Wspa Buenos Aires Presentation

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  • Grateful for opportunity to speak about whale welfare and the ethics of whaling at this extremely important, progressive and productive meeting. A short introduction – who is WSPA? The world’s largest federation of animal welfare societies, with over 800 member societies in more than 147 countries. 12 offices worldwide and over 500,000 Supporters around the world. The WSPA has consultative status at both the United Nations and the Council of Europe. What does the WSPA believe? WSPA is an animal welfare organisation, not animal rights. We believe that: Animals have biologically determined instincts and needs and can experience both pain and suffering Animals should be permitted to live their lives free from avoidable suffering at the hands of humans Unnecessary animal suffering should be prevented Opposed to the killing of animals when it can be proven that it is inhumane – this is why we are here today and opposed to whaling WSPA’s vision is ‘a world where animal welfare matters and animal cruelty ends’. Our Mission is to work with governments, stakeholders and the public across the world to ‘build a united global animal welfare movement’.
  • Wspa Buenos Aires Presentation

    1. 1. Marcela Vargas Whaling and whale welfare World Society for the Protection of Animals © Phillip Colla/HWRF Taken and used according to provisions of US NMFS
    2. 2. What is ‘animal welfare’? <ul><li>“ Welfare, including health, has many different aspects and is defined by both the physical and psychological state of an animal.” </li></ul><ul><li>Webster, 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>“ To be concerned about animal welfare is to be concerned with the subjective feelings of animals, particularly the unpleasant subjective feelings of suffering and pain.” </li></ul><ul><li>Dawkins, 1988 </li></ul>&quot; The greatness of a nation and its moral progress can be judged by the way its animals are treated .&quot; Mahatma Gandhi, Indian Statesman and Philosopher
    3. 3. The lives of whales <ul><li>Whales and humans: what we know and what we don’t… </li></ul>© Hal Sato/WDCS IWC SC59 Bryde’s whale RMP implementation simulation trials modeling survival rate estimates Bryde’s whale breaching
    4. 4. The lives of whales Images courtesy: James Cook University, Minke whale project ‘ Pavlova’
    5. 5. How are whales killed? <ul><li>Weaponry </li></ul>
    6. 6. How are whales killed? <ul><li>The hunt and slaughter process </li></ul><ul><li>Pursuit </li></ul><ul><li>Aim </li></ul><ul><li>Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary killing methods </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment of death </li></ul>
    7. 7. The results How many die immediately? Using most recent Japanese and Norwegian data, an average of 48% of whales die instantaneously 2889 1080 100 100
    8. 8. The results How long do whales take to die? <ul><li>Whales take on average 2.5 – 3 minutes to die </li></ul><ul><li>Max time to death in Norway (1998-2002) was 1.5 hours </li></ul>2889 100 100 1080 © Kate Davison/Greenpeace 2006.
    9. 9. The results Large whale welfare: Iceland and Japan’s fin whale hunts minke Bryde’s sei fin? © Jonas Fr. Thorsteinsson/WSPA © Jonas Fr. Thorsteinsson/WSPA
    10. 10. The results <ul><li>Suffering we can’t see… </li></ul>Struck and lost Unborn foetuses Impacts on family and social groups
    11. 11. Whale welfare compared with farm animal welfare OIE 2007 guidelines for the slaughter of animals <ul><li>‘ Conscious animals should not be thrown, dragged or dropped and they should be grasped or lifted in a manner which avoids pain or suffering and physical damage’; </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Animals should be adequately restrained and then stunned before slaughter’; </li></ul><ul><li>‘ No dressing procedure should be performed until all brain stem reflexes have ceased’; </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Animals should be handled in such a way as to avoid harm, distress or injury’; </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Pregnant animals in the final 10% of their gestation period should be neither transported nor slaughtered…in all cases, the welfare of fetuses and dams during slaughter should be safeguarded.’ </li></ul>
    12. 12. Whale watching: a global alternative to whaling Map courtesy E.Hoyt 2001 Whale watching report (IFAW/UNEP)
    13. 13. Whaling and whale-watching: Can and should they co-exist? <ul><li>Norway, 2006: 80 tourists on whale safari see one of the whales shot infront of them. </li></ul><ul><li>“ This really wasn't what we came to see.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Japan, 2005: 25 whale-watchers witness a whale being harpooned and hauled aboard a ship off Hokkaido. Two other whale-watching boats left the area to avoid seeing the hunt. </li></ul><ul><li>Iceland, 2003: Whalers kill and butcher a whale in a popular whale-watching bay near Reykjavic, despite assurances from the Ministry of Fisheries that whalers would not hunt in whale-watching areas. Whale-watching boat diverted their trip to avoid seeing the killing. </li></ul>© Claire Bass/WSPA © WSPA/EIA
    14. 14. Conclusions <ul><li>Whaling is inherently cruel : it is indefensible to subject sentient animals to such unavoidably cruel hunting practices. </li></ul><ul><li>Whaling is bad for whale welfare and bad for people and industries who wish to observe them in their natural environment. </li></ul><ul><li>The most humane – and economically important – use of whales in the 21 st century is responsible watching: not catching . </li></ul><ul><li>On its 60 th birthday, the IWC needs to refocus itself as a protection organisation. </li></ul>
    15. 15. Thank you

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