The Battle for Open


Published on

Explores the idea that the openness approach has broken through to mainstream practice, but that the battle around the direction open education will take is just beginning.

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Been writing book for past couple of monthsHaven’ tried givibg it all as a talk yet, so you are guinea pigs
  • It’s a strange time to be into open edIt’s seeing more investment, headlines, interest, and uptake than ever beforeAnd yet it feels like it’s also being overtaken somewhatIs this just the price we pay for being popular, like when a band makes it big?
  • Anyone of these is a talk in itself so I won’t be covering all the issues around them eg MOOC completion rates in detail
  • Understand people don’t like militaristic language but the reasons why I’ve framed it as a battle are telling
  • The next big development in openness will be open policies – these can be a department making OA policy, a national OA policy, or formal adoption of open textbooks in state schools, etc
  • Open Learn has around 2 million visitors annually, over 10,000 hours worth of learningSustainable model100s of projects all over the globe, in all diferent languages.Used by people to supplement learning, to test it out, to self learn.If include things like iTunes U, Khan academy, etc then even bigger.
  • Coursera, udacity, FutureLearn, iversity, Open2study – hundreds of 1000s of people learning freely. It’s made open education popular. Before you couldn’t get a meeting, now they’re callig you. It was on Newsnight!George: if education was grunge, MOOCs were its Nirvana
  • Impact is being recognised of online identityBlogging isn’t just for weirdosPicked up by press, leads to citations, networks, keynote – vital part of modern academic identityFormal part of many research projects now – dissemination, network, alternative media
  • The Battle for Open

    1. 1. The Battle for Open Martin Weller Sign the CC- BY license!
    2. 2. So, I‟m writing this book…
    3. 3. Central theme Openness has won… But now the real direction of openness is up for grabs
    4. 4. This talk The roots of open ed Why is openness successful 4 areas of open ed – How openness has won – What the tensions are now The battle for narrative Conclusions
    5. 5. Why “a battle”? 1. There are real areas of conflict 2. There is real value to be won 3. The victor writes history – a battle for narrative
    6. 6. Roots of (modern) open ed • Open universities – open access, entry. Focus on methods, removing barriers, not free • Free software – 4 freedom (purpose, change, redistribute, distribute modified). Emphasis on control • Open source – “given enough eyeballs all bugs are shallow”. Emphasis on efficiency • Web 2.0 – culture of sharing, open practice
    7. 7. Open education is… (Avoids definition) Set of coalescing principles: • Freedom to reuse • Open access • Free cost • Easy use • Digital, networked content • Social, community based approaches • Ethical arguments for openness • Openness as efficient model
    8. 8. (for more, see) David Wiley: iSummit '08 Keynote Address 14 A history of Openness From Peter, S., & Deimann, M. (2013). On the role of openness in education: A historical reconstruction. Open Praxis, 5(1), 7-14.
    9. 9. Open access [Source: University of Southampton, ROARMAP, Published under a CC-BY license]
    10. 10. Major breakthroughs • “Free online access to scholarly works” • Major policies in many countries • Gold route & Green route • More than 50% have published OA • OA Impact advantage
    11. 11. Growth of OA Laakso M, Welling P, Bukvova H, Nyman L, Björk B-C, et al. (2011) The Development of Open Access Journal Publishing from 1993 to 2009. PLoS ONE 6(6): e20961. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0020961
    12. 12. The battle • Gold route – Matthew effect, can be more expensive • No incentive to innovate • Elsevier „take down‟ on • Predatory OA journals • Changes relationship • Hybrid models
    13. 13. OERs
    14. 14. Major breakthroughs • OpenCourseware since 2001 (LOs earlier) • Repositories in major languages and areas • OCWC 260 institutions • Open Textbooks
    15. 15. Some findings Saylor: Increased enthusiasm for study (59%). Increased interest in subject (58%), Gaining confidence (50%) Over 30% of students reported studying their subject via OER before joining their course 60% CCCOER identified reduced cost of materials as a driver of student retention OpenStax downloads 120K times, leading to an estimated $3 million savings for students (Green 2013) Feldstein et al. (2013) 47% of students purchased the paper textbooks, 93% of students reading the free online textbook
    16. 16. OER Research Hub
    17. 17. Battle • Is there enough impact? • OCL survey • Pearson OpenClass • Overtaken by MOOCs? • In general, an open success story?
    18. 18. MOOCs Image – David Kernohan
    19. 19. Awareness Figure 5.1: Google Trends plot of relative interest in MOOCs (red) and OERs (blue).
    20. 20. (but still not that important)
    21. 21. Uptake • Udacity, Iversity, Coursera, Open2Study, FutureLearn, EdX • Large registrations (Coursera 17m enrolments) • On Newsnight, in NYT, etc • “If education was grunge, MOOCs were its Nirvana” (George Siemens)
    22. 22. The battle • Not really open • Commercially driven adoption of open • Openness is the first casualty • Contracts with unis • Support for learners • Centralised platform & data • Sustainability
    23. 23. Open scholarship By Gideon Burton
    24. 24. Open practice • Online identity is now becoming the norm • Recognised by institution • Complements existing practice • Part of research projects • Area of innovation • Open research, open data
    25. 25. Battle • Promotion still not sure about it • Disciplinary tension • Pressure to have online identity • Exposure to risk • The quantified self • Not without cost
    26. 26. The Silicon Valley narrative • a technological fix is both possible and in existence; • external forces will change, or disrupt, an existing sector; • wholesale revolution is required • the solution is provided by commerce.
    27. 27. Education is broken The education space is massive, very broken” (Tauber 2013) Education is broken. Face it. It is so broken at so many ends, it requires a little bit of Silicon Valley magic Thrun The models of higher education that marched triumphantly across the globe in the second half of the 20th century are broken (Avalanche report) The education space is massive, very broken” (Shirky) Education is broken. Someone should do something
    28. 28. A disruption obsession disruption is a necessary and overdue chapter in our public schools. (Christensen) elements of the traditional university are threatened by the coming avalanche. In Clayton Christensen’s terms, universities are ripe for disruption (Avalanche report) OERs have not noticeably disrupted the traditional business model of higher education . (Korteyemer)
    29. 29. The MOOC media perfect storm Education is broken! Education is ripe for disruption! MOOCs are technological solution! Outsiders with new ideas!
    30. 30. • Avoid “open Stalinism” • Don‟t replace one mono-culture with another • The most interesting thing about openness is that it allows innovation
    31. 31. Beware • Openwashing • Free = open • Temporary openness • Venture capital bearing open gifts • Silicon valley sexiness
    32. 32. Conclusions • Openness is not just a peripheral interest • It has entered mainstream academic practice • Much of the future direction of HE relates to openness • So…
    33. 33. Ownership over the direction of openness is relevant to all those in HE
    34. 34. Some links: • Battle for open article: 3-15 • Relevant Blog bits: _reason/battle/ • Publisher: • • Impact map: