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AUTOCRATIC LEADERSHIP
By
Dr. Nabaz Nawzad
PhD. in Public Management
13/02/2017
Outline
• What's Leadership
• Autocratic Leadership
• Characteristics of Autocratic Leadership
• Negative Sides of Autocratic Leadership
• Positive Sides of Autocratic Leadership
• Conclusion
• References
WHAT'S
LEADERSHIP?
• Leadership is a process in which an individual influencing
a group of people to accomplish common goals.
• There are several types of leadership (ex. Democratic,
Autocratic, Transformational, and Laissez-faire)
• The leader holding so much power and decision-making authority.
• Decision-making process is centralized.
• Leaders do not entertain suggestions and initiatives from subordinates.
• Decision-making is fast, as only one person decides for the whole
group
• By virtue of their position, the leader extensively monitor and scrutinize
employees and determines policies, reward and punishment.
• Little or no input from group members
• Leaders make the decisions
• Group leaders dictate all the work methods &
processes
• Group members are rarely trusted
• Relies on threats and punishment to influence
employees
• Does not trust employees
• Does not allow for employee input
• Employees become tense, fearful, or resentful
• Employees become more dependent
• Low employee morale, high turnover and work stoppage
• Employees are more likely to leave their group and take their
resources elsewhere
• Autocratic leadership is not a stable long-term solution to the
problem of public goods.
• Autocratic leadership enforcing their subordinates to reconsider
their membership and leave their organization
• Autocratic style leaders will do whatever they feel is necessary to pursue
their plans.
• They decide which group members should contribute
• Under autocratic leadership, subordinates are unhappy about the
amount of control they could exercise over the decision-making process.
• The leader can threaten the stability of organization.
• Considering the notion of extended self-interest, subordinates more
likely preferring to work with democratic leaders.
NEGATIVE SIDES
OF AUTOCRATIC LEADERSHIP
• Decisions is faster than democratic style of leadership
• It’s commonly used in situations where control is necessary
• When conditions are dangerous, rigid rules can bring stability
• The only viable solution to social dilemma conflicts is the adoption of a
coercive, non-democratic regime
• Hobbes (1651/1939) asserted that only strong central authority or leader
figure can save society from the ruthless competition of selfish
individuals.
• Social dilemma tragedies can be avoided if groups are willing to
implement dictatorial solutions (Hardin, 2009)
• Organizations led by the autocratic leaders are slightly more
productive than democratically led organizations.
• Autocratic leadership is more efficient to tackle intra organizational
conflicts including the distribution of scarce resources.
• Autocratic leadership is the coercive type of leadership in which
power concentrates in the hand of one person or a group of
individual.
• Decisions and policies decided by the single leader without
contribution of others.
• It good for the short term group stability and anarchy, but it has a
reverse impact on the organization in the long term.
REFERENCES
• Van Vugt, M., Jepson, S. F., Hart, C. M., & De Cremer, D. (2004).
Autocratic leadership in social dilemmas: A threat to group
stability. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 40(1), 1-13.
• Hardin, G. (2009). The Tragedy of the Commons. Journal of
Natural Resources Policy Research, 1(3), 243-253.
• Puni, A., Agyemang, C. B., & Asamoah, E. S. (2016). Leadership
styles, employee turnover intentions and counterproductive work
behaviours. International Journal of Innovative Research and
Developmen.
• Northhouse, P. G. (2004). Leadership Theory and Practice.
Pastoral Psychology, 56 (4), 403–411.
• Mullins, L. J. (1999). Management and Organizational Behaviour.
London: Financial Times.
Thanks
Supas
nabaz4u@yahoo.com

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Autocratic Leadership: Characteristics and Effects

  • 1. AUTOCRATIC LEADERSHIP By Dr. Nabaz Nawzad PhD. in Public Management 13/02/2017
  • 2. Outline • What's Leadership • Autocratic Leadership • Characteristics of Autocratic Leadership • Negative Sides of Autocratic Leadership • Positive Sides of Autocratic Leadership • Conclusion • References
  • 3. WHAT'S LEADERSHIP? • Leadership is a process in which an individual influencing a group of people to accomplish common goals. • There are several types of leadership (ex. Democratic, Autocratic, Transformational, and Laissez-faire)
  • 4. • The leader holding so much power and decision-making authority. • Decision-making process is centralized. • Leaders do not entertain suggestions and initiatives from subordinates. • Decision-making is fast, as only one person decides for the whole group • By virtue of their position, the leader extensively monitor and scrutinize employees and determines policies, reward and punishment.
  • 5. • Little or no input from group members • Leaders make the decisions • Group leaders dictate all the work methods & processes • Group members are rarely trusted • Relies on threats and punishment to influence employees • Does not trust employees • Does not allow for employee input
  • 6. • Employees become tense, fearful, or resentful • Employees become more dependent • Low employee morale, high turnover and work stoppage • Employees are more likely to leave their group and take their resources elsewhere • Autocratic leadership is not a stable long-term solution to the problem of public goods. • Autocratic leadership enforcing their subordinates to reconsider their membership and leave their organization
  • 7. • Autocratic style leaders will do whatever they feel is necessary to pursue their plans. • They decide which group members should contribute • Under autocratic leadership, subordinates are unhappy about the amount of control they could exercise over the decision-making process. • The leader can threaten the stability of organization. • Considering the notion of extended self-interest, subordinates more likely preferring to work with democratic leaders. NEGATIVE SIDES OF AUTOCRATIC LEADERSHIP
  • 8. • Decisions is faster than democratic style of leadership • It’s commonly used in situations where control is necessary • When conditions are dangerous, rigid rules can bring stability • The only viable solution to social dilemma conflicts is the adoption of a coercive, non-democratic regime • Hobbes (1651/1939) asserted that only strong central authority or leader figure can save society from the ruthless competition of selfish individuals. • Social dilemma tragedies can be avoided if groups are willing to implement dictatorial solutions (Hardin, 2009)
  • 9. • Organizations led by the autocratic leaders are slightly more productive than democratically led organizations. • Autocratic leadership is more efficient to tackle intra organizational conflicts including the distribution of scarce resources.
  • 10. • Autocratic leadership is the coercive type of leadership in which power concentrates in the hand of one person or a group of individual. • Decisions and policies decided by the single leader without contribution of others. • It good for the short term group stability and anarchy, but it has a reverse impact on the organization in the long term.
  • 11. REFERENCES • Van Vugt, M., Jepson, S. F., Hart, C. M., & De Cremer, D. (2004). Autocratic leadership in social dilemmas: A threat to group stability. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 40(1), 1-13. • Hardin, G. (2009). The Tragedy of the Commons. Journal of Natural Resources Policy Research, 1(3), 243-253. • Puni, A., Agyemang, C. B., & Asamoah, E. S. (2016). Leadership styles, employee turnover intentions and counterproductive work behaviours. International Journal of Innovative Research and Developmen. • Northhouse, P. G. (2004). Leadership Theory and Practice. Pastoral Psychology, 56 (4), 403–411. • Mullins, L. J. (1999). Management and Organizational Behaviour. London: Financial Times.