Should we floss in education


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The opening slide starts with 'I am not anti-Microsoft. Microsoft is anti-me. Slide Share has omitted a section of the slide for some reason.
The presentation discusses the importance of using Open Source Software in education.

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Should we floss in education

  1. 1. <ul><li>I am not </li></ul><ul><li>anti-Microsoft. Microsoft is anti-me </li></ul>
  3. 4. We are open
  4. 5. We are closed
  5. 6. Which soda would you serve your guests?
  6. 7. FLOSS <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul>
  7. 8. Why the name FLOSS? <ul><li>F = free (English) or frei (German) </li></ul><ul><li>L = libre (Spanish or French), livre (Portuguese), or libero (Italian), </li></ul><ul><li>O = Open </li></ul><ul><li>S = Source </li></ul><ul><li>S = Software </li></ul><ul><li>AKA OSS FOSS </li></ul>
  8. 9. Where does FLOSS come from?
  9. 10. Computer Programmer
  10. 11. Source Code
  11. 12. Compiler
  12. 13. Machine Code
  13. 14. Why do they FLOSS?
  14. 15. FLOSS: PAST, PRESENT & FUTURE Atif Hussain
  15. 16. <ul><li>PAST </li></ul>
  16. 17. History of FLOSS – Part 1 <ul><ul><li>1960s to 70s – Software sharing culture in US labs (Stanford, Berkeley, Carnegie Mellon, MIT) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1976 – Bill Gates' “Open Letter to Hobbyists” advocating that software should be paid for, including royalties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Early 80s – LISP programming language was taken by MIT, to the dismay of hackers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>January 1984 – Richard Stallman quit job at MIT. Started to worked on GNU, a set of programming tools. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1986 – Free Software Foundation was born. To promote 'free software' and the GNU project. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1990 – Bringing 'free software' to the corporate world with Cygnus. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. History of FLOSS – Part 2 <ul><ul><li>1991 – Linus Torvalds distributed a Unix-like kernel and encouraged everyone to help improve it. The kernel was later named “Linux” and then integrated with GNU into an operating system called “GNU/Linux”. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1992 – Xfree86 was born, the start of bringing GNU/Linux to the desktop level. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1993 – Debian and Slackware as implementations of GNU/Linux were born. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1994 – Apache, the now popular web server system, was born. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1995 – Red Hat was born. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. History of FLOSS – Part 3 <ul><ul><li>1996 – KDE as desktop environment was born. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1997 – GNU/Linux grabbed the 25% share of the server market and grew at 25% per year. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1997 – GNOME desktop manager was born. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1998 – Netscape released Netscape Navigator code base under open source. This paved the way for development of Mozilla Firefox. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1998 – The term 'open source' was coined. Led to the formation of Open Source Initiative and formulation of open source definition. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1999 – Red Hat was transformed into a corporation. Other corporations were established around “selling” Linux: not charging for the software but for the support services. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. <ul><li>PRESENT </li></ul>
  20. 21. South America <ul><li>In 2005 the Government of Peru voted to adopt open source across all its bodies. In the preamble to the bill, the Peruvian government stressed that the choice was made to ensure that key pillars of democracy were safeguarded: &quot;The basic principles which inspire the Bill are linked to the basic guarantees of a state of law.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>In December 2004, law in Venezuela (Decree 3390) went into effect, mandating a two year transition to open source in all public agencies. As of June 2009 this ambitious transition is still under way. </li></ul><ul><li>In February 2008, the Dominican Republic passed a law to facilitate the migration of all public entities (government, education, etc.) to Software Libre, and to adopt open standards in the public sector. </li></ul>
  21. 22. Europe <ul><li>In Germany's federal state Thuringia the Ministry for culture and education has launched a project called &quot;Linux für Schulen&quot; (Linux for schools) which is intended to further the influences of Open Source software in public education.  </li></ul><ul><li>Munich city civil service in Germany, 2003 started migrating to free software. </li></ul>
  22. 23. Asia <ul><li>The Government of India has set up a resource centre for Free and Open Source Software managed jointly by C-DAC Chennai and Anna University, Chennai. It has one of its node in Mumbai at VJTI College. </li></ul><ul><li>A couple of hundred thousand copies of GNU/Linux have been distributed across India, through local popular computer magazines, at a price of just around $2. That includes both the cost of a slick magazine and CD. This software can, of course, be legally copied across as many computers as needed. </li></ul><ul><li>Pakistan Ministry of Science and Technology advisor Salman Ansari says that some 50,000 low cost computers are to be installed in schools and colleges all over Pakistan. These will be PII computers, each being sourced for less than $100 a piece, he says. </li></ul>
  23. 24. Far East <ul><li>Vietnam - the Ministry of Information and Communications has issued an instruction on using open source software at state agencies. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Malaysian Public Sector Open Source Software Program&quot; launched in 2004 saved millions on proprietary software licences till 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>A recent report at has brought up an interesting fact. The Malaysian government is using 97% open source software. </li></ul>
  24. 25. <ul><li>FUTURE </li></ul>
  25. 26. Sam Ramji,   Senior director of platform technology, Microsoft <ul><li>&quot;We ’ ve made so much progress in terms of opening the channels of dialogue between the OS community, partners, vendors, and customers. Dissonance won ’ t help anyone progress and innovate. One of biggest misconceptions that we continue to battle is that we compete with open source. Microsoft does not compete with open source.&quot; </li></ul>
  26. 27. Dave Rosenberg, CEO, Mulesource <ul><li>&quot;I see the current tech climate as ripe with opportunity for open source. With the murky U.S. economy, companies are much less interested in spending huge amounts of their budgets on up-front license fees to proprietary vendors. IT shops are more interested than ever in controlling their fate -- and controlling their destiny. &quot; </li></ul>
  27. 28. Robert Sutor, Vice president of open source and standards, IBM <ul><li>&quot;The new challenges and pressures will arise because of business issues, and not technology, in my opinion. We have many, many excellent developers in the open source communities. We need to have many, many more excellent 'big picture' leaders emerging from and for those communities.&quot; </li></ul>
  28. 29. Zack Urlocker, Vice president of products, MySQL <ul><li>&quot;Young folks starting their careers in IT are already experts in open source; they've been using it for most of their college life. For managers and older developers, I think these are important skills to have. Just like you couldn't get ahead in the late 1990s without Web development experience, I think we're going to see the same trend around open source. These will be the necessary technical skills for career development.&quot; </li></ul>
  29. 30. Jim Zemlin, Executive Director, Linux Foundation <ul><li>Looking to the end of the 2010's, Zemlin draws on the famous vision of Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates for a computer on every desktop and every home that drove that last revolution. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;My vision,&quot; Zemlin said, &quot;is to have a computer in every gas pump, X-ray system, cell phone, GPS system, set top box, picture frame, car, logistics system, airplane, DVR, server, super computer and desktop all running Linux.&quot; </li></ul>
  30. 31. The Future? <ul><li>The future is Open…RIGHT? </li></ul>
  31. 32. TYPES OF FLOSS Atif Hussain
  32. 33. Microsoft Office ( Propriety)
  33. 34. Open Office ( Free off-line)
  34. 35. Zoho
  35. 36. Adobe Photoshop ( Propriety)
  36. 37. GIMP ( Free off-line)
  37. 38. Picnik ( Free on-line)
  38. 39. Flowol ( Propriety)
  39. 40. Scratch ( Free off-line)
  40. 41. Dropal ( Free on-line)
  41. 42. E-Jay ( Propriety)
  42. 43. Audacity ( Free off-line)
  43. 44. Audio Expert ( Free on-line)
  44. 45. Nova Mind ( Propriety)
  45. 46. Free Mind ( Free off-line)
  46. 47. Bubbl ( Free on-line)
  47. 48. <ul><li>The choice is yours </li></ul>
  48. 49. Did you know? Atif Hussain
  49. 50. Apple <ul><li>The most recent Apple Macintosh OS (Mac OS X) presents the same kind of complications; older versions of Mac OS were wholly proprietary, but Apple’s OS has been redesigned so that it’s now based on a Unix system with substantial contributions from FLOSS programs. Over 200 FLOSS applications have been added to the new Mac OS. </li></ul>
  50. 51. Web Server <ul><li>The most popular web server has always been OSS/FS since such data have been collected. For example, Apache is the current #1 web server.  </li></ul>
  51. 52. PHP <ul><li>PHP is the web’s #1 Server-side Scripting Language.  </li></ul>
  52. 53. OpenSSH <ul><li>OpenSSH is the Internet’s #1 implementation of the SSH security protocol.  </li></ul>
  53. 54. MySQL <ul><li>MySQL’s market share is growing faster than Windows’ </li></ul>
  54. 55. Web Browser <ul><li>Internet Explorer has been losing market share to FLOSS/FS web browsers (such as Mozilla Firefox) since mid-2004, a trend especially obvious in leading indicators such as technology sites, web development sites, and bloggers. </li></ul>
  55. 56. Internet Archive <ul><li>The Internet Archive -- the world’s largest library in terms of the amount of text it retains -- uses an OSS/FS operating system.  </li></ul>
  56. 57. Red Hat <ul><li>Red Hat (a FLOSS vendor) responded more rapidly than Microsoft or Sun. </li></ul>
  57. 58. Security <ul><li>FLOSS suppliers are 60% faster than proprietary suppliers at responding to vulnerability reports.  </li></ul>
  58. 59. Intel <ul><li>Intel ’ s IT Vice President, Doug Busch, reported savings of $200 million by replacing costly Unix servers with cheaper servers running GNU/Linux. </li></ul>
  59. 60. Amazon <ul><li> was able to cut $17 million in technology expenses in a single quarter, largely due to a switch to Linux. Amazon spent $54 million on technology and content expenses in its third quarter (ending Sept. 30), compared with $71 million in the year-ago quarter, and executives expected that technology costs as a portion of net sales would decrease by 20% this year. </li></ul>
  61. 62. FLOSS on Windows & Mac <ul><li>FLOSS counterparts can be installed in place of commercial software and successfully run on the existing commercial operating system, such as Windows or Mac OS. This approach significantly reduces software costs and releases schools from commercial hostage taking. </li></ul>
  62. 63. Dual Boot FLOSS <ul><li>The Linux operating system can be installed on a school's computers alongside Windows (or the Mac OS). The hard drive of the computer is divided, allowing space for both operating systems and their applications. When a user boots the computer, she or he may choose the FLOSS or commercial operating system to use. This approach saves little or no money since it still retains the existing commercial software. </li></ul>
  63. 64. Go all out FLOSS <ul><li>The most technically straightforward way to introduce FLOSS is to replace all commercial operating systems and software with Linux and open source applications. In this rapid conversion to FLOSS, the cost savings are dramatic. Selecting an approach to implement FLOSS, schools must consider the impact of the approach on the school's computer users as well as on the technical and training staff. </li></ul><ul><li>NOTE: Despite the financial and ethical reasons for immediately implementing an all open source computing environment, this approach requires dramatic change in user habits and support requirements. </li></ul>
  64. 65. What Is Stopping Us? <ul><li>Awareness of FLOSS </li></ul><ul><li>The Politics of Payment </li></ul><ul><li>The Dynamics of Change in Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding Software Choice as an Ethical Consideration </li></ul><ul><li>Technical Personnel </li></ul>
  65. 66. CONCLUSION Atif Hussain
  66. 67. So why FLOSS? <ul><li>Choice – By its very nature it is available for all </li></ul><ul><li>Reliability – Internet is maintained by FLOSS apps </li></ul><ul><li>Security – Allows anyone to check for flaws </li></ul><ul><li>Fast Deployment – 1000s of volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>Cost Effective – Free is a hard price to beat </li></ul><ul><li>Ethical – It is open after all. </li></ul>
  67. 68. Finally <ul><li>Although we are often unaware of our indebtedness to this other civilization, its gifts are very much a part of our heritage. The technology industry would not exist without the contributions of Arab mathematicians. Sufi poet-philosophers like Rumi challenged our notions of self and truth. Leaders like Suleiman contributed to our notions of tolerance and civic leadership. (Carly Fiorina, Ex-CEO HP) </li></ul>
  68. 69. Thank you <ul><li>Twitter : @icttoolbox </li></ul><ul><li>Web : </li></ul><ul><li>Email : [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Atif Hussain </li></ul><ul><li>ICT & Curriculum Specialist </li></ul>