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African-Americans in the South Post-Reconstruction

This presentation discusses life for African-Americans in the post-war South during Reconstruction and more importantly during the Redemption period following the North's departure from the South. Key topics include: redeemers, segregation, Jim Crow laws, and Plessy vs. Ferguson.

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African-Americans in the South Post-Reconstruction

  1. 1. Jim Crow, “Separate, but equal” African-Americans in the South After Reconstruction
  2. 2. Reconstruction Review  Remember that following the Civil War, African- Americans enjoyed many new freedoms in the Union-occupied South  Access to education, voting… pretty much had all civil rights  Many African-Americans became sharecroppers
  3. 3. Redeemers  After the backdoor deal that gave Rutherford B. Hayes the presidency in 1876, Union forces pulled out of the South  “Redeemers” took over and sought to limit the freedoms of African-Americans  First, they kicked all African-Americans out of political office limiting the African-American’s opportunities to stop the redeemers
  4. 4. Key Vocab- Segregation  The process of keeping two or more different groups separate from each other  People with blue eyes are allowed to play on the slide while people with green eyes can only play on the swings  Segregation can be both voluntary (Little Italy and China Town in NY), and forced
  5. 5. Jim Crow Laws  Jim Crow Laws are all of the laws made in the South that segregated blacks and whites in public facilities  The ultimate goal was to separate blacks from whites treating both groups “separate, but equal”  In reality, it legally made African-Americans a lower class in the South with major inequalities between whites and blacks
  6. 6. Historical Connection – Germany  Think back to Cambridge World History!  One of the first steps the Nazi government in Germany took against the Jewish population was to separate the Jewish population from the “Aryan” population  This legally made the Jewish population a lower class and led to many rights and liberties being taken away
  7. 7. Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)  A pivotal Supreme Court case that upheld segregation in the South  The Court ruled that as long as facilities for blacks and whites were both equal, they could remain separate
  8. 8. The Reality of Plessy  Facilities became separate and unequal  White facilities were better funded and maintained  This was seen especially in the schools
  9. 9. Voting Oppression  One of the ways in which the white population kept African-Americans out of political office or voting for those who would support them was to put up barriers to voting  Ways African-Americans could be kept from voting:  Literacy test (have to read to vote)  Poll tax (have to have money to vote… coincidentally not applied to white voters)  Grandfather clauses (you could only vote if your ancestors voted before the Civil War)  Violence / Intimidation
  10. 10. Rise of the Civil Rights Movement  The Civil Rights Movement would not earnestly begin until the 1950s…  But, a major organization and several prominent leaders arose in the early 20th century that started the movement  Please now move on to task 2 to learn more!