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Lighting

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Powerpoint that outlines the three point lighting system used in films, key lighting techniques and activities to help students identify and talk about lighting

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Lighting

  1. 1. Lighting <ul><li>Dark, light and colour </li></ul>
  2. 2. 3 Point Lighting <ul><li>3 lights </li></ul><ul><li>Back Light </li></ul><ul><li>Key light </li></ul><ul><li>Fill light </li></ul>back light camera Fill light Key light star
  3. 3. Key Lighting <ul><li>Main source of light </li></ul>
  4. 4. Fill light <ul><li>Fills in shadows from the key light </li></ul>
  5. 5. Back Lighting <ul><li>Separates figure from the background </li></ul>
  6. 6. 3 Point lighting <ul><li>All 3 combined </li></ul>
  7. 7. 3 point lighting <ul><li>Effects: </li></ul><ul><li>Few Shadows </li></ul><ul><li>Can see all their expressions </li></ul><ul><li>Makes them look glamorous </li></ul>
  8. 8. High Key Lighting <ul><li>More Filler lights are used </li></ul><ul><li>Lighting appears”real” </li></ul><ul><li>Can be a brightly lit sunny day or even a night scene </li></ul>
  9. 9. High Key Lighting <ul><li>Few shadows on faces </li></ul><ul><li>Images often very bright </li></ul>
  10. 10. Low Key Lighting <ul><li>Little fill lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Sharp contrasts in light and dark areas of screen </li></ul>
  11. 11. Low Key Lighting <ul><li>Often lots of dark shadow areas and areas that are brightly lit </li></ul><ul><li>Effects: mystery, threat, suspense, draw attention to lit area </li></ul>
  12. 12. Describe the Lighting in this shot <ul><li>Where is the brightest light? </li></ul><ul><li>Where are the shadows? </li></ul><ul><li>What patterns are created by the light? </li></ul><ul><li>What effect do these features of lighting have on the viewer? </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>The brightest light is behind the characters. This is created by backlighting, where they are lit from behind. </li></ul><ul><li>This has caused the characters in the frame/shot to appear as silhouettes </li></ul><ul><li>This adds a feeling of mystery as you are not certain who the characters are. It is not clear whether she is looking at him, but her feet suggest she is. </li></ul><ul><li>The backlighting, combined with the smoke/mist adds to the mystery. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>It can: </li></ul><ul><li>Highlight important objects or characters by drawing our eyes to them with bright light </li></ul><ul><li>make a character look mysterious by shading parts of their body </li></ul><ul><li>reflect a character’s state of mind </li></ul>Effect of Lighting
  15. 15. <ul><li>Look at the following stills and say what type of lighting is used </li></ul><ul><li>What effect does the lighting create in each image? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Photo 1
  17. 17. Photo 2
  18. 18. Photo 3
  19. 19. <ul><li>Colour works on your subconscious to create mood </li></ul><ul><li>Every colour has associated ideas and meaning (connotation). Often these are based on cultural meanings </li></ul><ul><li>Colour can draw your eye to something in a scene </li></ul>Colour
  20. 20. Exercise <ul><li>Work in groups of 3-4 </li></ul><ul><li>One person thinks of a colour and says it aloud </li></ul><ul><li>Others write down the first thing that comes into your head </li></ul><ul><li>Compare results: how similar are your connotations? </li></ul>
  21. 21. Use of colour <ul><li>Effect: contrast </li></ul><ul><li>Draw your eye to the figure </li></ul>
  22. 22. Colour Lighting filters Lighting filters <ul><li>Can create mood and character by using colour </li></ul>
  23. 23. Exercise <ul><li>Watch the clip from “Dead Again” </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the lighting and colour that is used and the effect of these </li></ul><ul><li>Choose at least 4 different features </li></ul><ul><li>Consider what we learn about characters, objects, mood, what is happening </li></ul>

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