active learning style.
What is Problem-based learning( Pbl) ?
A learning method based on the principle of using problems as a starting point for the acquisition and integration of new knowledge.” Defined by H.S. Barrows (1982)
And as we defined it in" instructional technology" course it is a teaching and learning strategy that encourages students to take responsibility for their own learning and to develop competency in a number of skills including communication, collaboration and problem-solving. PBL requires you, the student, to become an active learner.
Characteristics of PBL:
1. Learning is student centered.
- Students as solver problem.
2. Learning occurs in small student groups.
- but each group member is also responsible for independent research.
3. Teachers are facilitators or guides not teach.
- Teacher as Cognitive Coach
4. Problems are a means to develop problem-solving skills.
5. Get new information from Self-learning.
Process of PBL:
- Students confront real world problems to get solutions for it.
- In groups, students organize prior knowledge, discuss what is known and attempt to identify the nature of the problem.
- Students pose questions about what they do not understand.
- Students design a plan to solve the problem and identify the resources they need.
- Students begin to gather information as they work to solve the problem and brainstorm their ideas.