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European Citizens' Initiative: Decide via click


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European Citizens' Initiative: Decide via click

  1. 1. Decide via click! eParticipation in Europe Lisa Peyer Markus Winkler @mw238 EU = YOU Citizen's Engagement In The EU After The Treaty Of Lisbon Erfurt, 04.12.2010
  2. 2. eParticipation <ul><li>Electronic mode of civic participation </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity of participation, exchange and decision </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction between the state and the citizens, initiatives, organisations und companys </li></ul><ul><li>Share - Discuss – Vote </li></ul><ul><li>The primary goal: make political decisions transparent, to obtain better results and generate more legitimacy and acceptance </li></ul>
  3. 3. eParticipation <ul><li>Transparency </li></ul><ul><li>Information technology </li></ul><ul><li>New Media </li></ul>
  4. 4. Chances of eParticipation <ul><li>Participation </li></ul><ul><li>Identify with the political idea </li></ul><ul><li>Part of the political system </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency </li></ul><ul><li>Civil society networks </li></ul><ul><li>Range </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation potential </li></ul><ul><li>Legitimation </li></ul>
  5. 5. Challenges of eParticipation <ul><li>Offline Socitys </li></ul><ul><li>Alibi-Tools </li></ul><ul><li>Willingness for learn process </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of competence </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of control </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of power </li></ul>
  6. 6. Treaty of Lisbon
  7. 7. Treaty of Lisbon, Article 11, Paragraph 4 <ul><li>&quot;Not less than one million citizens who are nationals of a significant number of Member States may take the initiave of inviting the European Commission, within the framework of its powers, to submitt any appropriate proposal on matters where citizens consider that a legal act of the union is required for the purpose of implementing the Treaties.&quot; </li></ul>
  8. 8. The European Citizens´ Initiative <ul><li>„ Europe Turns Ear toward Voice of People“ </li></ul><ul><li>New York Times, July 2010  </li></ul>
  9. 9. Hopes and Fears <ul><li>solution for the democratic deficit </li></ul><ul><li>commitment to the idea of an participatory democracy </li></ul><ul><li>first step towards a european public </li></ul><ul><li>source of irritation in the legislative process </li></ul><ul><li>just illusionary participation </li></ul><ul><li>not represantive for the major part of the european citizens </li></ul>
  10. 10. Procedure and conditions Picture: ntr23 - Under Construction - cc by-nc-sa 2.0
  11. 11. European Citizens' Initiative <ul><li>compromise agreement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>signatures must reach a minimum quota in 1/4 of the Member States </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>signatures can be collected online </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Citizens’ initiatives will be given 12 months to collect the signatures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ID card numbers in Member States whose governments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>feel this is necessary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>period of 12 months for the implementation of the regulation </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12.
  13. 13.
  14. 14.
  15. 15. Chances and obstacles <ul><li>What is necessary to start a successful European Citizens´s Initiative? </li></ul><ul><li>Identifying a common European problem </li></ul><ul><li>Starting a transnational campaign </li></ul><ul><li>Initiate a European-wide discussion on this matter </li></ul>
  16. 16. Chances and obstacles <ul><li>Who is able to set up a transnational European Citizens´Initiative? </li></ul><ul><li>Indivual citizens? NGOs? Political Parties? </li></ul><ul><li>Good organised and financial strong organisation </li></ul><ul><li>Organisations with a already existing transnational networks </li></ul>
  17. 17. Chances and obstacles <ul><li>What happens after the successful collection of 1 Million signatures? </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation of the ECI is not obligatory for the European Commission </li></ul><ul><li>there are no legal sanctions, no guaranties </li></ul><ul><li>risk that a successful ECI stuck in complex legislative process of the EU </li></ul><ul><li>It´s not a legislative right </li></ul><ul><li>– it´s a agenda setting tool! </li></ul>
  18. 18. Solvit
  19. 19. Solvit
  20. 20. Your Voice In Europe
  21. 21. European Parliament at Facebook
  22. 22. Digitale Europe? <ul><li>Is it possible to collected one million signature for a special political issue, in an effective way without high cost? </li></ul>
  23. 23. EU- Internet exploitation
  24. 24. EU- Internet exploitation
  25. 25. Utilization of eGovernment <ul><li>Source : </li></ul><ul><li>United Nations E-Government Survey 2010 - Leveraging e-government at a time of finacial and economic crisis </li></ul>
  26. 26. Utilization of eGovernment <ul><li>Source : </li></ul><ul><li>United Nations E-Government Survey 2010 - Leveraging e-government at a time of finacial and economic crisis </li></ul>
  27. 27. Utilization of eGovernment <ul><li>Source : </li></ul><ul><li>United Nations E-Government Survey 2010 - Leveraging e-government at a time of finacial and economic crisis </li></ul>
  28. 28. Utilization of eParticipation <ul><li>Source : </li></ul><ul><li>United Nations E-Government Survey 2010 - Leveraging e-government at a time of finacial and economic crisis </li></ul>
  29. 29. European Ombudsman <ul><li>Since 1995, appointed by the European Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Founded by Maastricht Treaty, Articel 195 </li></ul><ul><li>Nikiforos Diamandouros since 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Receives complaints about maladministration by EU institutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>European Commission </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Council of the European Union </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>European Parliament </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>European Court of Auditors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conducts inspections and submit report to the European Parliament. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2009: 3098 complaints received, initiated 339 investigations </li></ul>
  30. 30.
  31. 31. <ul><li>In 2005 the German Parliament, the Bundestag, starts an Online-Petition-Tool </li></ul><ul><li>Two types of online petitions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A single petitions by one petitioner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>open petitions for a crowd of petitoners </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>One citizen sent a petition – a text – to the bundestag and goes online </li></ul><ul><li>Other citizens can sign this petitions in the next six weeks </li></ul><ul><li>A petition get‘s more then 50.000 signatoriesin the first three weeks: the petitoner receive an invitation to Petition-Committee </li></ul><ul><li>In 2009: 2.000 online-petitions </li></ul><ul><li>More then 700.000 citizen are registere </li></ul>
  33. 33.
  34. 34. <ul><li>Since June 2007 in Estonia </li></ul><ul><li>Civics and stakeholders launch an initiative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to require a law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to present an idea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To proclaim a grievance at government or administration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>You can vote and comment every input </li></ul><ul><li>With enought response the government begins to act and gives feedback about the process </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens can participate in public consultations </li></ul>
  35. 35. Contact Lisa Peyer Markus Winkler [email_address] [email_address] @mw238