A bit of historyBritish cuisine is shaped partly by thecountrys temperate climate and its islandgeography; and partly by its history, first asthe target of European invaders, and thenas a colonial power in places such asNorth America,China and India. Traditionalfoods with ancient origins, such as breadand cheese, roasted and stewed meats,meat and game pies, and freshwater andsaltwater fish, are now matched inpopularity by tomatoes and chillies from theAmericas, spices and curries from India.Britain was also quick to adopt theinnovation of fast food from the USA andcontinues to absorb culinary ideas from allover the world.
Can’t we say anything good about English food? - English breakfast The full English breakfast (or "cooked breakfast") also remains a culinary classic. Somerset Maugham is quoted as saying "To eat well in England, you should have breakfast three times a day." Whether the fry-up is accompanied by orange juice and usually of tea or coffee, or only bacon, eggs, and toast, it is regarded as a ritual comfort.- Sunday dinnerSunday Dinner, is a meal traditionally eaten in theUnited Kingdom on Sunday. Its origins lie in being theonly meal of the week where the whole family eatstogether. The meal traditionally consists of potato-new potato in spring and summer and mashed potatoin autumn and winter, other vegetables mostinfamously brussel sprouts and some form of meatand gravy- usually roast beef though chicken is notuncommon. The meal is somewhat like a far lessgrand version of christmas dinner.
Traditional dishes• Toad-in-the-Hole - sausages covered in batter and roasted pickled onion, and a chunk of bread• Ploughmans LunchThis dish is served in Pubs. It consists of a piece of cheese, a bit of pickle and pickled onion, and a chunk of bread• Shepherds PieMade with minced lamb and vegetables topped with mashed potato• Lancashire HotpotA casserole of meat and vegetables topped with sliced potatoes.• Black Pudding (Blood Pudding)Looks like a black sausage. It is made from dried pigs blood and fat)
Why does British cuisine have such a bad reputation?The Industrial revolution that began in Britain in the 18th century is responsiblefor the former very poor reputation of British food. Unlike the populations of mostother countries, by the mid 19th century the majority of the British populationwere working in city factories and living in very poor housing. The new workingclass had lost contact with the land and the standard of cooking declined as aresult.
What else gives English food a bad name? - Take-away foodThe rise of the industrial revolution was also paralleled by the advent of take-awayfoods such as fish and chips, mushy peas, and steak and kidney pie with mashedpotato (pie and mash). These were the staples of the UK take-away business formany years, though ethnic influences, particularly Indian and Chinese, have led tothe introduction of ethnic take-away foods. From the 1980s onwards, a newvariant on curry, the balti, began to become popular in the area aroundBirmingham, gradually spreading to other parts of the country. Kebab houses andAmerican-style fried chicken restaurants aiming at late night snacking have alsobecome popular in urban areas. - Marmite Marmite is a popular British savoury spread, used in sandwiches, made from yeast extract, a by-product of the beer brewning process. It is a sticky, dark brown substance, with a distinctive and powerful taste which you either "love it or hate it". Upon first taste, most foreigners hate it!
- Home-made dessertsAt home, the British have manyoriginal home-made desserts suchas bread and butter pudding,spotted dick and trifle. Thetraditional accompaniment is custard, known as crème anglaise (Englishsauce) to the French. The dishesare simple and traditional, withrecipes passed on from generationto generation. The pudding traditionreaches its height with theChristmas pudding. - Tea-time treats At teatime, traditional British fare includes scones with butter, jam and clotted cream, as well as assorted biscuits and sandwiches. A hand- made favourite is butterfly cake. Some schools teach young children how to bake such sweets during cookery lessons.
Tea Britain is a tea-drinking nation. Everyday they drink 165 million cups of the stuff and each yearThere are 2 types of tea around 144 thousand tons•AFTERNOON TEA (The of tea are imported.traditional 4 oclock tea)•HIGH TEA (The traditional 6oclock tea)
Thank You for watching. Michał Linowski kl. III A