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  1. 1. Tattoo Art
  2. 2. History  Polynesian word “ta”- to strike something  Tahitian word “tatau”- to mark -First tattoos were probably created by accident -Oldest: 5,000 year old mummy in Europe The tattooed right hand of a Chiribaya mummy found near the port of Ilo in southern Peru. A.D. 900 to 1350.
  3. 3. History  Earliest tattoos- therapeutic  Egyptians- spread tattooing worldwide Small bronze tattooing implements (c. 1450 B.C.) from Gurob, Egypt
  4. 4. Polynesian Tattoos  Most intricate and skillful  Rank & Title  Tattoos could take weeks to complete
  5. 5. Polynesian Tattoos  Examples "Unknown Woman of Rotorua District, North Island.” A rare portrait of moko applied by “grouped” darning needles around 1910 by tattoo artist Tame Poata. A wonderful photograph of this Arawa lady, undoubtedly of
  6. 6. New Zealand: Maori  “Moko”- face tattoos  Use woodcarving skills  Mark of distinction A Māori Chief with tattoos (moko) seen by Cook and his crew “Te Tuhi, Wiremu Patara chief of the Ngati Mahuta.” Original postcard entitled “Maori Chief Patara Te Tuhi” published by W. Beattie and Co. Fine Arts Publishers Auckland, N.Z. circa 1910.
  7. 7. Tattoos in North America  Native Americans  Civil War- first tattoo shop opened in NYC in 1846  1891- Samuel O’Reilly invented first electric tattoo machineFrank Deburdg was tattooed by Samuel O'Reilly at his Bowery studio
  8. 8. Tattoo Styles 1. Fine Line black and grey • Originated in Chicano communites of LA during the 1970’s • Single needle- fine lines and smooth shading • Realistic • Topics often included portraits, roses, memorial pieces
  9. 9. Tattoo Styles
  10. 10. Tattoo Styles 2. Biomechanical • Meant to look like ripped apart flesh with mechanical parts underneath • “Terminator” effect • Best on muscled parts of the body (neck, legs, arms) • Realistic
  11. 11. Tattoo Styles
  12. 12. Tattoo Styles 3. Asian inspired • Language characters, koi fish, dragons, cherry blossoms, tigers, Geishas are all popular choices • Intricate designs
  13. 13. Tattoo Styles
  14. 14. Tattoo Styles 4. Tribal • Comes from Native American culture, became very popular in the 1990’s. • Intricate line designs • TRUE tribal tattoos are considered rites of passage and are often done by ‘hand’
  15. 15. Tattoo Styles
  16. 16. Tattoo Styles 5. Old School/Sailor Style • Topics include Eagles, pin-up girls, ships, anchors, sparrows • Can include banners for memorial tattoos • “Sailor Jerry”- Norman Keith Collins • Specific color scheme • High CONTRAST • Heavy Outline
  17. 17. Tattoo Styles
  18. 18. Tattoo Stereotypes: Sailor  Cartoonish  May have told how many miles they traveled, rank, etc.
  19. 19. Tattoo Stereotypes: Sailor Below are but a few of the popular tattoos of a seaman's life. HOLD, on the knuckles of one hand and FAST, on the other. This is said to help the seaman to better hold the riggings. A PIG, on the top of one foot and a ROOSTER, on the other. This is said to protect the seaman from drowning, because both of these barnyard animals cannot swim so they would get the seaman quickly to shore. An ANCHOR showed the seaman had sailed the Atlantic Ocean. A FULL-RIGGED SHIP showed the seaman had sailed around Cape Horn. A DRAGON showed the seaman had served on a China station. A SHELLBACK TURTLE denotes a seaman who has crossed the equator. A GOLDEN DRAGON denotes a seaman who has crossed the International Date Line. PORT & STARBOARD ship lights were tattooed on the left (port) and right (starboard) side of the body. ROPE, tattooed around the wrist meant the seaman was a deckhand.
  20. 20. Tattoo Stereotypes: Criminals  Prison tattoos  Gang tattoos
  21. 21. Tattoo Stereotypes: Circus  Completely tattooed people  Sideshows Mrs. M. Stevens Wagner 1907
  22. 22. Tattoo Stereotypes: Circus “Tattooed Lady”, 1902
  23. 23. Modern Tattoos  Became popular after WWII  Cosmetic tattoos
  24. 24. Modern Tattoos  Stigma  Criminals/prison/delinquints  Nazi regime- concentration camps A Nazi concentration camp identification tattoo
  25. 25. Modern Tattoos  1960s  Resurgence in tatooing- hippie culture  Stigma was lifted  Individuality
  26. 26. Modern Tattoos  Today- tattooing is more popular than ever  Shows such as “LA Ink” make tattooing ‘fashionable’
  27. 27. Modern Tattoos
  28. 28. Modern Tattoos
  29. 29. Modern Tattoos  Examples
  30. 30. Modern Tattoos  Examples
  31. 31. Dangers of Tattooing  Go to a REPUTABLE studio with proper training and certification  Tattoo artist should be wearing gloves, and open everything in front of you  Sterile work area  Use common sense!  Complications can include HIV, Hepatitis, and infection if you are not careful!
  32. 32. Tattoo Fillers Fill in space around main subject so it’s not “floating” Give the design unity Example: Swirl Filler
  33. 33. Tattoo Fillers Example: Floral filler Example: Flames filler
  34. 34. Tattoo Fillers Example: Water filler Example: lines/patterns filler
  35. 35. Your Assignment  Come up with a symbolic tattoo design  REQUIREMENTS:  Must have a main ‘picture’ or subject. Must represent something about you/meaningful to you  Must fit in one of the 5 ‘categories’ in some way  Supporting details- lines, design, etc. so picture is not ‘floating’ and flows well  Shading in colored pencil- fades out toward the edges  Crisp, clear design  Size must fit on an index card (minimum)