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Sub-Sea Fiber Optic & Indonesia Telecommunications Landscape by Willy Sutrisno

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Sub-Sea Fiber Optic & Indonesia Telecommunications Landscape by Willy Sutrisno

  1. 1. Sub-Sea Fiber Optic & Indonesia Telecommunications Landscape MYNOG-4 21 August 2014 Kuala Lumpur “I can accept failure, everyone fails at something. But I can't accept not trying” ― Michael Jordan
  2. 2. MYNOG-­‐4  –  21  August  2014 Agenda Sub-sea Fiber Optic • Matrix Cable System • ASEAN Geography Perspective • Capacity Explained • Wet & Dry Segment • Cable Type • Type of Faults • Preventive / Corrective Maintenance Indonesia Telecommunications Landscape • International Connectivity • IP Transit • Peering/IX • Regulations
  3. 3. Sub-Sea Fiber Optic a short introduction
  4. 4. MYNOG-­‐4  –  21  August  2014 Matrix Cable System • Distance 1,055 km • Designed capacity 2.5Tb • Branching Units: 1.To Batam, Indonesia 2.To Kalimantan, Indonesia 3.To Perth, Australia • Repeater system • Buried 1-10 meter • Cable types: SA, DA, LWA • Life span 25 years
  5. 5. MYNOG-­‐4  –  21  August  2014 South East Asia Nations • Indonesia comprises of 17,000 islands. With 5 major Islands (Sumatra, Kalimantan, Jawa, Sulawesi and Papua) • Jakarta is the hub for Indonesia • Singapore is the telecom hub for S.E.A • Almost all international cables from Indonesia lands in Singapore Map  courtesy  of  Google  Maps Sumatra Kalimantan Sulawesi West  Papua Jawa Maluku .vn .th .my .sg .kh .ph .bn .mm .la .id
  6. 6. MYNOG-­‐4  –  21  August  2014 Fiber Pair Connectivity
  7. 7. MYNOG-­‐4  –  21  August  2014 2.5 Tb Initial Design Capacity • 8 FP landed in Singapore, 4 FP to Jakarta FP x λ x BW = Total 4 x 64 x 10G = 2.56 Tbps • BW = 10G = STM64 = 10Ge • Demux > STMn, DS3, E1, 10/100/100 Mb Ethernet
  8. 8. MYNOG-­‐4  –  21  August  2014 Fiber Pair Explanation Express  Way  =  FP λ   193.0  Thz Lane  =  λ 10G 10G 10G 10G Upgrade option: More BW (40G/100G) per λ OR More λ (96) per FP λ   193.1  Thz λ   193.2  Thz
  9. 9. MYNOG-­‐4  –  21  August  2014 Dry Segment (CLS and BMH) • CLS equipped with: UPS + Genset with dual power system A +B • A repeater system with dual-end feeding from PFE (+V and –V) Beach Man Hole
  10. 10. MYNOG-­‐4  –  21  August  2014 Wet Segment (Repeater & BU) Repeater Courtesy  of  fujitsu.com Courtesy  of  cnet.com Branching Unit
  11. 11. MYNOG-­‐4  –  21  August  2014 Cable Types: LW, LWA, SA, DA
  12. 12. photo credit http://fopnews.wordpress.com/
  13. 13. photo credit http://wiocc.files.wordpress.com
  14. 14. photo credit http://www.iscpc.org/publications/ICPC-UNEP_Report.pdf
  15. 15. MYNOG-­‐4  –  21  August  2014 Types of faults • Shunt Fault • A disturbance to the cable system (eg: anchor hit, fishing trawler) that cause the damaged to the cable insulation and exposed the copper section that carries electricity being short circuit to the sea water. The cable system continues to carry traffic. • Total Cut • Total cut of the cable
  16. 16. MYNOG-­‐4  –  21  August  2014 Preventive Maintenance • Shunt Fault Repair • Capacity Upgrades • Backhaul DF maintenance • Software upgrades of active devices (SLTE, Mux, DWDM)
  17. 17. MYNOG-­‐4  –  21  August  2014 Corrective Maintenance • Finding the fault location • Activate SEAIOCMA (South East Asia & India Ocean Cable Maintenance Agreement) • Swing to restoration capacity • Permit, repair, testing
  18. 18. MYNOG-­‐4  –  21  August  2014 Further Reading • http://builtvisible.com/messages-in-the-deep/ • http://www.pipenetworks.com/ppc1blog/ or http:// www.pipenetworks.com/ppc1blog/page/31/ • http://www.iscpc.org/publications/ICPC- UNEP_Report.pdf
  19. 19. – Dr. Seuss “Be who you are and say what you feel, because those who mind don’t matter and those who matter don’t mind.”
  20. 20. Indonesia Telecommunications Landscape a brief and quick introduction
  21. 21. MYNOG-­‐4  –  21  August  2014 International Connectivity • Indosat / Telkom Indonesia / Private Companies • Consortium cables: SMW3, APCN2, TIS • Joint Partnership: DMCS • Non Consortium cables: MCS, JAKABARE, JASUKA
  22. 22. MYNOG-­‐4  –  21  August  2014 IP Transit • NAP license and ISP license - 3 tiered system • NAP act as the internet gateway (tier 1) • ISP must buy from NAP • Corporate/Retails can only be served by ISP NAP ISP Corp/retail
  23. 23. MYNOG-­‐4  –  21  August  2014 IP Transit cont… ASN Ranking report taken from HE BGP tools
  24. 24. MYNOG-­‐4  –  21  August  2014 Peering & IX • Major IX: IIX and OIXP • First IX in Indonesia established in1997 • Major international POP for Indonesia telco: SG & HK + JP, US, EU
  25. 25. MYNOG-­‐4  –  21  August  2014 Regulation - just a snippet :) • Telco operator must set aside 1.25% yearly for USO (estimated ~100 millions USD a year) • Projects funded by USO: NIX (Nusantara Internet eXchange), Palapa Ring, Internet/Telephone to every village in Indonesia
  26. 26. – Albert Einstein “Life is like riding a bicycle. To keep your balance you must keep moving” Willy Sutrisno willy@matrixnetworks.sg Global Services and Solutions Matrix Networks Pte Ltd

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