% hh in PPs with access to improved sanitation (average) 68.49% hh living in the poverty pockets defecating in open 31.50% hh living in the poverty pockets having individual toilets 62.07% hh living in the poverty pockets depending on tankers, 3.89 vendor provided water or unprotected wells and springs% hh living in the poverty pockets with piped water supply 65.14 PP stands for Poverty Pocket