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PPT Lesson 3.ppt


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PPT Lesson 3.ppt

  1. 1. What happens if we break the law? <ul><li>By the end of the lesson you should be able to… </li></ul><ul><li>Recognise the basic differences between criminal and civil law </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss and explain the reasons why we punish. </li></ul><ul><li>Link types of punishment with their intended outcomes </li></ul>
  2. 2. In this picture there are several people who are breaking the law. How many can you see?
  3. 3. The answers were………. <ul><li>Parking on zigzag lines near a zebra crossing </li></ul><ul><li>  Dropping litter </li></ul><ul><li>  Being drunk and disorderly </li></ul><ul><li>  Cycling on the pavement </li></ul><ul><li>  Criminal damage to traffic light pole </li></ul><ul><li>  Not stopping at a zebra crossing </li></ul><ul><li>  Breaking into a car and stealing </li></ul><ul><li>  Drinking and driving </li></ul><ul><li>  Allowing a dog to mess on the pavement </li></ul><ul><li>Which of these offences do you think is more serious? And why? </li></ul>
  4. 4. This is all about your rights and responsibilities with regards to other people. These include contracts, borrowing and lending money, disputes with neighbours, and marriage . <ul><li>This deals with matters such as stealing, vandalism, misuse of drugs, violence, rape, assault and murder. Criminal offences are regarded as offences against society, not just between individuals. </li></ul>Civil law Criminal law
  5. 5. Civil and Criminal Law <ul><li>Draw two columns with the headings civil and criminal </li></ul><ul><li>CIVIL CRIMINAL </li></ul>
  6. 6. Is it Criminal or Civil? Work in a pair to sort the following Murder Theft Manslaughter Drink driving Speeding Divorce Wills Fraud Negligence Mortgage Contract Employment Drugs Burglary Rioting Privacy Rape
  7. 7. Criminal or Civil- were you right? <ul><li>Criminal </li></ul><ul><li>Murder </li></ul><ul><li>Theft </li></ul><ul><li>Burglary </li></ul><ul><li>Drink driving </li></ul><ul><li>Speeding </li></ul><ul><li>Rape </li></ul><ul><li>Rioting </li></ul><ul><li>Manslaughter </li></ul><ul><li>Drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Fraud </li></ul><ul><li>Negligence </li></ul><ul><li>Civil </li></ul><ul><li>Contract </li></ul><ul><li>Wills </li></ul><ul><li>Divorce </li></ul><ul><li>Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy </li></ul><ul><li>Mortgage </li></ul><ul><li>Negligence </li></ul>
  8. 8. Recognise this picture? Do you recognise this picture?
  9. 9. CRIMINAL Magistrate’s Court (youth court) CRIMINAL AND CIVIL Crown Court Serious criminal cases County Court – small claims cases and divorce, custody etc Small Claims Court High Court Claims over £10,000 Court of Appeal Supreme Court How do all the courts fit together? Civil
  10. 10. Magistrates – Justice of the Peace <ul><li>Criminal Examples </li></ul><ul><li>Speeding ticket </li></ul><ul><li>Refusal to pay </li></ul><ul><li>parking ticket </li></ul><ul><li>Parent of truant </li></ul><ul><li>Drink driving </li></ul><ul><li>Pub licence </li></ul><ul><li>Casino licence </li></ul><ul><li>Less serious cases. </li></ul><ul><li>95% criminal cases </li></ul><ul><li>Who decides? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 lay magistrates – not professional. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Part time, unpaid. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There are 30,000 magistrates </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Limited sanctions. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>6 months in prison. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>£5,000 fine. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. What does a magistrates court look like?
  12. 12. WHY DO WE PUNISH?
  13. 13. Retribution Reform Reparation Deterrence ‘’ an eye for an eye’’- proportional to the crime - harsher for more serious crimes rehabilitate the wrong doer so they will not recommit the crime - see that their behaviour was wrong dissuade someone from wrong doing repay society for wrong doing -e.g. clean up mess made Protection ensure the safety of the public
  14. 14. What punishment fits the crime? <ul><li>Vandalism and Graffiti </li></ul><ul><li>Drug addict convicted for fifth time after his twentieth burglary </li></ul><ul><li>13year old rules estate with gang - thieving, firebombing, smashing windows, racial harassment </li></ul><ul><li>Noisy neighbours leave music on loud at night </li></ul><ul><li>Drunken Behaviour on weekends causes complaints </li></ul><ul><li>Anti Social Behaviour Order (ASBO) </li></ul><ul><li>Youth Custody for six months </li></ul><ul><li>Community Service </li></ul><ul><li>Probation Order </li></ul><ul><li>Fine </li></ul>Take two of the issues on the left and explain which punishment you would choose on the right, and why?
  15. 15. Checking aims <ul><li>Recognise the basic differences between criminal and civil law </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss and explain the reasons why we punish. </li></ul><ul><li>Link types of punishment with their intended outcomes </li></ul>