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AR0120 Theory of Architecture  <br />Handled by - g.yogapriya<br />
UNIT-3_CIRCULATION-PART-1<br />Circulation- Movement through Space.<br />Approach- The Distant View<br />Entrance- From Ou...
Approach- The Distant View<br /><ul><li>First phase of Circulation system, during which we are prepared to see, Experience...
Make your path more legible in visual ways.
May vary in duration- compressed space to lengthy & circuitous routes.
Nature of approach contrasts in its termination to an interior.
Portals & Gateways - Orient us to path & welcomes Entry</li></li></ul><li>Types of Approach<br />3. Spiral<br /><ul><li>Cu...
Entrance may or may not be visible until the point of arrival.
Emphasizes the 3D form as the bldg is approached.</li></ul>1. Frontal<br /><ul><li>Axial Path
Approach is clear.
Entire front facade or entrance within it is made clear.</li></ul>2. Oblique<br /><ul><li>Path re-directed 1 or more times.
Approached at an extreme angle.
Enhances effect of perspective .</li></li></ul><li>Frontal:<br />Villa Barbaro, Andrea Palladio<br />
Qian men, China.<br />
Oblique<br />Glass House, Philip Johnson<br />
Spiral:Falling water ,Pennysylvania by F.L.Wright<br />
Entrance- Exterior to Interior<br />2. Projected <br /><ul><li>Transitional space, announces function, provides head-shelt...
Taj Mahal<br />
Flushed entrance<br />John F Kennedy memorial<br />
Venturi house Pennsylvania, USA<br />Flushed entrance  - John F Kennedy memorial , Philip Johnson<br />
Recessed Entrance:<br />Merchant’s National Bank, Louis Sullivan ,U.S.A<br />
Mill owners association building<br />Ahemedabad , lecorbusier<br />National Gallery of Art, Washington .I. M. Pei<br />PR...
Configuration of space- Sequence of spaces<br />1. Linear<br />Straight path, primary organizing element. Curvilinear or s...
2. Radial path-Chickamauga Dam Southern U.S.<br />
3. Spiral path - Great Salt Lake.<br />
4.Grid Path: City of Chandigarh<br />
5.Network : Paris<br />
6. Composite path- Erbila<br />
Path – space relationships,  Edges, Nodes & Termination of path<br />1. Pass by Spaces:<br /><ul><li>Integrity of each spa...
Configuration of path is flexible.
Mediating spaces used to link path with spaces.</li></ul>2. Pass Through Spaces:<br /><ul><li>May pass through Axially, Ob...
Cutting through the space creates patterns of rest & movement within it.</li></ul>3. Terminate in a Space:<br /><ul><li>Lo...
Used for functionally or symbolically important spaces.</li></li></ul><li>1. Pass by Spaces:<br />
2. Pass Through Spaces:<br />
3. Terminate in a Space:<br />
Form of circulation Space-  Corridors, Halls, Galleries, Stairways & rooms.<br />Spaces of movement- occupies a significan...
Its form relates to the form of the spaces it links.
Its qualities of scale, proportion, light & view are articulated.
Entrances open into it
It handles changes in level with stairs & ramps.</li></li></ul><li>Various types:<br />1. Closed:<br /><ul><li>Public gall...
Narrow spaces can be enlarged by merging with spaces it passes through.
In large space, path can be random. They can be determined by activities & arrangements of furnishings within the space.</...
Closed on both sides<br />
Closed on both sides<br />
Open on one side<br />Closed on both sides<br />
Open on both sides<br />
Grand Staircase, Paris opera house<br />
Stairways<br />Provide vertical movement b/w levels of building or outdoor space.<br />Means of vertical transport.<br />T...
PARTS OF A STAIR<br />
Stairways<br />Straight-run Stair<br />L-Shaped Stair<br />U-Shaped Stair<br />Circular Stair<br />Spiral Stair<br />
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Unit 3

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Basics theory of architecture . from D.K.CHING FORM , SPACE AND ORDER WITH FEW EXAMPLES

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Unit 3

  1. 1. AR0120 Theory of Architecture <br />Handled by - g.yogapriya<br />
  2. 2. UNIT-3_CIRCULATION-PART-1<br />Circulation- Movement through Space.<br />Approach- The Distant View<br />Entrance- From Outside to Inside<br />Configuration of Space- The Sequences of Space<br />Path-Space Relationships- Edges, Nodes, &Terminations of the path<br />Form of the Circulation Space- Corridors, Halls, Galleries, Stairways & Rooms.<br />
  3. 3. Approach- The Distant View<br /><ul><li>First phase of Circulation system, during which we are prepared to see, Experience & use the spaces within.
  4. 4. Make your path more legible in visual ways.
  5. 5. May vary in duration- compressed space to lengthy & circuitous routes.
  6. 6. Nature of approach contrasts in its termination to an interior.
  7. 7. Portals & Gateways - Orient us to path & welcomes Entry</li></li></ul><li>Types of Approach<br />3. Spiral<br /><ul><li>Curved path
  8. 8. Entrance may or may not be visible until the point of arrival.
  9. 9. Emphasizes the 3D form as the bldg is approached.</li></ul>1. Frontal<br /><ul><li>Axial Path
  10. 10. Approach is clear.
  11. 11. Entire front facade or entrance within it is made clear.</li></ul>2. Oblique<br /><ul><li>Path re-directed 1 or more times.
  12. 12. Approached at an extreme angle.
  13. 13. Enhances effect of perspective .</li></li></ul><li>Frontal:<br />Villa Barbaro, Andrea Palladio<br />
  14. 14. Qian men, China.<br />
  15. 15. Oblique<br />Glass House, Philip Johnson<br />
  16. 16. Spiral:Falling water ,Pennysylvania by F.L.Wright<br />
  17. 17. Entrance- Exterior to Interior<br />2. Projected <br /><ul><li>Transitional space, announces function, provides head-shelter.</li></ul>3. Recessed <br /><ul><li>Also provides shelter but uses a portion of interior space.</li></ul>1. Flush <br /><ul><li>Maintains continuity along with the wall.</li></li></ul><li>Entrance Pylons, Temple of Horus at Edfu<br />
  18. 18. Taj Mahal<br />
  19. 19. Flushed entrance<br />John F Kennedy memorial<br />
  20. 20. Venturi house Pennsylvania, USA<br />Flushed entrance - John F Kennedy memorial , Philip Johnson<br />
  21. 21. Recessed Entrance:<br />Merchant’s National Bank, Louis Sullivan ,U.S.A<br />
  22. 22. Mill owners association building<br />Ahemedabad , lecorbusier<br />National Gallery of Art, Washington .I. M. Pei<br />PROJECTED <br />RECESSED<br />
  23. 23. Configuration of space- Sequence of spaces<br />1. Linear<br />Straight path, primary organizing element. Curvilinear or segmented, have branches or form a loop. <br />2. Radial<br />Linear path extending from or terminating at a central common point. <br />3. Spiral <br />Single, continuous path originates from a central point, revolves around it & becomes increasingly distant from it.<br />4. Grid<br /><ul><li>2 sets of parallel paths that intersect at regular intervals & create square or rectangular fields.</li></ul>5. Network<br /><ul><li>Paths that connect established paths.</li></ul>6. Composite<br /><ul><li>Building employs combination of all the above.</li></li></ul><li>1.Linear Path<br />
  24. 24. 2. Radial path-Chickamauga Dam Southern U.S.<br />
  25. 25. 3. Spiral path - Great Salt Lake.<br />
  26. 26. 4.Grid Path: City of Chandigarh<br />
  27. 27. 5.Network : Paris<br />
  28. 28. 6. Composite path- Erbila<br />
  29. 29. Path – space relationships, Edges, Nodes & Termination of path<br />1. Pass by Spaces:<br /><ul><li>Integrity of each space maintained.
  30. 30. Configuration of path is flexible.
  31. 31. Mediating spaces used to link path with spaces.</li></ul>2. Pass Through Spaces:<br /><ul><li>May pass through Axially, Obliquely or along its edge.
  32. 32. Cutting through the space creates patterns of rest & movement within it.</li></ul>3. Terminate in a Space:<br /><ul><li>Location of the space establishes the path.
  33. 33. Used for functionally or symbolically important spaces.</li></li></ul><li>1. Pass by Spaces:<br />
  34. 34. 2. Pass Through Spaces:<br />
  35. 35. 3. Terminate in a Space:<br />
  36. 36. Form of circulation Space- Corridors, Halls, Galleries, Stairways & rooms.<br />Spaces of movement- occupies a significant amount of volume of a building.<br />Form & scale of circulation space should accommodate movement of people as they promenade, pause, rest, or take in a view along a path.<br />Form of circulation space varies according to:<br /><ul><li>Its boundaries.
  37. 37. Its form relates to the form of the spaces it links.
  38. 38. Its qualities of scale, proportion, light & view are articulated.
  39. 39. Entrances open into it
  40. 40. It handles changes in level with stairs & ramps.</li></li></ul><li>Various types:<br />1. Closed:<br /><ul><li>Public galleria or private corridor that relates to the spaces it links through entrances in wall plane. </li></ul>2. Open on one Side:<br /><ul><li>Balcony or gallery provides visual & spatial continuity with the spaces it links.</li></ul>3. Open on both Sides:<br /><ul><li>Colonnaded passageways becomes a physical extension of the space it passes through.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Width & Height should be proportionate- shows the difference in public promenade, private hall & service corridor
  41. 41. Narrow spaces can be enlarged by merging with spaces it passes through.
  42. 42. In large space, path can be random. They can be determined by activities & arrangements of furnishings within the space.</li></li></ul><li>Closed on both sides<br />
  43. 43. Closed on both sides<br />
  44. 44. Closed on both sides<br />
  45. 45. Open on one side<br />Closed on both sides<br />
  46. 46. Open on both sides<br />
  47. 47. Grand Staircase, Paris opera house<br />
  48. 48. Stairways<br />Provide vertical movement b/w levels of building or outdoor space.<br />Means of vertical transport.<br />Traversing up-privacy, aloofness or detachment<br />Going down-secure, protected or stable ground.<br />Landings-Rest, change in direction, access & outlook form stairway.<br />Pitch & location of landings determine movement of the user.<br />
  49. 49. PARTS OF A STAIR<br />
  50. 50.
  51. 51. Stairways<br />Straight-run Stair<br />L-Shaped Stair<br />U-Shaped Stair<br />Circular Stair<br />Spiral Stair<br />
  52. 52. 1. Straight-run Stair<br />
  53. 53. 1. Straight-run Stair<br />
  54. 54. 2. L-Shaped Stair<br />
  55. 55. 3. U-Shaped Stair<br />
  56. 56. 4. Circular Stair<br />
  57. 57. 5. Spiral Stair<br />
  58. 58. Double Helix Stairs<br />
  59. 59. Dancing Stairs<br />
  60. 60.
  61. 61. Circulation Diagram for Residence & Restaurant<br />Derived from the Bubble Diagram.<br />Related - Design process.<br />Variation-Usage of Space by different Categories of Space. <br />

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