Novice and expert teacher


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Novice and expert teacher

  1. 1. 1 EXPERT AND NOVICE TEACHER OBSERVATIONI. MY LEARNING INTENT The purpose of this observation is to see an expert teacher and a novice teacher in action. By observing both expert and novice teachers, I will know what they can do or cannot do. I want to understand how an expert teacher seems effortlessly works. As for the novice teacher, I want to now how he/she works as a beginning teacher. I want to know how they differ in their approaches to teach. I’d like to see how they speak, move and explain to their students. I want to know how they implement their lesson plan, how they manage the classroom and how they facilitate student learning. I want to have a comparison between the two on how they work. By observing both an expert and a novice teacher, I am expecting that I will learn a lot from them. I can examine various aspects of the class such as the teaching and management strategies, the use of time, the participation and interest of the students and much more. In doing this observation, I will be expose to different approach and style to teaching. This will help me to be a netter teacher for my practice teaching. II. MY OBSERVATION A. Expert Teacher I decided to observe for an expert teacher is one whom I believe that she is a master of her craft. She is in her teaching career for 37 years now. She is nearly to retire next year. Her name is Mrs. Zenaida Romulo. She is one of the class advisers in fourth year. She teaches Araling Palipunan II for second year and Economics for fourth year students. I also Lovely O. Uy TMA #2-EDUC280
  2. 2. 2heard from her that it is the only subjects she teaches since then. That also gives justice as sheis an expert teacher. A day before my observation, she gave me a copy of her lesson plan to be useduring my observation. She let me read and study it so that I will be not lost during herdiscussion. The lesson is good for two days. I am thankful that she is considerate in giving me acopy of her lesson plan. I observed her class in second year. On the day of my observation, I know there is so much going on the class. Herlesson is about “Ang Mga Rehiyon sa Asya”. The medium of her instruction is Tagalog. First,she greets her class then checks the attendance by calling out of names of the students.Afterwards, she asks the students to get their book and notebook. Then she proceeds to thediscussion and checking of their assignment for the day. After that, she pastes semantic map of Asia on the board. Then she explains thelesson. She gives emphasis on the regions that made up Asia. Then she enumerates thecountries belonged to each region and gives importance to the location of each country. The students actively participate in the discussion. There are students who askquestions and the teacher answers it clearly. She makes a point that the students will perfectlyunderstand her. She is not only giving a chance to those who raise their hand but also to thosewho not participating. She acknowledges all answers and gives compliments to those whoanswer correctly. The students group themselves orderly during their grouping. They showteamwork and all group members are cooperating. During the activity, the teacher did not justseated, instead she go to each group and look at how well each group work. After the activity, the teacher asks to submit their work and they will discuss it thenext day because it is already time. Her class ends with what she wanted to happen that day. I notice that the expert teacher gets along well with the students, gives the lessonaccording to the lesson plan and gives interesting activity that keep the students relativelyengaged.Lovely O. Uy TMA #2-EDUC280
  3. 3. 3 She seems to teach effortless. She is confident in what she speaks. I feel thatshe really knows well what she teaches. I can see it also in the students that they feel the same.I see how she was respected by her students. That time, I asked myself if I will receive respectfrom students the same they respect Mrs. Romulo. I also notice that she checks for understanding of the students. After shediscusses or gives emphasis to a certain point, she asks “Did you get it class?’’ or “Is it clear,class?” or “Anymore questions?” Then after that she will give a short exercise or an activity thatwill measures the students’ learning to the lesson. The teacher also shows good classroom management. She knows what shewants to do and tells what she wants to the students. She also imposes a good discipline withthe students. The students in her class shows cooperation and discipline. For me, the expert teacher I observed is competent and great. B. Novice Teacher The novice teacher I observed is Mr. Anthony Luchavez. He starts teaching lastyear. He handles English class for third and fourth year students. He has a happy dispositionand soft spoken. I observed the novice teacher in his class in fourth year. I think it is morechallenging to teach graduating students. I assumed his being challenged knowing that fourthyear students have more expectations to teachers, more serious with their studies and somealready have attitudes. He greets his students after he enters the room. He did not check the attendanceby calling out names like the expert teacher do instead he just looks around finding who isabsent. His lesson for the day is bout expressing thoughts and ideas with coherence. Hestarts his lesson by writing the word coherence on the board. Then he asks the students toLovely O. Uy TMA #2-EDUC280
  4. 4. 4discuss what they think is the meaning of the word. After that, he guides the students to therealization of ideas should be able to flow smoothly from sentence to sentence. For a cleareridea, he asks the students to read silently the section on a book about coherence. After reading,he asks if the students have questions regarding the lesson. Nobody asks him and then he asksthe students to answer the exercise on the book for evaluation. After a few minutes, he asks hisstudents to exchange heir notebooks for checking. During the discussion, some students are noisy, some are chatting with theirseatmate. The teacher stops them once but after a few minutes, they started to create noiseagain and the teacher ignores them and continues discussing. Sometimes, the teacher speaksin Taglish which I think he should avoid that. Only few students participate in the discussion. I think that students are notinterested with the lesson and the motivation of the teacher is not enough to get the attention ofthe students. My other observation is when the students are working with their exercise; someof them are asking questions to the teacher which is not topic related and they exchangingjokes. The students seem comfortable with the teacher. I found that they have a good rapport. When it comes to his classroom management, he is not strict with the rules. Itseems that it is okay for him if the students are not that behave. But in fairness to him, hisdiscussion of the lesson is clear and he knows what he teaches.III. ANALYSIS A. Expert Teacher The teaching style of the expert teacher is authoritative teaching style. Theauthoritative teacher is one who has an orderly classroom, a strong discipline plan and is caringLovely O. Uy TMA #2-EDUC280
  5. 5. 5and supportive. The expert teacher was respected by her students and the students know thatthey can go to her with problems of any kind. Based on my observation, the teacher is concerned with the correct ways to dothings and providing the students what they need to learn. The teacher imposed a gooddiscipline to her students. She gained respect from them and the students know that they canrely on her. I can also see her as a facilitator style. This teaching style emphasizes student-centered learning and works best for students who are comfortable with independent learning.She gave them a group activity which is necessary for their active learning and student-to-student collaboration. As to teaching principle, she has the cognitive orientation to learning. Herinstruction is well-organized and has a clear structure. As I observed from her discussion, theteacher presents the subject matter giving emphasis the key ideas and she uses the semanticmap which helps the students easy to remember the regions and countries and their location onthe map. I noticed that her approach and style is effective to her students based on theirbehavior during the class. B. Novice Teacher As for the teaching style, the novice teacher has a permissive style. Thepermissive teacher is one who really just wants to be friends with her students. As I observed, Ifound out that the novice teacher does not have a firm discipline plan unlike the expert teacher.Seems that he is okay with the students even they participate or not in the discussion and if theyare not behave accordingly. It is good that he established a good relationship with his students but I can seethat he has difficulty in managing his class which I think is common to beginning teachers. Heshould also think new ideas and strategies that will rouse the interest of his students.Lovely O. Uy TMA #2-EDUC280
  6. 6. 6IV. MY REFLECTION Based on my all observations, I am exposed to the real-life teaching situations whichhelped me a lot to prepare for my practice teaching. I will integrate to my teaching what I havelearned from my observations. There is a lot of difference in the teaching approach and style of the expert and thenovice teachers I had observed. For me, the expert teacher is great. She gained respect fromher students which I wanted to be. I know that it is not easy to achieve but I will do my best tothat style. However, I will also integrate easy and fun learning so that my students will be moreinterested to learn. Teachers should continue to learn new techniques, strategies, ideas and resources andhave time to review their teaching styles for improvement and development of teachingpractices.Lovely O. Uy TMA #2-EDUC280
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