Innovation and Creativity in the Muslim World Prof. Dr. Mustafa AG Abushagur Rochester Institute of Technology Rochester, ...
Innovation <ul><li>is the conversion of knowledge and ideas     into a benefit,  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>which may be for co...
Economic Growth Innovation
Muslims’ Innovation <ul><li>Algebra </li></ul><ul><li>Alchemy (Chemistry) </li></ul><ul><li>Algorithm </li></ul><ul><li>Al...
Islamic Innovation  Then  and  Now <ul><li>“ Eleven centuries ago an Islamic renaissance occurred in Baghdad, attracting t...
Innovations Metrics <ul><li>Intellectual production </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Patents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Published pap...
Innovation Metrics Data <ul><li>It is presented here for the following countries: </li></ul><ul><li>USA </li></ul><ul><li>...
0.0000 LIBYA  0.0002 PAKISTAN  0.0001 MOROCCO  0.0123 UAE 0.0005 IRAN  0.0010 EGYPT  0.0020 TURKEY  0.0004 INDONESIA  0.00...
Patents Issued
Innovation Creation <ul><ul><ul><li>The ultimate cause of all innovation is human creativity.  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul...
The Innovation Continuum Research Making new  Discoveries  and Developing  New ideas Development Turning Discoveries Into ...
The Innovation Continuum Basic Research Applied Research Product Development Job Creation Wealth Creation University Educa...
Recommendations <ul><li>Innovations starts early in life. It starts at home </li></ul><ul><li>Education methodology have t...
<ul><ul><ul><li>“ The value of an idea lies in the using of it.”  </li></ul></ul></ul>Thomas Edison
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Innovation And Creativity The Muslim World By Prof.Dr Mustafa Abushagur, Noor

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Knowledge Forum | http://www.noor.org.sa | Day 3 - Panel 2 - Innovation And Creativity The Muslim World By Prof.Dr Mustafa Abushagur, Noor

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Innovation And Creativity The Muslim World By Prof.Dr Mustafa Abushagur, Noor

  1. 1. Innovation and Creativity in the Muslim World Prof. Dr. Mustafa AG Abushagur Rochester Institute of Technology Rochester, NY USA Presented at ICKBD 08, Al Maddinah, KSA June 24, 2008
  2. 2. Innovation <ul><li>is the conversion of knowledge and ideas    into a benefit, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>which may be for commercial use or for the public good; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the benefit may be new or improved products, processes or services. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Economic Growth Innovation
  4. 4. Muslims’ Innovation <ul><li>Algebra </li></ul><ul><li>Alchemy (Chemistry) </li></ul><ul><li>Algorithm </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul>
  5. 5. Islamic Innovation Then and Now <ul><li>“ Eleven centuries ago an Islamic renaissance occurred in Baghdad, attracting the best scholars throughout the Muslim world. </li></ul><ul><li>For the next five hundred years, Arabic was the lingua franca of science. </li></ul><ul><li>Cutting-edge research was conducted in cities such as Cairo, Damascus, and Tunis. “ </li></ul>Daniel Del Castillo, Chronicle of Higher Education, 2007 <ul><li>“ Today, no one looks to the Arab world for breakthroughs in scientific research, and for good reason. </li></ul><ul><li>The 21 Arab countries that make up the region are struggling to teach even basic science at the university level. </li></ul><ul><li>For wealthier ones, such as ..., complacency and a relatively new and underdeveloped university system have hampered progress. “ </li></ul>
  6. 6. Innovations Metrics <ul><li>Intellectual production </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Patents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Published papers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Published books </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Technology transfer </li></ul><ul><li>Business creation </li></ul>
  7. 7. Innovation Metrics Data <ul><li>It is presented here for the following countries: </li></ul><ul><li>USA </li></ul><ul><li>JAPAN </li></ul><ul><li>GERMANY </li></ul><ul><li>SOUTH KOREA </li></ul><ul><li>ISRAEL </li></ul><ul><li>SINGAPORE </li></ul><ul><li>CHINA </li></ul><ul><li>INDIA </li></ul><ul><li>MALAYSIA </li></ul><ul><li>SAUDI ARABIA </li></ul><ul><li>INDONESIA </li></ul><ul><li>TURKEY </li></ul><ul><li>EGYPT </li></ul><ul><li>IRAN </li></ul><ul><li>UAE </li></ul><ul><li>MOROCCO </li></ul><ul><li>PAKISTAN </li></ul><ul><li>LIBYA </li></ul>
  8. 8. 0.0000 LIBYA 0.0002 PAKISTAN 0.0001 MOROCCO 0.0123 UAE 0.0005 IRAN 0.0010 EGYPT 0.0020 TURKEY 0.0004 INDONESIA 0.0030 SAUDI ARABIA 0.0355 MALAYSIA 0.0026 INDIA 0.4198 SINGAPORE 0.0053 CHINA 0.7505 ISRAEL 0.5846 SOUTH KOREA 0.5133 GERMANY 1.1014 JAPAN 1.00 USA Patents per Million (2007) COUNTRY
  9. 9. Patents Issued
  10. 10. Innovation Creation <ul><ul><ul><li>The ultimate cause of all innovation is human creativity. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Innovation does not occur in a vacuum; it requires a workable structure of incentives and institutions. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Government policies that foster the right enabling conditions for innovation, and that allow entrepreneurship and markets to flourish, can provide a climate that encourages innovation and economic growth in the 21st Century. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increasingly, one of the core enabling conditions is intellectual property protection. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. The Innovation Continuum Research Making new Discoveries and Developing New ideas Development Turning Discoveries Into Commercial products Startup Starting new Businesses and Bringing Products To market Growth Adding jobs And revenues To the economy
  12. 12. The Innovation Continuum Basic Research Applied Research Product Development Job Creation Wealth Creation University Education/ Research Companies R&D Government And Industry $$ Angel Investors Venture Capital Investment Bankers
  13. 13. Recommendations <ul><li>Innovations starts early in life. It starts at home </li></ul><ul><li>Education methodology have to change from instruction to discovery </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage students to question everything around them </li></ul><ul><li>Create entrepreneurship curriculum and culture </li></ul><ul><li>“ Constructive” failure should not be a stigma. It can be very valuable </li></ul><ul><li>Create long term investing culture </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation and entrepreneurship leads to the creation of new technology companies which are high risk but high pay. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><ul><ul><li>“ The value of an idea lies in the using of it.” </li></ul></ul></ul>Thomas Edison
  15. 15. Thank You

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