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The Late MiddleAges: Social and    Political  Breakdown
Feudalism and the Crusades                2
3
Hundred Years’ War
Hundred Years’ War1337-1453England   and         FranceEngland=victor           until 1429French eventually       remo...
Hundred Years’ War1337-1453England   and         FranceEngland=victor           until 1429French eventually       remo...
Hundred Years’ War1337-1453England   and         FranceEngland=victor           until 1429French eventually       remo...
Hundred Years’ War1337-1453England   and         FranceEngland=victor           until 1429French eventually       remo...
5
The Black Death
The Black Death1347-1350
The Black Death1347-1350Plagues Septicemic Pneumonic Bubonic
The Black Death1347-1350Plagues Septicemic Pneumonic Bubonic1/3 of W.           Europeans           died
The Black DeathCause? Curse from  God
The Black Death     Cause?      Curse from       GodCures? Flagellation Bleeding
Challenges to RCC
Challenges to RCC
Challenges to RCCAvignon Papacy     (1309-1377) Babylonian Captivity
Challenges to RCCAvignon Papacy      (1309-1377) Babylonian CaptivityGreat Schism   (1378-1417)
Challenges to RCCAvignon Papacy       (1309-1377) Babylonian CaptivityGreat Schism    (1378-1417)John Wycliffe Englis...
Challenges to RCCAvignon Papacy       (1309-1377) Babylonian CaptivityGreat Schism    (1378-1417)John Wycliffe Englis...
Challenges to RCCAvignon Papacy       (1309-1377) Babylonian CaptivityGreat Schism    (1378-1417)John Wycliffe Englis...
CulturalAchievements
Cultural            AchievementsIn Early Middle Ages, culture regressed because of: Barbarian invasions Feudalism Peop...
CulturalAchievements
Cultural              AchievementsIn High Middle Ages, culture progressed because: Church provided leadership and  suppo...
CulturalAchievements
Cultural             AchievementsArchitecture Romanesque (pre-1100s)  Massive cathedrals  Featured:    Thick walls   ...
CulturalAchievements
Cultural              AchievementsArchitecture (cont’d) Gothic (1100s+)   More graceful style   Featured:    Flying b...
Cultural              AchievementsArchitecture (cont’d) Gothic (1100s+)   More graceful style   Featured:    Flying b...
14
CulturalAchievements
Cultural              AchievementsHigher education Universities founded Except for religion, relied  chiefly on Aristotl...
16
CulturalAchievements
Cultural             AchievementsScience & invention Medieval scientists were  quite unscientific   Rarely experimented ...
CulturalAchievements
Cultural                AchievementsScience & invention (cont’d) Scientists:   Alchemists   Astrologers   Roger Bacon...
CulturalAchievements
Cultural                 AchievementsPhilosophy & theology Scholasticism--method of using  pure reason in defense of fai...
CulturalAchievements
Cultural              AchievementsPhilosophy & theology (cont’d) Scholars (cont’d)  St. Thomas Aquinas    Wrote Summa ...
CulturalAchievements
CulturalLiterature Achievements Few books written Epic poems  Beowulf--Anglo-Saxon poem  Song of Roland--French epic ...
The Late MiddleAges: Social and    Political  Breakdown
6 the late_middle_ages_social__political_breakdown_notes
6 the late_middle_ages_social__political_breakdown_notes
6 the late_middle_ages_social__political_breakdown_notes
6 the late_middle_ages_social__political_breakdown_notes
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6 the late_middle_ages_social__political_breakdown_notes

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6 the late_middle_ages_social__political_breakdown_notes

  1. 1. The Late MiddleAges: Social and Political Breakdown
  2. 2. Feudalism and the Crusades 2
  3. 3. 3
  4. 4. Hundred Years’ War
  5. 5. Hundred Years’ War1337-1453England and FranceEngland=victor until 1429French eventually removed British
  6. 6. Hundred Years’ War1337-1453England and FranceEngland=victor until 1429French eventually removed British
  7. 7. Hundred Years’ War1337-1453England and FranceEngland=victor until 1429French eventually removed British
  8. 8. Hundred Years’ War1337-1453England and FranceEngland=victor until 1429French eventually removed British
  9. 9. 5
  10. 10. The Black Death
  11. 11. The Black Death1347-1350
  12. 12. The Black Death1347-1350Plagues Septicemic Pneumonic Bubonic
  13. 13. The Black Death1347-1350Plagues Septicemic Pneumonic Bubonic1/3 of W. Europeans died
  14. 14. The Black DeathCause? Curse from God
  15. 15. The Black Death Cause? Curse from GodCures? Flagellation Bleeding
  16. 16. Challenges to RCC
  17. 17. Challenges to RCC
  18. 18. Challenges to RCCAvignon Papacy (1309-1377) Babylonian Captivity
  19. 19. Challenges to RCCAvignon Papacy (1309-1377) Babylonian CaptivityGreat Schism (1378-1417)
  20. 20. Challenges to RCCAvignon Papacy (1309-1377) Babylonian CaptivityGreat Schism (1378-1417)John Wycliffe English d. 1384
  21. 21. Challenges to RCCAvignon Papacy (1309-1377) Babylonian CaptivityGreat Schism (1378-1417)John Wycliffe English d. 1384Jan Hus Czech d. 1415
  22. 22. Challenges to RCCAvignon Papacy (1309-1377) Babylonian CaptivityGreat Schism (1378-1417)John Wycliffe English d. 1384Jan Hus Czech d. 1415
  23. 23. CulturalAchievements
  24. 24. Cultural AchievementsIn Early Middle Ages, culture regressed because of: Barbarian invasions Feudalism People’s concern for barest essentials of life
  25. 25. CulturalAchievements
  26. 26. Cultural AchievementsIn High Middle Ages, culture progressed because: Church provided leadership and support Crusades spread knowledge of Byzantine and Moslem civilization Towns=centers of culture and learning
  27. 27. CulturalAchievements
  28. 28. Cultural AchievementsArchitecture Romanesque (pre-1100s) Massive cathedrals Featured: Thick walls Few windows Rounded arches Strong columns
  29. 29. CulturalAchievements
  30. 30. Cultural AchievementsArchitecture (cont’d) Gothic (1100s+) More graceful style Featured: Flying buttresses Pointed arches Thin walls Stained-glass windows
  31. 31. Cultural AchievementsArchitecture (cont’d) Gothic (1100s+) More graceful style Featured: Flying buttresses Pointed arches Thin walls Stained-glass windows
  32. 32. 14
  33. 33. CulturalAchievements
  34. 34. Cultural AchievementsHigher education Universities founded Except for religion, relied chiefly on Aristotle’s writings Students faced difficulties: Taught in Latin, not vernacular Lacked books and libraries
  35. 35. 16
  36. 36. CulturalAchievements
  37. 37. Cultural AchievementsScience & invention Medieval scientists were quite unscientific Rarely experimented or questioned Mainly accepted: Popular superstitions Ideas of Aristotle
  38. 38. CulturalAchievements
  39. 39. Cultural AchievementsScience & invention (cont’d) Scientists: Alchemists Astrologers Roger Bacon Science requires: Experimentation Observation
  40. 40. CulturalAchievements
  41. 41. Cultural AchievementsPhilosophy & theology Scholasticism--method of using pure reason in defense of faith Scholars Peter Abelard Famous medieval teacher Wrote Sic et Non Differing views of RCC leaders on various issues
  42. 42. CulturalAchievements
  43. 43. Cultural AchievementsPhilosophy & theology (cont’d) Scholars (cont’d) St. Thomas Aquinas Wrote Summa Theologica Denied conflict between reason and faith Influenced by Aristotle
  44. 44. CulturalAchievements
  45. 45. CulturalLiterature Achievements Few books written Epic poems Beowulf--Anglo-Saxon poem Song of Roland--French epic Song of Cid--Spanish story Lyrical poems Mostly about love By wandering musicians
  46. 46. The Late MiddleAges: Social and Political Breakdown

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