Aspects of chilli breeding
Mutturaj M D
Botanical name: Capsicum
Family : Solanaceae
Chromosome no 2n = 24
Importance of chilli
• Green chillies are rich in proteins 2.9 g per 100
g. Ca, Mg, P, K, Cu and S.
• Vitamins like Thiamine, Riboflavin and Vitamin
• Chillies are the major ingredients in curry
• Green chillies are rich in Rutin which has
• Pungency of chillies is due to capsaicin.
• The pigment(colour) in chillies is due to
capsanthin also contains many other
2010-11 8.8 10.6
2011-12 8.5 8.8
2012-13 9.9 11.0
2013-14 9.5 10.0
2014-15 9.5 10-10.5
Area and production of chilli in India
Productivity of chilli in 2014-2015
Green chilli-19-20 q/ha
Dry chilli-5-6 q/ha
A pure line selection from IHR 324(local collection). Plants
Fruits dark green, smooth, straight, turning deep red on
maturity, Fruits highly pungent.
Duration 180 days. Yield 25 t/ha. (green Chilli). 3 t/ha. (dry
CHILLI - Arka Lohit
High yielding chilli F1 hybrid developed by
using MS line
Fresh yield 38.4t/ ha and dry yield of 6 t/
ha in 140-150 days.
CHILLI - Arka Sweta
High yielding chilli F1 hybrid developed by using MS line.
Fruits medium long (10 cm) with width 1 cm.
Fresh yield 31 t/ hectare and dry yield 6 t/ ha in 150-160 days.
Tolerant to powdery mildew and viruses.
CHILLI - Arka Harita
Dark green Foliage.
Fruits straight,smooth with pointed tip
Yield: 25t green/ha and 3 t dry chilli/ ha
Resistant to powdery mildew and field tolerant to viruses.
CHILLI - Arka Suphal
TNAU HYBRID CHILLI CO 1
Moderately resistant to fruit rot disease.
Yields about 6.74 t/ha of dry pod and 28.10 t/ha
of green chilli in a crop duration of 195-205 days
Hybrids Of CHILLI
Chilli : Arka Meghana
F1 hybrid developed using CGMS (Cytoplasmic Genic Male Sterile)
High yielding with 30-35t / ha fresh yield and 5t/ ha dry yield.
Tolerant to viruses and sucking pests
Developed by IARI, New Delhi.
Tolerant to thrips, mite and aphid
High yielding with 22-24t / ha fresh yield and
5t/ ha dry yield with duration of 140 days.
Developed by PAU, Ludhiana.
Resistant to TMV, CMV, leaf curl
High yielding with 23-25t / ha fresh yield and 4t/ ha dry
yield with duration of 160 days