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6 political revolutions


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6 political revolutions

  2. 2. Glorious Revolution (England, 1688) Causes Effects -Magna Carta, 1215 -Puritan Revolution, 1642-49 -Established Parliamentary Democracy -Bloodless change of power - Rise of Limited/ Constitutional Monarchy -English Bill of Rights signed -Democratic Reforms
  3. 3. Political Philosophies Spur Revolution Era of Absolutism- Peter and Catherine the Great- Akbar the Great- Suleiman the Magnificent- Louis XIV (the Sun King) Political system with ONE monarch: high taxes, strong military, NO LEGISLATIVE BODY Westernized Russia, gained warm-water ports Enlightened Despot India, very tolerant of diverse religions Ottoman Empire: modernized military and laws, Muslim France: Palace of Versailles  bankrupt, divine right
  4. 4. Political Philosophies Spur Revolution Enlightenment- John Locke- Voltaire- Montesquieu- Rousseau- Intellectual movement focused on human logic and reason; change relationship btwn people and gov’t NATURAL RIGHTS!!! People have right to overthrow gov’t if they’re not being met Freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly Checks and Balances; 3 branches of gov’t; More people power The Social Contract, believed in the will of majority
  5. 5. French Revolution (1789-1799) Causes Effects -Enlightenment - American Revolution -Absolute Monarchy - Rigid Estate (class) system - Economic Problems (need bread!) -Death of King  creation of democracy (people power) - Reign of terror (Robespierre) - Rise of Napoleon  spread of nationalism  defeat by Russia’s geography (scorched earth policy) -Congress of Vienna (balance of power, restore monarchs)
  6. 6. Russian Revolution (Bolsheviks, 1917) Causes Effects -Absolute Monarch (Czar) -Russo-Japanese War and WWI -Bloody Sunday, 1905 -Poor peasants -Lack of Industrialization -Rise of Communists (Bolsheviks) -Creation of a communist state (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) -Persecution of Dissenters -Lenin’s New Economic Policy (some private ownership)  Stalin’s Five Year Plan (collectives and increased industrialization) -Totalitarian State
  7. 7. Chinese Communist Revolution (1949) Causes Effects -Foreign (Japan) Imperialism - Chinese Civil War (Communist v. Nationalists) - Communists win support of peasant and women – Long March (Mao Zedong) -Communist state under Mao Zedong  Great Leap Forward  Cultural Revolution - Equality of women -Deng Xiaoping- economic freedom (Four Modernizations) but not political (Tiananmen Square) or social (censorship)
  8. 8. Iranian Revolution (1979) Causes Effects -Islamic Fundamentalist Gov’t led by Ayatollah Khomeini (Islamic Fundamentalism  movement that opposes Westernization and supports traditional Islam) -U.S. Hostage Crisis - Anti-Iraq, Anti-West, Anti-Secular (Secular = non-religious) -Corrupt Shah - Anti-Western feelings -Rise in Islamic Fundamentalism