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The Changing Perception of Parking Michelle Wendler, AIA Watry Design, Inc. Southwest Parking Association September 30, 2009
Overview <ul><li>Historical Perception of  the  </li></ul><ul><li>Design Characteristics of Parking Structures </li></ul><...
Historical Perception of the Design Characteristics of Parking Structures <ul><li>Utilitarian Function/Minimalist Design <...
Historical Perception of the Design Characteristics of Parking Structures
Recognizing Trends in the Design of Parking Structures Parking Professional Magazine
Trends in Parking Design <ul><li>Sculptural Design </li></ul><ul><li>Playful Façades </li></ul><ul><li>Public Art </li></u...
Case Studies
Sculptural Design <ul><li>The use of terracing the mass of the structure to create a unique form and possibly mitigate its...
Sculptural Design <ul><li>Marina Towers, Chicago, IL </li></ul><ul><li>Circular Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Rhythm of Balconies...
Sculptural Design <ul><li>San Mateo County Government Center Parking Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Stepped Moment Frame Beam...
Sculptural Design <ul><li>Stanford  Parking Structure 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Rounded Corners and  </li></ul><ul><li>Upturned ...
Sculptural Design <ul><li>Santa Clara County Government Center </li></ul><ul><li>Rounded, Curving “Flying Beams” </li></ul...
Sculptural Design <ul><li>UC Santa Cruz Core West PS </li></ul><ul><li>Parking Levels Cantilever to Minimize the Foundatio...
Sculptural Design <ul><li>Hoover Dam Visitor Center Parking Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Integral Color to Match Surroundin...
Playful Facades <ul><li>The use of unique elements on the façade that tie the structure to a particular use </li></ul><ul>...
Playful Facades <ul><li>Kansas City Public Library Parking Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Façade Symbolizes the Building Type...
Playful Facades <ul><li>Lot R, Palo Alto, CA </li></ul><ul><li>Stairs as Sculpture </li></ul><ul><li>Façade represents Mus...
Playful Facades <ul><li>Consolidated Rental Car Facility, Fort Lauderdale, FL </li></ul><ul><li>Façade Patterns in Glass a...
Playful Facades <ul><li>Emulates Forms, Colors and Characteristics of the Urban Seaport Site and Context </li></ul><ul><li...
Playful Facades <ul><li>Smith Avenue Transit Center, St. Paul, Minnesota </li></ul><ul><li>Contemporary Design that Reflec...
Traditional Context <ul><li>Designing the façade of the parking structure to have more traditional design proportions </li...
Traditional Context <ul><li>City of Mountain View Parking Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Complements Architectural Proportion...
Traditional Context- Proportion & Scale
Traditional Context <ul><li>Calvert Street Parking Structure, Annapolis, MD </li></ul><ul><li>Stone Cornice, Brick Façade ...
Traditional Context <ul><li>City of San Rafael Parking Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Canopy Elements and Cornice Give the St...
Traditional Context <ul><li>Bart Fruitvale Station Parking Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Massing Broken into Two Vertical Se...
Traditional Context <ul><li>Oceanside Transit Parking Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Elevation is Broken up into Smaller Part...
Traditional Context <ul><li>Santa Clara University Parking Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Roof Elements Match Surrounding Arc...
Traditional Context <ul><li>Cannery Row Parking Structure, Monterey, CA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Serves “The Clement Monterey...
Screening <ul><li>The use of metal mesh, louvers, glass or other elements to create a layered affect in front of the struc...
Screening <ul><li>Nutwood Parking Facility, CSU Fullerton </li></ul><ul><li>Frosted Glass Panels add Visual Interest and S...
Screening <ul><li>ASU Parking Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Metal Mesh Panels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mitigate the mass of the...
Screening <ul><li>Parkhaus Engelenschanze, Munich, Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Glass Curtain Wall Creates a Translucent Appe...
Screening <ul><li>UCSD Hopkins PS </li></ul><ul><li>Blue-Tinted Metal Mesh </li></ul><ul><li>Parking and Transportation Of...
Screening <ul><li>John Muir Health  Walnut Creek, CA </li></ul><ul><li>Metal Louvers add Depth and Minimize Light Trespass...
Screening <ul><li>UC Davis Parking Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Glass Panels Create a More Dynamic Elevation </li></ul><ul>...
Screening <ul><li>Red Walls create a screening element </li></ul><ul><li>Layers of Depth Create Dynamic Elevation </li></ul>
Screening <ul><li>Fashion Square Mall, Sherman Oaks, CA </li></ul><ul><li>Green Screens Break up Mass  </li></ul><ul><li>o...
Screening <ul><li>Sarah Lawrence College, Yonkers, NY </li></ul><ul><li>Replaces Traditional Concrete Look of Parking Stru...
Mixed Use <ul><li>Combining parking and other uses in the same building </li></ul><ul><li>Parking with retail or commercia...
Mixed-Use
Mixed-Use <ul><li>16 th  Street Mall Denver, CO </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed Use at Street Level </li></ul><ul><li>Pedestrian S...
Mixed-Use <ul><li>Granada Garage, Santa Barbara, CA </li></ul><ul><li>Complements the Rich Architectural Context of Santa ...
Mixed-Use <ul><li>Horton Plaza Parking Structure, San Diego </li></ul><ul><li>Residential and Retail in front of Parking <...
Mixed-Use <ul><li>Broadway Point, Walnut Creek </li></ul><ul><li>Parking Behind Retail </li></ul>
Mixed-Use <ul><li>Whole Foods Parking Structure, Beverly Hills, CA </li></ul><ul><li>Residential Above </li></ul><ul><li>W...
Mixed-Use <ul><li>Beverly Hills Parking Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Retail at Ground Level </li></ul><ul><li>Pedestrian Sc...
Mixed-Use <ul><li>Plaza Escuela Walnut Creek, CA </li></ul><ul><li>Parking Behind Retail </li></ul><ul><li>Stair and Eleva...
Mixed-Use <ul><li>Located in the Historic Downtown District </li></ul><ul><li>Includes Retail and Office Space as well as ...
Mixed-Use <ul><li>Palm and Morro Parking Structure San Luis Obispo, CA </li></ul><ul><li>City Department Offices on the Gr...
Hidden Parking Structures <ul><li>Parking that due to land use considerations is hidden below grade or under buildings </l...
Hidden Parking Structures <ul><li>Community Hospital, </li></ul><ul><li>  Monterey, CA </li></ul><ul><li>Recreated Hospita...
Hidden Parking Structures <ul><li>Stanford Parking Structure 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Below Grade Parking </li></ul><ul><li>Rec...
Hidden Parking Structures <ul><li>Pomona College </li></ul><ul><li>Parking Below Sports Field </li></ul>
Hidden Parking Structures <ul><li>Stanford Graduate School of Business </li></ul><ul><li>Parking Below Offices </li></ul>
Hidden Parking Structures <ul><li>Underhill Parking Structure, Berkeley, CA </li></ul><ul><li>Sports Field above Parking <...
Public Art <ul><li>Working with public art programs to incorporate artist designs into the parking structure </li></ul>
Public Art <ul><li>City of Mountain View Parking Structure  </li></ul><ul><li>Art Glass panels from Germany </li></ul>
Public Art <ul><li>Olympia Place Parking Structure, Walnut Creek, CA </li></ul><ul><li>Copper Orb Art Object </li></ul><ul...
Public Art <ul><li>Lot S&L Palo Alto, CA </li></ul><ul><li>Bird-Themed artwork and </li></ul><ul><li>Super-graphics on gla...
Public Art <ul><li>Local Artist created art panel that incorporated hub caps and local images </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporat...
Public Art <ul><li>San Jose Airport New Consolidated Rental Car Facility </li></ul>
Interior Surprises <ul><li>Creating unique design elements on the interior of parking structures  </li></ul><ul><li>Make t...
Interior Surprises <ul><li>Innovative Striping </li></ul>
Interior Surprises <ul><li>Lot S&L Palo Alto, CA </li></ul><ul><li>Interior Artwork to Identify Levels </li></ul>
Interior Surprises <ul><li>Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art Kansas City, MO </li></ul><ul><li>Sculptural Soffit </li></ul><ul><...
Interior Surprises <ul><li>Stanford Parking Structure 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Lightwell Provides Natural Light and Fresh Air t...
Interior Surprises <ul><li>City Center Parking Structure, Redwood City, CA </li></ul><ul><li>Lightwell Provides Natural Li...
Interior Surprises <ul><li>CHOMP Monterey, CA </li></ul><ul><li>Custom Light Fixtures </li></ul><ul><li>Artwork on Walls H...
Interior Surprises-PV Panels
Sculptural Design Playful Façades Public Art Parking Structures that Respect Traditional Context Screening with Mesh, Glas...
Questions
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The Changing Perception Of Parking

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The Changing Perception Of Parking

  1. 1. The Changing Perception of Parking Michelle Wendler, AIA Watry Design, Inc. Southwest Parking Association September 30, 2009
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Historical Perception of the </li></ul><ul><li>Design Characteristics of Parking Structures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Negative Perception of Parking Facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New Trends in Parking Structure Design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parking Structures as Buildings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Case Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Concluding Remarks </li></ul><ul><li>Questions </li></ul>
  3. 3. Historical Perception of the Design Characteristics of Parking Structures <ul><li>Utilitarian Function/Minimalist Design </li></ul><ul><li>Vehicle Storage </li></ul><ul><li>Less Architecture to Save Money </li></ul><ul><li>Disrupt Urban Fabric </li></ul><ul><li>Dark and Uninviting Inside </li></ul><ul><li>Passive Security Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Stand-Alone Parking Structures Most Common </li></ul><ul><li>Plain, Rectilinear, Grey </li></ul><ul><li>Building Elements Relate to Vehicle Scale </li></ul>
  4. 4. Historical Perception of the Design Characteristics of Parking Structures
  5. 5. Recognizing Trends in the Design of Parking Structures Parking Professional Magazine
  6. 6. Trends in Parking Design <ul><li>Sculptural Design </li></ul><ul><li>Playful Façades </li></ul><ul><li>Public Art </li></ul><ul><li>Parking Structures that Respect Traditional Context </li></ul><ul><li>Screening with Mesh, Glass or “Greenscreen” </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed-Use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Building Elements Relate to Pedestrian Scale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contribute to Urban Fabric </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pedestrian Connections </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hidden Parking Structures </li></ul><ul><li>Interior Surprises </li></ul>
  7. 7. Case Studies
  8. 8. Sculptural Design <ul><li>The use of terracing the mass of the structure to create a unique form and possibly mitigate its mass </li></ul><ul><li>The use of shaping elements of the façade in a sculptural way </li></ul><ul><li>Often still reflects the horizontal nature of a parking structure </li></ul>
  9. 9. Sculptural Design <ul><li>Marina Towers, Chicago, IL </li></ul><ul><li>Circular Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Rhythm of Balconies Complements Parking Levels Below </li></ul><ul><li>Open Façade Puts Parked Cars on Display </li></ul>
  10. 10. Sculptural Design <ul><li>San Mateo County Government Center Parking Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Stepped Moment Frame Beams </li></ul><ul><li>Tapered Corners </li></ul><ul><li>Stepped Back to Minimize Massing </li></ul>
  11. 11. Sculptural Design <ul><li>Stanford Parking Structure 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Rounded Corners and </li></ul><ul><li>Upturned Beams </li></ul>
  12. 12. Sculptural Design <ul><li>Santa Clara County Government Center </li></ul><ul><li>Rounded, Curving “Flying Beams” </li></ul><ul><li>Round Beams and Columns </li></ul>
  13. 13. Sculptural Design <ul><li>UC Santa Cruz Core West PS </li></ul><ul><li>Parking Levels Cantilever to Minimize the Foundation’s Impact on Surrounding Redwood Forest </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cantilevers Represent Branches of Trees </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Sculptural Design <ul><li>Hoover Dam Visitor Center Parking Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Integral Color to Match Surrounding Rock </li></ul><ul><li>Terraced into the Hillside </li></ul>
  15. 15. Playful Facades <ul><li>The use of unique elements on the façade that tie the structure to a particular use </li></ul><ul><li>The use of creating design elements that have a playful representation </li></ul>
  16. 16. Playful Facades <ul><li>Kansas City Public Library Parking Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Façade Symbolizes the Building Type Served by the Parking Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Great Signage </li></ul>
  17. 17. Playful Facades <ul><li>Lot R, Palo Alto, CA </li></ul><ul><li>Stairs as Sculpture </li></ul><ul><li>Façade represents Music </li></ul><ul><li>Whimsical Stair Shape </li></ul>
  18. 18. Playful Facades <ul><li>Consolidated Rental Car Facility, Fort Lauderdale, FL </li></ul><ul><li>Façade Patterns in Glass and Mesh Panels </li></ul><ul><li>Proportions of Façade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hide True Number </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> of Levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimize the Appearance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> of Ramping </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Playful Facades <ul><li>Emulates Forms, Colors and Characteristics of the Urban Seaport Site and Context </li></ul><ul><li>Colorful Revealed Precast Spandrel Panels Capture the Forms of Ships </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Porthole Openings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cruise Ship Railings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Masts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Waves </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Playful Facades <ul><li>Smith Avenue Transit Center, St. Paul, Minnesota </li></ul><ul><li>Contemporary Design that Reflects the Surrounding Sports and Entertainment Uses </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic Forms </li></ul><ul><li>Rich Colors </li></ul><ul><li>Varied Depth </li></ul><ul><li>of Facade </li></ul>
  21. 21. Traditional Context <ul><li>Designing the façade of the parking structure to have more traditional design proportions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Base, Middle and Top </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Utilizing traditional window opening proportions </li></ul><ul><li>Utilizing materials that change the scale of the building </li></ul>
  22. 22. Traditional Context <ul><li>City of Mountain View Parking Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Complements Architectural Proportions and Scale of Nearby Buildings </li></ul>
  23. 23. Traditional Context- Proportion & Scale
  24. 24. Traditional Context <ul><li>Calvert Street Parking Structure, Annapolis, MD </li></ul><ul><li>Stone Cornice, Brick Façade and Window Treatments Draw on Surrounding Context </li></ul>
  25. 25. Traditional Context <ul><li>City of San Rafael Parking Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Canopy Elements and Cornice Give the Structure the Appearance of a Roof </li></ul><ul><li>Elevator Tower Serves </li></ul><ul><li>as a Strong Focal Point </li></ul><ul><li>Mid level cornice breaks </li></ul><ul><li>up levels </li></ul>
  26. 26. Traditional Context <ul><li>Bart Fruitvale Station Parking Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Massing Broken into Two Vertical Sections </li></ul><ul><li>Use of arches to create a strong base to the building </li></ul>
  27. 27. Traditional Context <ul><li>Oceanside Transit Parking Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Elevation is Broken up into Smaller Parts to Minimize Length of Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Window openings and canopies emulate retail </li></ul>
  28. 28. Traditional Context <ul><li>Santa Clara University Parking Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Roof Elements Match Surrounding Architecture and Allow the Parking Structure to look more like a Building </li></ul><ul><li>Rotunda Elevator Core </li></ul>
  29. 29. Traditional Context <ul><li>Cannery Row Parking Structure, Monterey, CA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Serves “The Clement Monterey” an Intercontinental Hotel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Respects the Local Context by using Vernacular Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Valet Operation on Ground and 2 nd Level with Mechanical </li></ul><ul><li>Double Stack Lifts to Increase Parking Efficiency & Capacity </li></ul>
  30. 30. Screening <ul><li>The use of metal mesh, louvers, glass or other elements to create a layered affect in front of the structure </li></ul><ul><li>Utilizing these elements as defining building design characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Screening elements hide the layers of the parking levels behind and break up the massing of the structure </li></ul>
  31. 31. Screening <ul><li>Nutwood Parking Facility, CSU Fullerton </li></ul><ul><li>Frosted Glass Panels add Visual Interest and Screen Cars </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflect the Movement of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People and Cars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Illuminated at Night </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Screening <ul><li>ASU Parking Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Metal Mesh Panels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mitigate the mass of the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parking Structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Break up the Elevation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give the Elevation Depth </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sculptural Stair </li></ul><ul><li>Openings Punched in the </li></ul><ul><li>Shear Wall Provide Natural Light and Give the Appearance of Abstract Windows </li></ul>
  33. 33. Screening <ul><li>Parkhaus Engelenschanze, Munich, Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Glass Curtain Wall Creates a Translucent Appearance </li></ul><ul><li>White Horizontal Stripes on the Glass Add a Rhythmic Counterpoint to the Vertical Supports of the Metal Framing System. </li></ul><ul><li>Top Level Houses </li></ul><ul><li> Offices for the City’s </li></ul><ul><li>Parking Authority </li></ul>
  34. 34. Screening <ul><li>UCSD Hopkins PS </li></ul><ul><li>Blue-Tinted Metal Mesh </li></ul><ul><li>Parking and Transportation Offices Located on the Second Level </li></ul><ul><li>Structure Nestled into the Hillside </li></ul>
  35. 35. Screening <ul><li>John Muir Health Walnut Creek, CA </li></ul><ul><li>Metal Louvers add Depth and Minimize Light Trespass </li></ul><ul><li>Verticality Minimized with the Proportions of Metal Louver Panels </li></ul><ul><li>Surgery Center on </li></ul><ul><li>Ground Level </li></ul>
  36. 36. Screening <ul><li>UC Davis Parking Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Glass Panels Create a More Dynamic Elevation </li></ul><ul><li>Angled Glass Panels Change the Massing and Create a Focal Point </li></ul>
  37. 37. Screening <ul><li>Red Walls create a screening element </li></ul><ul><li>Layers of Depth Create Dynamic Elevation </li></ul>
  38. 38. Screening <ul><li>Fashion Square Mall, Sherman Oaks, CA </li></ul><ul><li>Green Screens Break up Mass </li></ul><ul><li>of Parking Decks </li></ul>
  39. 39. Screening <ul><li>Sarah Lawrence College, Yonkers, NY </li></ul><ul><li>Replaces Traditional Concrete Look of Parking Structures with More Aesthetically Pleasing Plants </li></ul>
  40. 40. Mixed Use <ul><li>Combining parking and other uses in the same building </li></ul><ul><li>Parking with retail or commercial space included </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed use developments that integrate the parking into the entire project vs. building it stand alone </li></ul>
  41. 41. Mixed-Use
  42. 42. Mixed-Use <ul><li>16 th Street Mall Denver, CO </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed Use at Street Level </li></ul><ul><li>Pedestrian Scale Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Façade Proportions of a Building as opposed to a Parking Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Minimize Perception </li></ul><ul><li>Of Levels </li></ul>
  43. 43. Mixed-Use <ul><li>Granada Garage, Santa Barbara, CA </li></ul><ul><li>Complements the Rich Architectural Context of Santa Barbara </li></ul><ul><li>Offices at Street Frontage </li></ul>
  44. 44. Mixed-Use <ul><li>Horton Plaza Parking Structure, San Diego </li></ul><ul><li>Residential and Retail in front of Parking </li></ul><ul><li>Pedestrian Scale </li></ul>
  45. 45. Mixed-Use <ul><li>Broadway Point, Walnut Creek </li></ul><ul><li>Parking Behind Retail </li></ul>
  46. 46. Mixed-Use <ul><li>Whole Foods Parking Structure, Beverly Hills, CA </li></ul><ul><li>Residential Above </li></ul><ul><li>Whole Foods at Ground Level </li></ul>
  47. 47. Mixed-Use <ul><li>Beverly Hills Parking Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Retail at Ground Level </li></ul><ul><li>Pedestrian Scale </li></ul><ul><li>Façade Proportions Hide True Number of Levels </li></ul>
  48. 48. Mixed-Use <ul><li>Plaza Escuela Walnut Creek, CA </li></ul><ul><li>Parking Behind Retail </li></ul><ul><li>Stair and Elevator Towers as Architectural Focal Points </li></ul>
  49. 49. Mixed-Use <ul><li>Located in the Historic Downtown District </li></ul><ul><li>Includes Retail and Office Space as well as a Police Station </li></ul><ul><li>Reflects its Use and Surroundings </li></ul>
  50. 50. Mixed-Use <ul><li>Palm and Morro Parking Structure San Luis Obispo, CA </li></ul><ul><li>City Department Offices on the Ground Level </li></ul><ul><li>Pedestrian Scale at Street Level </li></ul><ul><li>Façade Proportions </li></ul><ul><li>Same as Neighboring </li></ul><ul><li>Buildings </li></ul>
  51. 51. Hidden Parking Structures <ul><li>Parking that due to land use considerations is hidden below grade or under buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Campus environments such as medical centers and universities where land is at a premium and the parking needs to share its land use with something else </li></ul>
  52. 52. Hidden Parking Structures <ul><li>Community Hospital, </li></ul><ul><li> Monterey, CA </li></ul><ul><li>Recreated Hospital Drop Off </li></ul><ul><li>Landscaping on Top </li></ul><ul><li>Campus Site Constraints </li></ul><ul><li>Dictate Below Grade Parking </li></ul>
  53. 53. Hidden Parking Structures <ul><li>Stanford Parking Structure 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Below Grade Parking </li></ul><ul><li>Recreated existing Meadow and Governor's Lane </li></ul>
  54. 54. Hidden Parking Structures <ul><li>Pomona College </li></ul><ul><li>Parking Below Sports Field </li></ul>
  55. 55. Hidden Parking Structures <ul><li>Stanford Graduate School of Business </li></ul><ul><li>Parking Below Offices </li></ul>
  56. 56. Hidden Parking Structures <ul><li>Underhill Parking Structure, Berkeley, CA </li></ul><ul><li>Sports Field above Parking </li></ul>
  57. 57. Public Art <ul><li>Working with public art programs to incorporate artist designs into the parking structure </li></ul>
  58. 58. Public Art <ul><li>City of Mountain View Parking Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Art Glass panels from Germany </li></ul>
  59. 59. Public Art <ul><li>Olympia Place Parking Structure, Walnut Creek, CA </li></ul><ul><li>Copper Orb Art Object </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed-Use wraps around all sides of the parking structure </li></ul>
  60. 60. Public Art <ul><li>Lot S&L Palo Alto, CA </li></ul><ul><li>Bird-Themed artwork and </li></ul><ul><li>Super-graphics on glass-clad elevator shaft </li></ul>
  61. 61. Public Art <ul><li>Local Artist created art panel that incorporated hub caps and local images </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporated art into signage </li></ul>
  62. 62. Public Art <ul><li>San Jose Airport New Consolidated Rental Car Facility </li></ul>
  63. 63. Interior Surprises <ul><li>Creating unique design elements on the interior of parking structures </li></ul><ul><li>Make the space more inviting for users </li></ul><ul><li>Make the space more memorable </li></ul>
  64. 64. Interior Surprises <ul><li>Innovative Striping </li></ul>
  65. 65. Interior Surprises <ul><li>Lot S&L Palo Alto, CA </li></ul><ul><li>Interior Artwork to Identify Levels </li></ul>
  66. 66. Interior Surprises <ul><li>Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art Kansas City, MO </li></ul><ul><li>Sculptural Soffit </li></ul><ul><li>Skylights </li></ul>
  67. 67. Interior Surprises <ul><li>Stanford Parking Structure 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Lightwell Provides Natural Light and Fresh Air to the Interior </li></ul>
  68. 68. Interior Surprises <ul><li>City Center Parking Structure, Redwood City, CA </li></ul><ul><li>Lightwell Provides Natural Light and Fresh Air to the Interior </li></ul>
  69. 69. Interior Surprises <ul><li>CHOMP Monterey, CA </li></ul><ul><li>Custom Light Fixtures </li></ul><ul><li>Artwork on Walls Highlighted by Spotlights </li></ul>
  70. 70. Interior Surprises-PV Panels
  71. 71. Sculptural Design Playful Façades Public Art Parking Structures that Respect Traditional Context Screening with Mesh, Glass or “Greenscreen” Mixed-Use Hidden Parking Structures Interior Surprises Concluding Remarks- Parking Structures are Buildings
  72. 72. Questions

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