Nation Report Part 1: Brazil<br />By: Michael Wittman<br />
Geography<br />Brazil is the largest country in South America and has the biggest population. <br />Located in south eastern South America, the Atlantic Ocean surrounds Brazil.<br />Total area of Brazil is 8, 511, 965 square kilometers.<br />The coastline of Brazil is 7, 491 kilometers.<br />The climate of Brazil is mostly tropical with lots of rain and flooding.<br />
Geography<br />Some of Brazil’s national resources include manganese, phosphates, and uranium.<br />There are droughts in NE Brazil and floods in the south.<br />Some environmental issues are deforestation, illegal wildlife trade, and oil spills.<br />Brazil shares a boundary with every country in South America except for Chile and Ecuador.<br />One famous geographical feature is the Archipelago of Fernando de Noronha which has 5 islands that are territory of Brazil.<br />
People<br /><ul><li> The estimated population of Brazil is 186, 112, 794.
Majority of the population in Brazil is 15-64 yrs old (67.9%)
In 2003 the number of people with HIV/AIDS was an estimated 660,000.</li></li></ul><li>People<br />Life expectancy of people living in Brazil is 71 yrs old, women live eight more years on average.<br />53% of the population is mulatto. ( black & white)<br />majority of the people are Roman Catholic. (73%)<br />The main language spoken in Brazil is Portuguese.<br />Other languages include Spanish, English, and French.<br />86% of the population knows how to read.<br />
Culture<br /><ul><li> Much of Brazil’s culture came from Portugal.
Feijoada (pictured above) is the national meal of Brazil.
Other common foods are coxinhas, churrasco, and sfihas.
Romanticism is the most popular writing style in Brazil.
Machado de Assis is known as the greatest Brazilian writer ever.</li></li></ul><li>Culture<br />Cinema is very important in Brazil and started in the late 19th century.<br />Most of Brazilian music involves guitars, pianos, and flutes.<br />Many songs such as Garota de Ipinema tell stories.<br />Soccer is Brazil’s most popular sport and they are ranked #1 in the world.<br />Martial arts has become very popular, most notably Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu.<br />
History<br /><ul><li>Brazil became an independent nation in 1822.
Portugal had controlled Brazil prior to that point.
Brazil was run by military control until 1985 when it was left for civilians to take over.
The 1st indigenous people came from Alaska after exploring North America.
The 1st European to discover Brazil was Portuguese Pedro Alvares Cabral in 1500. (Pictured above)</li></li></ul><li>History<br />Brazil’s first economy came from the selling of the tree Brazil wood.<br />1st President was General Deodoro de Fonseca in 1889 due to military rule.<br />After a constitutionalist revolt in 1932, democracy started in 1945.<br />Fernando Collor de Mello was the first President elected by democracy in 1989.<br />The biggest issue facing Brazil today is unequal distribution of wealth.<br />