Switching Asheville City School Buses from Diesel to Biodiesel
Fueling our buses for the Environment
Current Situation• 25 million students transported by school buses every school day in the US• Asheville City school buses travel 1,570 miles per day.
Environmental/Health Issues withDiesel• Diesel fumes emit harmful pollutants into the air.• Particulate matter found in diesel fumes has direct links to forms of cancer and asthma
Fuel Security Issues• Tropical Storm Frances (2004 Floods)• Diesel availability can be directly impacted by local and national natural disasters• Weak fuel independence
Possible Solutions• Natural Gas• Ethanol (Blends)• Hydrogen• Biodiesel
Biodiesel• Produced from renewable resources• Different blends of biodiesel• Biodiesel is made by combining alcohol with recycled cooking oil in a chemical reaction• Nontoxic and biodegradable, about as potent as table salt.
Other School Systems• 2010 Initiative• 16 NC Counties
Benefits of Biodiesel•• Creates local jobs• Keeps money in the local economy• Promotes local restaurants• Reduces carbon emissions• Increases fuel security
• Local •Recycled • Oil from 500 restaurants • Reduced Cost• Willing to work with Asheville City Schools
What would fuel our buses?• Our buses would run on B20 biodiesel.• B20 biodiesel is a mixture of 20% biodiesel and 80% diesel.• B20 is the closest in price to the diesel we are currently using.• It is the most common type of biodiesel used.
MaintenanceProc , K., Barnitt, R., Hayes, R. R., Ratcliff, M., McCormick, R., Ha, L., & Fang, H. L. (2006, October). 100,000-mile evaluation of transit buses operated on biodiesel blends (b20) . Retrieved from http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy07osti/40128.pdf
Benefits of Biodieselo Cleaner, healthier airo Reduces carbon emissionso Cost effectiveo Made from renewable materialso Local suppliero Biodegradable
Government SupportsBiodiesel• Federal Biodiesel Tax Credit• EPAs Renewable Fuel Standard Program
Next Steps• Asheville City Schools Greenteam• Asheville City and Buncombe County Board of Education• AIR Support• Petition• Raising public awareness through a website. Visit our website for more information.
Sources• Biodiesel. (2013, January 03). Retrieved from http://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/biodiesel.shtml• Gas price watch. (2013`, January 03). Retrieved from http://www.gaspricewatch.com/NC- north-carolina/Asheville/diesel-gas-prices/page-1/2.htm• Blue ridge biofuels. (2007). Retrieved from http://www.blueridgebiofuels.com/• Biodiesel basics . (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.biodiesel.org/what-is-biodiesel/biodiesel- basics• CSIRO Australia (2007, November 30). Biodiesel Could Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions. ScienceDaily. Retrieved January 4, 2013, from http://www.sciencedaily.com-/releases/2007/11/071127101930.html• Proc , K., Barnitt, R., Hayes, R. R., Ratcliff, M., McCormick, R., Ha, L., & Fang, H. L. (2006, October). 100,000-mile evaluation of transit buses operated on biodiesel blends (b20) . Retrieved from http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy07osti/40128.pdf• Neal, D. (2012, June 28). Asheville goes greener with natural gas vehicles. Retrieved from http://ncsc.ncsu.edu/index.php/2012/06/28/asheville-goes-greener-with-natural-gas-vehicles/• Kanellos, M. (2008, January 31). California to experiment with hydrogen buses. Retrieved from http://news.cnet.com/8301-11128_3-9862052-54.html