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Sex and Gender Roles

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Sex and Gender Roles

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Sex and Gender Roles

  1. 1. SEX and GENDER ROLE
  2. 2. <ul><li>Sexuality – central aspect of being human throughout life and includes gender identities, roles and sexual orientation. </li></ul><ul><li>Human Sexuality – the way in which we experience ourselves as sexual beings. It is an integral part of our personality. </li></ul><ul><li>Actual Gender is the main factor that develop our sexuality. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Biological aspect – deals with human reproduction and the physical means which we carry it out, it is the aspect of sexuality, heredity and hormones and gender. </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological aspect – focus on psychological influences that affect social beahvior. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Emotional – deals with intense emotions associated wiut social bonds. </li></ul><ul><li>Physical – physiological, sociological psychological aspect of human behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>Sociocultural- understood as part of social life of human governed by implied rules of behavior and the status quo. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. influences of social norms, politics, mass media </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Characteristics most often said to men: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Aggressive 12. Demanding </li></ul><ul><li>2. Proud 13. Possessive </li></ul><ul><li>3. Disorganized 14. Funny </li></ul><ul><li>4. Courageous 15. Level-headed </li></ul><ul><li>5. Confident </li></ul><ul><li>6. Independent </li></ul><ul><li>7. Confident </li></ul><ul><li>8. Ambitious </li></ul><ul><li>9. Selfish </li></ul><ul><li>10. Logical </li></ul><ul><li>11. Easy going </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Characteristics most often said to describe women </li></ul><ul><li>1. Emotional 9. Thrifty </li></ul><ul><li>2. Talkative 10. Manipulative </li></ul><ul><li>3. Sensitive 11. Honest </li></ul><ul><li>4. Affectionate 12. Creative </li></ul><ul><li>5. Patient 13. Critical </li></ul><ul><li>6. Romantic 14. Happy </li></ul><ul><li>7. Moody 15. Possessive </li></ul><ul><li>8. Cautious </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>1. How do people should be “ male” and “ female”? </li></ul><ul><li>2. How do you think societies viewed men and women? </li></ul><ul><li>Answer: Society viewed men/women in terms of - differences </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Unequal (places, work, personality, traits, ideas and virtues. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Sex - Biological and anatomical differences between man and woman. Including the primary sex and the secondary sex. </li></ul><ul><li>Gender – refers to culturally/ socially constructed differences between females and males. </li></ul><ul><li>Or : Belief with practices of femininity and masculinity. </li></ul><ul><li>Gender Role – expected behavior, attitudes, obligation that a society assign to each sex. </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Gender Stereotypes- strongly held ideas </li></ul><ul><li>about the characteristics of male and female. </li></ul><ul><li>or: </li></ul><ul><li>Our expectation men and women should perform. </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Gender Socialization </li></ul><ul><li>Importance: </li></ul><ul><li>We learn Gender Roles through as soon as the infant gender is established. </li></ul><ul><li>Enlighten him/her in socio cultural world into which she / he has born and able him to socialize and acts as man as man and woman as woman. </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Sources of Gender Learning: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Influence of the Family </li></ul><ul><li>2. Influence of the Peer </li></ul><ul><li>3. Influence of the School </li></ul><ul><li>4. Influence of Mass Media </li></ul>
  12. 20. <ul><li>Functionalist Perspective : </li></ul><ul><li>The role of Women are very crucial in ensuring that key societal tasks are fulfilled. </li></ul><ul><li>Husband perform – “Instrumental task” </li></ul><ul><li> - decision making </li></ul><ul><li>- Economic supervision </li></ul><ul><li>Wife performs - “Expressive tasks” </li></ul><ul><li> - providing affection </li></ul><ul><li>- emotion support of the family </li></ul>
  13. 21. <ul><li>Conflict Perspective </li></ul><ul><li>The Gender division of labor within the Family results from Male Control and Dominance over women and resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Feminist Perspective </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advocate Social Change simply to eradicate Gender equality – EQUALITY of OPPORTUNITY. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 22. <ul><li>Radical Feminism </li></ul><ul><li>Male Dominance is seen as the cause of Oppression. </li></ul><ul><li>Socialist Feminism </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Women’s oppression results from their “DUAL roles paid and the unpaid workers. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 23. <ul><ul><li>Assignment: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Facts: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Think back to your earliest memorable experiences with television: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1. What were your favorite programs? Focus on the roles of males and females. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. How were males and females portrayed? </li></ul></ul>
  16. 24. <ul><li>3. How did the males / females interact together? </li></ul><ul><li>4. What expectation seemed to be attached to the participants because of their gender? </li></ul><ul><li>B. Values: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What general roles in life appeared to be attached to each person by virtue of their gender? </li></ul></ul>
  17. 25. <ul><li>2. For what qualities / abilities did each appear to be valued? </li></ul><ul><li>C. Application : </li></ul><ul><li>1. Do these early socialization experiences continue to affect you today? </li></ul><ul><li>2. Are you comfortable with the role orientation you have developed ? </li></ul>

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