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Assignment 4 california part 2


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Assignment 4 california part 2

  1. 1. Assignment 4: California Part 2 The Panama canal and los angeles aqueduct <br />By: Michael Wittman<br />
  2. 2. The Los Angeles Aqueduct <br />Reasons Built: <br />LA had no rivers, minerals, or resources. <br />Its only source of water was sucked dry and the current system was falling apart.<br />The population continued to get bigger and bigger.<br />The climate was very hot and dry.<br />Los Angeles was in a very bad drought.<br />
  3. 3. The Los Angeles Aqueduct<br />William Mulholland: <br />Became superintendent of the LA water system in 1886.<br />His hydraulic engineering background helped him design the Los Angeles aqueduct.<br />Set out in 1905 to begin building the LA aqueduct.<br />Received an honorary degree and became the highest paid public employee in Los Angeles.<br />
  4. 4. The Los Angeles Aqueduct<br />Los Angeles Aqueduct:<br />Water came from the Owens river in Owens Valley.<br />Construction began in 1905.<br />A total of 100,000 worked on the aqueduct in 110 degree weather.<br />The aqueduct was built so well that it’s still used today.<br />Officially opened on November 5, 1913.<br />Brought Los Angeles four times more water than it needed.<br />
  5. 5. The Los Angeles Aqueduct<br />Los Angeles:<br />Growth of the city was sparked by the Los Angeles aqueduct.<br />Population grew five times as much as the population of New York.<br />90% of all movies were made in LA.<br />The city became worth $30 million more than it was bought for.<br />Agriculture in the city boomed with plenty of water available.<br />
  6. 6. The Panama Canal<br />Panama Canal:<br />The U.S. purchased the rights to build the Panama Canal for $10 million.<br />First the Chagres river had to be dammed and a man made lake built.<br />A single lock is bigger than the Eiffel Tower.<br />The canal officially opened on August 15, 1914.<br />Ships are raised by water from the river above each level.<br />
  7. 7. The Panama Canal<br />Ferdinand De Lesseps:<br />Developed the Suez Canal and attempted to build a Panama Canal.<br />Many of his workers died from malaria and yellow fever.<br />France funded the canal he attempted to build.<br />De Lesseps’s company failed due to him ignoring advisers and this was the biggest financial loss in history up to that point.<br />
  8. 8. The Panama Canal<br />Theodore Roosevelt:<br />Youngest president in history at 42 years old.<br />Took over as president after the assassination of McKinley.<br />Trip to Panama made him the first president to leave the U.S. while in office.<br />Appointed George Goethals in charge of building the Panama Canal after Stevens quit.<br />
  9. 9. The Panama Canal<br />John Stevens:<br />Was the first chief engineer of the Panama Canal.<br />Ordered thousands of yards of wired net to protect his workers from mosquitoes.<br />His background was an engineer of American railroads including the Great Northern Railway.<br />Quit building the Panama Canal for unknown reasons.<br />