Land Acquisition Act-1894


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a beautiful my sandesham presentation on land acquisition procedure in Kerala.....enjoy the power point presentation, prepared by t.j joseph adhikarathil,deputy tahsildar, kottayam-mob.9447464502

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Land Acquisition Act-1894

  1. 1. <ul><li>LA Act 1894 </li></ul><ul><li>as amended by LA Act 1984 </li></ul>Land Acquisition
  2. 2. Land Acquisition- 3 departments <ul><ul><li>Requisitioning Department </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Revenue Department </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Survey Department </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Land Acquisition is a TEAM work. Together Everyone Achieves More Teamwork is the ability to work together toward a common people to attain uncommon result
  4. 4. Land Acquisition <ul><ul><li>It is a bitter pill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>we have to swallow. </li></ul></ul>A Little Extra Risk more than other think is safe. Care more than other think is wise. Dream more than other think is practical. Expect more than other think is possible
  5. 5. What You Focus.. Will Expand The sun’s energy warms the world . But when you focus it trough magnifying glass it can start a fire. Focus is so powerful
  6. 6. Decisions Breed Champions Once you make a decision, the universe conspires to make it happen
  7. 7. As You Sow Shall You Reap The man who does more than he is paid for will soon be paid more than he does
  8. 8. Putting Of Your Success Procrastination is like a credit card : it’s a lot of fun until you get the bill
  9. 9. The Winning Edge Develop the winning edge ; small differences in your performance can lead to large differences in your result
  10. 10. Success Lies Outside Your Comfort Zone Do the thing you fear and the death of fear is certain
  11. 11. It is a bitter pill we have to swallow
  12. 12. Conditions for Land Acquisition <ul><ul><li>1.Existense of a public Purpose. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2.Acquisition should be as per rules and procedures . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3.Reasonable compensation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Civil court has right to determine the compensation. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Land Acquisition Act .1894 <ul><ul><li>It is a Technical Act. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land has to be acquired for public purpose as per rules and procedures….. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. 44 th amendment <ul><ul><li>Art. 31 Vs Art. 300A </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The right reserve the property as a fundamental right is reduced by that of legal right……… </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. 44 th amendment <ul><ul><li>Art. 31 Vs Art. 300A </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The right reserve the property as a fundamental right is reduced by that of legal right……… </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. 44 th amendment
  17. 17. Land
  18. 18. Land <ul><ul><li>land ……… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefits to arise out of land… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Things attached to land……. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Public Purpose- Art. 258 <ul><ul><li>There is only a vague idea……………. </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Public Purpose- Art. 258 <ul><ul><li>There is only a vague idea……………. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Obstacles <ul><ul><li>1.Protests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2.Court Cases. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3.Alignment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4.Delay in procedures. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5.Fund </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Notification Payment of compensation Declaration Valuation Survey & S D Award Taking possession LAND ACQUISITION CHART
  23. 23. <ul><li>REQUISITION </li></ul>LAND ACQUISITION
  24. 24. Role of requisitioning department <ul><ul><li>RD is doing the work as agents of requisitioning Authority….. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But the role of RA is as much or more than that of RD….. </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Requisition <ul><ul><li>3copies of the requisition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alignment sketch. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government order. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reason for urgency. </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Requisition- preliminary problems <ul><ul><li>Incomplete requisition. </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Requisition <ul><ul><li>RA sends requisition to District Collector…. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The District Collector appoints LAO and sends the requisition to LAO. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LAO conducts preliminary site inspection. </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Requisition <ul><ul><li>The requisition shall be in form No-2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>along with the certificate. </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Certificate <ul><ul><li>Demarcation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>That the site was pegmarked on the ground and the demarcation approved by a responsible officer. </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Certificate <ul><ul><li>Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The accurate measurements are furnished in the plan attached. </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Certificate <ul><ul><li>Objection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>That the objection of the land owners have been considered and that the selection of another suitable site less open to objection is impossible. </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Certificate <ul><ul><li>Sanction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sanction of the competentent authority exists. </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. Certificate <ul><ul><li>Funds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There is provision of funds. </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. Certificate <ul><ul><li>compensation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agreed to pay compensation. </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. <ul><li>PERT </li></ul>Project Evaluation Review Technique
  36. 36. Joint site inspection..
  37. 37. Joint site inspection.. <ul><ul><li>Check the suitability of land. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify the objectionable elements in or around the land. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accuracy of survey numbers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify the assessed lands. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collect the details of land owners. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rectify the discrepancies in the requisition. </li></ul></ul>
  38. 38. Joint site inspection..
  39. 39. After Joint site inspection.. <ul><ul><li>Rectify the requisition. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Request preliminary expense . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Request LAC/govt to sanction urgency. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Send 6(1) notification to the Supdt.Govt press. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obtain Govt. Order if not yet received. </li></ul></ul>
  40. 40. 30 days <ul><ul><li>Joint site inspection completed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requested RA to sanction preliminary expense. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Started to collect Basic Records. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(BTR, TPR, Sketch) </li></ul></ul>
  41. 41. Joint site inspection.. <ul><ul><li>Check the suitability of land. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify the objectionable elements in or around the land. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accuracy of survey numbers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify the assessed lands. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collect the details of land owners. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rectify the discrepancies in the requisition. </li></ul></ul>
  42. 42. Suitability Report. <ul><ul><li>After joint Inspection send a suitability report to DC with copy to RA . This will be hepful to the RA to obtain Government order from Revenue(B) department if necessary. </li></ul></ul>
  43. 43. 60 days <ul><ul><li>Requisition rectified. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Requested LRC/Government to sanction urgency, if any. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6(1) Notification for survey and demarcation sent for publication. </li></ul></ul>
  44. 44. Survey
  45. 45. Sanctioning Urgency <ul><ul><li>State govt purpose- LAC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Central Government purpose- concerned state govt. dept. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Request should consist of-- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Report of the LAO. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requisition – attested copy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alignment Sketch- BTR/TPR copies. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Letter from RA for Urgency. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government order. </li></ul></ul>
  46. 46. 90 days <ul><ul><li>6(1) published and survey works started. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Basic records Collected. . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Collection of Documents from SRO Started. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>List of structures sent for valuation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4(1) notification Sent for publication… </li></ul></ul>
  47. 47. 4(1) Notification <ul><ul><li>The public announcement that Land acquisition works started.. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- The land is needed or likely to be needed by Government for a public purpose. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Nobody should deal with the land notified. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enables the land owner to file objection. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intention to enter the land </li></ul></ul>
  48. 48. 4(1) Notification <ul><ul><li>For a state Govt purpose , the notification can directly send to Govt press, Tvm. for publication. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But for Central Govt. purpose the requisition should sent through concerned state Govt. Department for publication. </li></ul></ul>
  49. 49. 4(1) Notification <ul><ul><li>In the notification, ensure that the land to be acquired is not wrongly described ,Govt land are not included and there is no omissions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But the area may be an approximate one. </li></ul></ul>
  50. 50. 4(1) Notification- Modes of publication <ul><ul><li>1.In the Gazette. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2.In 2 local news papers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3.In the locality.(V.O/LSG) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The last date of such publication shall be the date of 4(1) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If the last date of publication is missed the last date would never exist. </li></ul></ul>
  51. 51. 120 days <ul><ul><li>Survey works are going on.. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4(1) notification Published. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Started preparation of Mahazar. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Issue Notices for 5A Enquiry. </li></ul></ul>
  52. 52. Calling objection. <ul><ul><li>In normal cases , immediately after 4(1) issue notices to land owners to file objections for conducting 5A enquiry. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The objections must be filed within 30 days from the date of 4(1). </li></ul></ul>
  53. 53. Remember. <ul><ul><li>There is no 5A enquiry if the land is acquired under urgency clause. </li></ul></ul>
  54. 54. 180 days <ul><ul><li>4(1) published and 5A enquiry Conducted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urgency Sanctioned. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agreement executed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mahazar Prepared. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Valuation steps going on. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Survey/SD records approved…... </li></ul></ul>
  55. 55. 210 days <ul><ul><li>Survey process completed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Valuation nearing completion. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Send DD for approval/publication. </li></ul></ul>
  56. 56. Documents to be accompanied with D.D. for scrutiny <ul><li>1 . Copy of Requisition </li></ul><ul><li>2. Published copies of Notification and public notice </li></ul><ul><li>3. Copy of B.T.R and T.P.extract </li></ul><ul><li>4.Survey sketch and S.D. records </li></ul><ul><li>5. Reconciliation statement </li></ul><ul><li>6. Objection Petitions, if any. </li></ul><ul><li>7. Report of enquiry u/s 5A </li></ul><ul><li>8. Confidential report on objectionable elements </li></ul>
  57. 57. 270 days <ul><ul><li>DD published. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Valuation Completed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Send BVR for approval. </li></ul></ul>
  58. 58. 300 days <ul><ul><li>BVR approved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Send DVS for approval. </li></ul></ul>
  59. 59. 330 days <ul><ul><li>BVR and DVS approved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Issue notices for award enquiry. </li></ul></ul>
  60. 60. 390 days <ul><ul><li>Award enquiry conducted. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Award passed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Issue notices for Taking possession of the land. </li></ul></ul>
  61. 61. 420 days <ul><ul><li>Award passed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Notices for taking possession issued </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land Handed over. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compensation given. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LAR filed. </li></ul></ul>
  62. 62. Award cannot be modified. <ul><ul><li>After passing the award the LAO is not competent to amend the award or pass supplementary award. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But he can correct any clerical or arithmetical errors or other mistakes or omissions apparent from the face of the records. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The correction should be within 6 months and before making a reference under section 18. </li></ul></ul>
  63. 63. Role of requisitioning department <ul><ul><li>RD is doing the work as agents of requisitioning Authority….. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But the role of RA is as much or more than that of RD….. </li></ul></ul>
  64. 64. <ul><li>Within 30 days. </li></ul>Sanctioning Urgency.
  65. 65. PERT- Method <ul><ul><li>Project Evaluation Review Technique </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>460 days to complete all the 32 activities…………. </li></ul></ul>
  66. 66. Concern of the land owner.. <ul><ul><li>How much of my land is acquired……..? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When the land is acquired……….? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is there any reasonable compensation……….? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When will I get the compensation…………? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How will I get the compensation……….? </li></ul></ul>
  67. 67. <ul><li>DANGER </li></ul>DENOVA
  68. 68. DENOVA.. <ul><ul><li>LA steps will fall denova if, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1.DD is not passed within one year after publication of 4(1) notification…. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2.Award is not passed within two years after publication of DD </li></ul></ul>
  69. 69. Planting of alignment stones if there is protest. <ul><ul><li>Plant Alignment stones immediately after the publication of 6(1) and mark the position of the stones in the alignment sketch and get it approved by RA. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This proces should be jointly done by RA and LAO </li></ul></ul>
  70. 70. <ul><li>1.Conduct survey </li></ul>After 6(1)
  71. 71. <ul><li>1. Prepare the list of structures and send it for valuation </li></ul>After 6(1)
  72. 72. <ul><li>2.Prepare the SD records and get it approved. </li></ul>After 6(1)
  73. 73. Conducting survey <ul><ul><li>There should be advanced tour programme for surveyors. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assign specific target for surveyors. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Review the work diary of surveyors and send it to DD Survey. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Send the sub division records for approval. </li></ul></ul>
  74. 74. <ul><li>LACM </li></ul>POST AWARD ACTION
  75. 75. Post award action <ul><ul><li>1- LAO fill up all the relevant colums in the LACM and 9(2) notice as per S&B Act is published in the Gazette to receive any objections regarding survey details. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Send notice in form 14 to the Sub Registrar under registered post. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3.Send the Award, LACM, Sketch, sub dvn. statement( All in duplicate) to Tahsildar and he sends one copy to VO to effect changes in Village Records . </li></ul></ul>
  76. 76. Post award action At the Village Office <ul><ul><li>1- V.O makes Changes in FMB, ThandapeRegister, BTR,Puramboke Register,- and Kooduthal Kuravu Register. ( The LAO may send a surveyor from his office to make changes in the FMB) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. If the land is for Govt purpose(PWD) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kooduthal Kuravu statement should be prepared for approval by RDO/Jamabandhi Officer. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The entries should be made in the Register as PWD Puramboke. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3.If the land is for Self Governed Bodies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TR should be conducted and Basic tax should be realised. </li></ul></ul>
  77. 77. Post award action At the Taluk Office <ul><ul><li>1- After getting report from VO tahsildar make changes in the Taluk Land records and he fills up columns 27 to 31 in the LACM and returns to LAO. </li></ul></ul>
  78. 78. Post award action At the LAO Office <ul><ul><li>After getting the LACM and after the expiry of 3 months after publication of 9(2) , the LAO publish the final survey notification u/s 13 of the S&B Act. In the Gazette,and Village Office. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get the publication report from VO. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Send the completed LACM to District colector to decide the LA file as R: Dis. </li></ul></ul>