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Chilli breeding


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aspects of chilly breedig

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Chilli breeding

  1. 1. Welcome Aspects of chilli breeding Mutturaj M D Jr.M.Sc GPB
  2. 2. Botanical name: Capsicum annum Family : Solanaceae Chromosome no 2n = 24 Origin: Peru Chilli
  3. 3. Importance of chilli • Green chillies are rich in proteins 2.9 g per 100 g. Ca, Mg, P, K, Cu and S. • Vitamins like Thiamine, Riboflavin and Vitamin C. • Chillies are the major ingredients in curry powder. • Green chillies are rich in Rutin which has pharmaceutical use. • Pungency of chillies is due to capsaicin. • The pigment(colour) in chillies is due to capsanthin also contains many other
  4. 4. Year Area (Lakh ha) Production (Lakh tons) 2010-11 8.8 10.6 2011-12 8.5 8.8 2012-13 9.9 11.0 2013-14 9.5 10.0 2014-15 9.5 10-10.5 Area and production of chilli in India Productivity of chilli in 2014-2015 Green chilli-19-20 q/ha Dry chilli-5-6 q/ha
  5. 5. 1.Introduction. 2.Mass selection. 3.Pureline selection. 4.Back cross method
  6. 6. Breeding for, 1) Early maturity. 2) High yielding variety. 3) Resistance to biotic and abiotic stress. 4) Resistance to pest and diseases. 5) Frost tolerant variety.
  7. 7. Emasculation and pollination in chilli
  8. 8. A pure line selection from IHR 324(local collection). Plants tall. Fruits dark green, smooth, straight, turning deep red on maturity, Fruits highly pungent. Duration 180 days. Yield 25 t/ha. (green Chilli). 3 t/ha. (dry chilli) CHILLI - Arka Lohit
  9. 9. High yielding chilli F1 hybrid developed by using MS line Fresh yield 38.4t/ ha and dry yield of 6 t/ ha in 140-150 days. CHILLI - Arka Sweta
  10. 10. High yielding chilli F1 hybrid developed by using MS line. Fruits medium long (10 cm) with width 1 cm. Fresh yield 31 t/ hectare and dry yield 6 t/ ha in 150-160 days. Tolerant to powdery mildew and viruses. CHILLI - Arka Harita
  11. 11. Dark green Foliage.  Fruits straight,smooth with pointed tip Yield: 25t green/ha and 3 t dry chilli/ ha Resistant to powdery mildew and field tolerant to viruses. CHILLI - Arka Suphal
  12. 12. TNAU HYBRID CHILLI CO 1 Moderately resistant to fruit rot disease. Yields about 6.74 t/ha of dry pod and 28.10 t/ha of green chilli in a crop duration of 195-205 days Hybrids Of CHILLI
  13. 13. Chilli : Arka Meghana F1 hybrid developed using CGMS (Cytoplasmic Genic Male Sterile) line  High yielding with 30-35t / ha fresh yield and 5t/ ha dry yield. Tolerant to viruses and sucking pests
  14. 14. Developed by IARI, New Delhi. Tolerant to thrips, mite and aphid Pusa Jwala:- High yielding with 22-24t / ha fresh yield and 5t/ ha dry yield with duration of 140 days.
  15. 15. Developed by PAU, Ludhiana.  Resistant to TMV, CMV, leaf curl viruses Punjab Lal High yielding with 23-25t / ha fresh yield and 4t/ ha dry yield with duration of 160 days
  16. 16. THANK YOU