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Effective implementation of a class blog      in the traditional classroom setting:         Toward more learner-centered E...
BACKGROUND & GOALS     Japanese university students learning EFL (esp. non English     majors) need more opportunities to ...
Classroom with limited access to ICT                   → Limited hands-on activities11年10月30日日曜日
PLATFORMS CONSIDERED*               Teacher’s Cellphone                        Organized Customi-   Closed    Open        ...
USING MOODLE - 2010 FALL11年10月30日日曜日
USING MOODLE, 2010 FALL  • Using  forums for homework writing assignments (to build a     learner corpus) ← English 1D (Ye...
FINDINGS (2010)     1. For some, using Moodle outside of class was difficult, or     too much of a hassle.                 ...
FINDINGS (2010)     2. Students enjoy communicating in English online (once they     get used to it).     3. Topics that i...
USING A CLASS BLOG                  - 2011 SPRING11年10月30日日曜日
USING A CLASS BLOG    •A    class blog was used as the platform, which allowed the       students to post by email.    • T...
BLOG ALLOWED STUDENTS TO POST BY EMAIL                       Posting by email → Hands on                      available in...
POSTING USING EMAIL (BLOGGER)11年10月30日日曜日
USING A CLASS BLOG    •A    class blog was used as the platform, which allowed the       students to post by email.    • T...
TOPICS & LANGUAGE OBJECTIVES ← CEFR, SURVEY, POSTS          A1              A2                           B1   • familiar  ...
TOPICS & LANGUAGE OBJECTIVES:CEFR, SURVEY, POSTS      • Daily life: School, Part-time job,      “These are the topics     ...
TOPICS & LANGUAGE OBJECTIVES ← SURVEY, CEFR, POSTS                                                              Blog post ...
USING A CLASS BLOG (2011 SPRING)    •A    class blog was used as the platform, which allowed the       students to post by...
Grammar &                                             Conversation               Posting                                  ...
RESULTS - 2011 SPRING11年10月30日日曜日
ACCESSIBILITY INCREASED   2011 Spring    Was it easy                                                                      ...
PARTICIPATION INCREASED       400                                      2010 Fall (2B, N=24)                               ...
Page views: April - July, 2011     4,000                                              3332                        2846    ...
USING ENGLISH - BENEFICIAL; CHALLENGING & FUN        10%               Do you think blogging in English will help you     ...
STUDENTS WANT LANGUAGE HELP/FOCUS ON FORM  How did you like the way your posts were used in class?               Good to l...
SOME OF THE STUDENTS’ FEEDBACK                       (FREE DESCRIPTION)  •   I feel I understand what it’s like to use Eng...
WRAP UP11年10月30日日曜日
EFFECTIVE IMPLEMENTATION OF A CLASS BLOG  • Using   posting by email helps get students started easily in     a classroom ...
NEXT STEP: INTER-SCHOOL / INTERNATIONAL BLOGGING               2011 Spring        2011 Fall11年10月30日日曜日
NEXT STEP: IPADS WILL HELP?11年10月30日日曜日
Thank you!11年10月30日日曜日
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Effective implementation of a class blog in the traditional classroom setting

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Presented at GloCALL 2011, Manila
Yamauchi

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Effective implementation of a class blog in the traditional classroom setting

  1. 1. Effective implementation of a class blog in the traditional classroom setting: Toward more learner-centered EFL instruction Mari Yamauchi Chiba University of Commerce GloCALL 2011, October 28-29, 2011 Manila, Philippines11年10月30日日曜日
  2. 2. BACKGROUND & GOALS Japanese university students learning EFL (esp. non English majors) need more opportunities to use English Outside of the classroom For communicative purposes Goals of this 3-year research* To build an online learning environment where students can use English for communicative purposes To propose practicable ways to integrate out-of-class activities with in-class activities, esp. where there is limited access to ICT in the classroom *Supported by Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (2011-2013)11年10月30日日曜日
  3. 3. Classroom with limited access to ICT → Limited hands-on activities11年10月30日日曜日
  4. 4. PLATFORMS CONSIDERED* Teacher’s Cellphone Organized Customi- Closed Open Grading Multimedia readiness compatibility activities zation community community Moodle ★★★ ★ ★★★ ★ ★★★ ★★ ★★★ ★ Blogger ★★★ ★★ ★ ★★ ★★ ★★★ ★ ★★★ Posterous ★★ ★★ ★ ★★★ ★★ ★★★ ★★ ★★★ Twitter ★★ ★★★ ★ ★★ ★ ★ ★ ★★★ Facebook ★ ★★ ★ ★★ ★? ★? ★★ ★★★ Tumblr ★ ★★ ★ ★★? ★? ★? ★★? ★★★ Mixi ★ ★★★ ★ ★? ★? ★? ★★★? ★? *As of September, 201011年10月30日日曜日
  5. 5. USING MOODLE - 2010 FALL11年10月30日日曜日
  6. 6. USING MOODLE, 2010 FALL • Using forums for homework writing assignments (to build a learner corpus) ← English 1D (Year 1, N=33) • Using Moodle Network to set up intercollegiate discussion forums (= “Moodle Project” ) ← English 2B (Year 2, N=25) • Usingforums for warm-up and follow-up activities ← English 2B, English 1D Uhida &Yamauchi (2011), Yamauchi (2011), Yamauchi & Uchida (2011) , Harashima, Kanda, Sato &Yamauchi (2011)11年10月30日日曜日
  7. 7. FINDINGS (2010) 1. For some, using Moodle outside of class was difficult, or too much of a hassle. Very#easy#to#use# Easy#to#use# Was it easy Not#sure# to use A#li;le#diffiult#to#use# Moodle? Very#difficult#to#use# (2B, N = 24) 0%# 10%# 20%# 30%# 40%# 50%# 60%# 70%# 80%# 90%# 100%# 16" 14" Which would you 12" 10" like to use for 8" online discussion? 6" 4" (2B, N = 24) 2" 0" Mixi" Twi-er" Email" Blog" Facebook" Moodle"Dont"know"11年10月30日日曜日
  8. 8. FINDINGS (2010) 2. Students enjoy communicating in English online (once they get used to it). 3. Topics that interest them will motivate them to write in English (if they feel they can). 18" 16" Very good idea 14" 12" 4% 10" Good idea 8" Don’t know 83% 6" 13% 4" 2" 0" Topics"Im" Feedback" Interac<on" Scores" Rankings" interested" from"the" with"other" What do you think of sharing in" teacher" students" information or opinions in English What do you think would motivate you to join? online? (2B, N=24) (2B, N = 24)11年10月30日日曜日
  9. 9. USING A CLASS BLOG - 2011 SPRING11年10月30日日曜日
  10. 10. USING A CLASS BLOG •A class blog was used as the platform, which allowed the students to post by email. • Topics and target language objectives were selected from the initial class survey, a Can-Do list adapted from CEFR, and students’ posts. • Student blogging was explicitly integrated with class work, with a lot of pair work/group work • Focus-on-form instruction was given before and after posting on a particular topic.11年10月30日日曜日
  11. 11. BLOG ALLOWED STUDENTS TO POST BY EMAIL Posting by email → Hands on available in a regular classroom11年10月30日日曜日
  12. 12. POSTING USING EMAIL (BLOGGER)11年10月30日日曜日
  13. 13. USING A CLASS BLOG •A class blog was used as the platform, which allowed the students to post by email. • Topics and target language objectives were selected with reference to the initial class survey, CEFR descriptors, and students’ posts. • Student blogging was explicitly integrated with class work, with a lot of pair work/group work • Focus-on-form instruction was given before and after posting on a particular topic.11年10月30日日曜日
  14. 14. TOPICS & LANGUAGE OBJECTIVES ← CEFR, SURVEY, POSTS A1 A2 B1 • familiar • frequently used • familiar matters everyday expressions regularly encountered phrases • very basic personal & in work, school, leisure • very basic family information, • situations likely to arise phrases shopping, local while traveling • needs of a geography • simple connected text concrete • simple/direct on topics familiar or of type exchange of personal interest • questions information on familiar/routine • experiences, events, about matters dreams, hopes, personal ambitions, reasons, details • his/her background, explanations for immediate opinions, plans environment/need11年10月30日日曜日
  15. 15. TOPICS & LANGUAGE OBJECTIVES:CEFR, SURVEY, POSTS • Daily life: School, Part-time job, “These are the topics Club, Friends, Family, Shopping, the students last year Eating, Pastimes, Hobbies said they would like to • Events: Travel, Parties, Festivals, cover in class. What Concerts, Vacation; Memories, topics would you like to Plans  talk about in English?” • Reviews: Books, Comics, Movies, Dramas, Songs, Music • News: Environment, Technology, Society, Health, Science, Politics, Entertainment11年10月30日日曜日
  16. 16. TOPICS & LANGUAGE OBJECTIVES ← SURVEY, CEFR, POSTS Blog post A: What were you doing at 7 PM yesterday? Grammar Exercise B: I (am, was) eating dinner. (WS) A: What (do, did) you eat? B: I (have, had) pizza and fried noodle.11年10月30日日曜日
  17. 17. USING A CLASS BLOG (2011 SPRING) •A class blog was used as the platform, which allowed the students to post by email. • Topics and target language objectives were selected from the initial class survey, a Can-Do list adapted from CEFR, and students’ posts. • Student blogging was explicitly integrated with class work, with a lot of pair work/group work • Focus-on-form instruction was given before and after posting on a particular topic.11年10月30日日曜日
  18. 18. Grammar & Conversation Posting Reading & Interview/ Survey In-class activity Focus on form11年10月30日日曜日
  19. 19. RESULTS - 2011 SPRING11年10月30日日曜日
  20. 20. ACCESSIBILITY INCREASED 2011 Spring Was it easy Very#easy# to post by Easy# email? A#li7le#difficult#/#a#bit#of#hassle# Very#difficult#/#a#big#hassle# (2B, N = 27) 0%# 10%# 20%# 30%# 40%# 50%# 60%# 70%# 80%# 90%# 100%# 2010 Fall Very#easy#to#use# Was it easy Easy#to#use# Not#sure# to use A#li;le#diffiult#to#use# Moodle? Very#difficult#to#use# (2B, N = 24) 0%# 10%# 20%# 30%# 40%# 50%# 60%# 70%# 80%# 90%# 100%#11年10月30日日曜日
  21. 21. PARTICIPATION INCREASED 400 2010 Fall (2B, N=24) 2011 Spring (2B, N=27) 300 40 200 30 20 100 10 0 0 Posts Assignements Posts/Contributer Posts/Topic11年10月30日日曜日
  22. 22. Page views: April - July, 2011 4,000 3332 2846 2944 3,000 2286 2,000 1,000 729 58 0 2011.3 2011.4 2011.5 2011.6 2011.7 2011.811年10月30日日曜日
  23. 23. USING ENGLISH - BENEFICIAL; CHALLENGING & FUN 10% Do you think blogging in English will help you 7% improve your English? (2B, N=27) Yes No Don’t know 83% I enjoyed reading others’ posts I enjoyed writing my opinions/ideas in English I found myself using English more often It was difficult to write in English It was difficult to read in English Im now feeling more comfortable using English 0 18 35 53 70 (%) What do you think of blogging in English? (2B, N=27)11年10月30日日曜日
  24. 24. STUDENTS WANT LANGUAGE HELP/FOCUS ON FORM How did you like the way your posts were used in class? Good to learn how to say something I wanted to say Easier to write something related to what was covered in class Happy to have my posts used in class Don’t want my posts used in class 0 18 35 53 70 (%) Suggestions for better blogging activities? Mistakes to be corrected Posts to be editable More comments from teacher Interactions to be increased 0 10 20 30 40 (%)11年10月30日日曜日
  25. 25. SOME OF THE STUDENTS’ FEEDBACK (FREE DESCRIPTION) • I feel I understand what it’s like to use English in everyday life. • It’d be great if we post whenever we like, in addition to assigned tasks. • My writing skills improved through blogging during this semester. • I’ve improved my English through blogging so I want to do more next semester. • Blogging in English was challenging but fun. • I felt uncomfortable blogging first but I enjoyed it later on as I got used to it. • I was happy that communication with my classmates increased through blogging.11年10月30日日曜日
  26. 26. WRAP UP11年10月30日日曜日
  27. 27. EFFECTIVE IMPLEMENTATION OF A CLASS BLOG • Using posting by email helps get students started easily in a classroom with limited access to ICT. • Giving students opportunities and help to express what they want to express helps them realize English is a tool for communication. • As they get used to sharing their writing online, they will become less shy in the classroom. • As they want to write and communicate more with other people, they will start using a computer.11年10月30日日曜日
  28. 28. NEXT STEP: INTER-SCHOOL / INTERNATIONAL BLOGGING 2011 Spring 2011 Fall11年10月30日日曜日
  29. 29. NEXT STEP: IPADS WILL HELP?11年10月30日日曜日
  30. 30. Thank you!11年10月30日日曜日

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