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My reference22

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My reference22

  1. 1. What are GMOs? “Any organism in which the genetic material has been modified, using modern biotechnology, in a way that does not occur naturally, either through mating or natural recombination” Techniques -transfer of recombinant DNA that was created outside the organism by laboratory techniques -procedures used for cell fusion
  2. 2. Research Questions -How are GMOs represented by different social groups in Europe? (scientists, consumers, government officials, biotechnology companies, environmental and religious groups) -Which meanings and concerns became dominant, and became stabilized in the form of regulations on labelling of GMOs? ---methodology: SCOT, interviews
  3. 3. Timeline for Genetic Modification 1971: Stanford scientist Paul Berg, designs experiment to insert DNA from an animal tumor virus into Escherichia coli January 1973: First Asilomar Conference, Pacific Grove, California 1975: Asilomar Conference on Recombinant DNA Molecules Late 1980's – early 1990's: Emergence of Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), 164 deaths 1997: EU Regulation on Novel Foods 2001: Directive on the Deliberate Release into the Environment of Genetically Modified Organisms 2003: EU Regulation on Genetically Modified Food and Feed
  4. 4. European consumers Scientists Biotechnology companies Environmental activists Farmers EU officials and regulatory agencies in Europe (COGEM and VROM..) slide 4] stabilization of meanings in laws and policies Two sets of rules governing the authorisation of GMO's in the EU -April 2001) Directive on the Deliberate Release into the Environment of Genetically Modified Organisms -April 2004) Regulation on Genetically Modified Food and Feed slide 5] which of the social groups could be called relevant social group? [consumers, scientists, government officials] slide 6] solidity of stabilization? -decentralization in 2010 -world food shortage -initiatives by biotechnology companies

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