GROUP NUMBER:MUZAMIL QUADIRASHISH OMBHARAT SUBRAMANIAMARCHANA GUDURANURANJAN KUMAR
It is a technique involving transfer of a selected piece ofgenetic material capable of performing new functions fromone organism to another. A genetically modified (GM) crop is a plant that has beenaltered by an external process which alters the geneticmake-up of the cells. The modification is accomplished bythe insertion of a gene from a different species throughgenetic engineering. Example bt cotton,bt brinjal etc.
Bt Brinjal is a transgenic brinjal created by inserting agene cry1Ac from the soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensisinto brinjal. This is said to give the brinjal plant resistance againstlepidopteran insects like the brinjal fruit and shoot borerLeucinodes orbonalis and fruit borer Helicoverpaarmigera.
Developed by Monsanto via its Indian subsidiary Mahycoand University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad. It was approved for commercialization in India in 2009,but after a public outcry the Indian government applieda moratorium on its release.
ARGUMENTSAGAINST: NO tests conducted Impact on human health Bio safety concerns Biodiversity concernsARGUMENTS FOR: Brinjal cultivation involvesintensive use of pesticides increases yields Cost effective Insect resistant
Monsantos attempts to commercialize on their indigenousknowledge, a practice known as bio piracy. Quite simply, the biotech giant did not get prior approval touse the naturally occurring breeds for the purposes ofgenetic modification, and in so doing violated the countrysBiological Diversity Act (BDA). India Stands Up Against Corporate Control of Their FoodSupply enacted in 2002.
"American seed giant Monsanto and its Indian collaborator,Maharashtra Hybrid Seeds Company (Mahyco) are to be prosecutedfor allegedly stealing indigenous plant material for developinggenetically modified brinjal variety known as Bt brinjal. The National Biodiversity Authority (NBA), a statutory body set upunder the Biological Diversity Act, 2002, has decided to initiate legalproceedings against the two companies and their collaborators forusing indigenous brinjal germplasm without necessary permission.Taking plant material without any permission and using it forcommercial purposes is considered an act of biopiracy."
Legal Control over Research on GM Foods Establishment of GE Free Zones Encouragement to Organic and Ecological Farming Creation of Global and National Organization