Cultivating a Sense of Wonder with the Natural World through the Practice of Mindfulness Thomas Falkenberg Michael Link
Significantly decreased rates of outdoor experiences over the past 20 years (Burdette & Whitaker, 2005; Kellert, 2005; Taylor & Kuo, 2006). A typical week is too scheduled to simply “go outside and play” (Clements, 2004). Link between structuredchildhood and rising health concerns (Louv, 2008).
E.O. Wilson’sTheory of Biophilia The innate connection with nature that is beneﬁcial for ourhealth and wellbeing (Wilson, 1984; 2001).
Nature-deficit disorder describes the human costsof alienation from nature, among them: diminisheduse of the senses, attention difficulties, and higherrates of physical and emotional illnesses (Louv, 2008).
Influences of Electronic Media and the Connection to ObesityThe average time spent with electronic media, among 8-18 year olds, now stands at 7.5 hours per day (Roberts et al., 2010).
The average eight-year-old was better able to identify Pokémoncharacters such as Pikachu, Metapod, and Wigglytuff thannative species in the community where they lived (Balmfold, Clegg,Coulson and Taylor, 2002). During the past 25 years, the chances for children to directly experience nature during playtime has drastically declined. (Kellert, 2005).
Increase of childhoodobesity over the past 50 years -4% in the „60s to close to 20% in 2004,(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2006).
Older children, who spent more time outdoors, tended to be more active and had a lower prevalence ooverweight than children spending more time indoors (Cleland, et al, 2008
Children are more activewhen they are outside(Ekelund, 2004; Ferreira, 2006;Sallis, 2000).
Nature Deprivation and Mental HealthConsiderable benefits for mental health through contact with nature(Health Council of the Netherlands, 2004; Maller, 2006; Rohde and Kendle, 1994; Frumkin, 2001;Prosser, 2008; Seymour, 2003).
Nature-deprivation is now being examined as a potential source of stress, anxiety and depression in children. (Ginsburg, 2007)
Direct exposure to nature is essential for children‟s physical and emotional health, improving their cognitive abilities and resistance to negative stresses and depression(Burdette & Whitaker, 2005; Kellert, 2002; Wells, 2003).
Direct experience with nature reducesThe signs of ADHDADHD (Kuo & Taylor, 2004;Link Talyor, Kuo & Sullivan, 2001). Watching TV, or outdoor play on asphalt, increases ADHD symptoms (Louv, 2008).