PRESENT &                                                                                                      Nuclear Pro...
CNEA                      NASA
                           Nuclear                                                    PRESI...
RP0 - Critical Assembly
                                                                             Exported
            ...
CAREM Reactor
                                                                                                   CAREM Rea...
CAREM Reactor
     CAREM Reactor                    Plant Lay-out                           CAREM Reactor Fuel
           ...
Uranium Production                                          Nuclear Fuel
                                                 ...
Slightly Enriched Uranium Fuel
         Slightly Enriched Uranium Fuel                                               New f...
Services for NPP’s
     Services for NPP’s
                                                               Products
       ...
Cobalt 60 Production
              Cobalt 60 Production                                  Mo-99 production
                ...
Cobalt therapy                             Irradiation Facilities
                                                        ...
Human Resources
         Human Resources                           Argentine Nuclear
                                     ...
HIGHLIGHTS                                      HIGHLIGHTS (cont)
•CONTRACT signed 1980 with SIEMENS-KWU.
                ...
ESTADO ACTUAL
       DEL PROYECTO



              Edificio de            Edificio de pileta de
              la turbina  ...
INVERSION FALTANTE Y
   FINANCIAMIENTO

                      COSTO DE TERMINACIÓN: 479

     Millones                    ...
Thank you
     Thank you
      very much
      very much                                                                  ...
Argentina Nuclear Jinchuk2005
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Argentina Nuclear Jinchuk2005

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Argentina Nuclear Jinchuk2005

  1. 1. PRESENT & Nuclear Program Nuclear Program PRESENT & in Argentina in Argentina FUTURE OF FUTURE OF NUCLEAR NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY TECHNOLOGY Nuclear Power & IN ARGENTINA INARGENTINA Related Supplies Dario Jinchuk National Atomic Energy Commission Medical & Industrial Applications LAS/ANS 2005 Waste Management Design: Lic. Stella Spurio June 13-15 Rio - Brazil Research & Development Human Resources Training 1 2 2 Country distribution Country distribution NUCLEAR NUCLEAR ACTIVITIES ACTIVITIES 2 NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS IN OPERATION (Excluding (Excluding 1 NPP UNDER CONSTRUCTION ARGENTINE REPUBLIC Medicine) Medicine) 6 RESEARCH REACTORS 4 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS 3 ATOMIC CENTERS 1 TECHNOLOGY CENTER 4.500 Employees 1 HEAVY WATER PLANT u$s 400 millions/year NUCLEAR NUCLEAR 2 IRRADIATION FACILITIES MEDICINE MEDICINE 2 URANIUM MINING (Diagnostics & (Diagnostics & 1 URANIUM PURIFICATION PLANT treatments) treatments) 376 INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS NUCLEAR MEDICINE 1.500.000 Treatments/year 3 NUCLEAR MEDICINE SCHOOLS 1.300 Facilities 68 TELETHERAPY CENTERS 3.000 Employees 57 BRACHYTHERAPY CENTERS u$s 200 millions 309 NUCLEAR MEDICAL CENTERS 45 LINEAR ACCELERATORS 3 4 408 RADIOIMMUNOASSAY LABORATORIES 4 3
  2. 2. CNEA NASA Nuclear PRESIDENT of Research & Power Generation Federal Government Development CONUAR FAESA MINISTRY OF 55% PLANNING, INVESTMENT 33% Special & SERVICES Fuel elements Nuclear alloys & Zry tubes SECRETARY SECRETARY Companies of ENERGY GENERAL ENSI FUESMEN 49% 33% Heavy Water Nuclear CNEA NA-SA ARN Medicine Center National Atomic National Energy Nucleoeléctrica Regulatory Commission Argentina Authority INVAP DIOXITEK High Tech 99% Customer Uranium Oriented Cobalt-60 5 6 6 5 12 Research Reactors 4 NPP CA- CNA1 IN ARGENTINA REM NPP CNE RA3 NPP RA0 RA4 CNA2 NPP Nuclear RA1 RA2 RA6 RA8 Reactors 1957 1966 1972 1978 1984 1989 1998 2009 1965 1968 1974 1982 1988 1997 2005 2010 EXPORTS AUSTRALIA 8 7 7 PERU EGYPT 8 PERU ALGERIA
  3. 3. RP0 - Critical Assembly Exported Exported Research Reactors Research Reactors Research Reactors in Argentina RA0 Research Reactors in Argentina (Córdoba) PERU RA1 NUR – 1 MW (Buenos Aires) RP10 - 10 MW RA3 (Ezeiza) 10 Mw ALGERIA RA 6 (Bariloche) ETRR-II 22 MW 0,5 Mw OPAL - 20 MW AUSTRALIA RA8 RA4 (Pilcaniyeu) EGYPT (Rosario) 10 9 10 9 ATUCHA 2 2008 ATUCHA 1 1974 Power Generation Power Generation Nuclear Power Nuclear Power 750 MWe 350 MWe in Argentina in Argentina Advance: 80% Plants Plants inArgentina in Argentina 8% Nuclear 1% 35% Import Hydraulic 56% Fossil EMBALSE Cammesa / 2004 1984 600 MWe 12 11 12 11
  4. 4. CAREM Reactor CAREM Reactor Integrated PWR reactor The CAREM Integrated Primary System concept has technical as well as financial advantages compared CAREM to traditional designs. The USA/DOE Program "Generation IV" selected the Reactor CAREM Reactor qualifying it as a "mature design ready to be deployed in the near future". PROJECT STATUS Engineering finished Systems tested Prototipe ready to be built 13 14 13 14 Safety Systems CAREM CAREM Reactor CAREM Reactor CAREM Reactor Reactor Low Power NPP with a new generation, inherently safety, Passive safety innovative design systems The simple design of POWER: 25 up to 300 MWe the CAREM Reactor contributes to its COOLING: LW natural convection high safety level FUEL: Enriched U 3,4 % 1 Control drive 6 SG steam Outlet 2 Control drive 7 Absorbing element rod structure 8 Fuel element 3 Water level 9 Core 4 Steam generator 10 Core support 5 SG water inlet structure CAREM 15 16 15 16
  5. 5. CAREM Reactor CAREM Reactor Plant Lay-out CAREM Reactor Fuel CAREM Reactor Fuel Core: 61 hexagonal fuel elements Fuel element: 108 rods Total length: 1,9 m Pellet diameter: 7.6 mm Pellet length: 8 mm Fuel density: 93-95 % TD Scheme of CAREM core RPV height 11 m RPV internal diam 3 m 17 18 17 CAREM Reactor CAREM Reactor For water desalinization WATER DESALINIZATION needs a considerable amount of electricity Regular Nuclear Power Plants ranging from 1,000 to 1,400 MWe are larger than needed The Low Power Carem Reactor (25 to 300 MWe) is the ideal system to deliver the electricity needed in Nuclear Fuel Cycle a water desalinization plant & Supplies “Several North African and Middle East countries, with growing needs of fresh water, are considering building reverse osmosis desalinization facilities powered by small nuclear plants.” (Source: IAEA) 19 20 19 20
  6. 6. Uranium Production Nuclear Fuel Nuclear Fuel Uranium Production Fuels for NPP Fuels for Research Reactors Special alloys & Zry tubes UO2 Yellow Cake Sierra Pintada Ore 21 22 21 22 Uranium Enrichment Facility Sigma Advanced Uranium Sigma Advanced Uranium Uranium Enrichment Facility Enrichment Diffusion Technology Enrichment Diffusion Technology Total Cost: 50-70 U$/SWU Capital Investment: Up to 25 U$/SWU Pilcaniyeu Project Energy Consumption: Up to 25 U$/SWU Technological Center targets O&M : Up to 5 U$/SWU Availability Factor: > 95 % year Cascade Economy Size: 500.000 SWU Interconection Capability in Parallel 23 24 24 23
  7. 7. Slightly Enriched Uranium Fuel Slightly Enriched Uranium Fuel New fuels for MTR reactors: New fuels for MTR reactors: SILICIDE --UMo SILICIDE UMo Argentine NPPs were designed to run on Natural Uranium and Heavy Water New Uranium Silicide fuel elements for MTR reactors were developed at CNEA moderation In order to increase burn-up and Prototypes were fuel economy a new fuel element successfully irradiated was developed for Atucha 1 NPP and tested in hot cells. employing 0.85 % enriched Uranium. 64 Fuel Elements are being produced for the From 1999 to 2002 the entire core was replaced. Australian Replacement Research Reactor. Burn-up: increased from 5,900 to 11,000 Mwd/tU. U3-Si2 For CANDU type Uranium-Molybdenum Fuel costs: 35% lower. reactors Density: 4,8 gr U/cm3 fuels (U-Mo) feasibility studies Burn-up: 55% are under development are underway. 25 26 25 26 Heavy Water Production Heavy Water Production Production capacity: 200 Ton/year Purity: 99.92 % Products & Arroyito - NEUQUÉN Services EXPORTS S. Korea Germany Canada Norway USA Australia 27 28 27 28
  8. 8. Services for NPP’s Services for NPP’s Products Products Radioisotopes production plants Hot cells Non destructive testing Special Devices Repairs in highly radioactive environments Facilities & equipments for Nuclear Fuel production Design and construction of robots and telemanipulators Shielded Casks for radioctive Materials and Fuel testing in Hot Cells material transport “Tailor Made” equipment & components Silos for Spent Nuclear Fuel dry storage 29 29 30 Radioisotopes Production Radioisotopes Production MTR Reactor Health Moly, Iodine, Phosphorous, CANDU Reactor & Samarium, Iridium, Environment Chromium. Cobalt-60 CICLOTRON Thallium, Fluorine 31 32 31 32
  9. 9. Cobalt 60 Production Cobalt 60 Production Mo-99 production Mo-99 production CNEA manufactures Co60 Industrial and Argentina was the first Medical Sealed Sources country producing Mo99 by fission employing 60 MCi produced at Embalse NPP since 20% U235 enriched targets, instead of the usual 90% 1985. Third worldwide producer In our country, 70% of 90% of production nuclear medical diagnostics exported through a employ Mo99 -> Tc99 joint venture with radioisotopes REVISS(UK) and Development was successfully completed. BELFINVEST Nowadays we are in the serial production (Belgium) phase and negotiating the export of targets and technology 33 34 33 34 Nuclear Medicine Centres Nuclear Medicine Centres BNCT BNCT BoronNeutron Capture Therapy Boron Neutron Capture Therapy The therapy is mainly employed for malignant brain Equipments tumors such as glioblastoma multiform (GBM) and melanomas of different localizations. Facilities Software In 2003, after a decade of R&D Training in Argentina, first patients in Latin America were irradiated at the RA-6 reactor (Bariloche Atomic Center). 35 36 35 36
  10. 10. Cobalt therapy Irradiation Facilities Irradiation Facilities Cobalt therapy Equipment & Simulators Equipment& Simulators Food preservation Sterilization (tissue, implants, surgical instruments) Pest control EXPORTS Bolivia, Colombia Venezuela, Syria, Egypt India, Brazil 37 38 37 38 Environment Environment Radioactive Waste Management Spent Fuel Human Management Resources Training Environmental Remediation 39 40 39 40
  11. 11. Human Resources Human Resources Argentine Nuclear Argentine Nuclear Training Training exports to: to: exports to: Canada USA Canada Colombia DEGREES 3 Institutes A RIC PhD & MSc in: E Physics OP AME Nuclear Engineering EUR Materials Science Atomic Centers Nuclear Reactors Belgium Germany Brazil Uruguay u$s Laboratories Chile Cuba Radiochemistry + Mechanical Engineering Nuclear Medicine 700 M CA Agreements with RI National Short Courses in: AF Universities UK Romania Venezuela Bolivia Peru Egypt Nuclear Medicine for academic Radiodosimetry degrees & Radiotherapy IA IA Radiopharmaceuticals ASEAN OC 41 42 41 China Australia S. Korea India Turkey Algeria LOCATION: Lima (100 km from Buenos Aires City) OWNER: NA-SA TYPE: PHWR Natural Uranium POWER: 750 M We (Gross) DESIGN: Siemens ARGENTINA CONST. START: 1981 CONST. STOP: 1994 ADVANCE: 80% ARGENTINE SUPPLIES: 50% 43 44 Atucha 2 NPP - Argentina
  12. 12. HIGHLIGHTS HIGHLIGHTS (cont) •CONTRACT signed 1980 with SIEMENS-KWU. •CONSTR. Engineer : ENACE (75% CNEA - •TYPE: non turnkey project for the provision of 25% Siemens - KWU components, engineering and Tech. Transfer. •FINANCING: Imported: German Bank loans, •ORIGINAL BUDGET: 1881 Mu$s Local: Public funds. •SUPPLIES: 50% Local, 50 % imported •SCHEDULED CONECTION: July 1987 45 46 ESTADO ACTUAL DEL PROYECTO HIGHLIGHTS (cont) REALIZADO 81% FALTANTE 19% • FIRST POURING: 1981 INICIO DE Montaje de • PARTIAL DELAYS DUE TO FINANCIAL CONSTRUCCION: equipos, 1981 pruebas y PROBLEMS WITH LOCAL FUNDS: 1983/5- puesta en INGENIERIA: 99% 81% 19 % marcha 1987/90. OBRA CIVIL: 95% INVERSION: • TOTAL STOP: 1994 u$s 479 • REINITIATION: 2005? COMPONENTES millones Y EQUIPAMIENTO: adquiridos y PLAZO DE almacenados en EJECUCION: obrador 52 meses 47 48 48
  13. 13. ESTADO ACTUAL DEL PROYECTO Edificio de Edificio de pileta de la turbina combustibles gastados TODOS LOS SUMINISTROS ESTAN CATALOGADOS E INVENTARIADOS Y SOMETIDOS A CONTINUO CONTROL. Edificio del reactor 49 50 49 50 NASA-CNEA CONUAR ENSI-PIAP INVERSION FALTANTE Y CRONOGRAMA DEL PROYECTO FINANCIAMIENTO NASA - CNEA CONUAR ENSI Millones de u$s Habilitación 3.243 Costo total 1º AÑO de equipos 479 (12 meses) 2.764 Inversión hasta Fabricación de la primera la fecha 2º AÑO carga de Producción Construcción de agua y montaje combustibles 1.881 Presupuesto nucleares pesada inicial (26 meses) INVERSION FALTANTE 3º AÑO Suministros y servicios Puesta en 479 305 NACIONALES 4º AÑO marcha 174 Suministros (14 meses) y servicios 5º AÑO TOTAL: 52 meses importados 51 52 52 51
  14. 14. INVERSION FALTANTE Y FINANCIAMIENTO COSTO DE TERMINACIÓN: 479 Millones Nacionales: de u$s Importados: 305 174 AÑO INVERSION ANUAL PARA CONSERVAR Y 2005 57% 24 MANTENER 40.000 t DE moneda local (305) SUMINISTROS SE 2006 59% 120 ESTAN UTILIZANDO: 95 Depósitos 2007 61% 114 2 Carpas inflables 2008 70% 34 173 Contenedores 2009 TOTAL 25.000 m2 cubiertos 60% 13 53 54 53 54 SECRETARIO DE ENERGIA D. CAMERON 31-05-05 “Por directivas del presidente de la Nación comenzamos a profundizar los análisis sobre la situación y a tomar definiciones concretas sobre el sector nuclear”. “Esperamos, con la culminación de Atucha II, la puesta en funcionamiento de la planta de agua pesada y la vuelta del sector a la actividad minera, recrear los incentivos para que el sector desarrolle en plenitud una nueva oportunidad”. NUESTRO DESAFIO INMEDIATO ES TRABAJAR PARA “Atucha II está actuando como un calibre “pasa no QUE LA AGENDA POLITICA COMIENCE A pasa”; sólo si somos capaces de terminarla, aun CONSIDERAR LA OPCION NUCLEAR EN LA REGION solos, el sector nuclear en la Argentina tendrá destino”. 55 56
  15. 15. Thank you Thank you very much very much Central Nuclear Atucha II foryour attention !! for your attention !! Objeto: negociaciones con plazo no mayor de 6 meses para garantizar continuidad y finalización de la obra Cronograma de Inversiones (M u $s) Suministros 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Total y Servicios Importados 18 60 55 28 13 169 Nacionales 50 107 101 34 13 305 National Atomic Total 68 167 156 62 26 479 Energy Commission www. cnea.gov.ar 57 58 57 Ministerio de Planificación Federal, Inversión Pública y Servicios - Secretaría de Energía 8m 6m 5m Atucha 2 NPP PHWR 14 m PHWR 970 t 12 m 470 t 750 Mwe 8m 230 t MZFR ATUCHA 1 ATUCHA 2 50 MW 345 MW 750 MW 6m 4m 4m 5m Atucha 1 NPP PHWR PWR 13 m 10 m 10 m 10 m 345 Mwe 280 t 490 t 159 t 210 t KWO KCB KKS KWB 300 MW 450 MW 600 MW 1200 MW 59 60 Atucha 2 NPP - Argentina Atucha 2 NPP - Argentina

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