DICTIONARY
OF
THE HOLY QUR'AN
With
References and Explanation
of the Text
Published under the auspices of
Hadrat Mirza Mas...
Dictionary of the Holy Qur'an
With References and Explanation of the Text
Edited by: Malik Ghulam Farid
First Published in...
FOREWORD
While editing a commentary of the Holy Qur'an in English,
I discovered the perennial fact that for a proper inter...
Publisher’s Note
For the translation and preparation of a commentary of the
Holy Quran in English, Hadrat Sahibzada Mirza ...
Hadrat Malik Ghulam Faridra
, despite his old age and failing
health, worked on this project diligently and steadfastly. I...
]
øÖô̺ .............. 3
]øh'
]øeøº
]ôe»ôm»Ðº
]øeøÐø
]ôeôغ .............. 4
]øeø^eôn»Øö
]øhº
]*eøo
]*iFo ................
]øÚøØø .............. 36
]øÚôàø
]øÚøèº .............. 38
]øá$
]øá»
]øÞöø .............. 40
]øÞôø
]øÞøÌø .............. 42...
eøÃøø .............. 76
eøû%øø .............. 77
eøÃöø
eøÃøø .............. 78
eøÃøø .............. 79
eøÃøØø
eøÇøkø
...
$øÃøgø ............. 114
$øÏøgø
$øÏôÌø
$øÏöØ ............. 115
$øØ$ ............. 116
$ø×øø
$øÜ$ ............. 117
$øÛøø
...
qøç' ............. 154
qø^hø
qø^ø
qø^ø ............. 155
qø^ø ............. 156
qø^ø
qø^Åø ............. 157
qøç»Íº
qø...
uøØ$ ............. 198
uø×øÌø ............. 199
uø×øÐø
uø×»ÏøÜø ............. 200
uø×øÜø
uø×øo
uøÜ$ ............. 201
uøÛø...
ìø¼$ ............. 235
ìø_ôo*
ìø_øgø ............. 236
ìø_ôÌø ............. 238
ìø_ø^
ìøÌ$
ìøËøkø ............. 239
ìøËøø...
øâøÜø ............. 278
øâøàø
øâøo ............. 279
ø]ø
ø]Ùø ............. 281
ø]Ýø
ø]áø ............. 282
ø]áø ...
øôÄø ............. 328
øôoø ............. 330
øögø ............. 331
øÂøgø
øÂøø
øÂøo ............. 332
øÆôgø
ø...
øÚøØø ............. 364
øÚ»ãøø
øÞ»røfôn»Øº
øÞøÜø
øÞøo ............. 365
øâøø
øâøø ............. 366
øâøÐø
øæ$t...
øÏøÌø ............. 400
øÏôÜø
øÏøo
øÓøgø ............. 401
øÓøkø ............. 402
øÓôø
øÓøàø
øØ$ ............. 4...
øøpø ............. 440
ø_ø^ø
ø_øø ............. 441
ø¼$
ø_øàø
øÃøgø ............. 442
øÃøø ............. 443
øÃ...
øËøxø ............. 483
øËøø ............. 484
øËøø
øËøàø
øËø^ ............. 485
øÔ$
ø×øgø ............. 486
ø×ö...
øËôo* ............. 523
øËôÐø
øËöØø
øØ$ ............. 524
ø×øgø
ø×øxø
ø×øÄø ............. 525
ø×øÐø ............. ...
ÂøøÝø ............. 570
Âøø]
Âøöø
Âø»Ãøø .......... 571
ÂøøØø
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Âøøø ............. 572
Âøø^ ............. 5...
Æøø] ............. 610
Æøøhø ............. 611
Æø$ ............. 612
ÆøøÍø
ÆøôÑø ............. 613
ÆøôÝø
Æøø] ........
Êøôåø ............. 649
ÊøFp
Êø$ ............. 650
ÊøôÅø
Êøøxø ............. 651
Êøøø
Êøøø ............. 652
Êøø...
Îøøø ............. 693
Îøø¼ø
Îø»_øø .......... 694
ÎøøÜø
Îøø^
Îø»Ãøø ............. 695
Îø$
Îøøø
Îøöø ..........
Òøøø ............. 719
ÒøøÌø ............. 720
ÒøôØø
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Òø¿øÜø
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ÒøËø^* ............. 721
ÒøËøkø...
ÖøËøxø ............. 738
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ÖøÏôÌø ............. 739
ÖøÏôÜø
ÖøÏôoø
ÖøÛ$^ ................
ÚøÏøkø ............. 755
ÚøÓøø
ÚøÓøø ............. 756
ÚøÓöàø
ÚøÓø^ ............. 757
ÚøÓ$èö
Úø×øªø
Úø×øxø
Úø×øÐø
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...
ÞøøÌø ............. 780
Þøø^
Þøôsø
Þøøîø
Þøøø ............. 781
Þøøø
Þø_øxø
Þø_øÌø
Þø_øÐø
Þø¿øø ............. 782...
âøøÙø ............. 804
âøøÝø
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âøøÜø ............. 805
âøøÜø
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âøØ»
âø×ôþ³Äø
âø×øÔø ............. 806
âø×öÜ$
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æøö©ø ............. 828
æøøàø
æøôo*
]øÖ»çøøö ............. 829
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æø...
DMLP ]ÖßvØV âF„ø]ÖôŠø^áºÂø†øeôo'Ú%fônûàº
This is Arabic tongue, plain and clear.
1
eø^hö]ÖãøÛ»øéô
]
Aa
Numerical Value = 1
1
øÖô̺ [Alif] : It is of two kinds, Öønôùßøèº (soft) and ÚöjøvøôùÒøèº (moving) or âøÛ»øéº .
The grammarians have other p...
]ôeôغ is used as plural and means camels; a herd of camels; clouds;
]øÊø¡møß»¿ööæ»áø]ôÖøo]»ôôeØôÒøn»Ìøìö×ôÏøk» : Don't ...
]Ö$o»ðø : He disapproved of or hated the th õaà ing. Êø^øeFo]øÒ»%øö]Öß$^ô]ôÖ^$
ÒøËöç»÷] : Most people would refuse to ...
to pass (19:62). æø]Ö»Ûöç,iöç»áø]Ö$ÒFçéø (act part): Those who give Zakat
(4:163).
]ø'$ ]ø'$ [aor. mø^*'% and møòô% and m...
which keeps back a person from what is good, an unlawful
deed; (it differs from øÞ»gº in-as-much as øÞ»gº signifies both...
restless disposition as they are always on the lookout restlessly
to make new conquests.
]øqøø [aor. mø^,qôö and mø^,qö...
]øuøº is originally æø]uôº , the æ being changed into ] : One; the first of
the numbers; syn. in many cases with æø]uôº...
]ôi$íøø]Ö×#äö]ôe»ø]âôn»Üøìø×ôn»¡÷ : God made Abraham His friend (4:126).
]ôi$íøøåüæøÖø÷] : He adopted him, made him or...
]øì»ø]áõ ( Úöj$íôøéº singular and Úöj$íôø]lº plural): And nor taking secret
lovers (4:26).
]øì$ø [inf. noun iø^»ìôn»º...
]Ö»Ûô×$èô]»Fìôøéô : We have not heard of it even in the latest religion
(38:8) Îø»møòôöç»]Úôàø]»Fìôøéô : They have i...
you intermix with them, they are your brethren (2:221). ]øe»ßøþ³«¨öÒöÜ»
æø]ôì»çø]ÞöÓöÜ» : Your sons and your brethren (9:2...
to it or by any movement letter, the  of ]ô» is quiescent as in æø]ô»
mø»ÊøÄö]ôe»ø]âôn»Üö]Ö»Ïøçø]Âôø : And when Abra...
night when it covereth (92:2). Sometimes it is used so as not to
denote a condition. æø]ôø]Úø^Æøôföç»]âöÜ»møÇ»Ëôöæ»áø :...
]ô»áº : Permission; leave to do a thing, and sometimes command
and also will. eô^ô»áô]Ö×#äô : By the will or permission ...
He wanted it; was or became in want or need of it and sought
or desired it. ]øøhº and ]ô»hº and ]ô»eøèº and ]ø»hº are ...
]ø$ [aor. møç.% and møòô% inf. noun ]ø' ] ]ø$lô]Ö»Ïô»ö : (1) The cooking pot
made a sound in boiling; (2) it boiled...
(55:55).
]øøø [aor. mø^»ôö inf. noun ]ø»÷] ] ]øøøåü : (1) He bound or tied him; (2) he
made him a captive or took ...
thereisanexemplarormodelforyouintheProphetofAllah(33:22).
]øôoø [aor. mø^»øo inf. noun ]ø÷o ]: He grieved or mourned fo...
lay not on us a responsibility (2:287). æø]øìø»iöÜ»Âø×FoFÖôÓöÜ»]ô»ôp» : And
do you accept the responsibility which I l...
vexation, distress of mind or disgust. ]öÍ' has six or ten or even
forty forms according to different authorities. (1) It ...
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
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Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
Dictionary of The Holy Quran
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Dictionary of The Holy Quran

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Dictionary of The Holy Quran

  1. 1. DICTIONARY OF THE HOLY QUR'AN With References and Explanation of the Text Published under the auspices of Hadrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad Fifth successor of the Promised Messiah and Supreme Head of the Worldwide Ahmadiyyah Movement in Islam BY MALIK GHULAM FARID M.A.
  2. 2. Dictionary of the Holy Qur'an With References and Explanation of the Text Edited by: Malik Ghulam Farid First Published in UK in 2006 © Islam Internaional Publications Limited Published by: Islam International Publications Limited “Islamabad” Sheephatch Lane Tilford, Surrey GU10 2AQ United Kingdom Printed in UK at: ISBN: 1 85372 821 7
  3. 3. FOREWORD While editing a commentary of the Holy Qur'an in English, I discovered the perennial fact that for a proper interpretation of its Text a sound knowledge of the Arabic language is an indispensable necessity; and one has to make frequent use of the standard Arabic lexicons for this purpose. The use of these lexicons is essential because the very word 'Arabiyy' (Arabic) conveys the sense of fullness, abundance and clearness and so the Arabic language legitimately claims to be the most expressive, eloquent and comprehensive language. It possesses suitable words and phrases for the full expression of all sorts of ideas and shades of meaning, even the particles and letters of this language possess clear and definite meanings. As according to Muslim belief the Holy Qur'an meets all human needs under all circumstances, it was revealed in the language in which the phrases, expressions, words and even letters possess a vast variety of meanings. This fact led me, while engaged in editing the five-volume English Commentary of the Holy Qur'an covering about 3000 pages, to prepare a complete dictionary in English of the holy Book in which more than 1400 Arabic roots with their derivatives, as used in the Qur'an have been explained in all their multifarious aspects, even letters and particles at different places in it have not been left unexplained. The Dictionary also forms a sort of concordance of the Holy Qur'an in as much as reference to the particular Quranic verse or verses, in which a certain word occurs, is given. I hope that an intelligent use of this Dictionary will greatly help the reader of the Holy Qur'an to understand and interpret it for himself. In the preparation of the Dictionary, I have made frequent use of the Lisan, the Taj, the Lane's Lexicon, the Qamus, the Aqrab ul Mawarid and the Mufradat Raghib. Allah be praised that I have been vouchsafed ample time, means and strength to prepare this Dictionary. MALIK GHULAM FARID April 18, 1969 (THE EDITOR)
  4. 4. Publisher’s Note For the translation and preparation of a commentary of the Holy Quran in English, Hadrat Sahibzada Mirza Bashirud Din Mahmood Ahmad Khalifatul Masih II constituted a board in 1942 comprising the following: 1. Hadrat Sahibzada Mirza Bashir Ahmadra (MA) 2. Hadrat Maulawi Sher Alira (BA), translator of the Holy Quran 3. Hadrat Malik Ghulam Faridra (MA), Ex-Missionary Germany and the UK The first volume of translation and commentary of the ten parts of Holy Quran was prepared and published in 1948. Hadrat Maulawi Sher Ali passed away in 1948 and Hadrat Sahibzada Mirza Bashir Ahmadra was given by Hadrat Khalifatul Masih other important task. Hence Hadrat Malik Ghulam Faridra was made responsible for completing the rest of the work which he, with the Grace of Allah, completed in 1963. And the complete work was published in five volumes. Later Hadrat Malik Ghulam Faridra abridged all the five volumes in one volume, making minor changes in translation and providing the commentary in abridged form given as footnotes. Having finished this work Hadrat Malik Ghulam Faridra compiled an Arabic English lexicon of the Holy Quran. He supplemented this lexicon with other words and phrases derived from the roots of the words of the Holy Quran, in order to explain and illustrate different uses and nuances of words and phrases. The whole project was based on standard dictionaries of Arabic language such as Lisan-ul-Arab (ĎĕľIJČaĕĕŇIJ), Taj-ul- ‘urus(ĥőĕľIJČaĔĕĬ), Almufradat Ligharibilquran of Imam Raghib of Isfahan (ĕČĕŁIJČa ĕĬĕľIJa ĎČĒĕŁņIJČ), Aqrabul Mawarid(ĒŋČĕņIJČa ĎĕĭČ), and Arabic-English Lexicon by E.W.Lane.
  5. 5. Hadrat Malik Ghulam Faridra , despite his old age and failing health, worked on this project diligently and steadfastly. It was his strong wish that his work may be published in his life time, but for reasons his wish could not be fulfilled. After his demise in 1977, his son Colonel (Rtd.) Munawar Ahmad Malik made considerable effort to get this dictionary published but unfortunately he also could not get sufficient time to give it a final shape. After his death his brother Mubashar Ahmad Malik submitted the whole work to Hadrat Mirza Tahir Ahmad rh , Khalifatul Masih IV who directed me to prepare this work for publication. I am indebted to Maulawi Fadal Elahi Bashir, Ex-Missionary East Africa for his devoted efforts in reviewing the manuscript, reading its proofs carefully and making useful suggestions. Mr. Habib-ur-Rahman Zirvi and Mr. Rana Mahmood Ahmad also contributed in the proofreading work. I am also thankful to members of my staff, especially Mr. Faheem Ahamd Khalid, Ex-Missionary of Japan who completed this assignment with great interest and care. I hope the publication of this work will be a useful contribution to Islamic Literature. 10/06/2006 Syed Abdul Hayee Nazir Isha’at Rabwah
  6. 6. ] øÖô̺ .............. 3 ]øh' ]øeøº ]ôe»ôm»Ðº ]øeøÐø ]ôeôغ .............. 4 ]øeø^eôn»Øö ]øhº ]*eøo ]*iFo .............. 5 ]ø'ù .............. 6 ]ø$øø ]ø$»Øº ]ø$ôÜø ]øt$ .............. 7 ]øqøø .............. 8 ]øqøØø ]øuøº .............. 9 ]øìøø ]øì$ø .............. 11 ]øïº .............. 12 ]ø$ .............. 13 ]ø$p ]ô» ]ôø] .............. 14 ]øôáø .............. 15 ]øôpø .............. 16 ]*öhø ]øøø .............. 17 ]øøÕø ]ø$ .............. 18 ]øøø ]øôÍø ]ø$ø ]ô»jøf»øѺ ]øøø .............. 19 ]øôÌø ]øøàø ]øø^ ]øôoø .............. 20 ]øøø øø ]øøø .............. 20 ]øöØø .............. 21 ]øÍ$ ]øÊøÐø .............. 22 ]øÊøÔø ]øÊøØø .............. 23 ]øÒøØø ]øÙ» .............. 24 ]ôÙ' ]øÖøkø .............. 26 ]øÖôÌø ]øÖøÔø .............. 27 ]øÖôÜø ]øÖøäø ]øøø .............. 28 ]öæøðô .............. 29 ]øÝ$ .............. 30 ]øÚø^ .............. 33 ]øÚøkø .............. 34 ]øÚôø ]øÚøø ]øÚ» .............. 36 I TABLE OF CONTENTS
  7. 7. ]øÚøØø .............. 36 ]øÚôàø ]øÚøèº .............. 38 ]øá$ ]øá» ]øÞöø .............. 40 ]øÞôø ]øÞøÌø .............. 42 ]ø»FÞø^Ýö ]øÞøo ]øâøØø .............. 43 ]øæ» .............. 44 hø ]øæôø .............. 45 Ùø ]øæ$åø .............. 46 ]øæøp ]øp' ô]m$^ .............. 48 ]ømø^ ]øm$ø .............. 49 ]ømôÔø º ]ôm»Ø Ýø h eø«ðº .............. 53 eø^*ø eø©öø eøjøø .............. 54 eøjøÔø .............. 55 eøjøØø eø$ eørøø eøvøø .............. 56 eøvøø eøíøø eøíøÄø .............. 57 eøíôØø eøø]* eøøø .............. 58 eøøÅø eøøÙø .............. 59 eøöáø eøøæø .............. 60 eøøø eø$ .............. 61 eøôp* .............. 62 eøôtø .............. 63 eøô|ø .............. 64 eøøø eøøø eø»øïº .............. 65 eøôø eøøÑø eøøÕø .............. 66 eøøÝø .............. 67 eø»âøàø eøøÉø eø$ eøøø eøø¼ø .............. 68 eøøÐø eøøØø .............. 69 eøøÜø eøøø eøöø .............. 71 eøøغ .............. 72 eøøÄø eø_ö©ø .............. 73 eø_ôø eø_øø .............. 74 eø_øØø eø_öàø .............. 75 II
  8. 8. eøÃøø .............. 76 eøû%øø .............. 77 eøÃöø eøÃøø .............. 78 eøÃøø .............. 79 eøÃøØø eøÇøkø eøÇøø eøÇøØø .............. 80 eøÇøo eøÏøø .............. 81 eøÏôÄø .............. 82 eøÏøØø eøÏôoø eøÓøø .............. 83 eøÓ$kø .............. 84 eøÓôÜø eøÓøo eøØ» eø×øø .............. 85 ]øe»×øø eø×øÄø .............. 86 eø×øÈø eø¡ø .............. 87 eø×Fo .............. 88 eøà$ .............. 89 eøßøo eøãôkø .............. 90 eøãösø eøãøØø .............. 91 eøã$Üø eø«ðø eø^hø .............. 92 eø^ø eø^Ùø eø^lø .............. 93 eø^ø .............. 94 eø^ø eø^Åø eø^áø .............. 95 l ]øÖj$^ðö ............ 101 iøg$ iøføø ............ 102 iøfôÄø iørøø ............ 103 iøv»kö iøôhø iøôÍø ............ 104 iøøÕø ............ 104 iøøÄø ............ 105 iøÃøøø iøËøø iøÏ$àø iøØ$ iô×»Ôø ............ 106 iø¡ø iøÜ$ iøß%ç»º ............ 107 iø^hø ]øÖj$^eöç»lö ........... 108 iø^ø ]øÖjôùn»àö iø^åø ' $øføkø ............. 111 $øfø ............. 112 $øfô¼ø $øføo $øs$ ............. 113 $øíöàø $øøhø $øôpø ............. 114 III
  9. 9. $øÃøgø ............. 114 $øÏøgø $øÏôÌø $øÏöØ ............. 115 $øØ$ ............. 116 $ø×øø $øÜ$ ............. 117 $øÛøø $øÛøàø $øßøo ............. 118 $ø^hø ............. 119 $ø^ø ............. 120 $øçøp $øn$gø ............. 121 t qø^*ø ............. 125 qøg$ ]øÖ»rôf»kö qøføø qøføØø ............. 126 qøföàø ............. 127 qøføäø qøføo qø$ qø%øÜø ............. 128 qø%ø^ qøvøø qøvöÜø ............. 129 qø$ qøø'ø ............. 130 qøøø qøøÙø qø$ ............. 131 qøøÅø qøø] qø$ ............. 132 qøø|ø qøøø qøøø qøøÅø ............. 133 qøøÍø qøøÝø qøøp ............. 134 qøø]ø ............. 135 qøøÅø qøøp qøôø ............. 136 qø$ qøöÜø ............. 137 qøÃøØø ............. 137 qøËø^* ............. 138 qøËøàø qøËø^ ............. 139 qøØ$ qø×øgø qø×øø ............. 140 qø×øø qø¡ qøÛøxø ............. 141 qøÜ$ qøÛøø qøÛøÄø ............. 142 qøÛøØø ............. 144 qøà$ ............. 145 qøßøgø ............. 146 qøßøxø ............. 148 qøßøø ............. 149 qøßøÌø qøßøo ............. 150 qøãøø qøãøø ............. 151 qøã$ø ............. 152 qøãôØø qøãøß$Üö ............. 153 IV
  10. 10. qøç' ............. 154 qø^hø qø^ø qø^ø ............. 155 qø^ø ............. 156 qø^ø qø^Åø ............. 157 qøç»Íº qø^ðø qøn»gº ............. 158 qønôø | uøg$ ............. 161 uøføø uøføø ............. 162 uøfô¼ø uøføÔø uøføØø ............. 163 uøjøÜø uøj#o uø$ ............. 164 uøs$ uørøgø ............. 165 uørøø ............. 166 uørøø ............. 167 uø$ uøôhø ............. 168 uøø'ø uøøÑø ............. 169 uøôø uø$ ............. 170 uøøhø ............. 171 uøø'ø ............. 172 uøôtø uøøø ............. 173 uøøø uøøø uøøø ............. 174 uøøÍø uøøÑø ............. 175 uøøÕø uøöÝø uøøp ............. 177 uøøhø ............. 178 uøôáø uø$ ............. 179 uøøgø uøøø ............. 181 uøøø uøøÜø ............. 182 uøöàø ............. 183 uøøø ............. 185 uøøgø uø»vøø ....... 186 uøøø uøøø ............. 187 uøøØø ............. 188 uøöàø uøø^ ............. 189 uø$ uøøø ............. 190 uø¼$ ............. 191 uø_øgø uø_øÜø uø¿øø ............. 192 uøÀ$ uøÌ$ uøËøø ............. 193 uøËøø uôËÀø uøËôoø ............. 194 uøÐ$ ............. 195 uøÏôgø ............. 196 uøÓøÜø ............. 197 V
  11. 11. uøØ$ ............. 198 uø×øÌø ............. 199 uø×øÐø uø×»ÏøÜø ............. 200 uø×øÜø uø×øo uøÜ$ ............. 201 uøÛø^ø uøÛôø ............. 202 uøÛøø uøÛøØø ............. 203 uøÛøo ............. 205 uøßôø uøß»røº ............. 206 uøßøø uøßøÌø uøßøÔø uøà$ uø^hø ............. 207 uø^lø uø^tø uø^ø ............. 208 uø^ø uø^ø ............. 209 uø^½ø uø^Ñø ............. 210 uø^Ùø uøçôpø ............. 211 uøçøp uøn»ö uø^ø ............. 212 uø^ø uø^ø uø^ø uø^øk» ............ 213 uø^Íø uø^áø uønôoø ............. 214 ï ìøfø^ø ............. 219 ìøføkø ìøföø ìøföø ............. 220 ìøføø ìøfø¼ø ............. 221 ìøfôØø ìøfø^ ìøjøø ............. 222 ìøjøÜø ìø$ ............. 223 ìøøÅø ìøøáø ............. 224 ìøøÙø ìø$ ............. 225 ìøôhø ìøøtø ìø»øÙº ............. 226 ìøøø ............. 227 ìö»öç»Ýº ìøøÑø ìøøáø ìøôpø ............. 228 ìøø^* ìøôø ............. 229 ìøøÌø ............. 231 ìøøgø ìøøÄø ìøôoø ............. 232 ìø$ ìøøÌø ............ 233 ìøôÜø ìøøø ............. 234 ìøôø ìøøÄø ............. 235 VI
  12. 12. ìø¼$ ............. 235 ìø_ôo* ìø_øgø ............. 236 ìø_ôÌø ............. 238 ìø_ø^ ìøÌ$ ìøËøkø ............. 239 ìøËøø ìøËôoø ............. 240 ìøØ$ ............. 241 ìø×øø ìø×øø ............. 242 ìø×ø¼ø ............. 243 ìø×øÄø ............. 244 ìø×øÌø ìø×øÐø ............. 248 ìø¡ ............. 249 ìøÛøø ............. 250 ìøÛøø ìøÛøø ìøÛôø ............. 251 ìøÛø¼ø ìøß»øø ìøßøø ìøßøÐø ............. 252 ìø^ø ............. 252 ìø^ø ìø^Íø ............. 253 ìø^Ùø ............. 254 ìø^áø ............. 255 ìøçøp ìø^hø ............. 256 ìø^ø ìø^½ø ............. 257 ìø^Ùø ............. 258 ìø^Ýø  ø]øhø ............. 261 øh$ øeøø ............. 262 ø$øø ............. 263 øuøø øuøø ............. 264 øuø^ ............. 265 øìøø øìøØø øìøàø ............. 266 ø$ øø]* øøtø ............. 267 øøø øøÕø ............. 268 ]ôÿøâøÜ$ ............. 269 øøp ø$ ............. 270 øøø øÅ$ øÂø^ øÊôoðø ............. 271 øÊøÄø ............. 272 øÊøÐø øÕ$ øÙ$ ............. 273 øÖøÔø ø ............. 274 øÝ$ øÚøø ............. 275 øÚøÄø øÚøÈø øÚôoø ............. 276 øÞ$ø øÞø^ øâøø ............. 277 øâøÐø ............. 278 VII
  13. 13. øâøÜø ............. 278 øâøàø øâøo ............. 279 ø]ø ø]Ùø ............. 281 ø]Ýø ø]áø ............. 282 ø]áø ............. 283 ø]áø  ø] ............. 287 ø]*hø ............. 288 ø]*Ýø øh$ øe»øhø øeøxø ............. 289 øìøø ø$ øø]* ............. 290 øøÅø øø] ............. 291 øÂôàø øÎøàø øÒøø ............. 292 øÒø^ ............. 294 øÙ$ ............. 295 øÝ$ ............. 296 øÞøgø ............. 297 øâøgø øâøØø ............. 298 öæ» ............. 299 ø]ø ø]Ñø ø]Åø ............. 300  ø]*ø ............. 303 ø]*Íø ø]*p ............. 304 øh$ ............. 306 øeôxø ............. 308 øeøø øeø¼ø ............. 309 øeøÄø ............. 310 øeø^ øiøÄø ............. 311 øiøÐø øiôØø ............. 312 øt$ øqø^* ............. 312 øqøø øqøø ............. 313 øqøÄø øqøÌø ............. 315 øqôØø øqøÜø ............. 316 øqø^ ............. 317 øuögø ............. 318 øuøÐø øuøØø øuôÜø ............. 319 øìôoø ............. 320 ø$ ............. 321 øø]* ............. 322 øôÍø øøÝø øôpø øöÙø ............. 323 øøÑø øøîø ............. 324 øôØø ............. 325 øø^ ............. 326 øøø ............. 327 øøø ............. 328 VIII
  14. 14. øôÄø ............. 328 øôoø ............. 330 øögø ............. 331 øÂøgø øÂøø øÂøo ............. 332 øÆôgø øÆôø ............. 333 øÆôÜø øÊøkø ............. 334 øÊøø øÊøø ............. 335 øÊ»øÍø øÊøÄø øÊøÐø ............. 336 øÎøgø ............. 337 øÎøø ............. 338 øÑ$ øÎøÜø øÎôoø ............. 339 øÒôgø øÒøø ............. 340 øÒøø øÒøø øÒøø ............. 340 øÒøÄø ............. 341 øÒøÜø øÒøàø øÝ$ ............. 342 øÚøxø øÚøø ............. 343 øÚøø øÚôø øÚøàø ............. 344 øÚøo øâôgø øâø¼ø ............. 345 øâôÐø øâøàø ............. 346 ø]|ø øâø^ ............. 348 ø]ø ............. 349 ø]Åø ............. 350 ø]Éø ø]hø ø]ø ............. 351 ø]Åø ............. 352 ø]áø  øeøø ............. 355 øeøø øeøàø øt$ ............. 356 øqøø øqø^ ............. 357 øu»ø|ø øuøÌø øì»øÍø ........... 358 øøhø øøÅø øøÑø ............. 359 øøp øÂøÜø øÊøø ............. 360 øÍ$ øÎøÜø ............. 361 øÒø^ øÙ$ ............. 362 øÖ»øÙø øÖøÌø øÖôÐø ............. 363 øÖôÜø øÚøø ............. 364 IX
  15. 15. øÚøØø ............. 364 øÚ»ãøø øÞ»røfôn»Øº øÞøÜø øÞøo ............. 365 øâøø øâøø ............. 366 øâøÐø øæ$tø ø]ø ............. 367 ø]ø ø]Ùø ............. 368 ø]lø ø]ø ............. 369 ø]Éø ø]Ùø ø]áø ............. 370   ............. 373 ø^*Ùø øòôÜø ............. 374 øg$ øføkø ............. 375 øføxø ............. 376 øfô¼ø ............. 377 øføÄø ............. 378 øføÈø øføÐø ............. 379 øføØø ............. 380 øk$ ............. 381 øjøø ørøø ørøø ............. 382 ørøØø ............. 383 ørøàø ørø^ øvøgø ............. 384 øvøkø øvøø øvøÐø ............. 386 øvøØø øíôø ............. 387 øíô¼ø ............. 388 ø$ øôø øøø ............. 389 øø] ø$ øøhø ............. 390 ø»eøØø ............. 391 øôtø ............. 391 øø|ø øøø ø»øÑø ............. 392 øôÅø øôÍø øøÑø ............. 393 ø»Úøº øøp ø_øxø ............. 394 ø_øø ø_ø^ ............. 395 øÃôø øÃøø øÃøo ............. 396 øÇøgø øËøxø øËøø ............. 397 øËøÄø ............. 398 øËøÔø øËøØø øËøàø øËôäø ............. 399 øÏøø øÏø¼ø X
  16. 16. øÏøÌø ............. 400 øÏôÜø øÏøo øÓøgø ............. 401 øÓøkø ............. 402 øÓôø øÓøàø øØ$ ............. 403 ø×øgø ............. 404 ø×øxø ø×øîø ø×»øfôn»Øº ø×»øØø ............. 405 ø×ô¼ø ø×øÌø ............. 406 ø×øÐø ø×øÔø ø×ôÜø ............. 407 ø¡ø ............. 409 øÛøø øÛøø øÛôÄø ............. 410 øÛøÔø ........... 412 øÜ$ øÛôàø øÛø^ ............. 413 øà$ ............. 414 øß»føØø ............. 415 øßøø öß»öõ ........... 416 øßôÜø øßôäø øßø^ øãôø ............. 417 øãöØø øãøÜø ............. 418 øãø^ ø^ðø ø^|ø ............. 420 ø^ø ø^ø ............. 421 ø^½ø ............. 422 ø^Åø ø^Éø ............. 423 øç»Íø ø^Ñø øçôÙø ............. 424 ø^Ýø øçôpø ............. 425 ø^hø ............. 427 ø^|ø ............. 427 ø^ø ............. 428 ø^Ùø  ø^*Ýø ............. 431 ø^øáø øf$äø øk$ ............. 432 øjø^ ørøø øx$ ............. 433 øvöÜø øvøàø øíøø ø$ ............. 434 ø$ ............. 435 øôhø øø|ø ............. 436 øøø ............. 437 ô»ôÚøèº øø½ø øøÅø øøÑø ............. 438 øôÕø ............ 439 XI
  17. 17. øøpø ............. 440 ø_ø^ø ø_øø ............. 441 ø¼$ ø_øàø øÃøgø ............. 442 øÃøø ............. 443 øÃøØø ............. 444 øÇøÌø øÇøØø øËøÄø øËôÐø ............. 445 øËøäø ............. 446 øËø^ øÐ$ ............. 447 øÏôoø ............. 448 øÔ$ øÓøø ............. 449 øÓôø ............. 450 øÓøØø ............. 451 øÓø^ øÛôkø øÛøîø ............. 452 øÛøø øÛøø øßø^ø ............. 453 øãôgø øãôø øãøø ............. 456 øãøÐø øãø^ ............. 456 ø^hø ............. 457 ø^ø ø^Áø ............. 458 ø^Õø ø^åø øçøp ø^ðø ............. 459 ø^hø ø^ïø ............. 460 ø^ø ø^Åø ............. 461   ............. 465 øg$ øfø^* øføxø ............. 466 øføø ............. 467 øføÄø ............. 468 øføÈø ............. 469 øfø^ øvôgø ............ 470 øv$Ìø ............ 471 øî$ ]ø»íøø ø$ øøø ............. 472 øøÅø ............. 473 øøÍø ............. 474 øøÑø ............. 475 øôpø ............. 477 ø$ øø|ø ............. 478 øøïø ôø]½º øøÅø øøÍø ............. 479 øøÝø ............. 480 øÃôø øÃôø ............. 481 øÃøÐø øÇôø ............. 482 øÇø^ ............. 483 øÌ$ XII
  18. 18. øËøxø ............. 483 øËøø ............. 484 øËøø øËøàø øËø^ ............. 485 øÔ$ ø×øgø ............. 486 ø×öxø ø×øø ............. 487 ø×»øØø ............ 488 ø×#o ø×øo ............. 489 øÛøkø ............. 490 øÛøø øÜ$ ............. 491 øÛôÄø øç»ÚøÄø øßøÄø ............. 492 øß$Üø ............. 493 ]øøßøo øãøø ø^hø ............. 494 ø^lø ............. 495 ø^ø ø^Åø ............. 496 ø^Íø ............. 496 ø^Ýø ø^|ø ............. 497 ø^ø ø^ø ø^ø ............. 498 ø^Íø  ø^*áø ............. 501 øføxø ørøÄø øvôÔø øvø^ ............. 502 ø$ ø$ øøhø ............. 503 øøÅø ............. 505 øÃöÌø ............. 506 øÇøø ............. 507 øÇôàø øË»øÅø ........... 508 øØ$ øÜ$ ............. 510 øÛøø øà$ ............. 510 øßöÔø øãôoø ............. 511 ø^ðø ø^ø ø^ø ø^Åø ............. 512 ø^Í ø^Ñø ½ øføÄø ............. 517 øfôÐø øvø^ ............. 518 øö¨ø øø|ø øøø øøÍø øøÑø ............. 519 F ............. 520 øÃôÜø øÃøàø ............. 521 øÇø^ øÇøo ............. 522 øÌ$ ............. 523 XIII
  19. 19. øËôo* ............. 523 øËôÐø øËöØø øØ$ ............. 524 ø×øgø ø×øxø ø×øÄø ............. 525 ø×øÐø ............. 526 øÛøø øÛøø øÛôÄø ............. 527 øÜ$ ............. 528 øÛøàø Fä øãøø ø^ø ............. 529 ø^ø ............. 530 ø^Åø ø^Íø ............. 531 ø^Ñø ............. 532 ø^Ùø ............. 533 øçøp ø^hø ............. 534 ø^ø ............. 535 ø^áø ............. 536 Á ¾øÃøàø ............. 539 ¾øËôø ¾øØ$ ¾ø×øÜø ............. 540 ¾øÛôo* ............. 541 ¾øà$ ............. 542 ¾øãøø Å Âøfø^* ............. 547 Âøføø Âøføø Âøføø ............. 548 Âøføø ............. 549 Âøf»Ïøôp' Âøjøgø ............. 550 Âøjöø ............. 551 ÂøjøÐø ÂøjøØø Âøjø^ Âø%øø ............. 552 Âø%ø^ Âørôgø Âørøø ............. 553 ÂørøÌø ............. 554 ÂørôØø ÂørøÜø ............. 555 Âø$ Âøøø ............. 557 ÂøøÙø Âøøáø Âøø] ............. 558 Âøöhø ............. 559 Âøøø ............. 560 Âø$ ............. 561 Âøôhø Âøøtø ............. 562 Âø»qøàø Âøøø Âøøø ............. 563 ÂøøÍø ............. 565 ÂøøÝø ............. 566 Âøø] ............. 567 Âøôpø Âø$ Âøøhø ............. 569 Âøøø ÂøøÙø XIV
  20. 20. ÂøøÝø ............. 570 Âøø] Âøöø Âø»Ãøø .......... 571 ÂøøØø Âøôoø Âøøø ............. 572 Âøø^ ............. 573 Âøøgø ............. 574 Âøøø ÂøøÌø ............. 575 ÂøøÜø Âøø^ ............. 576 Âøøo ............. 577 Âø$ Âøöø ÂøøØø ............. 578 Âøøäø Âøø^ Âø_øÌø Âø_ôØø ............. 579 Âø_ø^ Âø¿öÜø ÂøÌ$ ............. 580 ÂøËøø ............. 581 ÂøËø^ ............. 581 ÂøÏøgø ............. 582 ÂøÏøø ............. 584 ÂøÏøø ............. 585 ÂøÏøØø ............. 586 ÂøÏøÜø ÂøÓøÌø Âø×ôÐø ............. 587 Âø×ôÜø Âø×øàø ............. 589 Âø¡ø Âø×øo ............. 591 ÂøÛøø ............. 592 ÂøÛøø ÂøÛöÐø ............. 594 ÂøÛôØø ÂøÜ$ ÂøÛôäø ............. 595 ÂøÛôoø Âøà» ............. 596 Âøß$gø Âøßôkø Âôß»ø ............. 597 Âøßøø ÂøßôÐø ............. 598 Âøß»Óøföç»lº ......... 598 Âøßø^ Âøãôø Âøãøàø ............. 599 Âøçôtø Âø^ø Âø^ø ............. 600 Âøçôø Âø^Ñø ............. 601 Âø^Ùø Âø^Ýø Âø^áø ............. 602 Âøo$ Âø^hø Âø^ø Âø^ø ............. 603 Âø^Ùø Âø^áø ............. 604 É Æøføø ............. 609 Æøføàø Æø%ø^ Æøøø ÆøôÑø ............. 610 XV
  21. 21. Æøø] ............. 610 Æøøhø ............. 611 Æø$ ............. 612 ÆøøÍø ÆøôÑø ............. 613 ÆøôÝø Æøø] ............. 614 ÆøøÙø Æøø] ÆøøÐø ............. 615 ÆøøØø Æøôoø ............. 616 Æøøgø Æø$ ............. 617 Æøøàø Æø$ Æøôgø Æø_øø ............. 618 Æø_ø^ ÆøËøø ÆøËøØø ............. 619 ÆøØù ............. 620 Æø×øgø ............. 621 Æø×öÀø Æø×øÌø ............. 622 Æø×øÐø ............. 622 Æø×ôÜø Æø¡ ............. 623 Æø×øo ÆøÜ$ ÆøÛøø ............. 624 ÆøÛøø ÆøÛøø ÆøßôÜø Æøßôoø ............. 625 Æøçøp ............. 626 Æø^'ø Æø^ø ............. 627 Æø^Ùø Æø^ø Æø^½ø ............. 628 Æø^hø Æø^'ø ............. 629 Æø^ø ............. 630 Æø^ø Æø^Áø ............. 631 Í Í ............. 635 Êø^*ø Êø^*p ............. 636 Êøjø^* Êøjøxø Êøjøø ............. 637 ÊøjøØø ............. 638 Êøjøàø Êøjôoø ............. 639 Êøs$ ............. 640 Êørøø Êørø^ ............. 641 Êøvöø Êøíøø ............. 642 Êøøp Êø$ Êøöl ............. 643 Êøø' Êøøtø Êøô|ø Êøøø ............. 644 Êøøø Êøøø ............. 645 Êøø½ø ............. 646 ÊøøÅø ÊøøÉø ............. 647 ÊøøÑø XVI
  22. 22. Êøôåø ............. 649 ÊøFp Êø$ ............. 650 ÊøôÅø Êøøxø ............. 651 Êøøø Êøøø ............. 652 ÊøøÐø ............. 653 ÊøôØø ÊøøØø ÊøøÜø ............. 655 Êø$ Êøøxø ÊøøØø Êøø^ ............. 656 Êø_øø ............. 657 ÊøÀ$ ............. 658 ÊøÃøØø ÊøÏøø ............. 659 ÊøÏøø ÊøÏøÄø ............. 660 ÊøÏôäø ÊøÔ$ ÊøÓøø ............. 661 ÊøÓôäø Êø×øxø ............. 662 Êø×øÐø Êø×øÔø ............. 663 Êö¡áº Êøà$ Êøßôø ............. 664 Êøßôoø ÊøãôÜø Êø^lø ............. 665 Êø^tø Êø^ø Êø^ø ............. 666 Êøç$ø Êø^Ñø ............. 667 Êöç»Ýº ............. 668 Êø^åø Êôo» Êø^ðø ............. 669 Êø^ø ............. 670 Êø^Ùø Ñ Îøföxø ............. 675 Îøfø Îøføø Îøføø ............. 676 ÎøfôØø Îøjøø ............. 678 ÎøjøØø ............. 679 Îô%ø^ðº ............. 680 ÎøvøÜø Îø$ ............. 681 Îøø|ø Îøøø Îøöø ............. 684 ÎøøÝø Îøø] ............. 686 ÎøøÍø Îø$ Îøø]* ............. 688 Îøöhø ............. 689 Îøø|ø ............. 690 Îøôø Îøøø Îø»øø ........... 691 ÎøøÅø ÎøøÍø Îøøáø Îøøp ............. 692 Îø$ XVII
  23. 23. Îøøø ............. 693 Îøø¼ø Îø»_øø .......... 694 ÎøøÜø Îøø^ Îø»Ãøø ............. 695 Îø$ Îøøø Îøöø ............. 696 ÎøøÌø ............. 697 ÎøøÜø Îøø^ Îø$ Îøøgø ÎøFo ............. 698 Îø_øø Îø¼$ ............. 699 Îø_øÄø Îø_øÌø ............. 700 Îô_»Ûôn»º ÎøÃøø ÎøÃöø ............. 701 ÎøËøØø ÎøËø^ Îø×øgø Îø×øø ............. 703 Îø×øÄø ÎøØ$ Îø×øÜø ............. 704 Îø¡ ÎøÛøxø ÎøÛôø ÎøÛøø ÎøÛ»_øø ............. 705 ÎøÛøÄø ÎöÛ$غ Îøßøkø Îøßø¼ø Îøß»_øø ............. 706 ÎøßôÄø Îøßø^ Îøßøo Îøãøø Îø^hø ............. 707 Îø^lø Îø^ø Îø^Åø Îø^Ùø ............. 708 Îø^Ýø Îøçôpø ............. 710 Îø^ø ............. 710 Îø^Ùø Õ Õø ............. 713 Òø^ømôùà» Òø^»º Òøg$ Òøføkø Òøføø Òøföø Òøjøgø ............. 715 ÒøjøÜø Òø%øgø Òø%öø ............. 716 Òøø|ø Òøøø Òøøp Òøøhø ............. 717 Òø$ ............. 718 Òøøhø Òø$ø ÒøöÝø Òøôåø Òøøgø ............. 719 XVIII
  24. 24. Òøøø ............. 719 ÒøøÌø ............. 720 ÒøôØø Òøø^ Òøø¼ø ÒøøÌø Òø¿øÜø ÒøÃøgø ÒøËø^* ............. 721 ÒøËøkø ÒøËøø ÒøÌ$ ............. 722 ÒøËøØø ............. 723 ÒøËøo Òø¡ø Òø×øgø Òø×øxø ............. 724 Òø×ôÌø ÒøØ$ Òø×$^ Òö×$Ûø^ Òø×$Üø Òô¡ ÒøÜ» ]øÖ»ÓôÜ% ÒøÛøØø ............. 724 ÒøÛôäø ............. 725 Òøßøø Òøßøø Òøßøø Òøà$ ]ôÒ»jøãøÌø ........... 726 ÒøãøØø Òøãöàø Òø^hø Òø^ø Òø^ø Òøç»Òøgº Òø^áø ÒøçFp ............. 727 Òø^ø Òø^Ùø Òø^áø Ù Ù ............. 731 ø ø,ø* ............. 731 Öøg$ ............. 732 Öøfôø Öøfôø ............. 732 Öøfôø ............. 733 ÖøføຠÖøs$ Öørø^* Öøvøø ............. 734 ÖøvøÌø ÖøvôÐø ÖøvøÜø Öøvøàø Öøv»oº ............. 735 Öø$ Öøöá» Öø$ Öøøhø ÖøôÝø Öøôàø ............. 736 Öø_øÌø Öø¿ôoø ÖøÃôgø ÖøÃøØ$ ÖøÃøàø ............. 737 ÖøÇøgø ÖøÇø^ ÖøËøkø XIX
  25. 25. ÖøËøxø ............. 738 ÖøËøÀø ÖøÌ$ ÖøËø^ ÖøÏ$gø ÖøÏøxø ÖøÏø¼ø ÖøÏôÌø ............. 739 ÖøÏôÜø ÖøÏôoø ÖøÛ$^ ............. 740 ÖøÛøxø ÖøÛøø ÖøÛøø ............. 741 ÖøÜ$ Öøãøgø Öøãôø ÖøãôÜø Öøãø^ Öøç» ............. 742 ø|ø øø ø½ø øÝø Öøç$áø ............. 743 ÖøçFp ............. 743 ølø Öøn»ø Öøn»Øº ............. 744 øáø Ý Úø^ ............. 747 ]øÖ»Ûô^ñøèö ÚøjøÄø Úøjöàø Úø%øØø ............. 748 Úørøø Úørøø Úøvøø ÚøvøÐø ]øÖ»Ûôvø^Ùö ............ 749 Úøvøàø Úøvø^ Úøíøø Úø$ Úøøáø ............. 750 Úøø]* Úøølø Úøøtø Úøô|ø ............. 751 Úøøø Úøôø Úø$ ............. 752 Úø^øp Úøøtø ÚøøÑø ]øÖ»Ûö»áö Úøøxø Úøøîø ............. 753 Úøøø Úø$ ÚøøÔø Úøø^ ............. 754 Úøøsø Úøøo ]øÖ»Ûô»ö ÚøøÈø ÚøFo Úø_øø ............. 755 Úø_ø^ ]øÖ»Ûøûö ÚøÄø ÚøÃøàø ]øÖ»Ûøûoöæø]Ö»Ûôûoö XX
  26. 26. ÚøÏøkø ............. 755 ÚøÓøø ÚøÓøø ............. 756 ÚøÓöàø ÚøÓø^ ............. 757 ÚøÓ$èö Úø×øªø Úø×øxø Úø×øÐø Úø×øÔø ÚøØ$ ............. 758 Úø¡ Úøà» ............. 759 Úôà» ÚøßøÄø Úøà$ ............. 760 Úøßø^éö Úøßø^ Úøãøø ............. 761 ÚøãøØø Úøã»Ûø^ ............. 762 Úøãøàø Úø^lø Úø^tø ............. 763 Úø^ø Úø^Ùø ............. 763 Úø^bø Úø^ø Úø^ø ............. 764 Úø^ø Úø^Ùø á á ............. 767 Þø^*p Þøfø^* Þøføkø Þøføø Þøføø ............. 768 Þøfø¼ø ÞøføÄø ÞøjøÐø Þø%øø Þørøø Þørøø ............. 769 ÞørøÜø Þørø^ Þøvøkø Þøvøø ............. 770 Þøvôø ÞøvøØø ............. 770 Þøíøø Þøí»Øº Þø$ ............. 771 Þøø] Þøøø ÞøøÅø ............. 772 ÞøøÉø ÞøøÍø ............. 773 ÞøøÙø Þøø^* ............. 774 Þøøgø Þøøîø ............. 775 ÞøøÌø ÞøøÔø ÞøøØø ............. 776 Þøôoø Þøø^* Þøøø ............. 777 Þøøø Þøø¼ø Þøøgø ............. 778 Þøøkø Þøøxø ............. 779 Þøøø XXI
  27. 27. ÞøøÌø ............. 780 Þøø^ Þøôsø Þøøîø Þøøø ............. 781 Þøøø Þø_øxø Þø_øÌø Þø_øÐø Þø¿øø ............. 782 ÞøÃøsø ............. 783 ÞøÃøø ÞøÃøÐø ÞøÃøØø ............. 784 ÞøÃøÜø ÞøÇøø ............. 785 ÞøËøø ÞøËøxø ÞøËøîø ÞøËôø ÞøËøø ÞøËøø ............. 786 ÞøËöø ÞøËøø ............. 787 ÞøËøÄø ÞøËøÐø ............. 787 ÞøËøØø ............. 788 ÞøËøo ÞøÏøgø ............. 789 ÞøÏøø ÞøÏøø ÞøÏøø ÞøÏøø ............. 790 ÞøÏøÄø ÞøÏøÜø ÞøÓøgø ÞøÓøø ............. 791 ÞøÓøxø Þøþ³Óôø Þøþ³Óôø ............. 792 Þøþ³Óøø ............. 793 Þøþ³ÓøÌø ÞøÓøØø ÞøÛø^ôÑö ÞøÜ$ Þøۻغ ............. 794 ]øÞø^ÚôØø Þøãøsø Þøãøø ÞøãFo ............. 795 Þø^ðø ............. 795 Þø^hø Þø^ø Þø^ø ............. 796 Þø^Ñø Þø^Ýø ]øÖß$çFp Þø^Ùø ............. 797 å åü ............. 801 âFø] âø^lô âøfø¼ø âøfø^ âørøø âørøø ............. 802 âørøÄø âø$ ]øÖ»ãö»âöö ........... 803 âøøÝø âøøp âøølø ............. 804 âøø]* âø$ XXII
  28. 28. âøøÙø ............. 804 âøøÝø âø$ âøøÜø ............. 805 âøøÜø âø_øÄø âøØ» âø×ôþ³Äø âø×øÔø ............. 806 âø×öÜ$ âøÛøø âøÛøø âøÛøø âøÛøø ............. 807 âøÜ$ âøßö©ø âø^ø ............. 808 âø^ø âø^áø âöçø ............. 809 âøçøp âø^ðø ............. 810 âøn$kø âø^tø âø^Ùø âø^Ýø ............. 810 âøn»Ûøàø ............. 811 âøn»ãø^lø æ æ ............. 815 æø]*ø æø]*Ùø æøeøø æøeøÐø æøeøØø æøiøàø æøiøø ............. 816 æøiøø æø$øÐø æøqøgø ............. 817 æøqøø æøqøø æøqøÌø æøqôØø ............. 818 æøqøäø æøuøø ............. 819 æøuøø æøuFo ............. 820 æø$ æøøÅø ............. 820 æøøÑø ............. 821 æøøp æøøø æøô'ø æøøø æøøÑø ............. 822 æøøp æøøø ............. 823 æøøÅø æøøáø ............. 824 æøø¼ø æøôÄø æøøÐø ............. 825 æøøØø æøøÜø æøôàø ............. 826 æø»çøø æøøo æøøgø æøøø æøøÌø æøøØø ............. 827 æøFo æøøÄø ............. 828 XXIII
  29. 29. æøö©ø ............. 828 æøøàø æøôo* ]øÖ»çøøö ............. 829 æøøàø æøÂøø æøÂøÀø æøÂFo æøÊøø ............. 830 æøÊøø æøÊøø æøÊôÐø æøÊøo æøÎøgø ............. 831 æøÎøkø æøÎøø ............. 832 æøÎøø æøÎøø ............. 832 æøÎøÄø ............. 833 æøÎøo æøÎøÌø ............. 834 ]øæ»Òø^* ............. 835 æøÒøø æøÒøø æøÒøØø æøÖøkø ............. 836 æøÖøsø æøÖøø æøÖFo ............. 837 æøÞøo ............. 838 æøâøgø æøâøsø ............. 839 æøâøàø æøâøo æøm»Óø^øá$ ............. 839 æøm»Øº p møòôø ............. 843 møfôø møjøÜø møøp møøø ............. 844 møÏøkø ............. 845 møÏ»_ôn»àº møÏôÀø møÏôàø møÜ$!möÜ$ møÛôàø ............. 846 møßøÄø mçÝ XXIV Abbreviations used in this book Aor., for Aorist Úöø^ôź Inf,. for Infinitive Noun Úøûøº Act. Part., for Active Participial Noun ]ôûÜöÊø^ÂôØõ
  30. 30. DMLP ]ÖßvØV âF„ø]ÖôŠø^áºÂø†øeôo'Ú%fônûຠThis is Arabic tongue, plain and clear.
  31. 31. 1 eø^hö]ÖãøÛ»øéô ] Aa Numerical Value = 1 1
  32. 32. øÖô̺ [Alif] : It is of two kinds, Öønôùßøèº (soft) and ÚöjøvøôùÒøèº (moving) or âøÛ»øéº . The grammarians have other particular appellations for second kind of Alif ( âøÛ»øéº ), some of which are ]øÖôÌö]ô»jôË»ãø^Ýô (the Alif of interrogation) as in øøm»ºÎø^ñôܺ (Is Zaid Standing?), ]øÖøÜ»Þø»ø|»ÖøÔø ø»øÕø (Did We not expand thy breast?), (94:2), ]øÖôÌö]Öj$Ëø$Ø (denoting comparative and superlative degrees) as in øÖø¡»Fìôøéö]øÒ»føö øøqø^lõ (The Hereafter shall be greater in degrees) (17:22), ]øÖôÌö ]Ö$çôm$èô (denoting sameness or equality) as in ðø]øÞ»ø»iøãöÜ»]øÝ»ÖøÜ»iöß»ô»âöÜ» Ö^möç,Úôßöç»áø (whether thou warn them or warn them not, they will not believe), (2:7). ]øh' [Substantive from ]øh$ aor. møòôg% and møç.h% inf. noun ]øe^ and ]øeôn»f÷^ and ]øeø^eøè÷ ] : He prepared himself for journey. ]øh$]ôÖFoæøøßôä´ : He longed to see his home. ]øh' : Herbage which beasts feed upon; green herbage or plants. æøÊø^Òôãøè÷æ$]øe^ : And fruits and herbage (80:32). ]øeøº [ ]öeöç»º inf. noun and ]øeøº substantive noun]. ]øeø÷] occurs in many verses of the Holy Qur'an. ]øeøøeô^Ö»ÛøÓø^áô : He remained, stayed or dwelt in a place constantly, permanently or without quitting; he (a beast) became wild or shy. ]øeøº : Time in an absolute sense; a long time; unlimited time; an extended space of time that is indivisible. ]øøeøö : The Everlasting i.e. God; or the Ancient without beginning. ]øeøôm$èº : The quality of being everlasting or of unlimited or indivisible duration. ìø^Öôôm»àøÊôn»ãø^]øeø÷] : Shall live in it for ever (4:58). ]ôe»ôm»Ðº [plural ]øeø^ôm»Ðö ]: An ewer such as is used for wine or water; a shining sword having a long and slender spout and a handle; a beautiful or brilliant woman; a vessel having a spout; water jug; a woman who shows her beauty intentionally. ]øeøÐø [aor. eôÐö mø^» and mø^»eöÐö inf. noun. ]øe»Ï÷^ and ]øeøÏ÷^ and ]ôeø^Î÷^ act part. ]øeôк ]: He (a slave) fled from his master; he hid himself and then went away; ]øeøÐø]Ö»Çö¡Ýö : The slave fled; he hid or concealed himself; he confined, restrained or withheld himself; he abstained from a thing as from a crime; ]øeøÐø]Ö$o»ðø : He denied the thing; ]ô»]øeøÐø]ôÖøo ]Ö»Ëö×»Ôô]Ö»Ûø»vöç»áô : When he fled to the laden ship (37:141). ]ÖÌ ]eÐ 3
  33. 33. ]ôeôغ is used as plural and means camels; a herd of camels; clouds; ]øÊø¡møß»¿ööæ»áø]ôÖøo]»ôôeØôÒøn»Ìøìö×ôÏøk» : Don't they look at the clouds how they are created (88:18); a large piece of cloud. ]øeø^eôn»Øö The word is said to have no singular. According to some its singular is ]ôe$ç»Ùº which means a separate or distinct portion of a number of birds and of horses and of camels and of such following one another. ]øeø^eôn»Øø signifies according to some, a company in a state of dispersion, or dispersed companies following one another; or distinct or separate companies like leaning camels. qø^ñøk»]ôeô×öÔø]øeø^eôn»Øø : Thy camels came in distinct or separate companies. øn»÷]]øeø^eôn»Øø : Birds in separate flocks or bevies; or birds in companies from this or that quarter; or birds following one another, flock after flock (105:4) ]øhº ]øeø^]Ö»nøjôn»Üø : He became like a father to the orphan; he brought him up. ]øeøç»iöäüæø]øÚøÛ»jöäü : I became a father and mother to him. ]øhº : A father; a grandfather or any ancestor; a paternal uncle; anyone who becomes a means for the invention of a thing or of its reformation. qø^ðø]øeöç»Õø : Thy father came (nom. case). ø]*m»kö]øeø^Õø : I saw your father (obj. case). Úøø»löeô^*eôn»Ôø : I passed by thy father (acc. case). mø^]*eôo» or mø^]*eøkô : O my father; in the latter expression the l (the sign of feminine gender) is substituted for the affix p . ]øeöç]Ö»Ûø»]*éô : The woman's father. ]ôá$Öøäü]øe÷^øn»í÷^Òøfôn»÷] : He has a very aged father (12:79). æø]øeöç»Þø^øn»îºÒøfôn»º : And our father is an old man (28:24). æø]Æ»Ëô»ôøeôo» : And forgive my father (26:87). mø«]øeøkôÖôÜø iøûföö : O my father, why dost thou worship (19:43). ]?eø«ðö is plural. Þø^ ]øÖ»Ëøn»ßø^Âø×øn»äô]Feø«ðø : We found our fathers following it. ]øeøçø]áô and according to some ]øeø^áô are two fathers; father and mother; parents. ]øeøçø]åö (nom. case) and ]øeøçøm»äô (obj. and acc. case): His parents; his father and mother. ]*hº in reality is ]øeøçº and ]øeøçøm»äô is ]øeøçøm»àô , the letter á being dropped owing to ]ôø^Êøè and is the genitive of ]øeøçø]áô . ÊøÓø^áø]øeøçFåöÚö©»Úôßøn»àô : And his parents were believers (18:81). ]*eøo [aor. mø^,eøo ]: He refused; or refrained, abstained or held back, of his own free will. ]*eøo]»øÚ»ø : He refused assent to the affair. ]*eøo ]eØ ]eo 4
  34. 34. ]Ö$o»ðø : He disapproved of or hated the th õaà ing. Êø^øeFo]øÒ»%øö]Öß$^ô]ôÖ^$ ÒøËöç»÷] : Most people would refuse to accept anything (every thing) but disbelief (17:90). mø^»eøo]Ö×#äö]ôÖ^$]øá»m%jôÜ$Þöç»øåü : Allah refuses to accept anything except that He will perfect His light (9:32). iø^,eFo Îö×öç»eöãöÜ» : Their hearts refuse to accept (9:8). ]*iFo [aor. mø^,iôo» and mø^,lô , inf. noun ]ôi»nø^Ạas also ]*iø^ aor. mø^,iöç»] ] ]øiFo : He came. ]øiøn»jöäü : I came to him or it or was or became present at it, namely, a place. ]øiø^âø^ : He came to her; he lay with her. ]øiø^»iöç»áø ]Ö%Ò»ø]áø : Do you commit sodomy with males (26:166; 27:56; 4:17). ]øiøo]øÚ»ö]Ö×#äô : The decree of God has come (16:2). Êø^øiøo]Ö×#äö eöß»nø^ÞøãöÜ» : Allah came upon their structure. ]øiøo]Ö$o»ðø : He did the thing. ]øÖ$ôm»àømøË»øuöç»áøeôÛø«]øiøç»] : Those who exult in what they have done (3:189) æø]Ö#jôo»mø^»iôn»àø]Ö»Ëø^uôøèøImø^»iôn»àøeôËø^uôøèõ : Those women who commit manifestly foul deeds (4:16,20). iø^»iöç»áøÊôo»Þø^ôm»ÓöÜö]Ö»Ûöß»Óøø : You commit abomination in your meetings (29:30). ]øiøo]Ö$qöØø : He passed by the man. ømöË»×ôxö]Ö$^uôöuøn»ö]øiFo : A magician shall not prosper wher-ever he may be (20:70). mø^»lôeøôn»÷] : He will come to see or know (12:94). ]øiFoÂø×øn»äô]Ö$â»ö : The time destroyed him. ]øiFoeôä´ : He brought him. ]øiFoeôçøÖøõ : He begot a child. ]øiøk»eôä´ : She gave birth to him; she brought him. ]øm»ßøÛø^iøÓöç»Þöç»]mø^»lôeôÓöÜö]Ö×#äö : Wherever you may be Allah will bring you together (2.149). ]ôÖ^$Úøà»]øiøo]Ö×#äøeôÏø×»gõø×ôn»Üõ : But he who brings to Allah a sound heart (26:90). Êø^ôá$]øqøØø]Ö×#äôøFlõ : Allah's appointed time is coming. ]Flõ : act part. ]Fiônøèº feminine act. part. ]ôá»Òø^áøÚô%»Ïø^Ùøuøf$èõÚôùà»ìø»øÙõ]øiøn»ßø^eôãø^ : Even though it were the weight of a grain of mustard seed We will requite for it, give a recompense for it, bring it forth for requital (21:48). ]Fiøo (aor. mö©»iôo» inf. noun ]ôm»jø^ðº ) ]Fiø^åö : He gave him; requited him; compensated him. mø©»iöç»áø]Ö$ÒFçéø : They give Zakat. Úø^]Fiø^ÒöÜö]Ö$öç»ÙöÊøíööæ»åö : What the Messenger gives you, accept it, take it what command he gives you, obey it (59:8). Úøà»m%©»lø]Ö»vôÓ»Ûøèø : Who is given or granted wisdom (2:270). ]ôm»jø^ðö]Ö$ÒFçéô : The giving of Zakat. Úø^»iôo' is of the measure of ÚøË»Ãöç»Ùº , the æ Eæ]æD being changed into p ; but is of the meaning of Êø^Âôغ i.e. of ]Flõ!]Fiôn÷^ : That which is coming. ]ôÞ$äüÒø^áøæø»öåüÚø^»iôn^ : His promise must come to pass or the fulfilment of His promise is coming ]io ]io 5
  35. 35. to pass (19:62). æø]Ö»Ûöç,iöç»áø]Ö$ÒFçéø (act part): Those who give Zakat (4:163). ]ø'$ ]ø'$ [aor. mø^*'% and møòô% and møç.'% inf. noun ]ø$ø^$÷^ and ]ø$ø^$øè÷ and ]ö$öç»$÷^ ]: It was or became much in quantity, abundant or numerous; it became great or large. ]ø$ø^'º : Goods or utensils and furniture of a house; household foods; all property consisting of camels, sheep, goats, horses, utensils and furniture. It also means abundant property. âöÜ»]øu»øàö]ø$ø^$÷^ : They will be better off in their wealth (foods, property etc.). (19:75) ]ø$øø [aor. mø^»$ôö and mø^»$öö ] ]ø$øøìöÌ$]Ö»føÃôn»ô : He made an incision in the foot of the camel. ]ø$øø]Ö»vøôm»ø : He recited or narrated the story or tradition. ]ø$øøåüæø]ø$ø^øåü : He honoured him [ ]ø$øº and ]ö$»øéº and ]ø$ø^øéº inf. noun]. ]ø$øº or ]ø$ø^øéº : A remain or relic of a thing; a trace, sign or mark; a footstep, vestige or track; a footprint, impression or mark made by the foot of a man upon the ground. Úôà»]ø$øô]Ö$öç»Ùô : The impress of the Messenger (20:97). Úôà»]ø$øô]Ö%röç»ô : Traces or impressions of prostrations (48:30). âöÜ»]öæø?ðôÂø×oF]ø$øôp» : They are following in my footstep (20:85). ]ø$ø^øéºÚôùà»Âô×»Üõ : A remain or relic of knowledge transmitted or handed down from the former generations (46:5). ]F$ø^º is the plural of ]ø$øº . Êø^Þ»¿ö»]ôÖFo]F$ø^ôøu»Ûøkô]Ö×#äô : So look at the signs (or marks) of Allah's mercy (30:51). Êø^»iø$ Âø×Fo]F$ø^ôâôÜ»Îøø÷^ : So they returned retracing their footsteps (18:65). Òø^Þöç»]âöÜ»]øø$Úôß»ãöÜ»Îöç$é÷æ$]F$ø^÷] : They were mightier than these in power and in the marks (or traces or signs) they left behind (40:22). ]F$øøåü (inf. noun ]ôm»%ø^º ): He preferred him. ]F$øøåüÂø×FoÞøË»ôo» : He preferred him to myself. ]F$øøåü : He honoured him. ]F$øø also means he chose, selected or elected. ÖøÏø»]F$øøÕø]Ö×#äöÂø×øn»ßø^ : Indeed Allah has preferred thee above us (12:92). mö©»$ôöæ»áøÂø×Fo]øÞ»ËöôãôÜ» : They prefer them to their own souls (59:10). ]ø$»Øº A kind of tree; a species of tarmarisk. (34:17) ]ø$ôÜø [aor. mø^»$øÜö inf. noun Úø^»$øܺ and ]ø$ø^ݺ and ]ô$»Üº ] : He fell into sin or crime; he sinned or committed a sin or crime; he did what was unlawful. ]ô$»Üº ( ]F$ø^ݺ plural) : A sin or crime, a fault, an offence or an act of disobedience for which one deserves punishment; that ]' ]$Ü 6
  36. 36. which keeps back a person from what is good, an unlawful deed; (it differs from øÞ»gº in-as-much as øÞ»gº signifies both what is intentional or unintentional, whereas ]ô$»Üº is peculiarly intentional. Êôn»ãôÛø^]ô$»ÜºÒøfôn»ºæ$Úøßø^ÊôÄöÖô×ß$^ô : In them are great sin and also some advantages for men (2:220). Úø^»$øܺ (plural Úø«$ôÜö ) is syn. with ]ô$»Üº and ]ø$ø^ݺ , the latter ( ]ø$ø^ݺ ) means, the requital or recompense of sin or crime; or punishment. mø×»Ðø]ø$ø^Ú÷^ : Shall find a requital or recompense or punishment of sin (25:69). ]F$ôܺ (act. part.) : One who commits a sin; sinful. ]ø$ôÛøèº : A she-camel; slow or tardy; weary, fatigued or jaded. ]F$ôܺÎø×»föäü : His heart is sinful.(2:284) ]ø$ôn»Üº : A great and habitual sinner or liar, intensive form of ]F$ôܺ and also syn. with it. æø]Ö×#äöømövôg%ÒöØ$ÒøË$^õ]ø$ôn»Üõ : And Allah does not love any one who is a confirmed disbeliever and a great or habitual sinner (2:277). iø^»$ôn»Üº : Sin, crime, fault. syn. with ]ô$»Üº . øÖøÇ»çºÊôn»ãø^æøøiø^»$ôn»Üº : There will be no frivolity (or levity) in it and no sin. (52:24). ]øt$ ]øq$kô]Öß$^ö [aor. møç.t% inf. noun ]øqôn»sº ]: The fire burned or burned fiercely or blazed or flamed fiercely. ]øt$ : He hastened or was quick in his pace; he made a sound or noise in his pace like that of the flaming of fire; he or it became restless and blazened. ]øt$ ]Ö»Ûø«ðö : The water was or became bitter. ]öqø^tº : Anything burning to the mouth, whether salt or bitter or hot. Úø«ðº]öqø^tº : Water that burns by its saltness; salt water; bitter water or very bitter water; very hot water. Öøç»Þøø«ðöqøÃø×»ßø^åö]öqø^q÷^ : Had We so willed, We would have made it bitter (56:71). mø^»qöç»tö and Úø^»qöç»tö are also from this root and signify Scythians of the farthest East; particularly those on the north of China as some say, all nations inhabiting the north of Asia and of Europe. (See Enc. Bri. and Jew. Enc. under Gog and Magog and Historian's History of the World vol. 2, p. 582 and Bible Eze. 38: 2 - 6; 39:6). The words may apply also to the Christian nations of the West as they have made much use of burning fire and boiling water and because also all their material progress and their great discoveries and inventions are due to constant use of these things. Or the words may refer to or imply their fiery nature and ]$Ü ]t 7
  37. 37. restless disposition as they are always on the lookout restlessly to make new conquests. ]øqøø [aor. mø^,qôö and mø^,qöö inf. noun ]øq»÷] and ]ôqø^øé÷ ] ]øqøøåüÂø×FoÚø^ÊøÃøØø : He recompensed him or rewarded him for what he had done; he served him for hire or pay; he became his hired man; he let him on hire or for pay. ]Fqøø]Ö$]ø : He let the house on hire [inf. noun ]ôm»rø^º ]. ]Fqøø]Ö$qöØö]øæ»]ô»jø^»qøøåü : He hired the man. ]ô»jø^»qøø]Ö$]ø : He hired the house. Âø×Fo]øá»iø^»qöøÞôo : On condition that thou hire thyself to me or that thou serve me on hire. (28:28) mFþ³?^øeøkô]»jø^»qô»åö : O my father, hire him (28:27). ]øq»º (plural ]öqöç»º ) and ]ôm»rø^º and syn. with ]öq»øéº and ]ôqø^øéº : A recompense or reward for what one has done. ]øq»º is used both for reward from God to man and from man to man while ]ôqø^øéº and ]öq»øéº are used for recompense or reward by man to man only. ]øq»º also means a dowry or nuptial gift Êø^»iöç»âöà$]öqöç»øâöà$ : Give them their dowries (4:25). The word also means praise, good fame. ]øqøØø [aor. mø^,qôØö inf. noun ]øqø^÷ ] It had a term or period appointed for it, at which it should fall due. ]øq$Øø]»øqøØø : He defined the term or period; he assigned, appointed or specified it. ]øq$×øßôo» : He granted me a delay or postponement. eø×øÇ»ßø^]øqø×øßø^]Ö$ôp»]øq$×»køÖøßø^ : We have now reached our term which thou didst appoint for us (6:129). ]ôø]qø«ðø]øqø×öãöÜ» : When their appointed time comes (7:35). Öôþ³ÓöØôù]öÚ$èõ]øqøغ : For every people is an appointed time (7:35). ôøpôùmøç»Ýõ ]öqôù×øk» : For what day they have been delayed or postponed (77:13). Úö©øq$غ : Defined, fixed. Òôjø^e÷^Ú%©øqôù¡÷ : A decree with a fixed term (3:146) ]øqøغ : The assigned, appointed or specified term or period; the whole duration of life; its end or death. øÞø^]øqø×öäü : His death drew near; destruction; the period of a woman's waiting before she can marry again after divorce. Êø^ôø]eø×øÇ»àø]øqø×øãöà$ : When they reach their period of waiting ( Âô$éº ) (2:235). ]øq»Øº : Because; on account of; for the sake of. ÊøÃø×»jöäüÚôà»]øq»×ôÔø : I did it because of thee; on thy account; for thy sake. Úôà»]øq»ØôFÖôÔøÒøjøf»ßø^Âø×Foeøßôo»]ô»ø]?ñôn»Øø : On account of this We prescribed for the children of Israel (5:33) ]øqøØ» : Yea; yes. ]q ]qØ 8
  38. 38. ]øuøº is originally æø]uôº , the æ being changed into ] : One; the first of the numbers; syn. in many cases with æø]uôº , with which it is interchangeable in two cases. First, when it is used as an epithet applied to God, for ]ø»øuøö as an epithet is applied to God alone and signifies 'The One'; 'The Sole'; He Who has ever been one and alone; the Indivisible; He Who has no second in His attributes. ÎöØ»âöçø]Ö×#äö]øuøº : Say, He is Allah, the One (112:2). Secondly, it is interchangeable with æø]uôº in certain nouns of number as in ]øuøºæ$Âô»öæ»áø : One and twenty. In most cases, however, differing from these two there is a difference in usage between ]øuøº and æø]uôº . æø]ôá»]øuøºÚôùàø]Ö»Ûö»ôÒôn»àø]»jørø^øÕøÊø^øqô»åö : And if any one of the idolaters ask protection of thee, grant him protection (9:6). Öø»jöà$Òø^øuøõÚôùàø]Ößôùø«ðô : You are not like any other (any one) woman (33:33). ]ôÞôùo»ø]øm»kö]øuøøÂøøøÒøç»Òøf÷^ : I saw in a dream eleven stars (12:5). ]öôm»ö]øá»]öÞ»ÓôvøÔø]ôu»øp]e»ßøjøo$âFjøn»àô : ( ]ôu»Fp : Feminine of ]øuøº ) I wish to marry to thee one of these two daughters of mine (28:28). ]øuøöâöÛø^ : One of the two women. ]øuøöâöÜ» : One of them (the men). ]ôu»Fâöà$ : One of these women. ]øuøöÒöÜ» : One of you (men). ]øìøø [aor. mø^»ìöö ] : He took with his hand; he took hold of (inf. noun ]øì»º and ]øì»øéº ; ìö» : Imp. and ]Fìôº act. part): He took; he took with his hand; he took hold of. ]FìøøÂøß»äö : He received from him traditions and the like; he took or received with approbation; he accepted; ìö»Úø^]øÎöç»Ùö : accept thou what I say ; ]øìøø : He took a thing for himself; he took possession of it; he got or acquired it; he took by force; he seized; he overcame or overpowered him; øiø^»ìööåüôßøèºæ$øÞøç»Ýº : slumber or sleep does not overpower Him or seize Him ; (2:256) he killed or slew; Êø^øìøøâöÜö]Ö×#äöeôöÞöç»eôãôÜ» : He (God) destroyed or exterminated the sinful people on account of their sins (3:12); he punished; he made a violent assault upon a person and wounded him much; he set about, began or commenced. ]ôi$íøø : He took a thing to or for himself; took possession; he gained, acquired or earned wealth. ]ôi$íøøl» Âôß»øåüÚøûöæ»Ê÷^ : I did to him a benefit. ]ôi$íøø : He made or manufactured or built; he made or constituted or appointed. ]u ]ì 9
  39. 39. ]ôi$íøø]Ö×#äö]ôe»ø]âôn»Üøìø×ôn»¡÷ : God made Abraham His friend (4:126). ]ôi$íøøåüæøÖø÷] : He adopted him, made him or took him as a son. æøÖøÏø» ]øìøø]Ö×#äöÚôn»%ø^Ñøeøßôo»]ô»ø]?ñôn»Øø : And indeed Allah did take a covenant from the children of Israel (5:13). æø]ô»]øìøøøe%ÔøÚôà»eøßôo»]FøÝøÚô໾öãöç»ôâöÜ» öôùm$jøãöÜ» : And when thy Lord brought forth (took out) from Adam's children out of their loins their offspring (7:173). ]ôá»]øìøø ]Ö×#äöøÛ»ÃøÓöÜ»æø]øe»ø^øÒöÜ» : If Allah should take away your hearing and your sight (6:47). æø]øìøøeôø]»ô]øìôn»äômørö%åü]ôÖøn»äô : And he caught hold of his brother's head, dragging him towards himself (7:151). uøj#o]ôø] ]øìøølô]»ø»ööì»öÊøãø^ : When the earth (takes) receives its ornament (10:25). æøÖøÏø»]øìø»Þø^]FÙøÊô»Âøç»áøeô^Öôùßôn»àø : And We punished (seized) pharaoh's people with drought (7:131). Îø»]øìø»Þø^]øÚ»øÞø^Úôà»Îøf»Øö : We had indeed taken our precaution before hand (9:50). ]øìøøi»äö]Ö»Ãô$éö eô^»ô$»Üô . : Pride incites him to sin (2:207). Êø^øìø»Þø^âöÜ»]øì»øÂøôm»õÚ%Ï»jøôõ : So We seized them like the seizing of one Who is mighty and omnipotent (54:43). Êø^øìøøâöÜ»]øì»øé÷$]eônøè÷ : So He seized them a severe seizure (69:11). mø^»ìööæ»áøÂøøøâFø]]»ø»ÞFo : They take the paltry good of this low world (7:170) øiø^»ìö»ÒöÜ»eôãôÛø^ø]»Êøèº : Let not pity for the twain take hold of you (24:3) ìöô]Ö»ÃøË»çø : Take to forgiveness (7:200) mFþ³þ³nøv»oFìöô]Ö»Óôjø^høeôÏöç$éõ : O Yahya! hold fast the Book (19:13). ìööæ»]uô»øÒöÜ» : Take your precautions (4:72). ø mö©ø]ìôöÒöÜö]Ö×#äöeô^Ö×$Ç»çôÊôo»]øm»Ûø^ÞôÓöÜ» : Allah does not call you to account (seize) for your oaths that are vain (2:226). æøÎø^Ööç]]i$íøø]Ö×#äöæøÖø÷] (inf. noun ]ôiôùíø^º ; Úöj$íôº act. part; Úöj$íôøéº fem. of Úöj$íôº ; its plural is Úöj$íôø]lº ) and they say, Allah has taken for Himself a son (2:117). æø]i$íøø]Ö×#äö]ôe»ø]âôn»Üøìø×ôn»¡÷ : And Allah took Abraham for a friend (4:126). ]ôá$]Ö$ôm»àø]i$íøöæ]]Ö»Ãôr»Øø : Those who took the calf for worship (7:153). æø]Ö$ôm»àø]i$íøöæ»]Úø»rô÷] : Those who built a mosque (9:107). æøiøj$íôöæ»áøÚøø^ÞôÄø : And you build castles (26:130). øiøj$íôöæ»]]Fmø^lô]Ö×#äô âööæ÷] : Do not make a jest of Allah's Signs (2:232). ]øiøj$íôöÞø^âööæ÷] : Dost thou make a jest of us (2:68). ]ôÖ^$âöçø]Fìôºeôßø^ônøjôãø^ : But He holds it by its forelock (11:57). ( ]Fìôº act. part. ]Fìôôm»àø is plural). Öø»jöÜ»eô^Fìôôm»äô (á has been removed due to ]^Êè ) : You would not take it yourself (2:268). æøÚø^Òöß»köÚöj$íôø]Ö»Ûöô×ôùn»àøÂøö÷] : Nor could I take as helpers those who lead people astray (18:52). æøøÚöj$íôFlô ]ì ]ì 10
  40. 40. ]øì»ø]áõ ( Úöj$íôøéº singular and Úöj$íôø]lº plural): And nor taking secret lovers (4:26). ]øì$ø [inf. noun iø^»ìôn»º ] : ]øì$øåü He put it back; he held or kept it back or placed it behind; he postponed or delayed it; contrary of Îø$Ýø . ]øì$øÞôo»]ôÖFoÚö$éõ : He granted me a delay, respite or postponement. eôÛø^ Îø$Ýøæø]øì$ø : What he has sent forward and what he has left behind (75:14). Öøç»ø]øì$»iøßø^]ôÖFo]øqøØõÎøôm»gõ : Wouldst Thou not grant us respite for a while (4:78). æøÖøà»m%ç*ìôùø]Ö×#äöÞøË»÷^ : And Allah will not grant respite to a soul (63:12). iø^øì$ø and ]ô»jø^»ìøø are syn. : He remained or became behind or back; he was or became late; he held back or lagged behind; it was or became deferred, delayed or retarded; contrary of iøÏø$Ýø . æøÚøà»iø^øì$øÊø¡ø]ô$»ÜøÂø×øn»äô : And who remains or stays behind, there is no blame upon him (2:204). Úø^iøÏø$ÝøÚôà»øÞ»fôÔø æøÚø^iø^øì$ø : Thy shortcomings, past and future (48:3). Êø^ôø]qø«ðø]øqø×öãöÜ»ø mø»jø^»ìôöæ»áøø^Âøè÷æ$ømø»jøÏ»ôÚöç»áø : And when their appointed time is come, they cannot remain behind (or respited) a single moment, nor can they get ahead of it (7:35). ]Fìøö ( ]Fìøöæ»áø plural act. part. ]Fìøôm»àø passive part, ]öì»Fp fem): Another; the other; a thing or person other than the former or first. $öÜ$]øÞ»ø^»Þø^åöìø×»Ï÷^]Fìøø : Then We developed it into another creation (23:15). æøÖøÜ»möjøÏøf$Ø»Úôàø]»Fìøô : And it was not accepted from the other (5:28). æø]Fìøöæ»áø]»jøøÊöç»]eôöÞöç»eôãôÜ» : And others who confessed their sins (9:102). $öÜ$øÚ$»Þø^]»Fìøôm»àø : Then We destroyed the others (26:173). æøÖ»jø^»lôø«ñôËøèº]öì»Fp : And then another party should come (4:103). Êø^FìøFáômøÏöç»ÚFàô : The other two should take their place (5:108). ]öìøöæø]öì»ømø^lö (plural of ]öì»Fp which is fem. of ]Fìøø ). æø]öìøømø^eôø^lõ : And the others dry (12:44). ]Fìôº ( ]Fìôôm»àø plural pass. part) contrary of ]øæ$Ùø and means: The last; after; hinder; the end; what is after the first; the later and the latter. ]ôá$]»øæ$Öôn»àøæø]»Fìôôm»àø : The earlier ones and the later ones (56:50). æøiøøÒ»ßø^Âø×øn»äôÊôo]»Fìôôm»àø : And We left for him a good name among the later generations (37:79). ]ø»Fìôøéö : The Hereafter; the other world; the world or life to come; the ultimate state of existence in the next world. æøÊôo]»Fìôøéôuøøßøè÷ : And good in the Hereafter; or in the world to come (2:202). øìø¡øÑøÖøãöÜ»Êôo]»Fìôøéô : They will have no share in the Hereafter (3:78). Úø^øÛôûßø^eôãFø]Êôo ]ì ]ì 11
  41. 41. ]Ö»Ûô×$èô]»Fìôøéô : We have not heard of it even in the latest religion (38:8) Îø»møòôöç»]Úôàø]»Fìôøéô : They have indeed despaired of the Hereafter (60:14). Öøþ³äö]Ö»vøÛ»öÊôo]»öæ»ÖFoæø]»Fìôøéô : To Him belongs all praise in the first i.e; this life, and the Hereafter(28:71). ø]ö]»Fìôøéô : The abode of the Hereafter. $øçø]hö]»Fìôøéô : The reward of the Hereafter. ]øq»ö]»Fìôøéô : The recompense of the Hereafter. æø»ö]»Fìôøéô : The promise of the Hereafter. Âøø]hö]»Fìôøéô : The punishment of the Hereafter. ÞøÓø^Ùö]»Fìôøéô : Example of punishment for the Hereafter. ]ô»jø^»ìøø syn. iø^øì$ø : He kept back, remained behind; lagged behind; it was or became postponed or delayed. ]øÖ»Ûö»jø^»ìôôm»àô : Those who keep back. æøÖøÏø»Âø×ôÛ»ßø^]Ö»Ûö»jø^»ìôôm»àø : And indeed We know who lag behind (15:25). ]øïº ]øìø^bö [inf. noun ]öìöç$éº ] and ]Fìø^åö : He became a brother, or a friend or a companion to him. [inf. nouns ]ôìø^ðº and Úö©ø]ìø^éº ] ; he fraternized with him; acted with him in a brotherly manner. ìøo eøn»àø]Ö»Ûöãø^qôôm»àøæø]»øÞ»ø^ô : (The Holy Prophet) united the refugees with the helpers by the brotherhood of Islam. ìøn»köeøn»àø]Ö$n»òøn»àô : I united the two things as pairs. ]øïº is derived from ìôn$èº which means, a piece of rope of which the two ends are buried in the ground with a small stick or stone and to which the beast is tied signifying, as though, one ]øïº were tied to another like as the horse is tied to the ]øìôn$èº or it is from æøìøo meaning Îøøø because one ]øï» has the same aim, device or endeavour as the other. ]øïº originally ]øìøçº : A brother; the son of one's father and mother, or either of them, also applied to a foster brother; a friend, a companion, an associate or a fellow. ( ]ôì»çøéº and ]ôì»çø]Ạplural, the former generally applied to brothers and the latter to friends and the like, but not always). ]ôì»çøéº also means brothers and sisters. Êø^ôá»Òø^áøÖøäü]ôì»çøéº : And if he has brothers and sisters (4:12). æø]ôá»Òø^Þöç»]]ôì»çøé÷ôùqø^÷æ$Þôø^ð÷ : And if (the heirs) be brethren and sisters (4:177). ]öì»kº ( ]öì»jø^áô dual; ]øìøçø]lº plural) : A sister. æøÖøäü]øïº]øæ»]öì»kº : And he has a brother or a sister (4:13) ]ôÞ$Ûø^]Ö»Ûöç»Úôßöç»áø]ôì»çøéºÊø^ø»×ôvöç»]eøn»àø ]øìøçøm»ÓöÜ» : The believers are surely brothers, so make peace between your brothers (49:11). Êø^ø»føv»jöÜ»eôßôûÛøjôä´]ôì»çø]Þ÷^ : So by His grace you became (as) brothers (3:104). ]ôá»iöíø^Öô_öç»âöÜ»Êø^ôì»çø]ÞöÓöÜ» : If ]ì ]ï 12
  42. 42. you intermix with them, they are your brethren (2:221). ]øe»ßøþ³«¨öÒöÜ» æø]ôì»çø]ÞöÓöÜ» : Your sons and your brethren (9:24). ]øæ»eönöç»lô]øìøçø]iôÓöÜ» : Or the houses of your sisters (24:62). Òö×$Ûø^øìø×øk»]öÚ$èºÖ$Ãøßøk»]öì»jøãø^ : Every time a nation enters, it shall curse its sister (nation) (7:39) ]øÖß$ç»Ýö]öì»kö]Ö»Ûøç»lô : Sleep is the sister (like) of death. öh$]øïõ Ö$ÔøÖøÜ»iø×ô»åö]öÚ%Ôø : There is many a brother to thee whom thy mother has not brought forth. Òø^Þöç»]]ôì»çø]áø]Ö$nø^ôn»àô : They are the fellows or likes of the devils (brothers literally) (17:28) . ]ôÖ^$âôoø ]øÒ»føöÚôà»]öì»jôãø^ : But it was greater than its like (or fellow) (43:49). ]ø$ [aor. møç.% inf. noun. ]ø÷] and ]ôø]÷] ] ]ø$åö]»øÚ»ö : The affair fell heavy upon him. ]ø$i»äü]Ö$]âônøèö : A calamity befell him ]ô' : A wonder or wonderful thing: A very evil, abominable, severe thing or affair. ÖøÏø»qôò»jöÜ»øn»ò÷^]ô] : Verily, you have done a very evil or abominable thing (19:90). ]ø$p [aor. mö©øôùp» inf. noun ]øø]ðº ] ]ø$]åö : He made it to reach, arrive or come to the appointed person or place; he brought, conveyed or paid, delivered it; he paid or discharged it; he delivered, gave it up or surrendered it. ]ø$p]»øÚø^Þøèø]ôÖFo]øâ»×ôãø^ : He gave over or surrendered the trust to its owner. ]ø$pÚø^Âø×øn»äô : He acquitted himself of that which was incumbent on him; he paid or discharged what he owed; he fulfilled or accomplished. ]ôá$]Ö×#äø mø^»ÚööÒöÜ»]øá»iö©ø%æ]]»øÚFþ³ßFþ³kô]ôÖFo]øâ»×ôãø^ : Verily, Allah commands you to give over or surrender the trust to those who are entitled to it (4:59). Êø×»nö©øôù]Ö$ôp]¨»iöÛôàø]øÚø^Þøjøäü : Let him who is entrusted surrender his trust (2:284). ømø©øôùå´]ôÖøn»Ôø : He will not deliver or give up or return to thee (3:76). ]øø]ðº]ôÖøn»äôeô^ôu»ø^áõ : The paying of it in a handsome manner (2:179). ]ø%æ»]]ôÖøo$Âôfø^ø]Ö×#äô : Deliver to me the servants of Allah (44:19). ]ô» is a word denoting past time. æø]ô»Îø^Ùøøe%ÔøÖô×»Ûø¡øñôÓøèô : And when thy Lord said to the angels (2:31). When ]ô» is adjoined to nouns signifying time, the Arabs join it with 'then' in writing in certain instances, namely, uôn»ßøòôõ (at that time or then) and møç»Úøòôõ (in, on, or at that day) and æøλjøòôõ (at that time; then). When it is followed by a verb, or by a noun not having the article prefixed ]ï ] 13
  43. 43. to it or by any movement letter, the  of ]ô» is quiescent as in æø]ô» mø»ÊøÄö]ôe»ø]âôn»Üö]Ö»Ïøçø]Âôø : And when Abraham was raising the foundations (2:128). But when it is followed by a noun with ]Ù (or by any ]) the  is majroor. ]ôô]»øÆ»¡øÙöÊôo»]ø»ßø^ÎôãôÜ» : When the iron collars shall be round their necks (40:72). In general it is an adverbial noun denoting past time. As a noun denoting past time it is said to be also an objective complement of a verb as in æø]»Òööæ»]]ô»]øÞ»jöÜ»Îø×ôn»Øº : And remember when you were few (8:27). It is also used as a noun to indicate future and ]ôø] is said to denote past time, each of these occurs in the place of the other æøÖøç»iøFp]ô»ÊøôÂöç»] : Couldst thou see them when they will be smitten with fear (34:52). It also indicates a cause. Öøà»m$ß»ËøÃøÓöÜö]Ö»nøç»Ýø]ô»¾$×øÛ»jöÜ» : It shall not profit you this day, since or because you acted wrongfully (43:40). It is also used to denote a thing happening suddenly. eøn»ßøÛø^]øÞø^Òøø]]ô»qø^ðøøm»º : While I was thus, there came Zaid. It is also a conditional particle, but only used as such coupled with Úø^ as in ]ô»Úø^iø^»iôßôo»]FiôÔø : Whenever thou shall come to me, I will come to thee. ]ôø] denotes a thing's happening suddenly or one's experiencing the occurrence of a thing when one is in a particular state like ]ô» as in Êø^øÖ»Ïø^âø^Êø^ôø]âôoøuøn$èºiø»ÃFo : So he cast it and behold! it was a serpent running (20:21). ìøøq»köÊø^ôø]øm»ºÎø^ñôܺ : I went forth, and Zaid presented himself to me suddenly. It also denotes the complement of a condition, like Í as in æø]ôá»iöôf»ãöÜ»ønôùòøèºeôÛø^Îø$Úøk» ]øm»ôm»ãôÜ»]ôø]âöÜ»møÏ»ßø_öç»áø : And if an evil befalls them because of what their own hands have sent on, behold! They are in despair (30:37). It is also an adverbial noun denoting future time and implying the meaning of a condition. $öÜ$]ôø]øÂø^ÒöÜ»ø»çøé÷Úôùàø]»ø»ô]ôø] ]øÞ»jöÜ»iøí»öqöç»áø : Then when He shall call you or when He calls you with a single call from the earth, behold! you will go forth (30:26). Sometimes it denotes past time, like as ]ô» sometimes denotes future time; æø]ôø]ø]øæ»]iôrø^øé÷]øæ»Öøã»ç÷] : And when they saw merchandise or sport (62:12). Thus it occurs in the place of ]ô like as ]ô occurs in the place of ]ôø] . Sometimes it denotes the present time; and this is after an oath as in æø]Ö$n»Øô]ôø]møÇ»Fo : By the ] ]] 14
  44. 44. night when it covereth (92:2). Sometimes it is used so as not to denote a condition. æø]ôø]Úø^Æøôföç»]âöÜ»møÇ»Ëôöæ»áø : And when they are angry, they forgive (42:38). ]øôáø [aor. mø^»øáö inf. noun ]ô»Þ÷^ and ]øøÞ÷^ and ]øø]Þ^÷ ] ]øôáøÖøäü and ]øôáø]ôÖøn»äô : He listened to him or it being pleased. ]øôÞøk»Öôøeôùãø^æøuöÏ$k» : It shall listen to its Lord and obey (84:3); he permitted him. ÂøËø^]Ö×#äöÂøß»ÔøÖôÜø]øôÞ»kø ÖøãöÜ» : Allah remove thy cares, why didst thou permit them (9:43). ]ôñ»øá»Öôùo»æøøiøË»jôßôùo : Permit me to stay behind and do not put me in trial (9:49). ]öôáøÖô×$ôm»àømöÏø^iø×öç»áøeô^øÞ$ãöÜ»¾ö×ôÛöç»] : Permission to fight has been given to those who have been fought against, because they have been transgressed against (22:40). ]øôáøeô^Ö$o»ðô : He knew the thing; became informed or apprised of it. Êø^»øÞöç»]eôvø»hõÚôùàø ]Ö×#äôæøøöç»Öôä´ : Then be you informed or apprised of war that shall come upon you from God and His Messenger (2:280). ]ø$áø eô^Ö$o»ðô : He made known or notified a thing; he proclaimed or made proclamation. æø]øôùá»Êôo]Öß$^ôeô^Ö»vøsôù : And proclaim among mankind the Pilgrimage (22:28). ]ø$áøeô^Ö$×Fçéô : He proclaimed by (inf. noun ]øø]Ạ) the time of Prayer. ]øø]Ạ: A notification; a proclamation; an announcement; æø]øø]áºÚôùàø]Ö×#äôæøøöç»Öôä´]ôÖøo]Öß$^ô : And an announcement from God and His Messenger to the people (9:3); it also means, the call to Prayer of the Muslims. Úö©øôùẠ: One who calls for Prayer or announces the time of Prayer. $öÜ$]ø$áø Úö©øôùẠ: Then a proclaimer proclaimed (12:71). ]FøÞøäüeô^»øÚ» : He informed him or apprised him of the affair; made it known or notified it to him. øáøÖøäü : He gave him permission or informed or apprised him. Îøf»Øø]øá»]FøáøÖøÓöÜ» : Before I gave you permission (7:124). ÊøÏöØ»]FøÞ»jöÓöÜ»Âø×Foøçø]ðõ : So say, I have apprised you, informed you, warned you all a like (21:110) Îø^Ööç»]]FøÞ#ÔøÚø^Úôß$^Úôà» øãôn»õ : They will say, we let thee know that there is no witness amongst us (41:48). iø^ø$áø]»øÚ»ö ( iø^ø$á and øá are syn.): He informed him of the affair. æø]ô»iø^ø$áøøe%ÓöÜ» : And when your Lord declared, proclaimed, announced, notified (14:8). ]ô»jø^»øÞ»jöäü : I asked permission or leave of him. ]ô»jø^»øÞøÔø]öæÖöç]]Ö_$ç»Ùô : Those who possess affluence, ask permission of thee (9:86). mø»jø^»ôáöÊøôm»ÐºÚôùß»ãöÜö ]Öß$fôo$ : A party of them asked permission of the Prophet (33:14). ]á ]á 15
  45. 45. ]ô»áº : Permission; leave to do a thing, and sometimes command and also will. eô^ô»áô]Ö×#äô : By the will or permission or command of God; the notification of the allowance or permission of a thing and of indulgence in respect of it; knowledge. ÊøÃø×øäüeô^ô»Þôo» : He did it with my knowledge. Úø^Òø^áøÖôßøË»õ]øá»iøÛöç»lø]ôÖ^$eô^ô»áô]Ö×#äô : No soul can die except with the permission or knowledge of God (3:146). ]ööẠand ]ö»áº : The ear; a man who listens to what is said to him or who relies upon what is said to him. øqöغ]ööẠ: A man who listens to every one. æømøÏöç»Ööç»áøâöçø]ööẠ: They say he hears and believes everything that is said to him (9:61); a sincere or faithful adviser; a man's intimate friend; a handle. ( ø]Ạis Plurals). æøÊôo»]Fø]Þôßø^æøλº : And in our ears is heaviness (41:6). Òø^øá$Êôo» ]ööÞøn»äôæøλ÷] : As if in his ears is deafness (31:8). ]øôpø [aor. mø^»øp inf. noun ]ø÷p and ]øø]éº ] and iø^ø$p : He was or became annoyed, harmed or hurt; he suffered slight hurt, annoyance, molestation or hurt. It is less than qøøº ; it was unclean, dirty or filthy. ]ø÷p and ]øø]éº (inf. noun): A state of annoyance or molestation; annoyance, molestation, harm or hurt; a slight evil; anything by which one is annoyed or hurt ( Úø^mö©»ôm»Ôø ); filth; impurity; anything held to be unclean, dirty or filthy. ]øÚø^½ø]»øøp Âøàô]Ö_$ôm»Ðô : He removed from the way what was hurtful. ø]åö [aor. möç,ôm»äô ]: He or it annoyed, molested, harmed or hurt him or he did what was disagreeable or hateful to him (inf. noun ]ôm»ø]ðº and ]øôm$èº and ]ø÷p ). øiøÓöç»Þöç»]Òø^Ö$ôm»àø]Føæ»]Úöç»Fo : Be not like those who harassed (or annoyed) Moses (33:70). ÖôÜøiö©»öæ»Þøßôo» : Why do you vex (malign) me (61:6). æø]öæ»öæ»]Êôo»øfôn»×ôo» : And have been persecuted in My cause (3:196). æøøÅ»]øFâöÜ» : And ignore their annoyance (33:49). ]*öhø [aor. mø^,öhö inf. noun ]øø]eøè÷ and ]ôøe÷^ ] : He was or became cunning, intelligent excellent in judgement, sagacious; ]øôhøeô^Ö$o»ðô [aor. mø^»øhö inf. noun ]ôøe÷^ ]: (1) He became skilful or expert in the thing; (2) he became familiar with a person or thing; (3) he became denoted to the thing; (4) he was or became niggardly of the thing; (5) he was, or became in want or need. ]øôhø]ôÖøn»äô or ]øôhøeôä´ : ]á ]h 16
  46. 46. He wanted it; was or became in want or need of it and sought or desired it. ]øøhº and ]ô»hº and ]ô»eøèº and ]ø»hº are syn. meaning: (1) Cunning, intelligence, excellence of judgement, sagacity; (2) want or need; (3) deceit, guile or fraud; (4) wickedness, malice or malevolence; (5) a limb; (6) the pudendum; (7) want or need. Îø_$ûjöäü]ô»e÷^]ô»e÷^ : I cut him limb by limb. âöçøöæ»]ô»hõ : He is an intelligent or cunning man. Òø^áø]øÚ»×øÓøãöÜ»ôô»eôä´ : He, the Holy Prophet, had the greatest control over his want or desire or sexual passions. Úø^Öôo»Êôn»äô]ô»hº : I have no need of it. Æøn»ô]öæ»Öôo]»ô»eøèô : Persons deficient in intellect; such as have no need of women. (24:32). ]Fø]hº (plu of ]ô»hº ) and Úø^Fôhö (plural of Úø^»öeøèº ). æøÖôoøÊôn»ãø^Úø^Fôhö ]öì»Fp : I have other uses, needs, requirements, purposes of it. (20:19). ]øøø [aor. mø^»öö inf. noun ]ø»÷^ ] and ]øöø [aor. mø^,öö inf. noun ]øø]øè÷ ] [ ]øöøkô]»ø»ö and ]øøøkô]»ø»ö : The land became thriving or productive and abundant in herbage or vegetation, or it became soft to tread upon, pleasant to sit upon. ]øöøkô]Ö»Ïø»uøèö : The sore became corrupt on account of puss. ]ø» (plural ]øøöç»áø and ]ööæ»º and ]øø]õ ) : (1) A land or country; (2) soil; (3) a piece of land; (4) a carpet; (5) anything that is low; (6) the lowest part of the legs of an animal; (7) the knees or what is beneath them of men; (8) a tremor; (9) rheum. ]ø»ø»ö : (1) The earth; (2) the earth as opposed to heaven; (3) the surface of the earth; (4) the floor. âöçø]e»àö]»ø»ô : He is a stranger whose father or mother is not known. ]øâ»Øö]»ø»ô : Inhabitants of the earth; mankind. âöçø]Ö$ôp»ìø×øÐø ÖøÓöÜ»Ú$^Êôo]»ø»ô : He it is Who created for you all that is in the earth (2:30). ]øøÕø [aor. mø^,öÕö inf. noun ]øöæ»Ò÷^ and ]øôÕø aor. mø^,øÕö inf. noun ]ø»Ò÷^ ] ]øøÕø eô^Ö»ÛøÓø^áô : He remained in the house. ]øøÕø]Ö×#äöÊôo»ÂößöÏôä´ : Allah compelled him to do the thing; He made him cleave to it. ]øôm»Óøèº (plural ]øø]?ñôÔö ) : A raised couch in a tent or chamber; a bed spread from the ground to sit upon; anything upon which one reclines; a raised couch. Úöj$þ³Óôòôn»àøÊôn»ãø^Âø×øo]»øø]?ñôÔô : Reclining therein upon raised couches (18:32). ]h ]Õ 17
  47. 47. ]ø$ [aor. møç.% and møòô% inf. noun ]ø' ] ]ø$lô]Ö»Ïô»ö : (1) The cooking pot made a sound in boiling; (2) it boiled or boiled vehemently. ]ø$ ]Öß$^ö : He kindled the fire. ]ø$]Ö$o»ðö : He put the thing into a state of commotion. ]ø$åü : He provoked or roused him; he incited, urged or instigated him. ]øÖøÜ»iøø]øÞ$^]ø»ø×»ßø^]Ö$nø^ôn»àøÂø×øo]Ö»Óø^Êôôm»àøiøç.%âöÜ»]ø] : Dost not thou see that We have sent Satans against the disbelievers, inciting them vehemently to acts of disobedience (19:84). ]øøø [aor. mø^,ôö and inf.noun ]ø»º ] ]øøøåü : It surrounded or encompassed it. ]ø$øåü as also ]øøøåü : (1) He put on him an ]ôø]º i.e. a waist wrapper; (2) he strengthened him or it. ]øøøåü and øøåü : He aided, assisted or helped him; he strengthened him. ]?ø»lö]Ö$qöØøÂø×FoÊö¡øáõ : I helped and strengthened the man against such a one. ]Føø]Ö$o»ðÿ ]Ö$o»ðø : The thing was equal to or matched the thing. Êø^FøøåüÊø^»jøÇ»×øÀø : Then makes it strong, then it becomes thick (48:30). ]ø»º : (1) Strength; (2) weakness; (3) the back; (4) aid, assistance or help. ]ö»ö»eôä´]ø»ôp» : Strengthen Thou by him my back; strengthen Thou by him my weakness; or make my strength more strong (20:32). ]ôø]º : (1) A waist wrapper; (2) chastity; (3) one's wife or one's self or one's wife and family or one's family or self. Êö¡øẠÂøËôn»Ìö]»ôø]ô : Such a one is chaste. ]øôÍø [aor. mø^»øÍö inf. noun ]øøÊ÷^ and ]øöæ»Ê÷^ ôͺ act part. and ôÊøèº fem.]: (1) He was or became, or drew near; (2) he hastened or was quick or he drew near. ]ø»FôÊøèö : (1) The Resurrection; (2) the near event; (3) death. ]øôÊøkô]»FôÊøèö : The hour of judgement which has to come has come (53:58). ]ø$ø [inf. noun iø^»ôn»º ] ]ø$øäü : (1) He founded it; (2) he marked out the limits of it and raised its foundations; (3) he commenced it; (4) he built it, namely a house. ]øø^º : (1) The foundation; basis of a building; (2) any commencement, origin, source or root of a thing. ]øÊøÛøà»]ø$øeöß»nø^Þøäü : Is he who has founded his building (9:109). ]ô»jøf»øѺ Thick or heavy brocade; silk brocade inter-woven with gold; thick silk. eø_ø«ñôßöãø^Úôà»]ô»jøf»øÑõ : Its linings will be of thick brocade ]ù ]jfÑ 18
  48. 48. (55:55). ]øøø [aor. mø^»ôö inf. noun ]ø»÷] ] ]øøøåü : (1) He bound or tied him; (2) he made him a captive or took him prisoner; (3) He (God) created him or formed or fashioned him in the best manner. ]ø»º (inf. noun): (1) Strength of make or form; (2) strength of natural disposition. Êö¡øáºøôm»ö]ø»ô]Ö»íø×»Ðô : Such a one is of strong, firm or compact make or form. øø»Þø^]ø»øâööÜ» : We have strengthened their make or form or their joints (76:29). qø«ðø]Ö»Ïøç»Ýöeô^ø»ôâôÜ» : The people came all together. ]øôn»º ( ]öø^Fp plural) : (1) Shackled; (2) imprisoned; (3) a captive or prisoner; Úø^Òø^áøÖôßøfôoõù]øá»m$Óöç»áøÖøþ³äü]ø»Fp : It does not behove a Prophet that he should have captives (8:68). æømö_»ÃôÛöç»áø]Ö_$Ãø^ÝøÂø×Fouöfôùä´Úô»Óôn»ß÷^æ$møjôn»Û÷^æ$]øôn»÷] : And they feed the poor, the orphan and the captive on account of His love (76:9). ]øôÌø [aor. mø^»øÌö inf. noun ]øøË÷^ and ]øôË÷^ ] ]øôÌøÂø×øn»äô : (1) He grieved, lamented or regretted most intensely over it; (2) he was angry with him. øËøäü : He angered him; (2) made him angry and grieved him; (3) he made him to grieve or lament. mø^]øøËFoÂø×Fo möç»öÌø : O my grief over Joseph (12:85) æøÖøÛ$^øqøÄøÚöç»Fo]ôÖFoÎøç»Úôä´Æø»fø^áø ]øôË÷^ : And when Moses returned to his people indignant and grieved (7:151). Êø×øÛ$^øËöç»Þø^]Þ»jøÏøÛ»ßø^Úôß»ãöÜ» : So when they excited Our anger, We exacted retribution from them (43:56). ]øøàø [aor. mø^»öàö and mø^»ôàö and ]øôàø aor. mø^»øàö inf. noun ]ø»ß÷^ and ]ööç»Þ÷^ ] ]øøàø ]øæ»]øôàø]Ö»Ûø«ðö : The water altered for the worse in odour or in taste and colour from some such cause as long standing. ôຠand ]øôຠ: Altered for the worse in odour or in taste and colour. Úôà»Ú$«ðõÆøn»ô ôàõ : From water which has not altered for the worse in odour or taste (47:16). ]øø^ [aor. mø^»öç» inf. noun ]ø»ç÷] and ]ø÷^ ] ]øø^eøn»ßøãöÜ» : He effected a reconciliation between them. ]øø^åöeôËö¡áõ : He made him such a one as an object of imitation for him. øn»jöäüeôÛø^Öôo» : I made him my object of imitation in respect of my property. Öôo»Êôo»Êö¡øáõ]ö»çøéº : I have an example or exemplar or pattern or model in such a one. ]ö»çøéº : (1) An example (2) an examplar; (3) a pattern or model; (4) an object of imitation. ÖøÏø»Òø^áøÖøÓöÜ»Êôo»øöç»Ùô]Ö×#äô]ö»çøéº : Indeed ] ]^ 19
  49. 49. thereisanexemplarormodelforyouintheProphetofAllah(33:22). ]øôoø [aor. mø^»øo inf. noun ]ø÷o ]: He grieved or mourned for him or it. ]øõ or õ : Grieving, mournful or sorrowful. ônøèº (fem.): A woman grieving or sorrowful. ÊøÓøn»Ìø]FFoÂø×FoÎøç»ÝõÒø^Êôôm»àø : How then should I sorrow for a disbelieving people (7:94). Êø¡øiø^»øÂø×øo]Ö»Ïøç»Ýô ]Ö»Óø^Êôôm»àø : So grieve not over the rebellious people (5:27). ]øøø [aor. mø^»ôö and mø^»öö and ]øôø aor. mø^»øö inf. noun ]ø»÷] ] : He exalted or behaved insolently; he behaved with pride and self-conceitedness. ]øôº : (1) Insolent; exulting greatly and behaving insolently; (2) behaving with pride and self-conceitedness; (3) one who is insolent and behaves with pride and exults. eøØ»âöçøÒø$]hº]øôº : But he is an insolent liar (54:26). øø or ]øæ»øø]Ö»fø^hø : He closed the door. ]øæ»øø]ÖÏô»ø : He covered or covered over a cooking pot. Úö©»øº [ Úø©»øøéº ] : Closed; closed over or covered. eø^hºÚö©»øº : A closed door. Îô»ºÚö©»øøéº : A covered cooking pot. Âø×øn»ãôÜ»Þø^ºÚö©»øøéº : Around them will be fire closed over (90:21). æøôn»º : (1) A court or an open space in front of a house; (2) a threshold of a door or entrance; (3) a door or entrance; (4) a fold ( uø¿ôn»øéº ) for sheep or goats; æøø^ñôö (plural): Snares or traps. æøÒø×»föãöÜ»eø^ô¼ºôø]Âøn»äôeô^Ö»çøôn»ô : And their dog stretching out its forelegs on the threshold (18:19). ]øøø [aor. mø^»ôö inf. noun ]ø»÷] ] ]øøø]Ö$oôðø : He broke the thing. ]øøøÊö¡øÞ^÷ Âø×øn»äô : He was inclined to such a one. ]øøøåü : He confined, shut up, detained or imprisoned him or held him in custody. ]øøø]Ö»íøn»Ûøèø : He provided the tent with a peg or a rope. ]øø»iöþ³äüÂøà»uø^qøjôä´ : I withheld, restrained or debarred him from the thing that he wanted. ]ô»º (or ]ø»º or ]ö»º inf. noun): (1) A covenant, or contract; (2) a burdensome covenant or a heavy responsibility or command the breaking of which renders one liable to punishment; (3) a weight or burden; (4) a sin; a crime; an offence; (5) a grievous punishment of a sin; (6) a thing that inclines one to a thing; (7) an oath in which there is obligation to divorce or emancipate; (8) the earhole. æøøiøv»ÛôØ»Âø×øn»ßø^]ô»÷] : And ]o ] 20
  50. 50. lay not on us a responsibility (2:287). æø]øìø»iöÜ»Âø×FoFÖôÓöÜ»]ô»ôp» : And do you accept the responsibility which I lay upon you in this (matter) (3:82). æømøøÄöÂøß»ãöÜ»]ô»øâöÜ» : And removes from them their burden (7:158). ]øöØø [aor. mø^»öØö inf. noun ]ø»¡÷ ] : (1) It (a thing) had or came to have root or foundation; (2) it was or became firm or established and firmly rooted or founded; (3) he (a man) was or became sound of judgement; he was intelligent; (4) it (judgement or opinion) was or became sound (5) it (a thing) was or became eminent, noble or honourable. ]øø×øäüÂô×»Û÷^ ( Îøjø×øäüÂô×»Û÷^ ) : He knew it completely so that he was acqauinted with its foundation or root. ]ô»jø^»ø×øäü : He uprooted it. ]ø»Øº : (1) The lowest part of a thing; (2) root or bottom; (3) base or foundation; (4) the origin, source, beginning; race or stock from which a man takes his pedigree; the progenitor; (5) fixedness, stability or permanence øo»ðºÖøäü]ø»Øº (6) a source of wealth; (capital or principal) ( ]ø»ØöÚø^Ùõ ) (7) the elemental part of a thing; (8) the essential or fundamental part of a thing; ]ööç»Ùº (plural): The fundamentals or fundamental articles or dogmas, principles or rudiments of a science; (9) the original form of a word; (10) the original or primary state or condition; (11) the best or choicest part of a thing; (12) what is most fit or proper; (13) a general or universal rule or canon. Úø^ ÊøÃø×»jöäü]ø»¡÷ : I did not do it at all. ]øôn»Øº : (1) A noble or generous man; (2) a man sound of judgement and intelligence; (3) rooted, fixed or permanent; (4) destruction or death; (5) the evening i.e. the time from the afternoon prayer to sunset. ÖøÏôn»jöäü ]øôn»¡÷ : I met him in the evening. ]Fø^Ùº is plural. ]ø»×öãø^$ø^eôkºæ$Êø»Âöãø^Êôo ]Ö$Ûø«ðô : Whose root is firm and whose branches reach into heaven (14:25). Îø^ñôÛøèºÂø×Fo]ööç»Öôãø^ : Standing upon its roots (59:6). æøøfôùvöç»åöeöÓ»øé÷æù]øôn»¡÷ : And glorify Him morning and evening (33:43). möøfôùxöÖøäüÊôn»ãø^eô^Ö»Çööæôùæø]»Fø^Ùô : Therein do glorify Him in the mornings and the evenings (24:37). ]øÍ$ [aor. møþ³©öÍ% and møòôÌ% inf. noun ]øÊ^ ] ]øÍ$ and ]øÊ$Ìø : He said ]öÍõù by reason of anxiety or disquietude of mind or by reason of ]Ø ]Íù 21
  51. 51. vexation, distress of mind or disgust. ]öÍ' has six or ten or even forty forms according to different authorities. (1) It is a word expressive of vexation, distress of mind or disgust, dislike, displeasure or hatred; (2) dirt of the ear or paring of the nail; (3) alas, woe, fie; ]öÍõùÖ$ÓöÜ» : Fie upon you (21:68). Êø¡iøÏöØ»Ö$ãöÛø^]öÍõù : And say not thou to them ]öÍõù i.e. do not thou deem anything of their affairs burdensome nor be contracted in bosom thereby, nor be rough or harsh or coarse to them; or do not thou say to them anything expressive of disgust. (17:24). ]øÊøÐø [aor. mø^»ÊôÐö inf. noun ]øÊ»Ï÷^ ] : He went away at random or heedlessly, and went away in the Êø^Ñ (regions of the land); he went away into the country. ]øÊôÐø [aor. mø^»ÊøÐö ] : He attained the utmost degree in generosity, knowledge or science. ]øÊøÐø [aor. mø^»ÊôÐö ]: He overcame or surpassed; he was beautiful. ]øÊøÐøÊôo]Ö»Ãø_ø^ðô : He gave to some more than to others. ]øÊøк (plural Êø^Ѻ ): (1) The main and middle part of a road; (2) the face or surface there of. ]öÊöк and ]öʻк (plural Êø^Ѻ ): A side; a remote side; (3) a border or an extremity of the earth and of the sky or heavens; the horizon or part next to the horizon of the sky and of the earth; (4) the side of a tent. øßöôm»ãôÜ» mø^iôßø^Êôo]»FÊø^Ñô : We will show them Our Signs in the farthest regions (41:54). æøâöçøeô^»öÊöÐô]»ø»×Fo : And (He revealed His WordE when he was in the highest part of the horizon (53:8). ]øÊøÔø [aor. mø^»ÊôÔö and ]øÊôÔø aor. mø^»ÊøÔö inf. noun ]ôÊ»Ó÷^ and ]øÊ»Ó÷^ and ]öÊöç»Ò÷^ and ]øÊøþ³Ó÷^ ]: (1) He changed his or its state or condition or manner of being; (2) he turned him or it away or back from a thing; (3) he turned him away or back by lying; (4) he changed or perverted his judgement or opinion; (5) he deceived him or beguiled him; (6) he lied or said what was untrue. ]øÊøÔø]Öß$^ø He told the people what was false. ]øÊøÔø : He was turned from his judgement or opinion by deceivers' guile. ]öÊôÔø : He was (as though perverted) weak in his intellect and judgement. ]öÊôÔø]Ö$qöØöÂøàô]Ö»íøn»ô : The man was turned away or back from good. ]øqôò»jøßø^Öôjø^»ÊôÓøßø^Âøà»]FÖôãøjôßø^ : Hast thou come to turn us away from our gods (46:23). mö©»ÊøÔöÂøß»äö Úøà»]öÊôÔø : He is turned away from it who would be turned away ]Íù ]ÊÔ 22

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