Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Tenses

1,660 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

Tenses

  1. 2. <ul><li>There are three main divisions of time: </li></ul><ul><li>Present </li></ul><ul><li>Past </li></ul><ul><li>Future </li></ul><ul><li>These tenses are further sub-divided into: </li></ul><ul><li>Simple </li></ul><ul><li>Progressive </li></ul><ul><li>Perfect </li></ul><ul><li>Perfect Progressive </li></ul>Innate HR Solutions Pvt. Ltd
  2. 3. <ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb regular form </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Verb </li></ul><ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Not + Verb </li></ul>Innate HR Solutions Pvt. Ltd
  3. 4. <ul><li>Facts and generalization </li></ul><ul><li>A dog is an animal </li></ul><ul><li>Habits and routines </li></ul><ul><li>I learn English twice a week </li></ul><ul><li>Permanent situations </li></ul><ul><li>I come from Basil </li></ul><ul><li>State verbs (e.g. be, have, think, know) more </li></ul><ul><li>I have two eggs </li></ul><ul><li>Fixed / official arrangement that we can't change </li></ul><ul><li>The course starts in April </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Verb + ing </li></ul><ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + not + Verb + ing </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Present or temporary activities </li></ul><ul><li>They are swimming in the sea </li></ul><ul><li>I'm drinking hot coffee now </li></ul><ul><li>Future (personal) arrangements </li></ul><ul><li>He is getting married this month </li></ul><ul><li>I'm having my first driving lesson this week </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Past participle </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Past participle </li></ul><ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb+not + Past participle </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Actions which happened at an indefinite (unknown) time before now </li></ul><ul><li>We have already had breakfast </li></ul><ul><li>I have already been to Paris </li></ul><ul><li>Actions in the past which have an effect on the present moment </li></ul><ul><li>I have bought new shades </li></ul><ul><li>Someone has taken my bag </li></ul><ul><li>Actions which began in the past and continue in the present </li></ul><ul><li>John has been a plumber for 2 years </li></ul><ul><li>He has been our most serious partner for so long that I can assure you he's a very decent man </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing </li></ul><ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + not + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Actions that started in the past and continue in the present </li></ul><ul><li>She's (=she HAS) been crying in her room for half an hour now </li></ul><ul><li>We've been waiting for a good offer to buy a car since March </li></ul><ul><li>Actions that have recently stopped </li></ul><ul><li>I've been waiting for you to come (but now you're back!) </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Subject + Verb + ed or an irregular form </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Verb </li></ul><ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Events in the past that are now finished (e.g. I went to school) * </li></ul><ul><li>I saw two colorful fishes in the lake yesterday </li></ul><ul><li>Mary tried the soup but it was too hot to eat </li></ul><ul><li>They saw us playing football </li></ul><ul><li>He married a woman who lived in the same village </li></ul><ul><li>Situation in the past (they lived a normal life until they won a lottery) ** </li></ul><ul><li>I lived in New York for 10 years (I don't live there anymore) </li></ul><ul><li>A series of actions in the past </li></ul><ul><li>He entered a room, lit a cigarette and smiled at the guests </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Verb + ing </li></ul><ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + not + Verb + ing </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Actions in progress </li></ul><ul><ul><li>At 3 p.m., I was having lunch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We were all thinking about our holidays </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yesterday at this time Steven Seagal was riding a horse </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interrupted actions in progress* </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They were talking about her when she walked into the room </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shannon was filling in a questionnaire when the pen ran out of ink </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John was smoking a cigarette when he saw a spider </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Actions in progress at the same time in the past. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>While Kenneth was cleaning the living room, Sam was washing the dishes </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Past participle </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Past participle </li></ul><ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + not + Past participle </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>A completed action before another activity in the past </li></ul><ul><li>When we arrived, the concert had already finished It had got/gotten worse before it got better. </li></ul><ul><li>By the time I watched my favorite program, I had drunk a cup of bee </li></ul><ul><li>By the time I got to the market, most of the stalls had already been closed </li></ul><ul><li>Third conditional sentences (a) and reported speech (b) (read more at the bottom the page) </li></ul><ul><li>If I hadn't taken my keys from the drawer, I would be able to get into my house </li></ul><ul><li>My mum asked me whether I had visited grandma the previous day. </li></ul><ul><li>Dissatisfaction with the past </li></ul><ul><li>I wish I had taken more food with me </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing </li></ul><ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + not + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing </li></ul>
  17. 18. <ul><li>Duration of a past action up to a certain point in the past </li></ul><ul><li>I had been running for an hour when it started raining </li></ul><ul><li>Kathy put on weight because she had been eating too much sugar </li></ul><ul><li>When I saw him I knew that he had been training </li></ul><ul><li>Third conditional sentences (a) and reported speech (b) </li></ul><ul><li>Mary said she had never been swimming so much in one day </li></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Verb </li></ul><ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + not + Verb </li></ul>
  19. 20. <ul><li>Promises </li></ul><ul><li>I will come back at 10 p.m </li></ul><ul><li>I will get Mary </li></ul><ul><li>Unplanned actions (spontaneous decisions) </li></ul><ul><li>Predictions based on experience or intuition </li></ul><ul><li>I think he will regret his choice </li></ul><ul><li>When I'm 60 years old, I will be completely bald </li></ul><ul><li>Let's buy the snacks at the supermarket - they will be cheaper </li></ul><ul><li>Habits </li></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing ? </li></ul><ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Not + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing </li></ul>
  21. 22. <ul><li>Future actions in progress. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>She'll be having a bath when I'm back home </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tomorrow at nine, I will be hosing off (=washing with a hose) my car </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This time next week, I will be throwing a party </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I'll be watching TV when my mother arrives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Guesses about the present or the future. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They will be getting home just about now </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Polite questions about somebody's intentions*. </li></ul>
  22. 23. <ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb + Present participle </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Auxiliary verb + Present participle ? </li></ul><ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Not +Auxiliary verb + Present participle </li></ul>
  23. 24. <ul><li>Actions that will be finished before some point in the future </li></ul><ul><li>They will have graduated from Cambridge by July 2009. I will have retired by the end of the year. I read 40 pages a day. If I keep up the pace, I will have read the book by Tuesday. </li></ul>
  24. 25. Innate HR Solutions Pvt. Ltd

×