6 wr south_asia

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6 wr south_asia

  1. 1. Instructor World Regional Geography Week #7 South Asia
  2. 6. South Asia <ul><li>Ten Geographic Qualities </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Geography </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Geography </li></ul><ul><li>Regions & States </li></ul>
  3. 7. Ten Geographic Qualities <ul><li>1. Sub-region of Asia - Indian Subcontinent </li></ul><ul><li>2. Mostly Dry Flat Plateau Area </li></ul>
  4. 8. Ten Geographic Qualities <ul><li>3. Soon to be the largest population concentration in the world 1.3 Billion </li></ul><ul><li>4. Center of Hindu Religious Concentration </li></ul><ul><li>5. Hundreds of languages & ethnic groups </li></ul>
  5. 9. Ten Geographic Qualities <ul><li>6. Colonial Exploitation of this resource rich area </li></ul><ul><li>7. Highest Mountains in the world </li></ul><ul><li>8. Historically an Asian crossroads for trade </li></ul>
  6. 10. Ten Geographic Qualities <ul><li>9. Region is dominated by monsoon rains </li></ul><ul><li>10. Culturally vibrant Hindus, Moslems, Jaines, Seiks </li></ul>Himalyas & Tibetan Plateau
  7. 11. Relative Location of South Asia <ul><li>Centrally located between Southwest Asia and Southeast Asia </li></ul><ul><li>South of China </li></ul><ul><li>North of the Indian Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>Along a water trade routes </li></ul>
  8. 12. South Asia <ul><li>Ten Geographic Qualities </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Geography </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Geography </li></ul><ul><li>Regions & States </li></ul>
  9. 13. Physical Geography of South Asia <ul><li>Plate Tectonics </li></ul><ul><li>Plateaus </li></ul><ul><li>Deserts </li></ul><ul><li>Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>Rivers </li></ul><ul><li>Lakes </li></ul><ul><li>Climates </li></ul>
  10. 14. Physical Geography <ul><li>Plate Tectonics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clashing or colliding plates of Eurasian and Indian plates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This collision created the Himalayan Mts. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 16. Physical Geography <ul><li>Indian Sub Continent Plateau - Deccan Plateau </li></ul><ul><li>Deserts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thar Desert </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pakistan Desert </li></ul></ul>
  12. 18. Physical Geography of South Asia <ul><li>Mountains </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Himalayan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pamir Mts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Karakorum Mts. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 19. Physical Geography of South Asia <ul><li>Rivers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indus River </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ganges River </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brahmaputra River </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gulfs - </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arabian Gulf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bay of Bengal </li></ul></ul>
  14. 20. Godavari & Krishna Deltas
  15. 21. Pakistan Lower Indus Valley
  16. 22. Climates of South Asia
  17. 23. Physical Geography of South Asia <ul><li>Climates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Desert Climates dominate Pakistan and Afghanistan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deccan Plateau of India is also very arid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Northern Himalayan regions and coastal areas are very wet in the summers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>tropical monsoon climate </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 27. Vegetation Map
  19. 28. South Asia <ul><li>Ten Geographic Qualities </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Geography </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Geography </li></ul><ul><li>Regions & States </li></ul>
  20. 29. Cultural Geography of South Asia <ul><li>INTERESTING FACTS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>India is the 1/3 the size of the United States with 5 times the population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bangladesh has about half the population of the United States alone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>South Asia is the fast growing of the large population concentrations and will soon surpass China as the largest </li></ul></ul>
  21. 30. Cultural Geography of South Asia <ul><ul><li>Population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Languages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Historical Geography </li></ul></ul>
  22. 31. Population Concentrations
  23. 35. Cultural Geography of South Asia <ul><li>Population </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1.4 billion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>concentrations on coasts & rivers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>high overall population due to large base numbers & high growth rates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large numbers in Pakistan & Bangladesh </li></ul></ul>
  24. 36. South Asia <ul><li>Population Characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Birth rates 28/1000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Death rates 9/1000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural Increase 1.9% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Infant Mortality 74/1000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Doubling Time 36yrs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pop <15 37% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pop > 65 4 % </li></ul></ul>
  25. 37. Dying Under 40 years
  26. 39. Cultural Geography of South Asia <ul><li>Languages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indo-European Language Family </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Indic Branch </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dravidian Language Family </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hindi </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>English is the lingua Franca or the language of commerce </li></ul></ul>
  27. 40. Languages
  28. 41. Religions
  29. 42. Religions
  30. 43. Cultural Geography of South Asia <ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Islam in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hindu in India & Nepal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious landscapes </li></ul></ul>
  31. 44. Cultural Geography of South Asia <ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious landscapes </li></ul></ul>
  32. 45. Cultural Geography of South Asia <ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>subsistence farming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>intensive rice farming </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>nomadic herding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>in dry areas </li></ul></ul></ul>
  33. 46. Agriculture in South Asia
  34. 47. Amu Darya River & Irrigated Lands -
  35. 48. Cultural Geography of South Asia <ul><li>Economy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>primary industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>resource rich </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>large labor population </li></ul></ul>
  36. 54. Income levels
  37. 55. Historical Geography <ul><li>Pre European Kingdoms </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial Transformation </li></ul><ul><li>Emergence of a World Power </li></ul>
  38. 56. South Asia <ul><li>Ten Geographic Qualities </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Geography </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Geography </li></ul><ul><li>Regions & States </li></ul>
  39. 57. Political Geography of South Asia
  40. 68. South Asia <ul><li>Ten Geographic Qualities </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Geography </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Geography </li></ul><ul><li>Regions & States </li></ul>
  41. 69. C.J. Cox Instructor World Regional Geography Week #7 South Asia

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