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                          EXPERT AND NOVICE TEACHER OBSERVATION




I.              MY LEARNING INTENT


                   The purpose of this observation is to see an expert teacher and a novice teacher
 in action. By observing both expert and novice teachers, I will know what they can do or cannot
 do.


                   I want to understand how an expert teacher seems effortlessly works. As for the
 novice teacher, I want to now how he/she works as a beginning teacher. I want to know how
 they differ in their approaches to teach. I’d like to see how they speak, move and explain to their
 students. I want to know how they implement their lesson plan, how they manage the classroom
 and how they facilitate student learning. I want to have a comparison between the two on how
 they work.


                   By observing both an expert and a novice teacher, I am expecting that I will learn
 a lot from them. I can examine various aspects of the class such as the teaching and
 management strategies, the use of time, the participation and interest of the students and much
 more.


                   In doing this observation, I will be expose to different approach and style to
 teaching. This will help me to be a netter teacher for my practice teaching.




 II.            MY OBSERVATION


       A. Expert Teacher


                   I decided to observe for an expert teacher is one whom I believe that she is a
 master of her craft. She is in her teaching career for 37 years now. She is nearly to retire next
 year. Her name is Mrs. Zenaida Romulo. She is one of the class advisers in fourth year. She
 teaches Araling Palipunan II for second year and Economics for fourth year students. I also




 Lovely O. Uy                                                                         TMA #2-EDUC280
2


heard from her that it is the only subjects she teaches since then. That also gives justice as she
is an expert teacher.


               A day before my observation, she gave me a copy of her lesson plan to be use
during my observation. She let me read and study it so that I will be not lost during her
discussion. The lesson is good for two days. I am thankful that she is considerate in giving me a
copy of her lesson plan. I observed her class in second year.


               On the day of my observation, I know there is so much going on the class. Her
lesson is about “Ang Mga Rehiyon sa Asya”. The medium of her instruction is Tagalog. First,
she greets her class then checks the attendance by calling out of names of the students.
Afterwards, she asks the students to get their book and notebook. Then she proceeds to the
discussion and checking of their assignment for the day.


               After that, she pastes semantic map of Asia on the board. Then she explains the
lesson. She gives emphasis on the regions that made up Asia. Then she enumerates the
countries belonged to each region and gives importance to the location of each country.


               The students actively participate in the discussion. There are students who ask
questions and the teacher answers it clearly. She makes a point that the students will perfectly
understand her. She is not only giving a chance to those who raise their hand but also to those
who not participating. She acknowledges all answers and gives compliments to those who
answer correctly.


               The students group themselves orderly during their grouping. They show
teamwork and all group members are cooperating. During the activity, the teacher did not just
seated, instead she go to each group and look at how well each group work.


               After the activity, the teacher asks to submit their work and they will discuss it the
next day because it is already time. Her class ends with what she wanted to happen that day.


               I notice that the expert teacher gets along well with the students, gives the lesson
according to the lesson plan and gives interesting activity that keep the students relatively
engaged.


Lovely O. Uy                                                                         TMA #2-EDUC280
3




               She seems to teach effortless. She is confident in what she speaks. I feel that
she really knows well what she teaches. I can see it also in the students that they feel the same.
I see how she was respected by her students. That time, I asked myself if I will receive respect
from students the same they respect Mrs. Romulo.


               I also notice that she checks for understanding of the students. After she
discusses or gives emphasis to a certain point, she asks “Did you get it class?’’ or “Is it clear,
class?” or “Anymore questions?” Then after that she will give a short exercise or an activity that
will measures the students’ learning to the lesson.


               The teacher also shows good classroom management. She knows what she
wants to do and tells what she wants to the students. She also imposes a good discipline with
the students. The students in her class shows cooperation and discipline.


               For me, the expert teacher I observed is competent and great.


    B. Novice Teacher


               The novice teacher I observed is Mr. Anthony Luchavez. He starts teaching last
year. He handles English class for third and fourth year students. He has a happy disposition
and soft spoken.


               I observed the novice teacher in his class in fourth year. I think it is more
challenging to teach graduating students. I assumed his being challenged knowing that fourth
year students have more expectations to teachers, more serious with their studies and some
already have attitudes.


               He greets his students after he enters the room. He did not check the attendance
by calling out names like the expert teacher do instead he just looks around finding who is
absent.


               His lesson for the day is bout expressing thoughts and ideas with coherence. He
starts his lesson by writing the word coherence on the board. Then he asks the students to


Lovely O. Uy                                                                       TMA #2-EDUC280
4


discuss what they think is the meaning of the word. After that, he guides the students to the
realization of ideas should be able to flow smoothly from sentence to sentence. For a clearer
idea, he asks the students to read silently the section on a book about coherence. After reading,
he asks if the students have questions regarding the lesson. Nobody asks him and then he asks
the students to answer the exercise on the book for evaluation. After a few minutes, he asks his
students to exchange heir notebooks for checking.


                  During the discussion, some students are noisy, some are chatting with their
seatmate. The teacher stops them once but after a few minutes, they started to create noise
again and the teacher ignores them and continues discussing. Sometimes, the teacher speaks
in Taglish which I think he should avoid that.


                  Only few students participate in the discussion. I think that students are not
interested with the lesson and the motivation of the teacher is not enough to get the attention of
the students.


                  My other observation is when the students are working with their exercise; some
of them are asking questions to the teacher which is not topic related and they exchanging
jokes. The students seem comfortable with the teacher. I found that they have a good rapport.


                  When it comes to his classroom management, he is not strict with the rules. It
seems that it is okay for him if the students are not that behave. But in fairness to him, his
discussion of the lesson is clear and he knows what he teaches.




III.           ANALYSIS


       A. Expert Teacher


                  The teaching style of the expert teacher is authoritative teaching style. The
authoritative teacher is one who has an orderly classroom, a strong discipline plan and is caring




Lovely O. Uy                                                                      TMA #2-EDUC280
5


and supportive. The expert teacher was respected by her students and the students know that
they can go to her with problems of any kind.


                Based on my observation, the teacher is concerned with the correct ways to do
things and providing the students what they need to learn. The teacher imposed a good
discipline to her students. She gained respect from them and the students know that they can
rely on her.


               I can also see her as a facilitator style. This teaching style emphasizes student-
centered learning and works best for students who are comfortable with independent learning.
She gave them a group activity which is necessary for their active learning and student-to-
student collaboration.


               As to teaching principle, she has the cognitive orientation to learning. Her
instruction is well-organized and has a clear structure. As I observed from her discussion, the
teacher presents the subject matter giving emphasis the key ideas and she uses the semantic
map which helps the students easy to remember the regions and countries and their location on
the map.


               I noticed that her approach and style is effective to her students based on their
behavior during the class.


    B. Novice Teacher


               As for the teaching style, the novice teacher has a permissive style. The
permissive teacher is one who really just wants to be friends with her students. As I observed, I
found out that the novice teacher does not have a firm discipline plan unlike the expert teacher.
Seems that he is okay with the students even they participate or not in the discussion and if they
are not behave accordingly.


               It is good that he established a good relationship with his students but I can see
that he has difficulty in managing his class which I think is common to beginning teachers. He
should also think new ideas and strategies that will rouse the interest of his students.




Lovely O. Uy                                                                        TMA #2-EDUC280
6


IV.            MY REFLECTION


         Based on my all observations, I am exposed to the real-life teaching situations which
helped me a lot to prepare for my practice teaching. I will integrate to my teaching what I have
learned from my observations.


         There is a lot of difference in the teaching approach and style of the expert and the
novice teachers I had observed. For me, the expert teacher is great. She gained respect from
her students which I wanted to be. I know that it is not easy to achieve but I will do my best to
that style. However, I will also integrate easy and fun learning so that my students will be more
interested to learn.


         Teachers should continue to learn new techniques, strategies, ideas and resources and
have time to review their teaching styles for improvement and development of teaching
practices.




Lovely O. Uy                                                                      TMA #2-EDUC280
7




Lovely O. Uy   TMA #2-EDUC280
8




Lovely O. Uy   TMA #2-EDUC280

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Novice and expert teacher

  • 1. 1 EXPERT AND NOVICE TEACHER OBSERVATION I. MY LEARNING INTENT The purpose of this observation is to see an expert teacher and a novice teacher in action. By observing both expert and novice teachers, I will know what they can do or cannot do. I want to understand how an expert teacher seems effortlessly works. As for the novice teacher, I want to now how he/she works as a beginning teacher. I want to know how they differ in their approaches to teach. I’d like to see how they speak, move and explain to their students. I want to know how they implement their lesson plan, how they manage the classroom and how they facilitate student learning. I want to have a comparison between the two on how they work. By observing both an expert and a novice teacher, I am expecting that I will learn a lot from them. I can examine various aspects of the class such as the teaching and management strategies, the use of time, the participation and interest of the students and much more. In doing this observation, I will be expose to different approach and style to teaching. This will help me to be a netter teacher for my practice teaching. II. MY OBSERVATION A. Expert Teacher I decided to observe for an expert teacher is one whom I believe that she is a master of her craft. She is in her teaching career for 37 years now. She is nearly to retire next year. Her name is Mrs. Zenaida Romulo. She is one of the class advisers in fourth year. She teaches Araling Palipunan II for second year and Economics for fourth year students. I also Lovely O. Uy TMA #2-EDUC280
  • 2. 2 heard from her that it is the only subjects she teaches since then. That also gives justice as she is an expert teacher. A day before my observation, she gave me a copy of her lesson plan to be use during my observation. She let me read and study it so that I will be not lost during her discussion. The lesson is good for two days. I am thankful that she is considerate in giving me a copy of her lesson plan. I observed her class in second year. On the day of my observation, I know there is so much going on the class. Her lesson is about “Ang Mga Rehiyon sa Asya”. The medium of her instruction is Tagalog. First, she greets her class then checks the attendance by calling out of names of the students. Afterwards, she asks the students to get their book and notebook. Then she proceeds to the discussion and checking of their assignment for the day. After that, she pastes semantic map of Asia on the board. Then she explains the lesson. She gives emphasis on the regions that made up Asia. Then she enumerates the countries belonged to each region and gives importance to the location of each country. The students actively participate in the discussion. There are students who ask questions and the teacher answers it clearly. She makes a point that the students will perfectly understand her. She is not only giving a chance to those who raise their hand but also to those who not participating. She acknowledges all answers and gives compliments to those who answer correctly. The students group themselves orderly during their grouping. They show teamwork and all group members are cooperating. During the activity, the teacher did not just seated, instead she go to each group and look at how well each group work. After the activity, the teacher asks to submit their work and they will discuss it the next day because it is already time. Her class ends with what she wanted to happen that day. I notice that the expert teacher gets along well with the students, gives the lesson according to the lesson plan and gives interesting activity that keep the students relatively engaged. Lovely O. Uy TMA #2-EDUC280
  • 3. 3 She seems to teach effortless. She is confident in what she speaks. I feel that she really knows well what she teaches. I can see it also in the students that they feel the same. I see how she was respected by her students. That time, I asked myself if I will receive respect from students the same they respect Mrs. Romulo. I also notice that she checks for understanding of the students. After she discusses or gives emphasis to a certain point, she asks “Did you get it class?’’ or “Is it clear, class?” or “Anymore questions?” Then after that she will give a short exercise or an activity that will measures the students’ learning to the lesson. The teacher also shows good classroom management. She knows what she wants to do and tells what she wants to the students. She also imposes a good discipline with the students. The students in her class shows cooperation and discipline. For me, the expert teacher I observed is competent and great. B. Novice Teacher The novice teacher I observed is Mr. Anthony Luchavez. He starts teaching last year. He handles English class for third and fourth year students. He has a happy disposition and soft spoken. I observed the novice teacher in his class in fourth year. I think it is more challenging to teach graduating students. I assumed his being challenged knowing that fourth year students have more expectations to teachers, more serious with their studies and some already have attitudes. He greets his students after he enters the room. He did not check the attendance by calling out names like the expert teacher do instead he just looks around finding who is absent. His lesson for the day is bout expressing thoughts and ideas with coherence. He starts his lesson by writing the word coherence on the board. Then he asks the students to Lovely O. Uy TMA #2-EDUC280
  • 4. 4 discuss what they think is the meaning of the word. After that, he guides the students to the realization of ideas should be able to flow smoothly from sentence to sentence. For a clearer idea, he asks the students to read silently the section on a book about coherence. After reading, he asks if the students have questions regarding the lesson. Nobody asks him and then he asks the students to answer the exercise on the book for evaluation. After a few minutes, he asks his students to exchange heir notebooks for checking. During the discussion, some students are noisy, some are chatting with their seatmate. The teacher stops them once but after a few minutes, they started to create noise again and the teacher ignores them and continues discussing. Sometimes, the teacher speaks in Taglish which I think he should avoid that. Only few students participate in the discussion. I think that students are not interested with the lesson and the motivation of the teacher is not enough to get the attention of the students. My other observation is when the students are working with their exercise; some of them are asking questions to the teacher which is not topic related and they exchanging jokes. The students seem comfortable with the teacher. I found that they have a good rapport. When it comes to his classroom management, he is not strict with the rules. It seems that it is okay for him if the students are not that behave. But in fairness to him, his discussion of the lesson is clear and he knows what he teaches. III. ANALYSIS A. Expert Teacher The teaching style of the expert teacher is authoritative teaching style. The authoritative teacher is one who has an orderly classroom, a strong discipline plan and is caring Lovely O. Uy TMA #2-EDUC280
  • 5. 5 and supportive. The expert teacher was respected by her students and the students know that they can go to her with problems of any kind. Based on my observation, the teacher is concerned with the correct ways to do things and providing the students what they need to learn. The teacher imposed a good discipline to her students. She gained respect from them and the students know that they can rely on her. I can also see her as a facilitator style. This teaching style emphasizes student- centered learning and works best for students who are comfortable with independent learning. She gave them a group activity which is necessary for their active learning and student-to- student collaboration. As to teaching principle, she has the cognitive orientation to learning. Her instruction is well-organized and has a clear structure. As I observed from her discussion, the teacher presents the subject matter giving emphasis the key ideas and she uses the semantic map which helps the students easy to remember the regions and countries and their location on the map. I noticed that her approach and style is effective to her students based on their behavior during the class. B. Novice Teacher As for the teaching style, the novice teacher has a permissive style. The permissive teacher is one who really just wants to be friends with her students. As I observed, I found out that the novice teacher does not have a firm discipline plan unlike the expert teacher. Seems that he is okay with the students even they participate or not in the discussion and if they are not behave accordingly. It is good that he established a good relationship with his students but I can see that he has difficulty in managing his class which I think is common to beginning teachers. He should also think new ideas and strategies that will rouse the interest of his students. Lovely O. Uy TMA #2-EDUC280
  • 6. 6 IV. MY REFLECTION Based on my all observations, I am exposed to the real-life teaching situations which helped me a lot to prepare for my practice teaching. I will integrate to my teaching what I have learned from my observations. There is a lot of difference in the teaching approach and style of the expert and the novice teachers I had observed. For me, the expert teacher is great. She gained respect from her students which I wanted to be. I know that it is not easy to achieve but I will do my best to that style. However, I will also integrate easy and fun learning so that my students will be more interested to learn. Teachers should continue to learn new techniques, strategies, ideas and resources and have time to review their teaching styles for improvement and development of teaching practices. Lovely O. Uy TMA #2-EDUC280
  • 7. 7 Lovely O. Uy TMA #2-EDUC280
  • 8. 8 Lovely O. Uy TMA #2-EDUC280