1.2.1 Lesson 1 - somatotypes

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1.2.1 Lesson 1 - somatotypes

  1. 1. GCSE PE Different body types
  2. 2. Learning Objectives <ul><li>By the end of this lesson you should be able to: </li></ul><ul><li>Name the 3 different body types and explain what they are </li></ul><ul><li>Understand how to position yourself and other sports performers on the somatotype scale </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the factors that affect your optimum weight </li></ul>
  3. 3. Somatotypes <ul><li>What does it mean? </li></ul><ul><li>Bodies come in all shapes and sizes but can be grouped into 3 basic types. </li></ul><ul><li>Endomorph </li></ul><ul><li>Mesomorph </li></ul><ul><li>Ectomorph </li></ul>
  4. 4. Somatotypes <ul><li>Task: </li></ul><ul><li>In a group of 3 you will be assigned a somatotype. </li></ul><ul><li>On a piece of A4 paper your need to summarise it in 10 words or less that you will need to explain to other groups. </li></ul><ul><li>You will have 4 minutes to do this. </li></ul><ul><li>Once completed one of your group will erect a market stand and invite punters from other groups to your stand to find out the relevant information. </li></ul><ul><li>The remaining 2 will go out and find out about the other 2 somatotypes before returning to summarise to the rest of the group. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Endomorph A lot of body fat A lot of fat on the upper arms and thighs Wide hips and narrow shoulders Fairly slim wrists and ankles
  6. 6. Mesomorph Very little body fat A muscular body Broad shoulders and narrow hips A large head Strong forearms and thighs
  7. 7. Ectomorph Very little muscle or body fat Narrow hips and shoulders Thin legs and arms A narrow chest and abdomen Thin face and high forehead
  8. 8. Measuring Somatotypes A score out of 7 will then be given in the following categories: <ul><li>Fatness – ENDOMORPH </li></ul><ul><li>Muscularity – MESOMORPH </li></ul><ul><li>Linearity (thinness) – ECTOMORPH </li></ul>So a person’s somatotype might be 2: 6 :2. For example, 2/7 for fat, 6/7 for muscle and 2/7 for thinness.
  9. 9. Measuring Somatotypes <ul><li>Task 1 </li></ul><ul><li>With a partner determine your somatotype </li></ul>
  10. 10. Which somatotype?
  11. 11. Somatotypes in Sport Certain somatotypes tend to be found in certain sports. The ideal somatotype for a performer will depend on their sport or event. In some cases, the position that they play in a particular sport might also be important. Consider, for example, the various body sizes and shapes in a rugby team.
  12. 12. Somatotype charts
  13. 13. Somatotypes in Sport <ul><li>Task 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Jot down the positions from the previous slide in your booklet. </li></ul><ul><li>Task 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Complete task 3 on the same diagram and label clearly. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Optimum Weight <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>Most favourable weight for your lifestyle / sport </li></ul><ul><li>What factors affect it? </li></ul><ul><li>Height </li></ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul><ul><li>Bone Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Muscle Girth </li></ul><ul><li>Genetics </li></ul>
  15. 15. Learning Objectives <ul><li>By the end of this lesson you should be able to: </li></ul><ul><li>Name the 3 different body types and explain what they are </li></ul><ul><li>Understand how to position yourself and other sports performers on the somatotype scale </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the factors that affect your optimum weight </li></ul>
  16. 16. Homework <ul><li>Complete the following homework tasks in your booklet: </li></ul><ul><li>HWK’s 1 – 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Also complete any other notes left blank in the booklet </li></ul><ul><li>They will be marked with this picture: </li></ul><ul><li>Lesson Summary </li></ul>

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