Bangalore Cycling Inclusive Planning 31 Jan 09

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The urban planning if done well can change the face of a city. Such an example has been set in Nanded which can be replicated elsewhere by encouraging Non Motorized Vehicels (NMVs) like cycles, etc.

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Bangalore Cycling Inclusive Planning 31 Jan 09

  1. 1. 31 st January 2009 Cycle Inclusive Planning Workshop- Bangalore
  2. 2. Contents 1 The City 2 The Street 3 Street as a Place 4 1985- The Car takes over the Street 5 A Solution- An Example from Nanded in Maharashtra
  3. 3. The City Mumbai
  4. 4. The City Delhi
  5. 5. The City Istanbul
  6. 6. Streets connect the different parts of a city The Street
  7. 7. Streets are the most widely used open spaces in a city, shared by everybody regardless of social or economic background Street as a Place
  8. 8. Streets are used by pedestrians, motor vehicles, cyclists, cycle-rickshaw, animals and public transport Street as a Place
  9. 9. Some streets are mainly for traveling.
  10. 10. And others are places to eat and shop Street as a Place
  11. 11. Streets not only carry people and goods. They also carry water supply pipes, sewers, storm water drains and electricity & telephone cables Street as a Place
  12. 12. Hawkers sometimes fill up Sidewalks, Forcing pedestrians into the street… But…Hawker activity is predictable and can be provided for in the design of the street
  13. 13. Some streets are for children to play and people to socialize. Street as a Place
  14. 14. Well designed streets provide recreational spaces to the rich and the poor Street as a Place
  15. 15. Our streets are poor not just because they are badly designed…. Street as a Place
  16. 16. … but also because we do not use them well Street as a Place
  17. 17. Streets have traditionally been extensions of homes in India Street as a Place
  18. 18. For 7,000 years all city streets were pedestrian
  19. 19. In India it all began changing around 1985 when Maruti car was launched. It became a symbol of the aspirations of the common man. The Street: 1985-
  20. 20. Mumbai The Street: 1985-
  21. 21. Nigeria The Street: 1985-
  22. 22. Nairobi The Street: 1985-
  23. 23. Bucharest The Street: 1985-
  24. 24. Calcutta The Street: 1985-
  25. 25. The street space was adequate to be shared by all till two decades back This is not the case now. The problem is that street design has neither acknowledged nor accommodated the change
  26. 26. Pedestrian Pedestrian Carriage way for Motor Vehicles Footpath for pedestrian, street lighting, trees hawkers………. INADEQUATE New Delhi No Space for NMV
  27. 27. Children Pedestrians waiting for bus Motor vehicles New Delhi In-appropriate design of road cross sections- designed for nobody.
  28. 28. New Delhi No designs at junctions- resulting in traffic bottlenecks and safety compromises
  29. 29. Nanded PEDESTRIAN and BICYCLE ACTIVITIES
  30. 30. ON ROAD PARKING
  31. 31. Nanded NON MOTORISED TRAFFIC
  32. 32. Benares In a street full of pedestrians – no space for them
  33. 33. Hyderabad Pedestrians, NMV’s Motor vehicles have one common space
  34. 34. Hyderabad No allocated space for any activity
  35. 35. "If we can develop and design streets so that they are wonderful, fulfilling places to be – community-building places , attractive for all people – then we will have successfully designed about one-third of the city directly and will have had an immense impact on the rest.“ - Alan Jacobs
  36. 36. We must acknowledge the impact that both transportation and Placemaking can have on communities. This is particularly relevent for India– the time for change is now!
  37. 37. The National Urban Transport Policy recommends that we provide: “ equitable space allocation for all road users with a focus on people rather than vehicles.”
  38. 38. Nanded Waghala City Municipal Corporation S T R E E T S F O R N A N D E D
  39. 39. A project for the improvement of movement networks in Nanded is being built under JNNURM
  40. 40. <ul><li>Nanded is located on the banks of the River Godavari in the Marathwada region of Maharashtra </li></ul><ul><li>The city is the headquarter of the Nanded district which borders the states of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka </li></ul><ul><li>The City covers an area of 52sq.km and has a population of approximately 500,000. </li></ul>
  41. 41. Street Design for Nanded Maharashtra
  42. 42. Arterial and major inner city roads identified for improving movement networks These roads are key roads in North Nanded Inter-connecting the entry points to the core city area. SACHKHAND GURUDWARA OLD MONDHA DEGLUR NAKA ROAD OVER- BRIDGE
  43. 43. <ul><ul><ul><li>Pedestrians </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cyclists </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cars </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Buses </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Auto Rickshaws </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cycle Rickshaws </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Two wheelers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Push Carts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hawkers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Beggars </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>And animals </li></ul></ul></ul>As in any small Indian city, the Nanded Streets have a wide variety of users:
  44. 44. Design Approach The factors taken into consideration for the design of roads -
  45. 45. 7M - EXISTING CARRIAGEWAY 3.5M – AVAILABLE CARRIAGEWAY Activity Studies were carried out
  46. 46. Proposed components of street design
  47. 47. Proposed components of street design
  48. 49. Street Desin for Nanded Maharashtra
  49. 50. Proposed sections 15.0m ROW / One way street / Road no.2
  50. 51. Proposed sections 18.0m ROW / One way street / Road no. 8
  51. 53. Proposed sections 24.0m ROW / Two way street / Road no.7
  52. 54. Proposed sections 30.0m ROW / Two way street / Road no. 32
  53. 57. Proposed components of street design Bus stop
  54. 58. Proposed components of street design M.V. Parking (4 wheeler)
  55. 59. Proposed components of street design M.V.Parking (2 wheeler)
  56. 60. Proposed components of street design Autorickshaw stand
  57. 61. Proposed components of street design Cycle rickshaw stand
  58. 62. Proposed components of street design Bicycle Parking
  59. 63. Proposed components of street design Hawker platforms
  60. 64. Proposed components of street design Toilets
  61. 67. Good examples
  62. 69.
  63. 80. Roadnr 22, Riverfront, perfect
  64. 85. Proposed details
  65. 86. Start with accurate topo surveys Analyse the landuse All the activities on the street to be studied and quantified Do good traffic counts- always include the pedestrians and NMV’s. Start working on Context sensitive solutions
  66. 87. Make the design team multi-disciplinary - involve city engineers, architects and urban designers, traffic experts, urban utility experts and also groups who represent the users such as hawkers, bicycle users.
  67. 88. Road capacity <ul><li>Increases when you streamline traffic (adequate lane widths) </li></ul><ul><li>Increases when you provide cycling tracks. </li></ul><ul><li>Increases when you provide parking, space for pedestrians, hawkers, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>A wide road with everything mixed does not lead to an optimal road use (and road safety) </li></ul>
  68. 90. Existing Movement Network
  69. 91. Proposed Movement Network
  70. 92. Peripheral Road
  71. 93. Peripheral Road
  72. 94. Subhash Marg
  73. 95. Balanced planning: <ul><li>Planning for the car with walking and cycling in mind </li></ul><ul><li>Redistributing public space </li></ul><ul><li>The car took all space, now we need to rebalance and give space back to pedestrians and cyclists </li></ul>
  74. 96. 4 Windmill Place Ayanagar Village New Delhi 110 047 [email_address] www.psda.in 31 st january 2009

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