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بحوث الطفل على الانترنت

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بحوث الطفل على الانترنت

  1. 1. ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﺪﻗﻴﻖ ﻟﻐﻮﻱ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﲨﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﺇﺷﺮﺍﻑ‬ ‫ّ‬‫ﻭﺟﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﶈﺴﻦ‬ ‫ﺇﳝﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﺇﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﲨﻴﻊ ﺍﳊﻘﻮﻕ ﳏﻔﻮﻇﺔ ﻟﻠﱰﲨﺔ ﺑﺎﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﱰﺑﻴﺔ ﻭﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﻷﺣﺴﺎء ﻋﺎﻡ 0102ﻡ‬
  2. 2. ‫ﲝﻮﺙ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﻧﱰﻧﺖ‬ ‫‪CRN‬‬ ‫ﲝﻮﺙ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﻧﱰﻧﺖ‬ ‫)ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺃﺭﺽ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺲ‬ ‫ّ‬‫ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻗﺔ ﻧﺴﻴﺖ ﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﳚﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻧﻼﺣﻆ ﺫﻟﻚ. (‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﺘﻮﻥ ﺗﺸﲔ‬‫ﻗﺮﺍءﺍﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺳﻄﻮﺍﻧﺔ ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﱰﲨﺔ ﺑﺎﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﱰﺑﻴﺔ ﻭﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﻷﺣﺴﺎء 0102ﻡ‬
  3. 3. ‫ﲝﻮﺙ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﻧﱰﻧﺖ‬ ‫‪CRN‬‬ ‫ﲝﻮﺙ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﻧﱰﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺐ ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ : ﻣﻮﻗﻊ )ﲝﻮﺙ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ( ﺍﻟﻴﺎﺑﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ً ﱠ‬‫)ﲝﻮﺙ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﻧﱰﻧﺖ -‪ (CRN‬ﻫﻮ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﻪ ﻗﺪ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻔﺎﺟﺌﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻫﻲ ﺩﻭﻟﺔ ﻛﺜﲑﺍ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﺚ .‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺻﻒ ﺑﺄﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻘﺪﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻭﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﺍ‪‬ﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﺑﺪﺍﻉ‬‫ﻭﰲ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﲝﺚ ... ﺍﳌﻮﻗﻊ ﻧﺸﺮ ﻣﻘﺎﻻ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍ ﻋﻦ ﻣﺆﲤﺮ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺩﻱ ، ﺃﻧﺘﺠﺖ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﰲ ﳎﺎﻝ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ .‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻳﺘﻨﺎﻭﻝ ﻃﺮﻕ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﻭﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﺪﻣﺎﻍ ﲟﺎ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ‬ ‫ﳏﺎﺿﺮﺓ ﺗﻨﺎﻗﺶ ﻛﻴﻒ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺸﺎﺭﻟﺰ ﺩﺍﺭﻭﻳﻦ ﲝﺚ ﰲ ﳕﻮ‬ ‫)ﲝﻮﺙ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﻧﱰﻧﺖ -‪Child Research (CRN‬‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﺃﺑﻨﺎﺋﻪ ﻭﺗﻄﻮﺭﻫﻢ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﻀﻊ ﻧﻈﺮﻳﺔ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺎﺋﻠﺘﻪ‬ ‫)‪ (Net‬ﻳﻨﺸﺮ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﻭﺗﻌﻠﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻛﺒﲑ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺪﺙ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ .ﻭﺑﺪﺃ ﺑﺘﺴﺠﻴﻞ )ﺑﺮﺑﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ(‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﻮﺭﺍﺛﺔ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬‫ﻓﺘﻮﺻﻞ ﺩﺍﺭﻭﻳﻦ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻥ )ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ( ﺃﻭ )ﺑﺮﺑﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ(‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺎ ﻭﺍﻷﻧﺜﺮﻭﺑﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺎ ﻭﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﺍﻵﱄ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﻫﻮ ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﻔﻬﻴﺔ .‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﳒﻴﺎ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭﺍﻷﺑﻮﺓ ﻭﺭﻋﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﻭﺍﳌﻨﺎﻫﺞ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺪﺭﺳﻴﺔ .‬ ‫)ﻻﲡﺮﺏ ﺫﻟﻚ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻨﺰﻝ( .‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻨﺸﺮ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺣﺜﲔ ﻭﺍﳌﺪﺭﺳﲔ ﻭﺃﻭﻟﻴﺎء‬ ‫)ﲝﻮﺙ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﻧﱰﻧﺖ -‪ (CRN‬ﻫﻲ ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﻄﻼﺏ ، ﻭﻳﺸﻤﻞ ﺍﳌﻮﻗﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻄﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺃﻱ‬ ‫0991ﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﲝﻴﺔ ﰎ ﺇﻧﺸﺎﺅﻫﺎ ﰲ ﺃﻭﺍﺧﺮ ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﻝ ﻣﻮﺍﺿﻴﻊ ﻫﺎﻣﺔ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﺔ ﻟﻠﻬﻮﺍﺗﻒ‬ ‫)ﺑﻴﻨﻴﺲ( ﻭﻫﻮ ﻛﺎﺗﺐ ﻳﺎﺑﺎﻧﻲ ﻷﻛﺜﺮ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻫﺞ ﺍﻟﻴﺎﺑﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﺍﶈﻤﻮﻟﺔ )ﺣﻴﺚ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ 09% ﻣﻦ ﻃﻼﺏ ﺍﳌﺪﺭﺍﺱ‬‫ﻭﺍﳌﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ . ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻮﻗﻊ ﰎ ﺗﺮﲨﺘﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻴﺎﺑﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻮﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﺎﺑﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻮﻥ ﺍﳍﻮﺍﺗﻒ ﺍﶈﻤﻮﻟﺔ (‬ ‫ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻻﳒﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ . ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺫﻭ ﺛﻼﺙ ﻟﻐﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﺒﻨﻰ ﻭﺟﻬﺔ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻋﻦ ﳕﻮ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﻭﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤﻪ .‬ ‫ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺃﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺍﳊﺎﺳﺐ ﺍﻵﱄ ) ﺣﻴﺚ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﺃﲬﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻄﻼﺏ ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻮﻧﻬﺎ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻨﺰﻝ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﺮﻳﺒﺔ( .‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍءﺍﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺳﻄﻮﺍﻧﺔ ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﱰﲨﺔ ﺑﺎﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﱰﺑﻴﺔ ﻭﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﻷﺣﺴﺎء 0102ﻡ‬
  4. 4. ‫ﲝﻮﺙ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﻧﱰﻧﺖ‬ ‫‪CRN‬‬ ‫ﲝﻮﺙ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﻧﱰﻧﺖ‬ ‫ّ‬‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﱪﺍﻣﺞ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺋﻠﻴﺔ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻣﺘﺤﻒ ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻭﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻮﻡ‬ ‫ّ‬‫ﻭﻣﺸﺎﺭﻳﻊ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻏﲑ ﺭﲝﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺩ . ﻭﻣﻦ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻝ )ﲝﻮﺙ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻤﻰ )ﻛﻮﺩﻭﻣﻮﻏﺎﻛﻮ ‪ (Kodomogaku‬ﺃﻭ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ .‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﻧﱰﻧﺖ -‪ (CRN‬ﻧﺸﺮ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﻣﺆﻛﺪﺓ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻻﻳﺘﻢ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥ ﻭﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ : )ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻫﻤﺎ ﺃﻫﻢ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻤﲔ ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﻳﺘﻮﺳﻊ ﺑﻮﺍﺳﻄﺔ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺜﺔ ﰲ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻭﻝ ﻣﻌﻠﻤﲔ ﻟﻠﻄﻔﻞ( .‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻷﻋﺼﺎﺏ ﻭﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺲ .‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻨﺺ ﺍﳌﻮﻗﻊ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﻛﺎﺋﻦ ﺑﺸﺮﻱ ﲡﺘﻤﻊ ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﻮﺍﻧﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣﺪ ﺳﻮﺍء . ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺃﻱ ﻳﻌﻜﺲ ﻧﻬﺞ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ )ﲝﻮﺙ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﻧﱰﻧﺖ -‬ ‫‪ ) . (CRN‬ﻓﻮﺭ ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﻛﻮﺑﺎﺷﻲ( ﻭﻫﻮ ﻃﺒﻴﺐ ﺃﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻣﺸﻬﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺲ ﺍﻟﻔﺨﺮﻱ ﳌﺴﺘﺸﻔﻰ ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻨﻲ ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥ ﻭﺃﺳﺘﺎﺫ ﰲ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﻃﻮﻛﻴﻮ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ : ﻟﻘﺪ ﻛﻨﺖ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﺸﺎﺭﺍ ﰲ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ )ﲝﻮﺙ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﻧﱰﻧﺖ -‪(CRN‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍء ﻣﻦ ﻋﺎﻡ 9991ﻡ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺷﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﰲ ﻓﻜﺮﺓ )ﻣﺮﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻟﻌﺎﺏ( ﲟﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ 051 ﻣﻦ ﺍﻵﺑﺎء ﺍﻟﻴﺎﺑﺎﻧﻴﲔ .‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﻴﺖ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﻜﺮﺓ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻷﻣﻬﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻵﺑﺎء ﻻ ﻳﻠﻌﺒﻮﻥ ﻛﻔﺎﻳﺔ ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﺃﻃﻔﺎﳍﻢ . ﻭﺑﺎﻟﺘﺄﻛﻴﺪ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻵﺑﺎء ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ ﺃﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﳌﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﱃ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺸﺎﺭﻛﻮﻥ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﻃﻔﺎﳍﻢ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺃﻭ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺭﻕ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻐﻨﺎء . ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ )ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻷﻟﻌﺎﺏ( ﳝﺜﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍءﺍﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺳﻄﻮﺍﻧﺔ ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﱰﲨﺔ ﺑﺎﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﱰﺑﻴﺔ ﻭﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﻷﺣﺴﺎء 0102ﻡ‬

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