Building teachers capacity in the use of technology in teaching
1BUILDING EDUCATOR CAPACITY AND TEACHING WITHTECHNOLOGYA REPORT FOR WORKSHOPSHELD ON(4TH- 5TH) APRIL 2012 AT SINAGA GIRLS SECONDARY SCHOOL(GEM DISTRICT)&ON 7TH- 8THAPRIL 2012 AT MARY MT. SECONDARY SCHOOL(MOLO DISTRICT)USING DIGITAL (IT) HUBS SETUP BY BRITISH COUNCIL.TRAINER: DAVID MUYA
2Background:The ICT Hubs established at Sinaga Girls Secondary School(Gem District) and Mary MountSecondary School(Molo District) by British council are effective facilities in enhancing andsupporting sustainable teaching, learning and collaborative partnerships. Accompanied witheffective training and building the capacity of teachers, they can enhance the competence andconfidence of teachers in implementing ICT tools in their professional roles and development.The goal of these trainings was to enable teachers to be sufficiently prepared, confident andcompetent in making full use of the benefits of these wonderful facilities in and out of theclassroom: For technology integration to be successful, teachers need to make informedchoices relating to pedagogical approach, students’ needs, and learning objectives.Technology(applied appropriately and innovatively) can and does help students develop allkinds of skills- from the basic to the higher-order critical thinking ones (the 21stcentury skills).Objectives of the workshop. To enable teachers become competent in innovatively employing the tools of technology tosupplement their traditional teaching methods and thereby achieve enhanced studentlearning. To enhance ICT literacy and confidence among teachers, To provide an overview and understanding of educational policies explicitly dealing with ICTintegration; Give an insight on a series of ICT tools that implicitly support creative learning andinnovative teaching; this would improve participants’ awareness of the potential of ICT toenhance teaching and learning across the curriculum. To enhance participants’ information literacy, Internet research skills and presentation skillsA section of the participants at Sinaga girls with the D.E.O Gem Dist.
3StrategiesTo help realize these objectives, we used four major strategies: We focused on the ways learners and teachers would use ICT to enhance learning: i.e.research, communication, collaboration, innovative pedagogies and tools. We emphasized hands-on learning (project based learning) and creation of curricularprojects and assessments. We promoted learner-centered learning that encouraged self-direction and higher-orderthinkingTraining MethodsThe training was carried out using a number or methods that were combined. Peer based training: This ensured that teachers are trained in the context of theirworkplace. The participants gained the key fundamentals and principles of ICT integration inthe curriculum. Video showing and PowerPoint presentation: Video clips of classrooms where ICT tools arebeing used were shown. This enabled the participants learn best practices from teacherswho are using ICT in the classroom. Experience sharing: This session was used to have the participants share their experiencesin regards to challenges and barriers to successful integration of ICT in the teaching andlearning environment.Content Focus:The workshop addressed this critical Question: How can ICT be integrated most effectively andinnovatively to support, enhance and assess learning?Participants explored this question in workshop modules.The workshop was divided into six sessions. These sessions were based on the followingworkshop modules: Digital literacy (Basic skills) Innovative teaching and ICT integration in classroom- International dimensions of teaching. Collaborative projects and teaching. Developing classroom resources and accessing online resources of the 21stcentury skillsEach session had its own unique timing and module allocated however, the modules and timingwas adjusted for sessions according to the needs and abilities of the participants.
4Day One Day TwoIntroductions & opening keynotes Session Four: Collaborative projectbased learning and teachingSession One : Digital literacy (Basic ICT Skills) Tea BreakTea Break Session Five: Developing classroomresources and accessing onlinecommunities and resources- PARTNERSIN LEARNING NETWORKSession Two: Introduction to innovative Teachingand ICT Integration(policy)LunchLunch Session Six: Developing classroomresources and accessing onlinecommunities resources (Hands-on; PiLN)Session Three: International dimensions ofteaching in the 21stcenturyTea BreakTea Break Closing keynotes, reflection time andAwardsMore hands-on practice (basics Skills)Taking a beginner step by step – basic skills – start button Paring and sharing – peer coaching.
5Day1.INTRODUCTIONS, EXPECTATIONS, FEARS AND OPENING REMARKSParticipants introduced themselves mentioning their names, schools, expectations and fears forthe workshop.Opening remarks by the host Head teachers.Mrs. Joyce Michura, and Sister Catherine, the Head teachers of Sinaga girls’ high school andMary Mount Secondary School respectively, welcomed the participants. They informed theparticipants that their respective schools were always ready and happy to host similarworkshops. They assured the participants that the schools would do their best to ensure mealsare served on time and all logical issues are dealt with professionally and in time. They gave fullinformation on the housekeeping issues.Declaring the workshop open, they challenged the respective participants to make use of theopportunity to learn and acquire the most needed skills, which would develop their teachingprofession.Participants’ expectations for the workshopParticipants’ expectations for the workshop included: To have knowledge about the workshop that would be useful to the teachers and to thestudents. To get exposed to computer skills and knowledge to enable me promote change in myschool. To acquire more knowledge at the end of the workshop to add onto what I alreadyhave. I want to get more knowledge and skills that will help me ease my work in computingschool results. To get knowledge and be able to link up with fellow teachers in the online community. Socialize with other colleagues, share ideas and challenges in teaching. Keep time and regulations of the seminar To learn how other schools and teachers have benefited from using technology in theirteaching. To know its benefits to my students and schools Learn more on ICT and teaching skills Difficult areas and how to use ICT (assistance) To be computer literate at the end of the course. To acquire knowledge on ICT and how it can be integrated in learning I expect to learn how to use a computer and how I can learn and teach using acomputer.
6 Using the internet for lesson plans and communication tool in classroom To acquire knowledge and skills of handling computers. I expect to learn how to use a computer, and how I can teach using a computer. To establish the role played by ICT in global partnerships like connecting classroom –British council program. Learn more about ICT and teaching skills To get knowledge of encouraging teachers and students in using computer software,emails, and the Internet for education. To get more information that will enable me help both the teachers and the studentse.g. computerized testing, how ICT infrastructure can be put in place. To hear experiences of fellow schools and also be able to join hands.Their fears for the workshopThe fears expressed by the teachers could be categorized as: Lack of time to finish the workshop activities Lack of time to master all skills taught today The application of the skills learnt may not be possible if a teacher comes from a schoolwithout enough resources. Lack of school policy on access to the computers by both teachers and students.Introduction of the workshop Objectives.With the use PowerPoint presentations andpromotional video, the IT ambassador (facilitator)enlightened the participants about programs of Britishcouncil. The emphasis was on the connecting classroomonline, and how ICT would help facilitate suchcollaborations and partnerships. This was followed by abrief discussion and introduction of workshopobjectives.The teachers were then reminded and encouraged totry and change the way of doing things in their schoolsand also learn how to build capacity in their schools onhow to use ICT to enhance teaching and learning. It was important for the participants to openup, share knowledge and content, map out opportunities for networking and collaborationamong schools while at the workshop.
7Session One: Digital literacy (Basic ICT Skills)This session provided teachers with many hands on opportunities to explore and discover basiccomponents of a computer and fundamentals of Operating system; how to use the computer towrite(using Ms Word), solve mathematical issues(using Ms excel, and create presentation(usingMs PowerPoint)Basic components of a computer and fundamentals of Operating system How to start a computer Naming the different parts of a computer Learning mouse skills Keyboard skills Starting and stopping applications.How to use the computer to write (using Ms Word) Starting word Typing, deleting, editing and formattingtexts: an exercise- MY SCHOOL Tabulations: exercise – Lesson plan and schemes of workSolve mathematical issues (using Ms excel) Typing data in the worksheets : a list of 10 students with marks Sorting the data Calculating sum, average and Ranking students.Create presentation – Multimemedia (using MsPowerPoint) Creating slides, Typing data in slides Animations and running/playing the slides exercise:a short lesson presentationSession two: Introduction to Innovative Teaching and ICTIntegration(policy)Several PowerPoint presentations and promotional videoswere shown to teachers. The teachers explored the contentof the video, discussed and learnt a lot from the bestpractices of innovative teaching from across the world. Theywere also made aware of VCT and the existing 2011 forumsplans.
8DAY 2Session Three: International dimensions of teaching in the 21stcentury (hands on practice).Session Four: Collaborative /project based learning & 21stCentury skillsBy the help of PowerPoint presentations, videoclip shows and discussion:The participants explored the characteristics ofthe world into which our students aregraduating: all agreed that the world is; A globalemployment market, a less stable employmentrelationships and there is need to preparelearners for multiple careers over one’s lifetime.In addition, there is an accelerating shift in jobmarket toward high-skill, high-service, and high-creativity employment. Global challenges such aseconomic instability, climate change, and limitations on resources such as fresh water andpetroleum require new skills hence 21stcentury skills.These skills were identified as: innovation, critical thinking, life-long learning, collaboration,creativity and ICT use. The activities for the two modules were designed and delivered in combination withinternet navigation skills. Skills of accessing online community websites using the address bar and search engines. How to register, join forums, create forums, edit profile, login and logout of the onlinecommunity.Session Five: Developing classroom resources andaccessing online resources.Session Six: Developing classroom resources andaccessing online resources (hands on). On developing resources: teachers were givenbasics skills on taking photos using digitalcameras, editing those photos (using Ms PictureManager) and uploading them on onlinecommunity sites. Having gained internet navigation skills, theteachers were now able to use search enginesto search the internet to find an illustration, an image/photo, tool/application to use inan activity, project or presentation in a classroom.
9A senior teacher engaged Sis. Catherine Mary Mt. Principal: Opening RemarksA presentation on inline resources and ICT tools Mrs. Joyce, Principal Sinaga Girls: Opening RemarksWorkshop EvaluationParticipants were asked to evaluate the workshop in terms of their learning outcomes (whatimpact the workshop had had on them in terms of attitude change and knowledge and skillsacquisition). Participants were asked to write their workshop evaluation of paper withoutincluding their names.The following is the evaluation form used:
10ICT TRAINNING FOR TEACHERS4THTO 7THMARCH, 2011EVALUATION FORMPlease complete the following questionnaire regarding the training that tookPlace on 4th and 5thApril, 2011(7thand 8th)EXCELLLENT VERYGOODGOOD NEEDIMPROVEMENTHow helpful was thetraining on basic ICTskills?Do you feel that youlearned new skills thatwill be useful in yourteaching?Were you satisfied withthe support given toyou by the facilitators?Was the pace oftraining appropriate?Am excited about theintegration of ICTin teaching and learningDid the training meetyour initialexpectation?Am capable of usingonline communityresources effectivelyTo what extent do you feel comfortable using the available resources and equipment to teachyour subject?100% 75% 50% 25% 10%Additional Comments:……………………………………………………
11The response from the teachers were analyzed as follows:EXCELLLENT VERYGOODGOOD NEEDIMPROVEMENTHow helpful was thetraining on basic ICTskills?33% 53% 14% 0Do you feel that youlearned new skills thatwill be useful in yourteaching?42% 42% 16% 0Were you satisfied withthe support given toyou by the facilitators?60% 30% 10% 0Was the pace oftraining appropriate?13% 42% 25% 20%Am excited about theintegration of ICTin teaching andlearning67% 24% 9% 0Did the training meetyour initialexpectation?37% 35% 28% 0Am capable of usingonline communityresources effectively23% 30% 27% 20%To what extent do you feel comfortable using the available resources and equipment to teachyour subject?(overall rating)100% 75% 50% 25% 10%50%.
12Workshop impact on participants’ attitude and skills.Below are some of the extracts of additional comments from the participants’ workshopevaluation form“My interest in using ICT has been improved upon therefore I will be using ICT more often thanever”“I will use ICT to share information with others in my school and in other schools nearby”.“I used to think that students cannot do anything on their own, I now know students can do a lotindependently”“I have developed a positive attitude towards ICT in teaching and learning and intend to sharemy ICT knowledge and skills with other teachers and students”.“The workshop has changed my perspective on classroom teaching. One can do the same thingin different ways to make students interested in his/her lesson. The workshop has improved myability to innovate with the exciting resources”“At first I thought, it was going to be impossible for me to start using ICT in the classroom butnow I am ready to try it out”“The exposure I have got has removed from me the fears of handling ICT. I am going to sharethe experience with my fellow staff”“I am going back home to improve on my computer skills to enable me start using“I have gained skills of how to download photographs from the digital camera to the computerand to use the photos in PowerPoint Presentations”.“Quick but informative workshop. The trainer was all-round”.“Thanks for making this easy for me to learn what I didn’t and couldn’t do. God bless.”Lesson plan preparation using Ms Word A teacher learns how to use a digital camera
13Learning Points, Key Observations and recommendations.The following are observations and some of the comments which were made during theworkshop: Not all teachers and head teachers fully understand the meaning and process of ICTintegration in teaching and learning. It is understood by some teachers to be an activityrelated to the teaching of ICT as a subject by the ICT departments in the school. It was noted that teachers have never understood that they are dealing with a differentgeneration, who are much engaged in technology. Teachers learned that they need toharness the learner’s love for technology to enhance their learning. Adequate physical and technological infrastructures are necessary conditions foreffective ICT integration. To promote ICT uptake in schools, school leaders should initially adopt strategies thatmake ICT part of the daily routine or tasks of the teachers Tapping local mobile phone companies and ICT industries for support promotesaffordable Internet connectivity and computer hardware and software. Mobilecomputing offers schools many opportunities that include overcoming constraints oflandline connecting. When teachers perceive ICT as a tool to meet curricular goals, they are more likely toembrace. Peer and school-based training of teachers by their more experienced peers from otherschools or instructors from the Ministry Of Education ensures that teachers are trainedin the context of their workplace. Incorporating online collaborations and communities into professional development onICT enriches teachers’ experience and makes them comfortable with onlinecollaboration to integrate ICT in their lessons. The number of training days ought to be increased. Organize for more days. Two are notenough. We need constant internet connectivity. We were not able to get more time on theinternet activities. The training is very good and more time is needed for perfection purposes. There is need for more training to enhance what has been covered. Otherwise it washelpful. Increase the number of days to a week.
14Lesson about accessing online community and resources – PARTNERS IN LEARNING NETWORK Many teachers are so excited about accessing the resources of PiLN. Teachers were not able to manipulate the online community appropriately. This wasdue to inconsistent internet connectivity. Despite the internet problems, The teachers got a chance to practice what they hadlearnt e.g. editing profiles, uploading picture, joining communities and creatingcommunities. The teachers were able to create 2 communities on the partners in learning networkwebsite. The online communities created were: ‘Sinaga innovative teachers workshop’and ‘pacesetters connecting classrooms’.Closing Remarks and Award of certificates of completionOn her closing remarks (at Sinaga), The District Education Officer, Mrs. Emily, thanked theparticipants for sparing time to attend the workshop and for the commitment they hadexhibited to the workshop for the 2 days of the workshop. She thanked the host schools formeeting the cost of meals for the participants noting that the workshop grant from Britishcouncil was in progress.She urged all the participants to share the workshop materials with teachers and students attheir schools and also to use the materials to cascade training at their schools.At Mary mount secondary the education officer was not able to attend but sent his apologies.However the workshop closing remarks were done by the IT ambassador. He thanked them and
15encouraged them to practice what they had learnt. He also gave details of workshop material tobe recorded on DVDs.Vote of ThanksOn behalf of the participants, one participant in each workshop gave a vote of thanks to thefacilitator, host principals and the assisting teachers/ partnership coordinators. The participantsin particular noted that IT workshop is quite different from other types of workshops. Theywere amazed that they were engaged all through up to late in the evening. This to them was aunique experience. No paper work, it was full of hands on.Award of certificatesParticipants were awarded certificates and the workshop officially closed.The D.E.O awarding Certificates to participants IT Ambassador Awarding certificates to Participants.------------------------------------------ END OF WORKSHOP ---------------------------------------
16Appendix 1:List of participants and their contact informationATTENDANCE LIST ON 4TH– 5THAPRIL AT SINAGA SEC. FOR ICT TRAINING1. NAME PHONE E-MAIL SCHOOL2. JOYCE MICHURA(PRINCIPAL)0726104121 firstname.lastname@example.org SINAGA GIRLS3. PETER AUMA(DEPUTY PRINCIPAL)0724569084 email@example.com ST. MARY’S YALA4. NASHON S. ADERO 0722436148 firstname.lastname@example.org ST. MARY’S YALA5. EDWIN OTUOMA 0722691838 email@example.com ST. TERESA’S PRI6. ALFRED O. OBINDA 0710977159 firstname.lastname@example.org ST. MARY’S YALA7. ADDAH AKUMU 0726175254 email@example.com MUTUMBU PRI8. BENARD OWUOR 0722148342 firstname.lastname@example.orgSINAGA GIRLS9. BELDON O. OKEYO 0726179688 email@example.comSINAGA10. FANUEL ONONO (HEADTEACHER)0724608164 firstname.lastname@example.org NYAGONDO PRI11. JOYCE A. SOGO 0720810604 email@example.com NYAGONDO PRI12. DORINE ONGESO 0718528709 Dorineachieng73@yahoo.comNYAGONDO PRI13. RAKAMAH WILLIAN 0721413610 firstname.lastname@example.org NYAGONDO SEC14. MARTHA OTIENO 0727894903 email@example.com NYAGONDO PRI15. FREDRICK O. ASUNA 0723215653 firstname.lastname@example.org NYAGONDO PRI16. DAINA OLESI ONG’ONDA 0700476298 email@example.comSINAGA PRI17. ALPHONCE WAYODI 0726763969 firstname.lastname@example.org ST. MARY’S YALA18. INGANGA OPIMBI email@example.com SINAGA GIRLS19. JOHN OBIERO 0720034589 firstname.lastname@example.org SINAGA GIRLS20. PETER OWINO 07209022 email@example.com ST. MARY’S
17ATTENDANCE LIST FOR ICT TRAINING AT MARY SEC. SCHOOL 7TH– 8THAPRILNAME MOBILE EMAIL1 PETER M. MUIA 0720348890 Pitaah2001@yahoo.com2 S. V. LUASI 07225016353 SUSAN OYARO 072224669384 BINNI HUSSEIN 07212936935 JOYCE NJUGUNA 0722408304 firstname.lastname@example.org. JOSEPH NJOGA 0727511879 email@example.com KAMAU SAMUEL 0722636713 firstname.lastname@example.org SIMON G. MUTUOTTAH 0721914544 email@example.com JOHN MUTURI 0721627591 firstname.lastname@example.org GRACE N MWANGI 071804356611 AGNES N ONDIBA 072441286812 ROBERT MOGIRE 0720937690 Robertemail@example.com DANIEL MUCHIRI 0722622118 firstname.lastname@example.org JOHN M WAITHAKA 0720038805 Johnmw29@yahoo.com15 JAMES MACHARIA 0722478345 Jmacharia@gmail.com16 MBUGUA DKJ 0729337210 email@example.com SARAH GITHAIGA 072873318218 JOEL MUTUKU MAINGI 0721413748 firstname.lastname@example.org NANCY NDIANGUI 0722756299 email@example.com MWANGI J NJUGUNA 0722813185 firstname.lastname@example.org NANCY NJERI NJOROGE 0722614298 email@example.com CECILIA W MUCHIRI 072259657623 JOGHN GICHURI 0722338476