Smart module 1 spm 1119

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Smart module 1 spm 1119

  1. 1. SPM ENGLISH LANGUAGE 1119 SMART MODULE 1 2011 ENGLISH LANGUAGE UNIT KEDAH EDUCATION DEPARTMENT
  2. 2. SPM ENGLISH LANGUAGE 1119 SMART MODULE 1 2011 Patron En. Man sor bin Lat Director of Kedah Education Department Advisor Tn. Hj. Asmee bin Haji Tajuddin Head of the Academic Sector Coordinator Pn. Hjh. Zaliha bt Ahmad The Principal Assistant Director (English Language) Committee Members Pn. Wan Aisyah bt Haris (Assistant District Language Officer for Language, Kota Setar) Pn. Hjh. Fadzillah bt Selamat (Assistant District Language Officer for Languages, Kubang Pasu) En. Yong Kooi Hin (Assistant District Language Officer for Languages, Baling Sik) En. Nordin bin Mohd. Noor (Assistant District Language Officer for Languages, Padang Terap) En. Azmi bin Othman (Assistant District Language Officer for Languages, Kuala Muda Yan) En. Nagaiah Velu (Assistant District Language Officer for Languages, Langkawi) En. Md. Zahir bin Husin (Assistant District Language Officer for Languages, Kulim Bandar Baharu) Pn. Nadia Normala Vimala bt Abdullah (Assistant District Language Officer for Languages, Pendang) Cik Farha bt Sobry (Assistant District Language Officer for English (Secondary), Kuala Muda Yan En. Oslan bin Yum (Assistant District Language Officer for English (Secondary), Kubang Pasu Panel of Smart Module 1 2011 (SPM 1119) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. En. Zanurin bin Mohamad Safar (SMK Kulim) Pn. Uma Devi Menon (SMK Dato’ Bijaya Setia) Pn. Rozita bt Abdul Razak (SMK Jitra) Pn. Koh Mui Hoong (SM Sains Sultan Mohamad Jiwa) Pn. Norazlina bt Ismail (SM Sultan Abdul Halim) En. Asif Barkhiya b Muhammad Mustafa (SMK Sungai Karangan) En. Suresh a/l Baskaran (SMK Tunku Panglima Besar) Cik Nurul Hanani bt Abdul Rahman (SMK Ayer Hangat) Pn. Razliza bt Abdul Razak (SM Vokasional Kulim)
  3. 3. TABLE OF CONTENT CONTENT PAGE 1. TEXT AND GRAPHICS 1.1 Teacher’s Notes 1.2 Student’s Tips 1.3 Practices 1 1 1 5 2. READING COMPREHENSION AND SUMMARY 2.1 Teacher’s Notes 2.2 Student’s Tips 2.3 Practices Practice 1 Practice 2 Practice 3 Practice 4 Practice 5 Practice 6 Practice 7 Practice 8 Practice 9 17 17 17 19 19 23 27 32 36 40 46 51 55 3. LITERATURE COMPONENT – POEMS 3.1 Teacher’s Notes 3.2 Student’s Tips 3.3 Practices 3.3.1 In The Midst of Hardship (Set A – Set E) 3.3.2 He Had Such Quiet Eyes (Set A – Set E) 3.3.3 Nature (Set A – Set E) 3.3.4 Are You Still Playing the Flute? (Set A – Set E) 60 60 60 61 61 64 67 70 4. LITERATURE COMPONENT – NOVEL 4.1 Teacher’s Notes Synopsis Plot Summary (Chapter 1 – Chapter 33) Characters Setting Plot Themes Values Band Descriptor 77 77 77 77 82 83 85 86 86 87 4.2 Student’s Tips 4.3 Practices Practice 1 Practice 2 Practice 3 Practice 4 Practice 5 Practice 6 88 88 88 89 90 91 92 93
  4. 4. CONTENT Practice 7 Practice 8 Practice 9 Practice 10 Practice 11 Practice 12 Practice 13 Practice 14 Practice 15 5. CONTINUOUS WRITING 5.1 Accuracy in Language 5.1.1 Parts of Speech 5.1.2 Different Forms of Past Tense Verbs 5.1.3 Common Errors PAGE 93 94 95 96 96 97 98 98 99 100 100 100 102 103 5.2 Vocabulary Enrichment 5.2.1 Using Sophisticated Adjectives (Applying VENESSA) Practice 1 Practice 2 Practice 3 Practice 4 Practice 5 107 107 113 114 115 116 117 5.3 Varied Sentence Structures 5.3.1 Different Sentence Types 5.3.2 Different Sentence Starters 119 119 120 5.4 Generation and Development of Ideas 5.4.1 Sentence Expansion 5.4.2 Developing Ideas Practice 1 Practice 2 Practice 3 Practice 4 Enrichment Practices 121 121 122 123 124 125 126 126
  5. 5. 1. Texts and Graphics 1.1 Teacher‟s Notes The first part of Section A consists of eight questions on a variety of stimuli. The stimuli are often referred to as graphic materials and short texts. These can be in the form of advertisements, notices or signs, memos, graphs or charts, short extracts (like news reports, book/movie reviews), instructions and even cartoon strips. Remember, vocabulary is also tested here and not in the rational cloze. Below is an analysis of the stimuli given for the past seven years: TYPE OF STIMULUS 2001 Advertisements 2 Notices/signs/slogans 1 Memos Graphs/charts 1 Short extracts/letters/ book 2 reviews/newspaper reports Instructions Cartoon strips 2 Diagrams/maps 2005 2006 1 1 1 4 6 2007 1 3 2 2008 2009 2010 1 1 1 4 1 2 5 5 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1.2 Student‟s Tips Types of Advertisement Job Vacancies Added Advantages Commensurate with experience Essential Fringe Benefit Preferable Proficient ADVERTISEMENT Common Words/ Phrases  Qualification / minimum experience  Ability to communicate/ proficient  Essential/ preferably male/female  SPM/Diploma or equivalent  Walk-in interview  Shortlisted candidates  Working experience/ability to work  Independently Job Vacancies  Advantage over other candidates  Suited according to the experience  Required or important  An extra perk given to the right candidate such as allowances, company car, insurance coverage, etc  A candidate will be seen as preferable if he or she has extra qualifications or abilities over the others  Skilled in a particular area or field such as languages, 1
  6. 6. Qualification Remuneration Shortlisted candidates Walk-in interview Types of advertisements Sales / Promotions Clearance Sale Closing Down Sale Down Payment Excellent/Tip-top / Mint condition On nearest offer Warranty Announcements / Special events Educational Opportunities etc.  An ability, quality or record of experience that makes a person suitable for a job  Payment for work or services  The most suitable person for the job, chosen from a first list  An interview in which candidates come without having to make any appointment Advertisements Common words/phrases  Special offer /discount up to promotion  Rebate / free gift  Promotion includes/excludes  While stocks last  One - years warranty / guarantee  O.n.o (or nearest offer) / negotiable Sales / Promotion  A sale where goods are sold cheaply in order to get rid of them fast  A final clearance sale before a company stops operations  Deposit  Looking new and in perfect condition  Last or best offer  A written promise made by a company to replace or fix a product it breaks down or is faulty Advertisements  Call now for reservations/visit our website/apply online  For more details/ information contact  Inclusive of / exclusive of  Enrol now / entry requirements Advertisements  Course available / offered  Duration/intake/commence  Educational qualification / registration  Fees payable/requirements 2
  7. 7. 2+1 3+0 Correspondence Course Counselling Course Preview Entry qualification Equivalent Intake Home-study On-line learning Prospectus Twinning programme Education opportunities  Two years of study will be done locally while the final year will be done overseas  All three years of a programme can be done locally  A set of lessons received by mail  A service set up to give advice to potential students  A short description of a course or subject  The necessary qualifications to enrol into an institute of education  The same or equal  The number of students allowed to enrol in a course  Studying one or more subjects at home and not in an institute of education  Learning via electronic mail  A printed statement describing the advantages of an institution  A joint academic programme between two institutions of education How do you answer questions based on advertisements? Step 1: Read the question and try to understand what it requires you to do. Step 2: Read the main headline which summarises what the advertisement is about. Step 3: Then, read the information given in the advertisement carefully to find the answer. Step 4: Familiarise yourself with commonly used words, phrases or expressions How do you answer questions based on short texts? Step 1: Read the whole text carefully and ask yourself what it is all about. Step 2: Read the question to find out what you are required to do (You may be asked for certain detail, meanings of words, etc) Step 3: Sometimes the headline will give you a clue about the text. Step 4: Before you decide on your answer, always refer to the context in which your questions are based. How do you answer questions based on tables/ graphs/ charts? Step 1: Study the question and find out what is required Step 2: Study the chart or graph by paying close attention to the title, subtitles and key which provide useful information. Step 3: Study the data carefully and recheck the question to focus on the particular aspect of data that you need to analyse such as:  the percentage of certain items  the trend (a certain pattern – fluctuating, decreasing over a period of time, etc)  the rate Step 4: In analysing the data, observe some commonly used words/phrases such as  drastic increase /decrease/decline/drop  gradual rise/steady rise or decline/ unsteady/slight  fluctuating/insignificant or significant increase or decline  high percentage, majority of / minority of 3
  8. 8. GENERAL GUIDELINES ● Always read the question first not the stimulus. When you read the question first, you know what information to look for in the given stimulus. ● Use key words in the question (or stem) to guide you. Highlight these key words so that you know what to focus on. ● Highlight or underline the evidence you find in the extract to make sure your answer is correct. ● Read all the options given. Do not jump at the first possibly correct answer you see. Choose the option that best meets the needs of the question. ● If you are unsure of the correct answer, use the elimination method, by crossing out incorrect answers. ● Make intelligent guesses only as a last resort and never ever leave a question unanswered. 4
  9. 9. 1.3 Practices Read the letter below and answer the question that follows. Dear Editor, TV programmes shown during weekends are boring. Instead, better movies are aired on weekdays. Unfortunately, working parents and school-going children tend to miss them. This is because such movies are shown rather late, that is from 10 p.m. to midnight. Working Mum 1 Working mum is complaining about A movies being shown before 10 p.m. B poor scheduling of TV programmes C children watching too much television D boring movies being aired on weekdays The extract below is the method of preparing hot bananas with cinnamon coconut sauce. Slice bananas into half and steam them for about 5 minutes. Combine flour, sugar, cinnamon powder and coconut milk in a saucepan. Cook, stirring over medium heat until the mixture thickens, then simmer for 2 minutes longer. Serve sauce over hot bananas. Step 1 Slice bananas 2 Step 2 ? Step 2 in the chart is A serve with sauce B steam the bananas Step 3 Step 4 Mix all ingredients Cook the mixture C simmer the mixture D add cinnamon powder 5 Hot bananas with cinnamon coconut sauce
  10. 10. Read the notice below and answer the question that follows. CITI College is organising a revision workshop for Form Five students on August 9 and 10 from 9a.m. to 1p.m.at its Bandar Baru campus. The workshop will cover History, Mathematics, Biology and Chemistry. The session is limited to 100 participants. For more details, contact Ms Lee at 03-55336677. 3 From the notice above, we know that the workshop is A aimed at Science subjects. C held for one whole day. B organised for fifth formers. D conducted by Ms Lee. Read the extract below and answer the question that follows. Biggest Flower Bloom In The World The rafflesia plant has the biggest flower bloom in the world It is found in the forests of Malaysia. The flower looks like a huge cabbage. It weighs about 10 kilogrammes and measures about 90 centimetres across. It smells like rotten meat hence it is also called the stinking corpse lily. 4 According to the extract, the rafflesia A smells bad C looks like a corpse B looks like meat D smells like cabbage Read the article below and answer the question. A former gymnast, sportswoman and athlete during her school days. Peggy Chin has been judging international gymnastics competitions since 1992. Upon graduation, Peggy Chin became a school teacher and helped coach the gymnasts in her school. 5 From the article, we know that Peggy Chin has A coached gymnasts during her school days. B taught gymnastics in higher institutions. C been a national gymnast since 1992. D judged gymnastics competitions. 6
  11. 11. A poor boy needed money to pay for his school fees. So, he sold cakes from house to house. One day, he felt very thirsty. He asked for a drink from a young woman. She offered him a glass of milk. "How much money do I owe you?" he asked. 'You don't owe me anything," she replied. The boy thanked her. Years later that young woman became very ill and had to see a specialist who recognized her. He tried his very best to save her life. When she got her bill, she was shocked to read these words ... "Paid in full with one glass of milk." 6 From the extract, we know that the poor boy A sold cakes for a living B paid for the glass of milk C grew up to be a specialist D owed the woman some money As Rawang is growing fast, more efforts should be taken to beautify the town with natural resources instead of plastic trees.Plastic trees do not help improve the environment and are simply not attractive. So, please do not spoil Rawang with fake palm trees. It is a waste of public funds . Mr.Malaysia 7 Mr. Malaysia writes to the newspaper to express his A concern C sympathy B curiosity D suspicion Study the graph below and answer the question that follows. 8 From the graph above, we can say that the profits of the company decline from A 1999 to 2001 C 2001 to 2003 B 2000 to 2002 D 2002 to 2004 7
  12. 12. Read the newspaper report below and answer the question that follows. KUALA LUMPUR, Tues - The demand for blood by public and private hospitals is causing concern to the Health Ministry. “We can meet the increasing annual demand only through the support of Malaysians who have always come forward to donate blood,” said the Health Minister. He added that about 98 percent of blood in the blood banks was donated voluntarily and the rest supplied by patients‟ relatives. 9 From the report, we know that most of the blood is donated by A private hospitals. B patients' relatives. C blood banks. D the public. Well, it was raining heavily when we arrived. But then it stopped later in the afternoon. We had a wonderful picnic on the beach. The weather was cool and the sunset was the best that I had ever seen Joe, did you have a good time in Langkawi? 10 . 11 From the dialogue above, we know that Joe had A a miserable time C an enjoyable time B an annoying time D a comfortable time MAKE COURTESY OUR LIFE The slogan above tells us to be more A efficient B healthy C punctual D polite 8
  13. 13. Take Part In Scheme To Control Crime The police are inviting Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) to take part in the Neighbourhood Police Scheme in order to reduce crime. The police would also respond to the NGOs' request for meetings and talks on fighting crime. (Adapted from The Star, January 2006) 12 From the newspaper report above, we know that NGOs can help to A bring down the crime rate B hold meetings with residents C give talks on fighting crime D patrol housing estates for safety 13 Based on the map above, the best place to study the habitat of animals would be A Teluk Bendahara C Teluk Demang B Teluk Dayang D Teluk Puteri HARD WORK PAYS OFF FOR SWIMMERS 14 From the caption above, we know that the swimmers had A paid to swim C hardly worked B taken days off D finally succeeded 9
  14. 14. 15 From the comic strip above, the phrase I'm a grown man suggests that the character A loves his family B is not really sick C does not need a wife D can take care of himself Rules and Regulations: 1. The contest is open to all secondary school Nature Club members. 2. There is no limit to the number of entries from each student. However, a student is entitled to win one prize only. 3. Entries must be based on the theme Malaysian Beaches. 4. The closing date for all entries is November 8, 2007. Late entries will not be entertained. 16 The notice above tells us that the participants can A draw on any Malaysian theme B register as Nature Club members C send as many entries as they want D submit entries after November 8, 2007 10
  15. 15. SMK Damai had organized a jogathon recently to raise funds to build a school hall. A well-known local businessman was invited to flag off the event. As a former student of SMK Damai, he was happy to help. 17 In the report above, flag off can best be replaced with A watch C mark B start D compete The Malaysian contingent was in the running for five gold medals but, at the end of the day, it had only one to show, thanks to 18 year-old sailor, Rufina Tan. The karate team had high hopes when the four competitors made it to the final. However, even our favourite, Khamiswaran, failed at the final hurdle. 18 Which of the following statements is true? A The four karate exponents were better than their opponents B Khamiswaran reperesented Malaysia in sailing C Malaysia won five gold medals D Rufina Tan won her event BENTONG: An unemployed man was arrested for using counterfeit money in a bid to cheat a supermarket. The man had told the cashier that he wanted to change a RM50 note. Later the cashier realized that the note she had received from the man was a fake. She alerted the manager who then lodged a police report. An investigation was carried out and the man was later arrested. (Adapted from The NST, March 2005) 19 In the report above, the unemployed man was A caught for trying to cheat C found at the supermarket B cheated by the cashier D arrested for using a RM50 note 11
  16. 16. Study the picture below and answer the questions that follow. 20 From the picture above, we know that Jimmy A loses his job B dreams of quitting his job C receives an offer to write a novel D needs plenty of time to finish his work 21 In this situation, we can say that the manager is A anxious C curious B humble D polite 22 From the flow chart above, which of the following statements is true? A The sand filter purifies the water. B The clean water tank removes the sand. C The water reaches the service reservoir before it is cleaned. D Pumping Station 1 pumps the water directly to the settling tank 12
  17. 17. NASI KANDAR RESTAURANT ON THE RIGHT TRACK GEORGETOWN: Popular „nasi kandar‟ chain of restaurants, Payung Emas (M) Sdn. Bhd. is setting an example that other restaurants should follow. It will not raise the prices of food and drinks at its 20 outlets despite the increase in the price of fuel. The management had decided to take in the additional cost incurred following the fuel price hike. (Adapted from The NST, March 2006) 23 From the newspaper report above, we know that Payung Emas (M) Sdn. Bhd. will A decide on the food prices in other restaurants B bear extra expenses due to the fuel hike C increase the prices of food and drinks D follow the fuel price hike The Chinatown in Kuala Lumpur continues to draw local and foreign tourists. Its colourful and unique blend of Chinese, Malay and Indian cultures sets it apart from other Chinatowns in the world. What keeps people flooding in through its winding and crowded streets is definitely the bargains. 24 From the extract above, the Chinatown in Kuala Lumpur keeps attracting tourists because of its A unique people B winding streets C cultural blends D good bargains 25 The man in the cartoon strip above is asking the lady to A learn English C think in English B teach English D speak proper English 13
  18. 18. 26 From the cartoon strip above, we can say that the woman was surprised because A Malaysians are going to night classes B the hawker was able to speak good English C Malaysia has the lowest food prices in the region D the price of a bowl of noodles had gone up by 30 sen 27 When you sign up at the advertisement website, you will be A making a donation B supporting a charity C meeting other running mates D paid 20 sen for every kilometre you jog 14
  19. 19. Sabah bills itself as “Borneo‟s Paradise”, blessed with beautifully sandy beaches and countless coral islands 28 The word bills in the description above can best be replaced with A counts C stresses B explains D proclaims I am a disabled woman and a frequent user of parking spaces as I have to do my own shopping and run household errands. Unfortunately, there are very few parking spaces for the disabled around Utara Mall. Even these few are always occupied by able-bodied people. I suggest that people who occupy the parking spaces meant for the disabled be fined heavily by the relevant authorities. 29 In the letter above, Vannish wants the public to A assist the relevant authorities B consider the plight of the disabled C use any parking spaces available D help her manage her household tasks 30 From the letter, we know that Vannish is A annoyed C apologetic B confused D sympathetic 15
  20. 20. Answer Scheme for Texts and Graphics 1B 2B 3B 4A 5D 6C 7A 8C 9D 10 C 11 D 12 A 13 D 14 D 15 D 16 C 17 B 18 D 19 A 20 A 16 21 D 22 A 23 B 24 C 25 D 26 B 27 B 28 D 29 B 30 A
  21. 21. 2. Reading Comprehension and Summary 2.1 Teacher‟s Notes Reading Comprehension: 2.1.1 Ask the students to read the summary question first (Question 31) before they read the passage in Section C. The summary question normally allows them to get some ideas of what the passage is all about. It is an advantage for weak students to know the general idea of the passage before they read it. Teachers must remind the students that they should not write the summary first but after reading the summary question, they should read the passage and answer all the comprehension questions. 2.1.2 Advise the students to read the passage paragraph by paragraph. After reading each paragraph, they should read and try to answer the question that is based on that paragraph. By doing so, the students will be more focused in finding the correct answer. 2.1.3 Students must be taught to differentiate a word and a phrase. So, if there is a question asking for a word, they must only write a word for their answer. On the other hand, if they are supposed to write a phrase, they must only write down a group of words which is not a complete sentence such as „uncomplicated delivery‟ or „indispensable part of our lives‟. Similarly, if the question requires students to write words as the answer, teachers should guide students to copy a part of a sentence. 2.1.4 Make sure they do not lift the whole sentence. In short, teachers must ensure students are aware of the differences of these terms: word, words, phrase and sentence. Summary: 2.1.5 When students, especially weaker students, have picked a sentence as their content point, they should copy the sentence completely to avoid any distortion of meaning. 2.1.6 Students must also copy the punctuations accurately as they appear in the passage. 2.1.7 They should try as far as possible to keep to the word limit. Exceeding it will just be a waste of time and effort as anything written beyond it will not be considered at all. However, no marks will be penalised for the extra words included. 2.2 Student‟s Tips Reading Comprehension: 2.2.1 Identify the keywords in each question. The keywords will be clues for you to find the correct answer in the passage. 2.2.2 Only copy out the sentence from the text once you have identified the sentence containing the answer. Of course, you must also remember that pronouns such as I, me, mine, my, our, us and ours must be changed accordingly. 2.2.3 Attempt to check the accuracy of all answers. 17
  22. 22. Summary: 2.2.4 2.2.5 2.2.6 2.2.7 2.2.8 2.2.9 2.2.10 2.2.11 2.2.12 Understand the requirement/s of the summary. Mark the lines where the summary starts and ends. Know that the first 3 lines normally contain the first point or at least a content point. Understand what the question asked for Refer to the summary requirement/s before finally copying out any sentence as content point. You are encouraged to question yourself accordingly based on the summary requirements such as “Is this a danger he faced?” or “Is this how they solved their problems?”. The questions are your guide in selecting the relevant and accurate content points. Select relevant points according to question For better students, attempt to paraphrase and reorganize without changing the meaning Do not forget to write the number of words Students are not encouraged to write more than the word limit given. 18
  23. 23. 2.3 Practices Practice 1 Questions 26 - 30 are based on the following passage. 1 Patricia Zahara Ariffin, 71, is a body painter. She paints pictures on people's faces and hands at the National Zoo. Visitors will definitely notice her while waiting to take the train ride at the starting point. She will be there, with her forearm stretched out to show off the various animals she has painted on her skin. "Get your face painted," this sprightly lady will say to persuade the children. "Won't it be cute to have a little dolphin on your hand?" she will 5 suggest to them. Sometimes, she would be mobbed, surrounded by those eager children to have her "masterpiece" on their skins. Sometimes, she sits alone under her large umbrella with her tubes of water-based paints and brushes. 2 Patricia is not a professional artist. Art critics describe her paintings of owls, eagles, tigers and fishes as "cute". Nothing more. This is not a big deal to the English native who 10 came here after her marriage to a Malaysian in the 1950s. After all, she only started faceand-hand painting in March when the Malaysian Nature‟s Society needed something novel to attract the crowd to come to their Floral Exhibition in Tanjung Tuan, Melaka. 3 Patricia can always be seen at the train ride station, come rain or shine, on most Saturdays, because painting has always been her passion. Besides that, it gives her 15 happiness to see that the fruits of her labour help the animals in the zoo. "It's not so much the money," insisted the former headmistress who revealed that all proceeds are given to the zoo for the animals' upkeep. .,I have seen some of the children jumping up and down after getting their faces painted and that gives me the most satisfaction," she added. 4 Patricia never feels bored telling about the awkward moments she has experienced. 20 The challenges as a face-and-hand painting artist also thrill her. “Some people have slippery skin which makes it very hard for the paint to stick so you have to apply thicker layers. Another problem is hairiness which makes it impossible for any work to be done," she said." Unless they shave, there is no way the paint would stick. One guy proposed that I do a 25 painting on his neck which was about the only spot that didn't have hair," she laughed. 5 Listening to her stories, one may think Patricia has never experienced any sad moment. On the contrary, she spent three years grieving. That was when her husband, the late Jamil Ariffin, passed away due to bone cancer. She refused to meet people or take part in social activities. Later, she came to her senses and realised that this was not the way to live, “Being old does not mean that you should give up an active life. Many old people lose 30 their flexibility when they are not active for a long period of time." she added,” She later joined the Malaysian Nature Society. 6 As a member of the Malaysian Nature Society, Patricia tries to take part in as many activities as she can. She goes bird-watching, looks out for frogs, snakes and other reptiles and follows the marine group for snorkelling trips in Pulau Tioman. She also supports the 35 World Wildlife Fund for Nature. Recently, she went to Terengganu and Melaka to patrol parts of the beaches which have been declared turtle sanctuaries. 19
  24. 24. 7 Patricia is asthmatic and uses an artificial hip. Despite that, she is an active volunteer with the National Association of Strokes of Malaysia. According to her, "being old helps" as the stroke patients at the physiotherapy class she attends, feel encouraged with her around. 40 This golden girl who goes line dancing to keep fit has visited many countries. In the near future, she plans to visit lndia to see the Taj Mahal. "l want to see the monument of love before it crumbles." she said. (Adapted from Sunday Metro, December 2008) 26. From paragraph 1, what does Patricia Tahara Ariflin do at the National Zoo? ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………….[1 mark] 27. From paragraph 3, (a) what does Patricia do with all the money she gets from her painting? ………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………[1 mark] (b) which word has the same meaning as a strong feeling to do something? ………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………[1 mark] 28. From paragraph 4, describe two challenges that Patricia faces as a body painter. i) …………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………….. [1 mark] ii) …………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………[1 mark] 29. From paragraph 6, (a) State two activities that Patricia does with the Malaysian Nature Society members. i) …………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………..….[1 mark] ii)………………………………………………………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………………………………………………[1 mark] (b) why is it necessary to guard parts of the beaches of Terengganu and Melaka? …………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………[1 mark] 20
  25. 25. 30. ln your own words, give two reasons why Patricia is considered active. i)…………………………………………………………………………………………………. .…………………………………………………………………….........................[1 mark] ii)………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………[1 mark] Question 31 Based on the passage given write a summary on   why Patricia enjoys face-painting and hand-painting, and, her other activities after her husband's death. Credit will be given for use of own words but care must be taken not to change the original meaning. Your summary must    be in continuous writing (not in note form) use material from lines 17 - 50 not be longer than 130 words, including the 10 words given below Begin your summary as follows: Patricia enjoys doing face-and-hand painting at the zoo because painting ... …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 21
  26. 26. Answers 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. She is a body painter./ She paints pictures on people‟s faces and hands. (a) All proceeds are given to the zoo for the animals‟ upkeep (b) passion (i) some people have slippery skin (ii) some people hairy skin./ hairiness (a) (i) bird-watching (ii) looks out for frogs/snakes/ (and other) reptiles (iii) snorkelling (b) they have been declared turtle sanctuaries examples: - she still paints on people‟s bodies - she watches birds - she studies frogs/snakes/ (and other) reptiles. - she snorkels - she is a member of the World Wildlife Fund for Nature - She patrolled the beaches of Terengganu / Melaka which have been declared turtle sanctuaries SUMMARY Content (maximum 10 marks even if all the points are given) C: 10 marks Style and Presentation L: 5 marks ------------Total 15 marks ------------- Contents 1. is her love 2. all the proceeds are for the zoo animals‟ upkeep 3. is satisfied/ enjoys seeing children jumping up and down after getting their faces painted 4. the challenges she faces as a hand-and-face artist thrill her 5. she is/became a member of the Malaysian nature society 6. goes bird watching 7. looks out for frogs/snakes/(and other) reptiles 8. goes snorkelling/snorkels 9. supports the world wildlife fund for nature 10. patrolled the beaches of Terengganu/Melaka which have been declared turtle sanctuaries 11. is a volunteer with the National Association of Strokes Malaysia 12. goes line dancing 13. travelling 22
  27. 27. Practice 2 Question 26-30 are based on the following passage 1 Just like any other modern devices, the mobile phone has become an indispensable part of our lives. These days, we trade our phones for newer units, with sharper colour screens, digicams, as well as more polyphonic ringtones. We seem to be getting new phones faster than we get new clothes. However, not all old mobile phones go back to the market to be resold when the owner decides to get a new unit. Some are left at home to rot in the 5 drawer while others are sent to the garbage bin, a practice which, at the end of the day, adds to the growing volume of toxic waste in our country‟s landfills. The fear by environmentalists is that as millions of mobile phones are disposed of with other trash, the possibility exists for their toxins to be released into the air and even ground water. 2 Mobile phones are full of pollutants such as lead (primarily from soldering), arsenic, 10 antimony, beryllium, copper, nickel, mercury and brominated flameretardants. Older phone models use nickel-cadmium batteries which contain cadmium, a toxin and suspected carcinogen. Therefore, the fear of the environmentalists is genuine. 3 Even if Malaysians want to do the „right thing‟, most are just too engrossed to figure out the right way to get rid of their phones. A private college student, who likes to follow the 15 latest trends when it comes to mobile phones, disclosed that when she buys a new one, the old one goes to her favourite charity. 4 The managing director of the Petaling Jaya Community Centre‟s Environment Centre, said that unfortunately it is not often that his office gets unused or old mobile phones from the public. The few times that it does receive mobile phones, the units are totally unusable and 20 irreparable and there‟s nothing that can be done apart from tossing them into the centre‟s „scrap metal‟ bin to be sold for their weight. If there are any that can be used, they are sent to the shop to be repaired. 5 Nokia Malaysia offers a wide range of electronic waste management services including recycling, processing and refining. According to Nokia, a typical mobile phone 25 recycling process involves the material being shredded into scrap. Metal and plastic parts are then separated. The metals are sold to metal refineries, where they are melted and purified for reuse. However, the recycling rate of plastics is low, partly because recovered plastics often contain impurities. Fortunately, most recycled plastics are suitable as a fuel replacement for oil. In addition, the plastic scraps can also be turned into plastic benches and 30 fences. 6 Nokia encourages its mobile phone users to send mobile phones which are beyond repair to them for proper disposal. If not stored in the correct conditions, old and unused phone batteries may leak and toxic chemicals will be released into homes. Even if stored in the best conditions, what happens to these phones eventually? One day, they will probably 35 be discarded with the trash and end up in landfills. 7 Mobile phone sales continue to climb, making it unlikely that the number of used phones will decline. All too often the one you used to love and take everywhere with you, is now left at home, in a drawer, unwanted and abandoned. However, attitudes are beginning 23
  28. 28. to change as awareness and education grow. Ongoing campaigns by various governments 40 as well as by companies and organizations within the telecommunications industry can and will help prevent old mobile phones from making their way to landfills. Hence, it is our social responsibility as users to help protect the environment for future generations. Remember: reclaim, reuse and recycle for a greener earth. (Adapted from The Star, 8 July 2004) Questions 26 – 30 Answer all questions. You are advised to answer them in the order set. 26 (a) In paragraph 1, why do people trade in their mobile phones for newer units? …..……………………….…………………………………………………………... [1 mark] (b) Not all mobile phones are traded for newer units. What happens to most of them when owners get a new one? ..………………………….…………………………………………………………... [1 mark] 27 (a) From paragraph 2, give two reasons why mobile phones are considered dangerous. (i) …......................……………………………..…………………………………... [1 mark] (ii)….................…………………………………..…………..……………..………. [1 mark] (b) From paragraph 3, find a word which has the same meaning as preoccupied. ..……………………………………………………….……………….……………...[1 mark] 28 In paragraph 4, what happens when people donate their handphones to the Petaling Jaya Community Centre‟s Environment Centre? (i) ...……………………………………………..………………………………….… [1 mark] (ii) ..……………………………………………..…………..…….…………………. [1 mark] 29 From paragraph 5, state one use of recycled plastics. …………………………………………………….………………………………...….......... [1 mark] 30 In your own words, state how we can educate the public to recycle their mobile phones. ………………………………………………………………………..……...………………………… ………………………………………………………………………..……...………………………… ……….………………………………..…………..………………………………………… [2 marks] 24
  29. 29. Question 31 This article describes the threats posed by mobile phones to the environment and the solutions to the problems. Based on the text, write a summary of:  the dangers posed by improper disposal of mobile phones  how they are recycled Your summary must  be in continuous writing (not in note form)  not be longer than 130 words, including the 10 words given below  draw material from lines 8 to 42 Begin your summary as follows: Unused mobile phones pose a threat to the environment by........................................ …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………........ .................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................... 25
  30. 30. Answers 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. (a) They want sharper colour screens, digicams, and more polyphonic ringtones. (b) They are left in drawers or sent to garbage bins. (a) - full of pollutants. - old phones use nickel cadmium batteries which contain a toxin and a suspected carcinogen. (b) engrossed i) tossed into the centre‟s scrap metal bin. ii) sent to a shop to be repaired if they can be used. fuel replacement for oil /plastic benches / plastic fences By running campaigns / advertisements / locate collection centres at Malls or public places / Rewards for sending in old mobile phones, etc. SUMMARY Content (maximum 10 marks even if all the points are given) C: 10 marks Style and Presentation L: 5 marks ------------Total 15 marks ------------- Contents Dangers posed by improper disposal of mobile phones 1. growing volume of toxic waste (in our country‟s landfills) 2. possibility exists for toxins to be released into the air 3. and ground water 4. full of pollutants 5. nickel-cadmium batteries contain cadmium, a toxin (and a suspected carcinogen) 6. if not stored in correct conditions, (old and unused phone) batteries may leak 7. and toxic chemicals will be released into homes How they are recycled 1. the old one goes to charity 2. the material is shredded into scrap 3. metal and plastic parts are then separated 4. the metals are sold to metal refineries 5. where they are melted 6. and purified for reuse 7. recycled plastics are suitable as fuel replacement for oil 8. plastic scraps can be turned into plastic benches and fences 26
  31. 31. Practice 3 Questions 26 – 31 are based on the following passage. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Work-related stress is a common problem among employees. It can result in feelings of depression, frustration and demotivation. Stress management therapist, Mahes Karuppiah recommends laughter therapy to deal with this problem. Mahes says that laughter helps to reduce levels of cortisol, a stress hormone that weakens the immune system. 5 Studies have found that a good laugh session can lead to a sense of wellbeing and optimism. It can also reduce blood pressure, increase circulation and relax the muscles. Mahes, who began using laughter as therapy four years ago says laughter is the easiest and most practical way to manage stress. It is also inexpensive as everyone possesses the natural ability to laugh. “You don‟t have to learn how to do 10 it or buy equipment to help you laugh; it is in you. If you look at children, they laugh at 0 the simplest things while adults are finding it difficult even to smile.” Mahes says employees who are facing pressure and stress usually cannot cope with their work. This drags down their productivity and may even compel them to 15 0 come up with excuses not to come to work. “If you start work at the age of 25 and retire at 55, you would be spending 30 years of your life at the office. And you work about nine hours or more there every day. So, if you are unhealthy and unhappy during this period which is the prime time of your life, you have wasted the bulk of 20 your life with these emotions.” 0 To make the office a fun place, she suggests the establishment of a laughter club at each company. “Get a few people together every morning and have a laughter therapy session for about 15 minutes. All the laughter club members should try to identify and remove negative feelings such as guilt, anger, fear, jealousy and ego,” 25 she says. 0 According to Mahes, there are a few types of laughter therapy. Among them are putting a pen between your teeth to simulate a smile and the “Ho, Ho, Ha, Ha,” which involves laughing while clapping your hands. You don‟t need to listen to a joke or look at something funny. You can do it as a form of exercise just like aerobics. It is said that laughter is like internal jogging. It keeps the mind and body fit. 30 “There should also be a laughter room in every office,” she says. “You‟ve heard of people screaming to release their tension. Why not have a laughter room where instead of screaming, they can laugh?” Employees can use the room to practise laughter exercises, watch a funny video or sit there and just laugh their frustrations away. The cost of having this room is small. And in return it will help boost morale among the workers, reduce absenteeism and increase productivity. Another suggestion is to have a Public Announcement or P.A. system in the office so that someone can tell a joke of the day or just begin laughing. Laughter is contagious. Once you get someone to laugh, soon everyone in the room will be 27 35
  32. 32. laughing or smiling as well. Post funny jokes or cartoons on a bulletin board, as long 40 as they are not lewd or offensive. Employees can rotate the postings every week. The best joke or cartoon should be declared the “Humour of the week”. This is the cheapest way to bring fun into the office. 8 According to a study by David Abrams of California State University in the United States, people who have fun on the job are more creative and productive, are better decision-makers and get along better with co-workers. So, start the day with a laugh and you‟ll find the saying “Laughter is the best medicine” is really true. (Adapted from The New Straits Times, July 2003) 26. (a) From paragraph 1, what problem do most employees face? ……...………………………...……………………………………….…................[1 mark] 27. From paragraph 2, (a) find a word that means hopefulness. ……..…………………...……………………………………………………………..[1 mark] (b) why is laughter therapy a cheap way to manage stress? ……..………………..………………...………………………………………………[1 mark] 28. (a) From paragraph 3, which period is considered as the prime time of one‟s life? ..….…………………………………………………………………………………….[1 mark] (b) From paragraph 5, why is laughter referred to as „internal jogging‟? .….……………………………...……………………………………………………..[1 mark] 29. (a) From paragraph 6, how can a laughter room benefit a company? State two ways. (i).……………………………...……………………..……………………………….[1 mark] (ii)...…………………………...………………………………..…...………………. [1 mark] (b) From paragraph 7, why is laughter contagious? .……..…………………..…………………………………………………………….[1 mark] 28 45
  33. 33. 30. Do you think “Laughter is the best medicine” for students who are under stress? Give a reason for your answer. .………………………………………………………………….………………………………………. ………………………………………………………….……………………………………………….. …………..…………………………………………………………………………………….[2 marks] Question 31 Based on the passage, write a summary on: • the suggestions given by Mahes to promote laughter therapy at the office. Credit will be given for use of own words but care must be taken not to change the original meaning. Your summary must: • be in continuous writing form (not in note form) • use material from lines 21 to 49 • not be longer than 130 words, including the 10 words given below Begin your summary as follows: Mahes suggests that laughter clubs are set up to make …………….…………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 29
  34. 34. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ................................................................................................................................................... …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ................................................................................................................................................... …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ................................................................................................................................................... 30
  35. 35. Answers 26. Work-related stress 27. (a) optimism (b) Everyone possesses the natural ability to laugh 28. (a) The period between the ages of 25-55 (b) It keeps the mind and body fit 29. (a) (i) Help boost morale among the workers (a) (ii) Reduce absenteeism / increase productivity (b) Laughter spreads or is passed on easily 30. (Any acceptable answer) 31. SUMMARY Content (maximum 10 marks even if all the points are given) C: 10 marks Style and Presentation L: 5 marks ------------Total 15 marks ------------- Content i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii. viii. ix. x. xi. xii. xiii. the office a fun place (get a few people) and have a laughter therapy session for 15 minutes members should try to identify and remove negative feelings putting a pen between your teeth to simulate a smile (the “Ho, Ho, Ha, Ha,” which involves) laughing while clapping your hands you can laugh as a form of exercise (the word ‘laugh’ is mandatory) a laughter room in every office employees can use the room to practise laughter exercises/ watch a funny video/ sit there / just laugh their frustrations away have a P.A. system so that someone can tell a joke of the day just begin laughing as laughter is contagious) / (‘ P.A. system’ must be mentioned before this point is accepted) post funny jokes or cartoons on bulletin board rotate postings best joke declared “Humour of the Week” 31
  36. 36. Practice 4 Questions 26 – 31 are based on the following passage. 1 “Hurry up children, your ong ngoai must be hungry by now,” Mother called out from the front room of our family home in Tay Ninh, Vietnam. She had carefully placed steamed rice, fried chicken and vegetables in each compartment ofthe lunch rack, all set to be delivered to ong ngoai, our grandfather. My father, a staff sergeant with the Philippine Air Force, worked as a surgical technician for eight years and had married Mother, a local girl. Because of his work, he was away from home for weeks at a time. Mother was a housewife who took great care of Trang and me. She gave us the daily noontime job of taking lunch to our grandfather, who lived alone in a small rented apartment. 2 “Here, send the food to ong ngoai quickly. Be careful not to spill the food,” she added. 3 I was six years old. Trang, my sister, who was eight years older, was helping me get dressed. I was excited at the thought of getting out of the house. 4 Mother, ever-concerned, recited her list of reminders as she always did every day: “Stay on the side of the road. Look both ways before crossing the street. Don‟t stop to talk to strangers. Come back straight to the house after you have delivered the food. Do not stop anywhere along the way. Run along now.” 5 5 6 7 So hand in hand, with Trang carrying the lunch rack, we scurried one block down the road to our grandfather‟s place. He was a retired judge and I was happy to see him every day. It was he who gave me my first cac (the equivalent of cents at that time). 10 15 20 It was 1974 and war was spreading all over Vietnam, but in Tay Ninh life was peaceful and continued as usual. However, on that particular day, as Trang and I made our way to grandfather‟s place, whizz! “Duck down!” Trang cried as we walked along. “Stay low and take cover!” 8 Ratatatatat! Somewhere in the mountains just outside town, Vietcong soldiers fired their flying bullets down our path. I bent so low that I actually dragged my face along the ground as I ran. 9 As we squatted at the side of the road, covering our heads, I started to worry about ong ngoai. He liked his food served hot. If we did not get there on time and his lunch turned cold - oh, I did not like the thought of it! I refused to let this outbreak of shooting slow us down. “Let‟s just run for it!” I said. 10 Trang suggested duckwalking down the road but it was not a good idea. After a few paces, my short little legs began cramping. We tried all the manoeuvres that could save our lives but nothing seemed to work. We were ready to sit things out until the shooting was over. Then I suddenly remembered. If we ever came 25 32 30 35
  37. 37. under fire, our elders had told us time after time, we should run from side to side. “Bullets travel in a straight line,” they said. “Run in a zigzag.” 11 12 26. So taking a deep breath, we set off again, running wildly back and forth across the road. After what seemed forever, the shooting ceased. “God Almighty be praised, the food is still warm,” was all I could say after we arrived at our grandfather‟s apartment, completely unaware of the danger from which we had just escaped. Five cents awaited each of us! As an adult, I sometimes look back on that eventful day. I now know what my young mind could not understand then: it is impossible to go through life without 45 hardship and struggles being thrown at you. They come when you least think they would, like when you are happily walking down a street and bullets start flying at you. You can try to avoid them all you want, but as long as you are alive, they will keep coming, from all directions. Sure, you might get wounded, but you just have to bandage your wounds, pick yourself up and start walking again. 50 (Adapted from Reader‟s Digest, May 2006) (a) From paragraph 1, what did the writer and her sister have to do every day at noon? ........................................................................... .. ………………………….. .. [1 mark] (b) From paragraph 3, what made the writer feel happy and enthusiastic? .....................................................................................………………………….[1 mark] 27. From paragraph 5, (a) which word has the same meaning as the word “hurried‟? .....................................................................................………………………….[1 mark] (b) how did the writer feel when she met her grandfather each day? ........................................................................................................................ [1 mark] 28. From paragraph 6, (a) how was life in Tay Ninh different from the rest of Vietnam? ......................................................................................................................[1 mark] (b) what do you think had made the “whizz” sound? .........................................................................................................................[1 mark] 29. 40 (a) From paragraph 11, what did the grandfather give the writer as a reward? ..........................................................................................................................[1 mark] 33
  38. 38. (b) From paragraph 12, what does the word “they” in line 46 refer to? ..........................................................................................................................[1 mark] 30. Do you agree with the writer that when we are facing problems, we need to pick ourselves up and walk again? Give a reason for your answer. ................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... [2 marks] 31. Based on the passage given, write a summary on:  the advice the writer‟s mother gave her and her sister and  what the writer and her sister did during the shooting Credit will be given for use of own words but care must be taken not to change the original meaning. Your summary must  be in continuous writing (not in note form)  use materials from lines 10 to 40  not be longer than 130 words, including the 10 words given below Begin your summary as follows: The writer’s mother reminded her and her sister not to…………………………………. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………............................................ 34
  39. 39. Answer 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31 (a) take lunch to their grandfather (who lived alone in a rented apartment). (b)The thought of getting out of the house (a) scurried (b) (She was) happy to see him. (a) Life was peaceful (and continued as usual). (b) (The Vietcong soldiers‟) bullets (a) Five cents (b) Hardship and struggles Accept any reasonable answer. Award either 0 mark or 2 marks. If answer is only „Yes‟ or „No‟, award 0 mark SUMMARY Content (maximum 10 marks even if all the points are given) C: 10 marks Style and Presentation L: 5 marks ------------Total 15 marks ------------- Content points 1. spill the food 2. stay on the side of the road 3. look both ways before crossing the street. 4. do not stop to talk to strangers. 5. come back straight to the house after they have delivered the food. 6. do not stop anywhere along the way. 7. ducked down / stayed low and took cover 8. bent so low (that she actually dragged her face along the ground) as she ran 9. squatted at the side of the road 10. covered their heads 11. duckwalked down the road 12. tried all the manoeuvres that could save their lives 13. ran from side to side /ran in a zigzag / ran wildly back and forth across the road 35
  40. 40. Practice 5 Questions 26 -31 are based on the following passage. 1 As he struggled to keep his four-year-old daughter Jane above the surging water, Jet Li shouted for someone to help his nanny, who was holding his one-year-old daughter, Jada. This was no action movie. Like many people across Asia, Li was caught up in the real-life horror of the devastating tsunami that hit us on 26December, 2004. 2 It all began when the Chinese kung fu movie star came to the Maldives for a holiday with his wife Nina, two young daughters and nanny. Just after ten that Sunday morning, he had been standing by the pool at the Four Seasons Hotel, ready to take his two excited little girls into the sea. 3 Then he noticed the water rising with terrifying speed. By the time he and the nanny had picked up Jane and Jada and turned to head back to the hotel, the water had reached their feet. Within seconds it rose to his waist, then his chin. In the ensuing chaos, Li grabbed Jane but lost his grip on Jada and the nanny. As they were all swept towards the hotel, he cried out for help. Four bystanders jumped into the water and saved the little girl and the nanny. 4 5 6 When it was all over, his family and other hotel guests were forced to sleep in the lobby due to electricity failure. It was then that Li sat up and reflected on what had happened. “Up to then, I had spent the first 41 years of my life thinking of Jet Li: Jet Li number one. But now, I thought, however powerful, however famous, in that moment it could not help you. I thought about my life and what I wanted to do.” In the time between the tsunami and the Sichuan earthquake back in China, Jet Li transformed his life, dedicating much of his time to helping the victims of disaster and the less fortunate. Rather than just donate money, he set out to create an organisation that would make a genuine difference and draw upon the power of individuals around the world. Following his ordeal, in the Maldives, Li returned home to Hong Kong and swung into action. After the tsunami, Li told his wife, “I have to do something right away.” “That‟s how the One Foundation was born,” he said. In January 2005, he donated a large amount of money to the victims of the tsunami and used another large sum to start a foundation. 7 The idea behind One Foundation is simple: think big by thinking small. Starting in China, Li has set out to raise one yuan (15 cents) from every person each month. He likens it to one big family helping each other out. He said, “I believe helping each other starts with the individuals. It is everybody‟s responsibility to give. If everyone gives one yuan every month, it will add up to billions of dollars.” To make that idea a reality, One Foundation has also teamed up with the corporate sector. 10 15 20 25 During his free time, he spoke with academics around the world and spent time at philanthropic organisations, such as the Rockefeller Foundation, to learn what makes a successful non-government organisation (NGO). 8 5 36 30 35
  41. 41. 9 10 12 In just 18 months, the foundation has raised nearly $16 million, proving the power of Li‟s simple idea. It has helped a number of disaster relief efforts, including the Yunnan Puer earthquake and the snowstorms that paralysed much of southern China in early 2008. One Foundation has also been involved in long-term projects, such as „Sunshine In Your Heart‟ a programme that promotes mental health education and consultation centres in Chinese schools, and organises seminars and courses in universities around China. Li has big aspirations for One Foundation, and is already looking beyond China. It is registered in Los Angeles, Hong Kong and Singapore, and more plans are underway to open an office in Taiwan. At the same time, he remains realistic about how much the foundation can achieve. “I think it will take at least two generations, maybe 30 years, to change people‟s minds, for them to believe, „Yes, I have a responsibility‟.” Even though some people have questioned why Li is doing this, he refuses to give in to doubt or regret. He always replies, “I spent the first ten years of my life learning martial arts, then 25 years making movies. Now I‟m starting my third career.” (Adapted from Reader’s Digest, January 2009) 26. From paragraph 1, what was the real-life horror that Jet Li had to face? .....................................................................................................................................[1mark] 27. (a) From paragraph 2, how many of the family members were on holiday? ...........................................................................................................................[1mark] b) Which phrase in paragraph 3 gives the meaning of „very fast‟? .....................................................................................................................................[1mark] 28. (a) From paragraph 4, what did Jet Li do while the rest of the hotel guests were sleeping? .....................................................................................................................................[1mark] (b) From paragraph 5, give two reasons why Jet Li planned to set up an organisation. (i)................................................................................................................................. [1mark] (ii)................................................................................................................................ [1mark] 29. (a) From paragraph 6, when did Jet Li decide to create the One Foundation? .....................................................................................................................................[1mark] (b) From paragraph 8, how would the idea of raising one yuan help the foundation? .....................................................................................................................................[1mark] 30. In your own words, suggest two ways you can help people after a natural disaster. (i)................................................................................................................................. [1mark] (ii)................................................................................................................................ [1mark] 37 40 45
  42. 42. 31. Based on the passage given, write a summary on:  what Jet Li has done to help victims of disaster and  the organisation of One Foundation he has set up. Credit will be given for use of own words but care must be taken not to change the original meaning. Your summary must:  be in continuous writing form (not in note form)  use materials from lines 21 to 47  not be longer than 130 words, including the 10 words given below Begin your summary as follows: After the tsunami, Jet Li spent some of his time … [15 marks] …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 38
  43. 43. Answers 26. (the devastating) tsunami 27. (a) Four (b) (with) terrifying speed OR Within seconds 28. (a) He (sat up and) reflected on what had happened (b) (i )To make a genuine difference (ii) To draw upon the power of individuals around the world 29. (a) After the tsunami / when he returned home to Hong Kong (b) By giving one yuan every month, it will add up to billions of dollars 30. Possible answers: - donate money /clothes/food to the victims - donate blood to help the injured - be part of the rescue team - get involved in the voluntary service to help the victims - offer medical aid/assistance - organise fundraising/awareness campaigns Note: Accept other relevant answers. Summary 1. to help the victims 2. donated money/ donated money to the victims of tsunami in January 2005 3 set out to create an organisation 4 to make a genuine difference 5 to draw upon the power of individuals around the world 6 used a large sum to start a foundation 7 set up One Foundation 8 idea is : think big by thinking small 9 raise one yuan from every person each month 10 it will add up to billions of dollars 11 teamed up with the corporate sector 12 raised nearly $16 million in 18 months 13 has helped disaster relief efforts 14 is involved in long-term projects 15 programme that promotes mental health education and consultation centres (in Chinese schools) 16 organises seminars and courses in universities around China 39
  44. 44. Practice 6 Questions 26 – 31 are based on the following passage. 1 Hotels in Kuala Lumpur are selling them at about RM100 a piece and local Chinese restaurants are cashing in on them as well. It is that time of the year again when connoisseurs and common folks in China, Hong Kong, Singapore and Malaysia go crazy over a Shanghainese delicacy in the form of a small, hairy-legged, green crustacean. We are talking about the seasonal Hairy Crabs which are widely available in Shanghai from October 5 to November. You can even get them in 7-Eleven stores there! 2 So what‟s so great about these crabs? In ancient China, it was regarded an elite activity to enjoy the crab delicacies, watch the blooming chrysanthemums and compose lyrical poems. The secret lies with the roe – a sinfully rich and creamy orange substance that has melted the resistance of even the most cholesterol conscious. 3 10 Dragon-O Restaurant which serves Shanghainese cuisine has also jumped on the bandwagon to bring these tiny delicacies to Malaysia. To make it more affordable, they import the crabs direct from the source – Tai Lake in Jiangsu Province, China. The ecology around Tai Lake is the reason why Hairy Crabs are reared there. Tai Lake‟s ideal depth of two metres allows sunlight to reach the bottom of the lake, causing seaweed, the crabs‟ food, 15 to flourish. 4 According to Raymond Cheung, a Hairy Crab farm owner, wild crab fries are purchased every March from local fishermen who catch them by the kilos from the mouth of the Yangtze River. There would usually be about 160,000 fries in a kilo. These two-week-old fries are then put into a small pond to mature. Come December when the crabs are nine 20 months old, they are relocated to an enclosed pen by the lake in preparation for the cold winter months. During this time, the crabs will bury themselves in the mud at the bottom of the lake to hibernate. 5 When they are more than a year old, the crabs are relocated again in May to bigger pens in the middle of the lake. These are crucial months as the food and temperature during 25 this period determine the quality of the harvest in the fourth quarter of the year. The crabs are considered mature after they have mounted 21 times. They usually moult when the temperature drops to 20°C. During this time, they are fed small fishes, corn, spirulina and garlic. Their shells are yellow during their growing months and will turn green once they 30 mature. 40
  45. 45. Hairy crabs are best harvested in the months of October and November. They are 6 caught with nets placed at the bottom of the lake. The crabs are then taken to the factory for packaging and exporting. At the factory, workers bind them so that they will not move and pack them in Styrofoam boxes before placing them in a huge chiller for a day to hibernate. CCTVs are installed all around the factory. The government is concerned about the quality of 35 China‟s exports and they conduct stringent monitoring through live feed CCTVs. The cameras also allow them to keep track on the number of crabs being exported. 7 7 The boxes are then filled with ice before being exported to other countries. Each box is individually tagged so customers can trace the source if any problems arise. It takes two days for the live crabs to arrive in Malaysia and another day to the respective restaurants. The crabs can survive for about a week. The Dragon-O Restaurant is offering Malaysians a taste of this Shanghainese 8 delicacy at a reasonable price. The owner has this to say, “We have always kept in mind that value for money is the way to go if we want our customers walking out of the restaurant to come back someday soon.” Adapted from The Star, November, 2008 26 From paragraph 1, (a) What are being sold at about RM100 a piece? …..………………………………………………………………………………………... [1 mark] (b) Which sentence tells you that Hairy Crabs are widely available in Shanghai? .....………………………………………………………………………………………….[1 mark] 27 From paragraph 2, which is the most delicious part of the crab? ……………….................……………….…….………………….....……....……………….[1 mark] 28 (a) From paragraph 3, what causes seaweed to flourish in Tai Lake? ...……………………….………………………….…..……..….…………………….[1 mark] (b) From paragraph 4, which word means „sleep the whole winter‟? ................................................................................................................[1 mark] 41 40
  46. 46. 29 (a) From paragraph 5, what will influence the quality of the crabs? ….……...…………………………………………………...………………………….[1mark] (b) From paragraph 6, how does the China government show its concern about the export of Hairy Crabs? .….……….…….……………………………………….……………...................... [1 mark] (c) From paragraph 7, why is it important to tag the boxes? ..................................................................................................................... [1 mark] 30 From paragraph 8, explain in your words what the owner of the restaurant meant when he said “ ...... that value for money is the way to go .....”? ……..……………………………..……………………………………….…..…..………..[2 marks] 31. Based on the passage given, write a summary of:  how Hairy Crabs are reared and  how they are packed for export Your summary must  be in continuous writing (not in note form)  use materials from lines 19 – 44  not be longer than 130 words, including the 10 words given below Credit will be given for use of own words but care must be taken not to change the original meaning. Begin your summary as follows: The wild crab fries caught by the local fishermen are ……………………………………..…………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 42
  47. 47. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………......................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 43
  48. 48. Answers 26 (a) Hairy Crabs (Hairy is mandatory) Lower case is acceptable (b) You can even get them in 7-Eleven stores there 27 (a) roe / eggs Permissible Lifting: [The secret lies……….…….conscious.] (lines 10 -12) 28 (a) the ideal depth of two metres that allows sunlight to reach the bottom of the lake Permissible Lifting: [Tai Lake‟s………….…. to flourish.] (lines 17- 18) (b) hibernate 29 (a) foods and temperature (b) CCTVs are installed all around the factory / Government conducts stringent monitoring through live feed CCTVs. (Either one) Permissible Lifting: [CCTVs are …………….. live feed CCTVs.] (lines 38 – 40) (c) So customers can trace the source if any problems arise. Permissible Lifting: [Each box is……….…….problems arise.] (lines 43 – 44) 30 It is worthwhile spending money (on the delicacy) Accept any logical answer 44
  49. 49. 31 SUMMARY Content (maximum 10 marks even if all the points are given) C: 10 marks Style and Presentation L: 5 marks ------------- Total 15 marks ------------- CONTENT POINTS 1. purchased every March 2. the fries are put into a small pond to mature 3. in December / nine-month old crabs are relocated to an enclosed pen by the lake 4. left to hibernate / hibernate 5. in May / the one-year old crabs are relocated again to bigger pens in the middle of the lake 6. fed small fishes, corn, spirulina and garlic 7. crabs are harvested / caught in October and November 8. taken to factory (for packaging and exporting) 9. (factory workers) bind them 10. pack in styrofoam boxes 11. placed (boxes) in huge chilller for a day to hibernate 12. boxes are filled with ice 13. each box is individually tagged 45
  50. 50. Practice 7 Section C (25 marks) Questions 26 – 31 are based on the following passage. 1 When doctors told Jane Wilson-Howarth her baby needed surgery, she feared his life would not be worth living. So, she left behind the consultants, the needles, the tests and took him far away to live among the „sane, baby-loving‟ people of Nepal. Here is her story. 2 David, my son was born by emergency caesarean section in a hospital in Cambridge, England. I had returned from Nepal, where we had been living, for what I had hoped would be quick, uncomplicated delivery. The first thing I noticed when they pulled him into the world was a gaping black hole in the middle of his face. Strangely, I wasn‟t shocked by his appearance. I was infatuated by the tiny life I held in my arms. We later told his brother Alexander that elves could do the fine stitching to repair the harelip. 5 3 2 But things did not go well. David struggled to feed, he choked and slept a lot. I could no longer hide my fear I knew that he was ill. We were back in hospital before he was a month old. There we saw various specialists who meticulously catalogued a long list of abnormalities. But they could not convince us that something could be done to improve David‟s quality of life. 10 00 00 00 0 4 He had blood test after blood test. Food supplements were squirted into a tube that passed up his nose and into his stomach. These made him vomit. It tore me apart watching the terror in his eyes. After days of tests and consultations, the doctor told us among other things that David had holes in the heart, only one kidney, spinal abnormalities and the fibres connecting the two hemispheres of the brains were missing. 15 00 00 00 0 5 Before he left, and he seemed to be in a hurry to leave, he said, “The baby has to have open-heart surgery – soon. We‟ll prepare for it immediately.” 6 His words sank in, but I had already made the decision. David was all right. I screwed up my courage and took a deep breath. “But he is so much more at ease away from here. We don‟t want any more investigations and long-winded reports. No more needles or tests unless you can prove they will improve his quality of life.” 20 00 00 00 0 7 8 9 10 00 00 00 0 He began to explain, but I interrupted. “No. We fly to Nepal this Sunday.” On the day of our flight back to Nepal we must have looked haggard. David looked beautiful despite the feeding tube in his nose, his harelip and his „defects‟. The Nepalese saw his soft-unblemished complexion and blue eyes. On the plane, we had already entered sane, baby-loving Asia. Back in Nepal, we ventured out every weekend and some evenings. One stroll took us into a squatter settlement by the river where young mothers, surrounded us, giggling, wanting to compare babies. “How did you make such a beautiful baby?” “Can he speak Nepali?” I took him out of his pram to show him off and they said, “He is so handsome, so white, so clean!” Their admiration was a forgotten delight of having a new baby. No one in England dared talk about him or ask about him. The peace and pace of Nepal was healing for all of us, and David‟s tube stayed in less and less. Sometimes I would slip it in when his appetite was poor, but I wasn‟t convinced 46 25 00 00 00 0 30 00 00 00 0 35 00 00 00 0 40 00 00
  51. 51. that it was necessary any more. He took a great liking to buffalo milk and yoghurt and by the time he was three months old he was chubby. By the time he was three-and-a-half months old he smiled. That was a milestone that severely handicapped children often never achieved. 11 00 00 00 0 Things got better and better after this. His weight increased and he seemed to be doing so well that we decided to take a break and head into the mountains. We flew to Pokhara and, with two guides carrying all our luggage we walked north towards the grand Annapura, through the deepest gorge in the world. Whilst I gasped for every breath, I could hear David amusingly chatting softly to himself. At a height of 2807 m above sea level, we were short of breath but the holes in David‟s heart had stimulated him to produce more red blood cells to cope in the thin mountain air. 12 00 00 00 0 When David was five months old, we took him back to the Cambridge hospital. The clinical staffs were amazed at how well David had done. They were astonished that his growing heart had repaired the holes. He no longer needed the medicines – and he never had that open heart surgery. Adapted from an article “Mountain Baby” in the Guardian by Dr. Jane Wilson Howarth 26 From paragraph 2, (a) Before David was born, where were his parents living? ………..…………………………………………………………………………….. [1 mark] (b) When David was born, what did the writer notice about the baby? …..…………………………………………………………………………………. 27 [1 mark] (a) From paragraph 3, how did the parents know that David was ill? … ……………………………………………………………………………………. [1 mark] (b) From paragraph 4, there were a lot of problems with David‟s health. Name 2 of them. ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ….…………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] 28 From paragraph 5, (a) What was the doctor‟s decision after checking David‟s condition? ……………………………………………………………………………………. 47 [1 mark] 45 00 00 00 0 50 00 00 00 0
  52. 52. (b) What does it refer to? ……………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] 29 From paragraph 10, (a) What did David love to eat? …………………………………………………………………………………………[1 mark] (b) What had David done to be considered a milestone? …………………………………………………………………………..……………………… ………………………………………………………………………..……………... [1 mark] 30 Do you think it was wise for the family to take David up the mountains? Why? ……………….……………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………. [2 marks] 31. Based on the passage given, write a summary on:  what happened at the time of David‟s birth  his development until he was five months old Credit will be given for use of own words but care must be taken not to change the original meaning. Your summary must be:  in continuous writing (not in note form)  use only the material from lines 12 to 56  not longer than 130 words, including the 10 words given below Begin your summary as follows: Jane knew things did not go well for David when ……………….............................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................... 48

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