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Digital Era - Disability and Access

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Inventing new solutions for assisting access for missing or lost ability - A view in Digital Era. A presentation made at NLSIU Bangalore on a presentation by MHRD chair on IPR on 23 April 2011

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Digital Era - Disability and Access

  1. 1. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together Inventing new solutions for assisting access forInventing new solutions for assisting access for missing or lost abilitymissing or lost ability - A view in Digital Era- A view in Digital Era Navneet.bhushan@crafitti.com www.crafitti.com 23 April 2011- Bangalore
  2. 2. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together The MHRD Chair on Intellectual property Rights National Law School of India University Bangalore September 30, 2015 2© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. Presents A Seminar on Disability and copyright: Dimensions and prospect in Digital era On 23rd April 2011 THANK YOU
  3. 3. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together EXPECTATIONS SETTING ……..
  4. 4. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together September 30, 2015 4© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd.
  5. 5. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together September 30, 2015 5© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. • Homo Habilis Age 2,000,000 yrs ago • Homo Sapiens Age 100,000 yrs • Tribal/Cro-Magnon Age 40,000 yrs • Agricultural Age 7,000 yrs • Empires Age 2,500 yrs • Scientific Age 380 yrs (1500-1770) • Industrial Age 180 yrs (1770-1950) • Information Age 70 yrs (1950-2020) • Symbiotic Age 30 yrs (2020-2050) • Autonomy Age 10 yrs (2050-2060) • Tech Singularity ≈ 2060 What is this digital ERA! ~ Information Age if you may!
  6. 6. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together Herbert Simon Herbert Simon September 30, 2015 6© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. Our essential task is Our essential task is simply to keep open the simply to keep open the options for the future or options for the future or perhaps even to broaden perhaps even to broaden them a bit by creating them a bit by creating new variety and new new variety and new nichesniches
  7. 7. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together September 30, 2015 7© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. Year 2011 ::::: Year 2011 ::::: FUTURE is not about big FUTURE is not about big opportunity in the environment, opportunity in the environment, but dealing with environment of but dealing with environment of opportunitiesopportunities The world is divided into two clear regions – The ConnectedThe Connected Versus NotNot ConnectedConnected
  8. 8. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together September 30, 2015 8© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. 3D Picture of splashing milk
  9. 9. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together September 30, 2015 9© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. The Singaporean designer Fung Kwok Pan has managed to capture the flow of water in solid form, and the results are stunning. http://www.fastcodesign.com/1662020/eye-candy-solid-vase-is-a-3-d-pic
  10. 10. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together http://www.joe-ks.com/archives_feb2006/BirdFluFlight.htm Humanity needs to bring access to ALL – Partially/Differently/Dis abled Solutions/Ideas needed to connect the unconnected
  11. 11. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together We Really Don’t Know much about Software Inventions and Innovations • Software is perceived to be something different than the physical material products, systems and things that we use. • Yet it is by far the most important ingredient of our daily life today. The innovations and inventions in the field of software have been the turning points in our social, personal and professional lives. These innovations have transformed our world in multiple ways than many of us would even comprehend. September 30, 2015 11© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd.
  12. 12. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together WHAT IS SOFTWARE …. September 30, 2015 12© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. Software has been defined as (1) instructions (computer programs) that when executed provide desired function and performance, (2) data structures that enable the programs to adequately manipulate information, and (3) documents that describe the operation and use of programs. Software has considerably different characteristics than those of hardwareSoftware has considerably different characteristics than those of hardware •Software is developed or engineered; it is not manufactured in the classical sense •Software doesn’t “wear-out” •Most software is custom-built, rather than being assembled from existing components (That may be changing to some extent now …
  13. 13. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together Why Software is Different … September 30, 2015 13© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. http://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/arti cle/view/1036/957
  14. 14. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together Brooks – in Mythical Man-month • Brooks describes the essence of software entity as a construct of interlocking concepts: data sets, relationships among data items, algorithms and invocation of functions. Since this construct is abstract – in the sense that conceptual construct remains same under different representations, it is difficult to build. According to Brookes’ this irreducible essence of modern software systems: complexity, conformity, changeability and invisibility make it inherently difficult to build. September 30, 2015 14© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd.
  15. 15. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together Abstract Model of SOFTWARE • Software at the generic level is about data – processing, communication and representation. The output of data processing leads to information on which further three operations can be performed, i.e., processing, communication and representation. We can represent this fact as below - Processing, communication and storage/representation of data, information and knowledge can be defined as the software technology at the abstract level. September 30, 2015 15© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. DATA Processing Representation / Storage INFORMATION KNOWLEDGE Processing Communication Fig. 5.1 Software technology in the abstract form
  16. 16. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together Enabling – Access! As the premier manufacturer of tactile devices, Armor-Tile (www.armor-tile.com) developed a system whereby the sound of the long cane is actually amplified as an additional warning for the visually impaired. The Cast-in-Place tiles utilize sound plates underneath them, to create a void. The void makes the tapping or sweeping of the cane produce a distinct audible warning. Armor- Tiles also utilize state-of-the-art pigments to make them resistant to fading in ultraviolet light. This is an important innovation as well, so that the tiles stay the intended, vivid color. After all, not all visually disabled people are blind. Many simply have limited vision or loss of color perception. Armor-Tile tactile tiles for visually impaired individuals makes a great deal of sense. September 30, 2015 16© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd.
  17. 17. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together Providing access toProviding access to InformationInformation to human mindsto human minds is essential for the growth of Humanityis essential for the growth of Humanity • blindness, deafness and loss of one sense doesn’t mean need for less information to the MIND! The Human mind is adaptable and robust and with little help – it can potentially create more. September 30, 2015 17© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd.
  18. 18. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together September 30, 2015 18© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd.
  19. 19. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together September 30, 2015 19© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. A Patent – describes the technical problems muchA Patent – describes the technical problems much better than the invention that it wants to protect!!better than the invention that it wants to protect!!
  20. 20. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together September 30, 2015 20© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. ~ 3% of world’s population is~ 3% of world’s population is visually impairedvisually impaired ~ legally blind: 20/200 or less/ Visual~ legally blind: 20/200 or less/ Visual field of 20 degrees or lessfield of 20 degrees or less ~ Age related Visual impairment will~ Age related Visual impairment will continue to risecontinue to rise
  21. 21. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together September 30, 2015 21© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd.
  22. 22. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together September 30, 2015 22© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd.
  23. 23. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together September 30, 2015 23© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd.
  24. 24. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together September 30, 2015 24© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd.
  25. 25. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together September 30, 2015 25© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd.
  26. 26. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together September 30, 2015 26© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd.
  27. 27. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together September 30, 2015 27© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd.
  28. 28. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together September 30, 2015 28© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd.
  29. 29. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together September 30, 2015 29© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd.
  30. 30. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together Visually impaired engineers and engineering students September 30, 2015 30© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd.
  31. 31. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together September 30, 2015 31© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd.
  32. 32. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together September 30, 2015 32© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd.
  33. 33. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together September 30, 2015 33© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd.
  34. 34. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together • The One-Way techniques – Picture in a Flash – Raised-line drawing – Toasting • No way the student can manipulate those images directly – Just for his/her interpretation September 30, 2015 34© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd.
  35. 35. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together September 30, 2015 35© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. • Screen Reading Software
  36. 36. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together September 30, 2015 36© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd.
  37. 37. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together September 30, 2015 37© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. • Tactile representations
  38. 38. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together September 30, 2015 38© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. • Combination of screen reading programs, non- visual cues and tactile representation of GUI objects
  39. 39. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together The NEXT – in providing software access to visually impaired • Sight, Touch and Hearing are available out of the three predominant senses used by human to communicate with information sources (codified information). Taste and Smell are used to receive sensory inputs – more related to feelings • Our interfaces specifically with artificial systems (such as machines and information/entertainment content provisioning have been through Visual, Audio and Physical touch means) • In the absence/reduction of any one of these three key senses – Information access to humans is reduced considerably. Out of all the three – Sight loss/reduction is most significant. • Most of the methods used to provide information have been to adapt/adopt existing interfaces by increasing hearing and touch considerably. • The next future that we should strive for is that even if one of the three senses is available – we should be able to operate the system and get information access! September 30, 2015 39© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd.
  40. 40. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together The questions? • What are the implications for creating the NEXTWhat are the implications for creating the NEXT – SocietySociety – Legal systems (Law)Legal systems (Law) – EcologyEcology – PoliticalPolitical – Human ValuesHuman Values – Technology!!Technology!! September 30, 2015 40© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd.
  41. 41. Confidential craftinginnovationtogether crafting innovation together 41 Thank You! We look forward to active collaboration! Navneet.bhushan@crafitti.com +91 990276661 www.crafitti.com

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